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  Rangeland Ecology & Management
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The Rangeland Journal publishes original work on the biophysical, social, cultural, economic, and policy influences affecting rangeland use and management. More

Acting Editor-in-Chief: ‘Wal’ Whalley


blank image The Rangeland Journal
Volume 37 Number 5 2015

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Valé Professor John Milne, 22 November 1943–16 September 2015 
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pp. i-i

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Flooding and geomorphology influence the persistence of the invasive annual herb Noogoora burr (Xanthium occidentale Bertol.) in the riparian zone of the dryland Darling River, Australia 
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Melissa Parsons and Mark Southwell
pp. 433-444

Dryland rivers are under threat from many factors, including exotic plant invasions. A survey of Noogoora burr in the Darling River found that channel geomorphology (the physical shape and features of the channel) and the height of previous floods combine to influence where Noogoora burr establishes and survives. Control of this weed might be improved by targeting flatter and higher areas of the river channel following floods.


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Agricultural transition and land-use change: considerations in the development of irrigated enterprises in the rangelands of northern Australia 
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Lisa McKellar , Rosalind H. Bark and Ian Watson
pp. 445-457

The factors affecting the adoption of irrigation by landholders, using a case study of a government-managed irrigation water release in north-west Queensland, Australia, where current land use is dominated by extensive beef-cattle production, were investigated. The key finding was that considerable social and individual learning is required for adoption of irrigation to occur. It was found that there is a prominent role for knowledge brokers in facilitating learning and change.


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Quantifying the financial losses of rangeland degradation due to reduced milk yield in the rangelands of Erzurum Province in Turkey 
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A. Kara , U. Şimşek , S. Kadıoğlu , S. E. Dumlu , Ş. Çakal , M. Uzun , E. Aksakal and M. M. Özgöz
pp. 459-466

In the Erzurum Province, Turkey, rangelands comprise natural grassland pastures that are used mainly for livestock grazing and are in poor to moderate conditions. The factors contributing to the lower milk yields associated with the state of the rangelands, type of grazing livestock and the farmers’ demographics were explored. Altitude, stocking rate, number of milking days in the grazing season and the percentage of bare ground had negative effects on milk yield, whereas age and education level of the farmers, supplementary feeding during the grazing period, lactation number of the cows, rangeland condition and the proportion of small ruminants in the herd significantly increased milk yield. A10% deterioration in rangeland condition would result in a reduction in daily milk yield of 1.23 kg per cow, 62 kg ha–1 of rangelands and 1255 kg per farm in a 120-day grazing period.


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The use of shadows in high spatial resolution, remotely sensed, imagery to estimate the height of individual Eucalyptus trees on undulating land 
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Niva Kiran Verma and David W. Lamb
pp. 467-476

Tree height can be estimated by the length of shadows cast on the ground but this requires knowledge of the slope and aspect of the underlying ground relative to the sun angle, as well as the general shape characteristics of the tree canopy. Using 50-cm resolution imagery the heights of 180 Eucalyptus trees were estimated within ±27% and correcting for shadow distortion reduced the error to ±23%.


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Evaluating carbon storage in restoration plantings in the Tasmanian Midlands, a highly modified agricultural landscape 
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Lynda D. Prior , Keryn I. Paul , Neil J. Davidson , Mark J. Hovenden , Scott C. Nichols and David J. M. S. Bowman
pp. 477-488

Because huge areas of Australian temperate woodlands have been cleared for agriculture, there are now incentives to replant trees for biodiversity and carbon storage. We measured carbon in soil and biomass in tree plantings, and nearby remnant forest and pasture, and found it could take >100 years for plantings to store carbon similar to that in uncleared forest. We conclude that biodiversity benefits of tree plantings probably outweigh carbon sequestration benefits.


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Competition indices of three perennial grasses used to rehabilitate degraded semi-arid rangelands in Kenya 
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K. Z. Mganga , N. K. R. Musimba and D. M. Nyariki
pp. 489-495

Estimating competition indices of different plant species is an important research area in plant ecology. Competition parameters of grasses used to rehabilitate degraded rangelands in Africa are rarely established. A complementary relationship between the grasses used was observed before the seed-production phase. Based on the estimated competition parameters the Wilman lovegrass–Buffel grass binary mixture is the best suited to ensure successful rehabilitation of degraded semi-arid rangelands in Kenyan rangelands.


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Comparison of animal biodiversity in three livestock systems of open environments of the semi-arid Chaco of Argentina 
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Sofia Marinaro and Ricardo H. Grau
pp. 497-505

Open habitats are a key component of the Chaco eco-region of Argentina, one of the most active frontiers of land-use changes. We compared animal communities of three livestock open systems, finding non-significant differences in terms of diversity but in the composition of bird communities. Natural grasslands had the highest number of bird and mammal indicator species. We highlight their conservation value and indicate that they should be explicitly targeted by conservation and land-use policies.


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Improved grazing management practices in the catchments of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia: does climate variability influence their adoption by landholders? 
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Megan Star , John Rolfe , Peter Long , Giselle Whish and Peter Donaghy
pp. 507-515

There is increasing pressure for adoption of improved management practices across the Great Barrier Reef catchments. This research involved bio-economic modelling to understand the variance in financial returns for grazing enterprises across a 20-year period climate cycle. Results show that financial returns to landholders can vary substantially demonstrating that the variability in expected returns may be an important reason why landholders are cautious about changing their management practices.


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Rethinking rancher decision-making: a grounded theory of ranching approaches to drought and succession management 
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Hailey Wilmer and María E. Fernández-Giménez
pp. 517-528

Cattle ranchers who depend on native rangeland operate under social and ecological uncertainty, and yet their decision-making experiences are poorly understood. We interviewed ranchers and identified patterns in their drought management and succession decision-making processes, finding that ranchers considered non-linear, complex dynamics and multiple ways of knowing to make decisions. The findings suggest that partnerships and outreach that consider ranchers’ complex decision-making processes will be more successful.


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Published online 10 November 2015
Radicalising the rangelands: disruptive change or progressive policy? 
Bruce W. Walker

Only ~15% of Australians now live outside the cities and the essentially suburban coastal corridor with little knowledge of the rangelands. Under pressure of globalisation and market economics the narrative of the rangelands has changed and with that the national interest in the rangelands has declined. This paper argues for a narrative with a more disruptive and innovative radicalisation of the rangelands in Australia to re-ignite national interest and national investment.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    RJ15048  Accepted 27 November 2015
    Supporting Indigenous rangers’ management of climate-change impacts on heritage sites: developing an effective planning tool and assessing its value
    Bethune Carmichael

    RJ15105  Accepted 27 November 2015
    Innovation in Australian rangelands. A Special Issue from the 18th Biennial Conference of the Australian Rangeland Society
    Jocelyn (Guest Editor) Davies, Digby (Guest Editor) Race, Boyd (Guest Editor) Wright

    RJ15055  Accepted 23 November 2015
    Cultural Indicators, Country and Culture: the Arabana, Change and Water
    Melissa Nursey-Bray

    RJ15054  Accepted 23 November 2015
    Adaptive capacity on the northern Australian Rangelands
    Nadine Marshall

    RJ15060  Accepted 19 November 2015
    The role of a knowledge broker in improving knowledge and understanding of climate change in the Australian rangelands.
    Mary-Anne Healy, Kate Forrest, Gary Bastin

    RJ15051  Accepted 13 November 2015
    Rangeland pastoralism in Northern Australia: change & sustainability
    Philip Holmes

    RJ15037  Accepted 19 October 2015
    Innovation in the rangelands: the role of people
    Fred Chaney

    RJ15046  Accepted 20 October 2015
    Remote Mining Towns on the Rangelands: Determining Dependency within the Hinterland
    Stuart Robertson, Boyd Blackwell

    RJ15047  Accepted 15 October 2015
    New partnerships for managing large desert landscapes: experiences from the Martu Living Deserts Project
    Tony Jupp, James Fitzsimons, Ben Carr, Peter See

    RJ15057  Accepted 01 October 2015
    Challenging the concept of Aboriginal mosaic fire practices in the Lake Eyre Basin
    Richard (Dick) Kimber, Margaret Friedel

    RJ14101  Accepted 19 August 2014
    FOREWORD:- Fire - Carbon - Savanna special issue
    Tom Davison


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 15 May 2015
The relative impacts of grazing, fire and invasion by buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) on the floristic composition of a rangeland savanna ecosystem

Roderick J. Fensham, Jian Wang and Cameron Kilgour

2. Published 27 March 2015
A novel protocol for assessment of aboveground biomass in rangeland environments

Charity Mundava, Antonius G. T. Schut, Petra Helmholz, Richard Stovold, Graham Donald and David W. Lamb

3. Published 24 July 2015
Climate change and adaptive capacity in the Western Australian rangelands: a review of current institutional responses

Ellena Shaw and G. Bradd Witt

4. Published 27 March 2015
The future of food production research in the rangelands: challenges and prospects for research investment, organisation and human resources

C. W. Roxburgh and J. E. Pratley

5. Published 15 May 2015
A life cycle assessment approach to quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from land-use change for beef production in eastern Australia

Beverley K. Henry, D. Butler and S. G. Wiedemann

6. Published 24 July 2015
Quantifying carbon sequestration on sheep grazing land in Australia for life cycle assessment studies

B. K. Henry, D. Butler and S. G. Wiedemann

7. Published 5 December 2014
The response of grassland productivity, soil carbon content and soil respiration rates to different grazing regimes in a desert steppe in northern China

Xiangyang Hou, Zhen Wang, Schellenberg P. Michael, Lei Ji and Xiangjun Yun

8. Published 5 December 2014
Climate changes during the past 31 years and their contribution to the changes in the productivity of rangeland vegetation in the Inner Mongolian typical steppe

Xinhong Wu, Peng Li, Chao Jiang, Pengtao Liu, Jing He and Xiangyang Hou

9. Published 15 May 2015
Seed availability, landscape suitability and the regeneration of perennial grasses in moderately degraded rangelands in semiarid Australia

Judith M. Bean, Gavin J. Melville, Ronald B. Hacker and Stephen P. Clipperton

10. Published 27 March 2015
Floristic composition and pasture condition of Aristida/Bothriochloa pastures in central Queensland. I. Pasture floristics

R. G. Silcock, T. J. Hall, P. G. Filet, A. M. Kelly, D. Osten, C. M. Schefe and P. T. Knights

11. Published 15 May 2015
The relationship between soil organic carbon and soil surface characteristics in the semi-arid rangelands of southern Australia

C. M. Waters, G. J. Melville, S. E. Orgill and Y. Alemseged

12. Published 5 December 2014
Response of the annual biomass production of a typical steppe plant community to precipitation fluctuations

Zhen Wang, Qing Zhang, Xiaoping Xin, Yong Ding, Xiangyang Hou, Sarula, Xiliang Li, Haijun Chen, Yanting Yin, Jing Hu and Zhongling Liu

13. Published 10 February 2015
Local perceptions of rangeland degradation and climate change in the pastoral society of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

Xiaoyu Wu, Xiangfeng Zhang, Shikui Dong, Hong Cai, Tianren Zhao, Wenjun Yang, Rong Jiang, Yandan Shi and Junlin Shao

14. Published 15 May 2015
Ephemeral plant indicators of livestock grazing in arid rangelands during wet conditions

Helen P. Waudby and Sophie Petit

15. Published 15 May 2015
Biomass retention and carbon stocks in integrated vegetation bands: a case study of mixed-age brigalow-eucalypt woodland in southern Queensland, Australia

Justin G. Ryan, Christine T. Fyfe and Clive A. McAlpine

16. Published 27 March 2015
The effects of passage through the gut of goats and cattle, and the application of dung as a fertiliser on seedling establishment of Dichrostachys cinerea and Acacia nilotica

T. J. Tjelele, D. Ward and L. E. Dziba

17. Published 10 February 2015
A critical review of socioeconomic and natural factors in ecological degradation on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China

Pu Wang, James P. Lassoie, Stephen J. Morreale and Shikui Dong

18. Published 5 December 2014
Herders’ perception of climate change does not always fit with actual climate change

Xiliang Li, Zhen Wang, Xiangyang Hou, Zhiying Liu, Sarula, Yanting Yin, Yong Ding and Jing Hu

19. Published 24 July 2015
The effects of a moratorium on land-clearing in the Douglas-Daly region, Northern Territory, Australia

M. J. Lawes, R. Greiner, I. A. Leiper, R. Ninnis, D. Pearson and G. Boggs

20. Published 5 December 2014
Evaluation of the livelihood vulnerability of pastoral households in Northern China to natural disasters and climate change

Wenqiang Ding, Weibo Ren, Ping Li, Xiangyang Hou, Xiaolong Sun, Xiliang Li, Jihong Xie and Yong Ding

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Volume 37 (5)

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