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Invertebrate Systematics publishes significant contributions and reviews on the systematics, phylogeny and biogeography of all invertebrate taxa. More

Editor-in-Chief: Andy Austin


blank image Invertebrate Systematics
Volume 28 Number 3 2014

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An enigmatic new tapeworm, Litobothrium aenigmaticum, sp. nov. (Platyhelminthes : Cestoda : Litobothriidea), from the pelagic thresher shark with comments on development of known Litobothrium species 
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J. N. Caira , K. Jensen , A. Waeschenbach and D. T. J. Littlewood
pp. 231-243

The identity of a morphologically bizarre tapeworm discovered parasitising thresher sharks as part of a global survey has puzzled biologists for decades. In concert, molecular, developmental, histological and scanning electron microscopical data provide evidence for its membership in an otherwise morphologically homogeneous genus. The new species is described and the genus is heretically emended to accommodate the novel form.


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Molecular phylogenetics of the land snail genus Quistrachia (Gastropoda : Camaenidae) in northern Western Australia 
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Caitlin O'Neill , Michael S. Johnson , Zoë R. Hamilton and Roy J. Teale
pp. 244-257

Resource developments increase the need and opportunity to clarify taxonomy of local endemics. We used morphology and DNA to confirm relationships of Quistrachia snails in Western Australia’s Pilbara region, identify a new species, extend known distributions, and reveal forms that belong to new genera. Shells alone are taxonomically unreliable for these snails, highlighting the need for including DNA sequences.


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The ‘giant phyllosoma’ are larval stages of Parribacus antarcticus (Decapoda : Scyllaridae) 
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Ferran Palero , Guillermo Guerao , Michael Hall , Tin Yam Chan and Paul F. Clark
pp. 258-276

Despite being the largest marine larvae known to date, the real identity of the ‘giant phyllosoma’ was a mystery for the last 200 years. The present study confirmed the identity of specimens collected from Coral Sea waters by using DNA barcoding methods. Our molecular and morphological analyses of these larvae provide new light on the evolution of marine lobsters.

    | Supplementary Material (36 KB)

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A complete species phylogeny of the marine midge Pontomyia (Diptera:Chironomidae) reveals a cosmopolitan species and a new synonym 
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Danwei Huang , Peter S. Cranston and Lanna Cheng
pp. 277-286

Pontomyia is an exclusively marine and flightless insect that is poorly known due to its small size (about 1 mm), short adult life (maximum three hours), and peculiar habitat for an insect (coastal lagoons, bays or rock pools). This study reconstructs the evolutionary history of all four described species from the Indo-Pacific and an unnamed taxon from the western Atlantic, based on molecular and morphological evidence. Our results show that Pontomyia cottoni and a Caribbean larval population are the same species as P. natans, whose known range now encompasses all three ocean basins.


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New insights into the phylogeny, systematics and DNA barcoding of Nemertea 
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Sebastian Kvist , Christopher E. Laumer , Juan Junoy and Gonzalo Giribet
pp. 287-308

Although members of the phylum Nemertea are distributed globally (in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems), evolutionary relationships and species delimitations within certain groups have been the subject of much debate. Using molecular data from six loci for 133 terminals, we recover most of the major lineages as monophyletic, with the exception of Palaeonemertea. These results agree well with previous findings but advance our understanding of the evolutionary relationships regarding e.g. Hubrechtidae and Plectonemertidae.

    | Supplementary Material (3.3 MB)

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Prosogynopora riseri, gen. et sp. nov., a phylogenetically problematic lithophoran proseriate (Platyhelminthes : Rhabditophora) with inverted genital pores from the New England coast 
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Christopher E. Laumer , Gonzalo Giribet and Marco Curini-Galletti
pp. 309-325

We present a new species of marine flatworm that displays an unusual 'inverted' reproductive system configuration. Attempts to place the species phylogenetically using DNA yielded conflicting results depending on mode of analysis, but suggest affinity with two other families with which the new species shares some traits. The morphological novelties and phylogenetic challenges that our analyses present may be seen as indicative of the many remaining discoveries that stand to be made in flatworm systematics.


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Phylogeny, historical biogeography and divergence time estimates of the genus Colophon Gray (Coleoptera : Lucanidae) 
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Angelika K. Switala , Catherine L. Sole and Clarke H. Scholtz
pp. 326-336

The enigmatic flightless stag beetles, Colophon, are endemic to the high-mountain regions of the fynbos biome, South Africa, and protected by law, yet little is known of their evolutionary history. This study aimed to determine their specific and phylogenetic status and to determine the main factors driving their evolution. Findings benefit scientifically based decisions on individual species conservation.

    | Supplementary Material (30 KB)

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    IS14023  Accepted 28 August 2014
    Genetic data confirm the species status of Sepsis nigripes Meigen, 1826 (Diptera: Sepsidae) and adds one species to the Alpine fauna while questioning the synonymy of Sepsis helvetica Munari, 1985
    Patrick Rohner, Yuchen Ang, Lei Zhao, Nalini Puniamoorthy, Wolf Blanckenhorn, Rudolf Meier

    IS14009  Accepted 01 August 2014
    Phylogeography and species delimitation in the New Zealand endemic genetically hypervariable harvestman species Aoraki denticulata (Arachnida, Opiliones, Cyphophthalmi)
    Rosa Fernandez, Gonzalo Giribet

    IS14017  Accepted 12 July 2014
    Testing mitochondrial marker efficacy for DNA barcoding in spiders: a test case using the dwarf spider genus Oedothorax (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Erigoninae)
    Lara Lopardo, Gabriele Uhl

    IS13064  Accepted 26 June 2014
    Monophyly and phylogenetic origin of the gall crab family Cryptochiridae (Decapoda: Brachyura)
    Sancia van der Meij, Christoph Schubart

    IS14001  Accepted 05 June 2014
    Verification of the cryptic species Penaeus pulchricaudatus in the commercially important kuruma shrimp P. japonicus (Decapoda: Penaeidae) using molecular taxonomy
    Kwok Ho Tsoi, Ka Yan Ma, Tsz Huen Wu, Sean Fennessy, Ka Hou Chu, Tin-Yam Chan

    IS13063  Accepted 20 May 2014
    Systematics and host plant associations of a new genus of Acacia-inhabiting plant bugs from arid Australia (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Orthotylinae)
    Gerasimos Cassis, Celia Symonds

    IS13062  Accepted 16 May 2014
    Integrative taxonomy of Acrapex stem borers (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Apameini): combining morphology and Poisson Tree Process analyses.
    BRUNO LE RU, Claire Capdevielle Dulac, Emmanuel Toussaint, Desmond Conlong, Johnnie Van den Berg, Beatrice Pallangyo, George Ong'amo, Gilson Chipabika, Richard Molo, William Overholt, James Cuda, Gaël Kergoat

    IS14005  Accepted 16 May 2014
    Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Western Australian troglobitic chthoniid pseudoscorpions (Pseudoscorpiones, Chthoniidae) points to multiple independent subterranean clades
    Sophie Harrison, Michelle Guzik, Mark Harvey, Andy Austin

    IS14010  Accepted 23 April 2014
    Evolution of host use, group-living, and foraging behaviors in kleptoparasitic spiders: Molecular phylogeny of the Argyrodinae (Araneae: Theridiidae).
    Yong-Chao Su, Deborah Smith

    IS13058  Accepted 23 April 2014
    Barcoding of mygalomorph spiders (Araneae: Mygalomorphae) in the Pilbara bioregion of Western Australia reveals a highly diverse biota
    Mark Castalanelli, Roy Teale, Michael Rix, Jason Kennington, Mark Harvey

    IS14004  Accepted 05 April 2014
    From Gondwana to Europe: inferring the origins of Mediterranean Macrothele spiders (Araneae, Hexathelidae) and the limits of the family Hexathelidae
    Vera Opatova, Miquel Arnedo

    IS13051  Accepted 03 February 2014
    Molecular phylogenetics of Caribbean Micrathena (Araneae:Araneidae) suggests multiple colonization events and single island endemism
    Anne McHugh, Carol Yablonsky, Greta Binford, Ingi Agnarsson

    IS13057  Accepted 01 February 2014
    The first phylogenetic analysis of Palpigradi (Arachnida)—the most enigmatic arthropod order
    Gonzalo Giribet, Erin McIntyre, Erhard Christian, Luis Espinasa, Rodrigo Ferreira, Oscar Francke, Mark Harvey, Marco Isaia, Lubomir Kovac, Lynn McCutchen, Maysa Souza, Maja Zagmajster

    IS13050  Accepted 23 January 2014
    On the New World spiders previously misplaced in Leptopholcus: molecular and morphological analyses and descriptions of four new species (Araneae, Pholcidae)
    Bernhard Huber, Leonardo Carvalho, Suresh Benjamin

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 20 March 2014
Investigating the Bivalve Tree of Life – an exemplar-based approach combining molecular and novel morphological characters

Rüdiger Bieler, Paula M. Mikkelsen, Timothy M. Collins, Emily A. Glover, Vanessa L. González, Daniel L. Graf, Elizabeth M. Harper, John Healy, Gisele Y. Kawauchi, Prashant P. Sharma, Sid Staubach, Ellen E. Strong, John D. Taylor, Ilya Tëmkin, John D. Zardus, Stephanie Clark, Alejandra Guzmán, Erin McIntyre, Paul Sharp and Gonzalo Giribet

2. Published 30 August 2013
The Meloidae (Coleoptera) of Australasia: a generic review, descriptions of new taxa, and a challenge to the current definition of subfamilies posed by exceptional variation in male genitalia

M. A. Bologna, F. Turco and J. D. Pinto

3. Published 20 December 2013
More on snails and islands: molecular systematics and taxonomic revision of Setobaudinia Iredale (Gastropoda : Camaenidae) from the Kimberley, Western Australia, with description of new taxa

Francesco Criscione and Frank Köhler

4. Published 20 December 2013
Chiton phylogeny (Mollusca : Polyplacophora) and the placement of the enigmatic species Choriplax grayi (H. Adams & Angas)

Julia D. Sigwart, Isabella Stoeger, Thomas Knebelsberger and Enrico Schwabe

5. Published 31 October 2013
Molecular phylogeny of the superfamily Palaemonoidea (Crustacea : Decapoda : Caridea) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA reveals discrepancies with the current classification

Qi Kou, Xinzheng Li, Tin-Yam Chan, Ka Hou Chu and Zhibin Gan

6. Published 31 October 2013
Stable phylogenetic patterns in scutigeromorph centipedes (Myriapoda : Chilopoda : Scutigeromorpha): dating the diversification of an ancient lineage of terrestrial arthropods

Gonzalo Giribet and Gregory D. Edgecombe

7. Published 30 August 2013
DNA barcoding of Greenideinae (Hemiptera : Aphididae) with resolving taxonomy problems

Qing-Hua Liu, Li-Yun Jiang and Ge-Xia Qiao

8. Published 30 August 2013
Molecular and morphological data support reclassification of the octocoral genus Isidoides

Eric Pante, Esprit Heestand Saucier and Scott C. France

9. Published 20 March 2014
Recognition of two new species of freshwater crabs from the Seychelles based on molecular evidence (Potamoidea : Potamonautidae)

Neil Cumberlidge and Savel R. Daniels

10. Published 31 October 2013
Two new subterranean ameirids (Crustacea : Copepoda : Harpacticoida) expose weaknesses in the conservation of short-range endemics threatened by mining developments in Western Australia

Tomislav Karanovic, Stefan M. Eberhard, Giulia Perina and Shae Callan

11. Published 20 December 2013
Systematics, phylogeny and host associations of the Australian endemic monaloniine genus Rayieria Odhiambo (Insecta : Heteroptera : Miridae : Bryocorinae)

Anna A. Namyatova and Gerasimos Cassis

12. Published 20 March 2014
Systematics and biology of the aberrant intertidal parasitoid wasp Echthrodesis lamorali Masner (Hymenoptera : Platygastridae s.l.): a parasitoid of spider eggs

Simon van Noort, Lubomir Masner, Ovidiu Popovici, Alejandro A. Valerio, Charuwat Taekul, Norman F. Johnson, Nicholas P. Murphy and Andrew D. Austin

13. Published 20 December 2013
A preliminary molecular analysis of phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships of New Zealand Thomisidae (Araneae) using a multi-locus approach

Philip J. Sirvid, Nicole E. Moore, Geoffrey K. Chambers and Kelly Prendergast

14. Published 31 October 2013
Phylogenetics of scolopendromorph centipedes: can denser taxon sampling improve an artificial classification?

Varpu Vahtera, Gregory D. Edgecombe and Gonzalo Giribet

15. Published 30 August 2013
Colonisation of the Pacific by Bembidion beetles (Coleoptera : Carabidae), with description of Bembidion tahitiense, sp. nov. from Tahiti, French Polynesia

James K. Liebherr and David R. Maddison

16. Published 30 August 2013
Phylogeny of the ophrynopine clade revisited: review of the parasitoid sawfly genera Ophrella Middlekauff, Ophrynopus Konow and Stirocorsia Konow (Hymenoptera : Orussidae)

Lars Vilhelmsen, Stephan M. Blank, Valmir A. Costa, Thiago M. Alvarenga and David R. Smith

17. Published 30 May 2014
Molecular and morphological systematics of neustonic nudibranchs (Mollusca : Gastropoda : Glaucidae : Glaucus), with descriptions of three new cryptic species

Celia K. C. Churchill, Ángel Valdés and Diarmaid Ó Foighil

18. Published 30 June 2014
New insights into the phylogeny, systematics and DNA barcoding of Nemertea

Sebastian Kvist, Christopher E. Laumer, Juan Junoy and Gonzalo Giribet

19. Published 20 December 2013
A distinct phoronid larva: morphological and molecular evidence

Elena N. Temereva and Tatiana V. Neretina

20. Published 30 June 2014
The ‘giant phyllosoma’ are larval stages of Parribacus antarcticus (Decapoda : Scyllaridae)

Ferran Palero, Guillermo Guerao, Michael Hall, Tin Yam Chan and Paul F. Clark

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Volume 28 (3)

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