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Soil Research (continuing Australian Journal of Soil Research) is an international journal for publishing research relating to soils in primary production, land and water management, environmental pollution, and remediation. More

Editor-in-Chief: Bob Gilkes


blank image Soil Research
Volume 52 Number 6 2014

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Least-limiting water range of the soil seedbed submitted to mechanical and biological chiselling under no-till 
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O. Guedes Filho , A. P. da Silva , N. F. B. Giarola and C. A. Tormena
pp. 521-532

Soil compaction under no-till system is considered a serious concern. To solve this problem has been used the mechanical and biological (plants with deep and aggressive rooting system) chiselling. Evaluating a soil physical quality index, we observed to be unnecessary both mechanical and biological chiselling. It is implies in reduction on the production costs since the mechanical chiselling is an expensive operation besides maintaining the no-till system undisturbed.


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Topsoil structure in no-tilled soils in the Rolling Pampa, Argentina 
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C. R. Alvarez , M. A. Taboada , S. Perelman and H. J. M. Morrás
pp. 533-542

Food production must increase to accompany population growth, but based on the conservation of natural resources. No tillage is a way of planting crops that preserves the soil, controlling erosion but some soil properties do not necessary evolve favourably. Results of this assay showed that better management practices such as controlled agricultural traffic and crop rotations maximising living roots (e.g. cover crops, double cropping) are recommended to attain sustainable soil management under continuous no-till farming.


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Climate factors mediate soil respiration dynamics in Mediterranean agricultural environments: an empirical approach 
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Sergio González-Ubierna , María Teresa de la Cruz and Miguel Ángel Casermeiro
pp. 543-553

Soil CO2 emissions are five times higher than those produced by burning fossil fuels, however, there are a lack of knowledge of its drivers. Climate factors have a key influence, but under Mediterranean climate, this influence could not be explaining by usual models. Gaussian approximations were better than linear ones, and climate factors synergy was the key in respiration variability. In soil respiration process, Mediterranean could be the exception that proves the rule or which put it into question.


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Characterisation of the hydroxy-interlayered vermiculite from the weathering of illite in Jiujiang red earth sediments 
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Ke Yin , Hanlie Hong , Gordon Jock Churchman , Zhaohui Li , Wen Han and Chaowen Wang
pp. 554-561

Hydroxy-interlayered vermiculite (HIV) is a neo-formed clay species in soils, and its occurrence is closely related to paleoclimate. Hence, HIV mineralogy can be used as a proxy to reveal the evolution of the local environmental conditions in response to global climatic changes. However, only a few comprehensive investigations have so far been carried out on HIV mineralogy due to its minor presence in soils. HIV occurs abundantly in Jiujiang red earth, which provides a perfect opportunity to characterise HIV and decipher climatic information in soils.


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Effects of temperature on soil net nitrogen mineralisation in two contrasting forests on the eastern Tibetan Plateau, China 
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Zhenfeng Xu , Qing Liu and Huajun Yin
pp. 562-567

Rising temperature is expected to affect soil nitrogen cycling of terrestrial ecosystems. This study found that the conversion from natural forest to spruce plantation reduces soil nitrogen mineralisation and natural forest is more sensitive to warming compared to plantation. The differences in nitrogen mineralisation between the two forest soils were substantially larger than warming-induced responses, implying that reforestation might be more important than soil temperature in regulating soil nitrogen mineralisation on the eastern Tibetan Plateau.


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Addition of glucose increases the activity of microbes in saline soils 
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Bannur Elmajdoub , Petra Marschner and Richard G. Burns
pp. 568-574

Salinity is a stressor for plants and soil microbes. Salinity adaptation in microbes can be due to synthesis of organic osmolytes, but this is a very energy-consuming process. In soil, microbes are limited by available C. In this study, 0–5 g C kg–1 was added to soils with EC1:5 of 0.1, 1.1, 3.1 and 5.2 dS m–1. Over the study period of three weeks, glucose addition reduced the negative effect of salinity on soil respiration and microbial biomass.


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Effects of intercropping grasses on soil organic carbon and microbial community functional diversity under Chinese hickory (Carya cathayensis Sarg.) stands 
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Jiasen Wu , Haiping Lin , Cifu Meng , Penkun Jiang and Weijun Fu
pp. 575-583

Long-term intensive management led to severe soil erosion and significant soil organic carbon content decrease in Chinese hickory stands. Intercropping (rape, ryegrass or Chinese milk vetch) could increase soil nutrients and soil organic carbon, and improve microbial community function. It is confirmed that sod cultivation is an effective way to improve soil quality and eliminate detrimental effects of clean tillage in Chinese hickory production.


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Aerobic microbial activity in four tropical earthworm-soil systems. A mesocosm experiment 
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J. Sierra , G. Loranger-Merciris , L. Desfontaines and M. Boval
pp. 584-592

Earthworms may play a major role in nutrient recycling in low-input tropical soils. We studied the effect of three earthworm species in two tropical soils with different organic matter content and quality, and found that earthworm activity increased soil microbial activity, and nitrogen and phosphorus availability, mainly in the more fertile soil. Inputs of labile organic matter are likely to be required to further increase nutrient availability in the infertile tropical soil.


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Plant-induced differentiation of soil variables and nematode community structure in a Mediterranean serpentine ecosystem 
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Nikolaos Monokrousos , George Charalampidis , George Boutsis , Varvara Sousanidou , Efimia M. Papatheodorou and Maria D. Argyropoulou
pp. 593-603

Understanding food web structure of serpentine soils is important, since they are naturally metalliferous and hostile to most plants and animals. Exploring soil variables under the few stunted shrubs of a serpentine Mediterranean ecosystem revealed that the features of the nematode community reflected the hostility and heterogeneity of serpentine soils better than other most commonly used variables, e.g. organic matter, microbial biomass or heavy metal and nutrient concentrations. This makes nematodes a must for plant-soil interaction studies in serpentine ecosystems.


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Impact of organic soil amendments, including poultry-litter biochar, on nematodes in a Riverina, New South Wales, vineyard 
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L. Rahman , M. A. Whitelaw-Weckert and B. Orchard
pp. 604-619

Vineyard soil nematodes are microscopic worm-like organisms that can act as friend or foe: beneficial nematodes decompose organic matter and transform nutrients in plant available forms, whereas parasitic nematodes cause serious disease. We found that organic soil amendments (biochar, composts and rice hulls) increased the ratio of beneficial to parasitic nematodes associated with grapevine roots. This discovery will benefit the wine industry by offering a management option for decreasing the effects of parasitic nematodes without using expensive, environmentally harmful chemicals.


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Published online 15 September 2014
Soil fertility, physical and chemical organic matter fractions, natural 13C and 15N abundance in biogenic and physicogenic aggregates in areas under different land use systems 
Arcângelo Loss, Marcos Gervasio Pereira, Elias Mendes Costa and Sidinei Julio Beutler

Information regarding topsoil biogenic and physicogenic aggregates formation is a simple indicator of soil quality. Biogenic aggregates were more sensitive to impacts caused by natural and anthropogenic processes, and also more efficient in increasing soil fertility and carbon content of soil organic matter fractions than were physicogenic aggregates. This was confirmed by the absence of biogenic aggregates in the conventional tillage system than a no-till system, forest and pasture areas.

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Published online 29 August 2014
Effects of amendment of different biochars on soil enzyme activities related to carbon mineralisation 
Lei Ouyang, Qian Tang, Liuqian Yu and Renduo Zhang

Biochar addition can affect soil biological properties. This study showed that biochar addition increased soil carbon mineralization rates and soil enzyme activities at the early incubation stage. The results should be useful to better understand biochar’s effects on soil carbon mineralization and sequestration from the biological point of view.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    SR14210  Accepted 16 September 2014
    Chemical forms of cadmium in a calcareous soil treated with different levels of phosphorus-containing acidifying agents
    Chunfa Wu, Shihong Yan, Haibo Zhang, Yongming Luo

    SR13306  Accepted 15 September 2014
    Pragmatic models for the prediction and digital mapping of soil properties in eastern Australia
    Jonathan Gray, Thomas Bishop, Xihua Yang

    SR14126  Accepted 14 September 2014
    The use of handheld mid-infrared spectroscopy and partial least-squares regression for the prediction of the phosphorus buffering index in Australian soils
    SEAN FORRESTER, Leslie Janik, JOSE SORIANO DISLA, Sean Mason, Lucy Burkitt, PHIL MOODY, Cameron Gourley, Mike McLaughlin

    SR13188  Accepted 10 September 2014
    Caiena Bezerra, Tiago Ferreira, Ricardo Romero, Jaedson Mota, Juliana Vieira, Lilian Rafaelly Duarte, Miguel Cooper

    SR14020  Accepted 08 September 2014
    Development and calibration of a soil carbon inventory model for New Zealand
    Stephen McNeill, Nancy Golubiewski, James Barringer

    SR13312  Accepted 08 September 2014
    Evidence of pre-historical wind erosion of the Mackenzie Basin, South Island, New Zealand: An assessment based on 137Cs and Kawakawa-Oruanui tephra
    Hannah Leckie, Peter Almond

    SR13170  Accepted 08 September 2014
    Wildfire effects on soil carbon and water repellency under Eucalyptus forest in eastern Australia
    Jessica Heath, Chris Chafer, Thomas Bishop, Floris Van Ogtrop

    SR14076  Accepted 07 September 2014
    Temporal variability in rill erodibility for two types of grasslands
    Guang-hui Zhang, Ke-ming Tang, Zhen-ling Sun, Xun-chang Zhang

    SR14112  Accepted 25 August 2014
    Opportunities and constraints for biochar technology in Australian agriculture: looking beyond carbon sequestration
    Balwant Singh, Lynne Macdonald, Rai Kookana, Lukas Van Zwieten, Greg Buttler, Stephen Joseph, Anthony Weatherley, Bhawana Kaudal, Andrew Regan, Julie Cattle, Feike Dijkstra, Mark Boersma, Stephen Kimber, Alexandra Keith, Maryam Esfandbod

    SR14111  Accepted 25 August 2014
    Transport of Arsenic in some affected soils of Indian Sub-tropics
    Indranil Das, Koushik Ghosh, Dilip Das, Saroj Sanyal

    SR14103  Accepted 25 August 2014
    Using XRF core scanning to assess acid sulphate soils
    Ulrike Proske, Henk Heijnis, Patricia Gadd

    SR14129  Accepted 15 August 2014
    Nitrous oxide emission from two acidic soils as affected by dolomite application
    Muhammad Shaaban, Qian Peng, Shan Lin, Yupeng Wu, ZHAO Jinsong, Ronggui Hu

    SR14090  Accepted 15 August 2014
    Salinity-induced differences in soil microbial communities around the hypersaline Lake Urmia
    Mohsen Barin, Nasser Aliasgharzad, Pal-Axel Olsson, MirHassan Rasouli- Sadeghiani

    SR14107  Accepted 13 August 2014
    Ammonia volatilisation from nitrogen fertilisers surface-applied to bare fallows, wheat crops and perennial grass-based pastures on Vertosols.
    Graeme Schwenke, Bruce Haigh, William Manning

    SR13311  Accepted 11 August 2014
    Quantification of NOx and NH3 emissions from two sugarcane fields.
    Bennett Macdonald, Tom Denmead, Ian White

    SR14106  Accepted 23 July 2014
    Interactive Effects of Clay and Polyacrylamide Properties on Flocculation of Pure and Subsoil Clays
    Xiao-Qian Yan, Xunjiang Zhang

    SR13305  Accepted 22 July 2014
    Seasonal monitoring of soil salinity by electromagnetic conductivity in irrigated sandy soils from a Saharan oasis.
    Ismaiel BERKAL, Christian Walter, Didier Michot, Kaddour Djili

    SR13219  Accepted 07 July 2014
    Tolerance of young seedlings of different trees and a cereal to poor soil aeration
    Gausul Azam, Rob Murray, Cameron Grant, Ian Nuberg

    SR14049  Accepted 19 June 2014
    Soil fertility changes following conversion of grassland to oil palm
    Paul Nelson, Murom Banabas, Steven Nake, Iain Goodrick, Michael Webb, Ella Gabriel

    SR14033  Accepted 19 June 2014
    Coastal acid sulfate soils in the Saloum River basin, Senegal
    Aidara Fall, Jean Montoroi, Karl Stahr

    SR13337  Accepted 02 June 2014
    Coarse woody debris reduces the rate of moisture loss from surface soils of cleared temperate Australian woodlands
    Sarah Goldin, Michael Hutchinson

    SR13282  Accepted 03 June 2014
    Greg Barkle, Roland Stenger, Thomas Woehling

    SR14016  Accepted 29 May 2014
    Testing a new method for sequential Si-extraction on soils of a temperate-humid climate
    Anna Georgiadis, Daniela Sauer, Ludger Herrmann, Jörn Breuer, Mehdi Zarei, Karl Stahr

    SR13351  Accepted 26 May 2014
    A review of N losses due to leaching and surface runoff under intensive pasture management in Australia
    Lucy Burkitt

    SR14078  Accepted 22 May 2014
    How much soil organic carbon sequestration is due to conservation agriculture reducing soil erosion?
    Yong Li, Hanqing Yu, Adrian Chappell, Na Zhou, Roger Funk

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 9 April 2014
The biochar dilemma

A. Mukherjee and R. Lal

2. Published 20 December 2013
Quantifying the allocation of soil organic carbon to biologically significant fractions

J. A. Baldock, J. Sanderman, L. M. Macdonald, A. Puccini, B. Hawke, S. Szarvas and J. McGowan

3. Published 20 December 2013
Variations in soil organic carbon for two soil types and six land uses in the Murray Catchment, New South Wales, Australia

M. C. Davy and T. B. Koen

4. Published 20 December 2013
Organic carbon stocks in cropping soils of Queensland, Australia, as affected by tillage management, climate, and soil characteristics

K. L. Page, R. C. Dalal, M. J. Pringle, M. Bell, Y. P. Dang, B. Radford and K. Bailey

5. Published 20 December 2013
Predicting contents of carbon and its component fractions in Australian soils from diffuse reflectance mid-infrared spectra

J. A. Baldock, B. Hawke, J. Sanderman and L. M. Macdonald

6. Published 20 December 2013
Changes in total soil organic carbon stocks and carbon fractions in sugarcane systems as affected by tillage and trash management in Queensland, Australia

K. L. Page, M. Bell and R. C. Dalal

7. Published 25 September 2013
Changes in soil phosphorus availability and potential phosphorus loss following cessation of phosphorus fertiliser inputs

R. J. Dodd, R. W. McDowell and L. M. Condron

8. Published 20 December 2013
Land use and management influences on surface soil organic carbon in Tasmania

W. E. Cotching, G. Oliver, M. Downie, R. Corkrey and R. B. Doyle

9. Published 20 December 2013
Capacity for increasing soil organic carbon stocks in dryland agricultural systems

F. C. Hoyle, M. D'Antuono, T. Overheu and D. V. Murphy

10. Published 20 December 2013
What determines soil organic carbon stocks in the grazing lands of north-eastern Australia?

D. E. Allen, M. J. Pringle, S. Bray, T. J. Hall, P. O. O'Reagain, D. Phelps, D. H. Cobon, P. M. Bloesch and R. C. Dalal

11. Published 1 May 2014
Estimating change in soil organic carbon using legacy data as the baseline: issues, approaches and lessons to learn

S. B. Karunaratne, T. F. A. Bishop, I. O. A. Odeh, J. A. Baldock and B. P. Marchant

12. Published 1 May 2014
Amending soil with sludge, manure, humic acid, orthophosphate and phytic acid: effects on aggregate stability

A. I. Mamedov, B. Bar-Yosef, I. Levkovich, R. Rosenberg, A. Silber, P. Fine and G. J. Levy

13. Published 20 December 2013
Impact of carbon farming practices on soil carbon in northern New South Wales

Annette L. Cowie, Vanessa E. Lonergan, S. M. Fazle Rabbi, Flavio Fornasier, Catriona Macdonald, Steven Harden, Akitomo Kawasaki and Brajesh K. Singh

14. Published 20 December 2013
Relationship between environmental and land-use variables on soil carbon levels at the regional scale in central New South Wales, Australia

Warwick B. Badgery, Aaron T. Simmons, Brian M. Murphy, Andrew Rawson, Karl O. Andersson, Vanessa E. Lonergan and Remy van de Ven

15. Published 21 March 2014
Influence of lime and gypsum on long-term rehabilitation of a Red Sodosol, in a semi-arid environment of New South Wales

J. McL. Bennett, R. S. B. Greene, B. W. Murphy, P. Hocking and D. Tongway

16. Published 19 November 2013
Impact of biochar on nitrate accumulation in an alkaline soil

Qing-Zhong Zhang, Xia-Hui Wang, Zhang-Liu Du, Xin-Ren Liu and Yi-Ding Wang

17. Published 5 February 2014
Effects of amendment of different biochars on soil carbon mineralisation and sequestration

Lei Ouyang, Liuqian Yu and Renduo Zhang

18. Published 21 March 2014
Digital mapping of a soil drainage index for irrigated enterprise suitability in Tasmania, Australia

D. B. Kidd, B. P. Malone, A. B. McBratney, B. Minasny and M. A. Webb

19. Published 20 December 2013
Carbon sequestration under subtropical perennial pastures I: Overall trends

Jonathan Sanderman, I. R. P. Fillery, R. Jongepier, A. Massalsky, M. M. Roper, L. M. Macdonald, T. Maddern, D. V. Murphy, B. R. Wilson and J. A. Baldock

20. Published 20 December 2013
Soil carbon is only higher in the surface soil under minimum tillage in Vertosols and Chromosols of New South Wales North-West Slopes and Plains, Australia

M. K. McLeod, G. D. Schwenke, A. L. Cowie and S. Harden

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