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Soil Research (continuing Australian Journal of Soil Research) is an international journal for publishing research relating to primary production, land and water management, environmental pollution, and remediation. More

Editor-in-Chief: Bob Gilkes


blank image Soil Research
Volume 52 Number 3 2014

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The biochar dilemma 
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A. Mukherjee and R. Lal
pp. 217-230

This review paper examines the various uncertainties related to soil quality that exist with biochar amendment. Crop yield can be reduced by biochar application, and increases in greenhouse gas emissions with biochar amendment have also been observed. Farm investment risks with biochar need to be evaluated before field application may be recommended to growers.


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Scaling of pores in 3D images of Latosols (Oxisols) with contrasting mineralogy under a conservation management system 
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Carla Eloize Carducci, Geraldo César de Oliveira, Nilton Curi, Richard John Heck and Diogo Francisco Rossoni
pp. 231-243

This study was undertaken to evaluate the spatial and morphological configuration of the pore space of Latosols with different mineralogy under conservation tillage system in a coffee crop area in Brazil. The soil core samples were collected at different depths of a kaolinitic Red-Yellow Latosol and a gibbsitic Red Latosol. The greater spatial variability occurred in the horizontal direction, constituting a novelty in this research. The highest percentage of spheroid pores occurred in the gibbsitic Latosol while the platy pores were more abundant in the kaolinitc Latosol.


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Changes in soil carbon fractions due to incorporating corn residues in organic and conventional vegetable farming systems 
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Yadunath Bajgai, Paul Kristiansen, Nilantha Hulugalle and Melinda McHenry
pp. 244-252

Vegetable production systems, especially organic ones, rely on tillage for bed preparation and weed management, and this accelerates the loss of soil organic carbon (SOC). Residue incorporation and applying organic fertilisers could offset such losses as residue incorporation increases labile and stable carbon, whereas the organic system increases only dissolved C. Simulated tillage in the laboratory had limited impact on SOC; thus, an increase in SOC could be through physical binding mechanism rather than aggregation in routinely tilled soils.


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Deriving RUSLE cover factor from time-series fractional vegetation cover for hillslope erosion modelling in New South Wales 
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Xihua Yang
pp. 253-261

The cover and management factor (C-factor) represents effects of vegetation canopy and ground cover in reducing soil loss. The time-series fractional vegetation cover products were used to estimate the C-factor and consequently hillslope erosion using the revised universal soil loss equation. The information and time-series maps from this study should be useful to assess and monitor hillslope erosion hazard, sediment and water quality for New South Wales catchments.


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Long-term natural succession improves nitrogen storage capacity of soil on the Loess Plateau, China 
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Lei Deng, Kai-bo Wang and Zhou-ping Shangguan
pp. 262-270

Revegetation is recognized as one of the primary contributors to the N sink. In this study we examined the effects of long-term natural succession on N storage in soil. N sequestration was mainly related to soil organic carbon, total nitrogen and primary productivity.


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Impact of short-rotation Acacia hybrid plantations on soil properties of degraded lands in Central Vietnam 
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Tran Lam Dong, Richard Doyle, Chris L. Beadle, Ross Corkrey and Nguyen Xuan Quat
pp. 271-281

One-quarter of the area of Vietnam is at risk of soil degradation because of unsustainable logging and land-use practices. Consecutive plantings of short rotations of plantation Acacia can have positive effects on the chemical and physical properties of degraded, strongly acidic gravelly soils with low organic carbon in Central Vietnam, although they remain strongly acidic. As the availability of soil nutrients is related to gravel content, element stock per unit volume provides a better measure of soil element levels than concentration.


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Decrease in phosphorus concentrations when P fertiliser application is reduced or omitted from grazed pasture soils 
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Jessica Coad, Lucy Burkitt, Warwick Dougherty and Leigh Sparrow
pp. 282-292

Excessive concentrations of soil phosphorus can result in the loss of P, a finite resource, to the surrounding environment, with subsequent environmental impacts. One method to reduce soil-P concentrations is to reduce P inputs. The effect of this strategy on soil P was investigated for six soils with a range of initial P concentrations and ongoing rates of P fertiliser. The greatest soil P decreases were in soils with high initial P concentrations and low ongoing rates of P fertiliser, and in the more easily extractable soil-P fractions.


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An agronomic test to manage phosphorus environmental risk from pastures with good grazing management 
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M. R. Hart and P. S. Cornish
pp. 293-298

Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient for plants and animals, but intensification of agriculture has increased losses of P to surface waters with subsequent pollution problems. Management of environmental risk from soil P is hampered by the lack of widely applicable threshold values that may indicate higher risk of P exports in runoff. This study indicates that a predictive equation based on soil phosphorus buffering indices developed for agronomic purposes can also be used as an indicator of environmental risk, and thus enable more efficient management of P sources in agriculture.


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Variation in soil microbial biomass in the dry tropics: impact of land-use change 
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Mahesh Kumar Singh and Nandita Ghoshal
pp. 299-306

Land use change involving natural forest, degraded forest, agroecosystem and Jatropha curcas plantation in dry tropics resulted in decreased soil microbial biomass C and N, with higher levels in the natural forest followed, in decreasing order, by Jatropha curcas plantation, degraded forest and the agroecosystem. Seasonal variation in soil microbial biomass, with higher levels during summer and lower during the rainy season, was better correlated with the soil moisture content than soil temperature. Change in microbial community can be predicted on the basis of changes in the soil microbial biomass C/N ratio with depth. Restoration of degraded lands in dry tropics Jatropha plantation may serve as an alternative.


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Soil microbial responses to labile carbon input differ in adjacent sugarcane and forest soils 
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Richard Brackin, Nicole Robinson, Prakash Lakshmanan and Susanne Schmidt
pp. 307-316

Soil microbial activity is constrained by lack of energy required to produce enzymes that decompose complex organic materials. We supplied large inputs of high-energy sucrose to soil with different land-use histories: a sugarcane soil with high, unintended sucrose inputs, and a forest soil receiving low-energy eucalyptus leaf litter. Sugarcane soil microbes responded more rapidly, suggesting some pre-selection; however, enzyme production levels increased in both soils after sucrose addition, suggesting both soils are energy limited.

    | Supplementary Material (665 KB)

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    SR14014  Accepted 08 April 2014
    Characterization of the hydroxy-interlayered vermiculite from the weathering of illite in Jiujiang red earth sediments
    ke yin, Hanlie Hong, Jock Churchman, Zhaohui Li, Wen Han, Chaowen Wang

    SR13298  Accepted 07 April 2014
    Effects of temperature on soil net N mineralization in two contrasting forests on the eastern Tibetan Plateau, China
    Zhenfeng Xu, Qing Liu, Huajun Yin

    SR14034  Accepted 04 April 2014
    Aerobic microbial activity in four tropical earthworm-soil systems. A mesocosm experiment
    Jorge Sierra, Gladys Loranger-Merciris, Lucienne Desfontaines, Maryline Boval

    SR14011  Accepted 04 April 2014
    Plant-induced differentiation of soil variables and nematode community structure in a mediterranean serpentine ecosystem
    Nikolaos Monokrousos, George Charalampidis, George Boutsis, Varvara Sousanidou, Efimia Papatheodorou, Maria Argyropoulou

    SR13177  Accepted 03 April 2014
    Determination of carbonate-C in biochars
    Tao Wang, M. Camps Arbestain, Mike Hedley, Bhupinder Singh, Roberto Calvelo-Pereira, Congying Wang

    SR13230  Accepted 23 March 2014
    Uncertainty analysis for large-scale prediction of the van Genuchten soil water retention parameters with pedotransfer functions
    Kaihua Liao, Shaohui Xu, Jichun Wu, Qing Zhu

    SR13358  Accepted 12 March 2014
    Nutrient and Microbial Loss in relation to Timing of Rainfall following Surface Application of Dairy Farm Manures to Pasture
    Seth Laurenson, David Houlbrooke

    SR13239  Accepted 13 March 2014
    The effect of biochar on soil respiration in the maize growing season after 5 years of consecutive application
    Ning Lu, Xingren Liu, Zhangliu Du, Yiding Wang, Qing zhong Zhang

    SR13294  Accepted 05 March 2014
    Potential Soil Organic Carbon Stock and Its Uncertainty under Various Cropping Systems in Australian Cropland
    Zhongkui Luo, Enli Wang, Jeff Baldock, Hongtao Xing

    SR13331  Accepted 10 March 2014
    A combined equation to estimate the soil pore water electrical conductivity: calibration with the WET and 5TE sensors
    Fernando Visconti, Delfina Martínez, MªJosé Molina, Florencio Ingelmo, José Miguel de Paz

    SR13202  Accepted 28 February 2014
    Impacts of Landform, Land Use and Soil Type on Soil Chemical Properties and Enzymatic Activities in a Loessial Gully Watershed
    Yajun Hao, Qingrui Chang, Linhai Li, Xiaorong Wei

    SR13256  Accepted 25 February 2014
    Using categorical soil structure information to improve soil water retention estimates of tropical delta soils
    Phuong Nguyen, Khoa Le Van, Wim Cornelis

    SR13314  Accepted 13 February 2014
    Digital soil mapping of a coastal acid sulfate soil landscape
    Jingyi Huang, Terence Nhan, Vanessa Wong, Scott Johnston, Murray Lark, John Triantafilis

    SR13334  Accepted 11 February 2014
    Amending soil with sludge, manure, humic acid, orthophosphate and phytic acid : Effects on aggregates stability
    Amrakh Mamedov, Benayahu Bar-Yosef, Irit Levkovitch, A Silber, Pinchas Fine Fine, Guy Levy, R Rozenberg

    SR13296  Accepted 03 February 2014
    Stability and storage of soil organic carbon in a heavy-textured Karst soil from South-Eastern Australia
    Eleanor Hobley, Garry Willgoose, Silvia Frisia, Geraldine Jacobsen

    SR13194  Accepted 22 January 2014
    The impact of rain fed cropping on the hydrology and fertility of alluvial clays in the more arid areas of the upper Darling Basin, Eastern Australia
    Rick Young, Neil Huth, Steven Harden, Ross McLeod

    SR13172  Accepted 14 January 2014
    Calibration equations for Diviner 2000 capacitance measurements of volumetric soil water content in salt affected soils
    Anna Tedeschi, Cui Hua HUANG, Li Zong, Quan Gang YOU YOU, Xian XUE

    SR13142  Accepted 12 January 2014
    Apparent electrical conductivity (ECa) as a surrogate for neutron probe counts to measure soil moisture content in heavy clay soils (Vertosols).
    John Stanley, David Lamb, Gregory Falzon, Derek Schneider

    SR13081  Accepted 07 January 2014
    Estimating change in soil organic carbon using legacy data as the baseline: issues, approaches and lessons to learn
    Senani Karunaratne, Thomas Bishop, Inakwu Odeh, Jeff Baldock, Ben Marchant

    SR12273  Accepted 04 January 2014
    A COMPARISON OF INDEXING METHODS TO EVALUATE QUALITY OF HORTICULTURAL SOILS: Part II - sensitivity of soil microbiological indicators.
    Romina Romaniuk, Lidia Giuffre, Alejandro Costantini, Norberto Bartoloni, Paolo Nannipieri

    SR13128  Accepted 19 December 2013
    Changes in microbial biomass C, extractable C and available N during the early stages of decomposition of residue mixtures
    Andong Shi, Petra Marschner

    SR13159  Accepted 05 December 2013
    Manganese reactions in soils: interactions between temperature, water potential and pH
    Leigh Sparrow, Nick Uren

    SR12309  Accepted 21 September 2013
    Effects of aggregate stability on saturated hydraulic conductivity between land use types
    Yan Li Jiang, An Shao

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 20 December 2013
Organic carbon stocks in cropping soils of Queensland, Australia, as affected by tillage management, climate, and soil characteristics

K. L. Page, R. C. Dalal, M. J. Pringle, M. Bell, Y. P. Dang, B. Radford and K. Bailey

2. Published 20 December 2013
Variations in soil organic carbon for two soil types and six land uses in the Murray Catchment, New South Wales, Australia

M. C. Davy and T. B. Koen

3. Published 20 December 2013
Changes in total soil organic carbon stocks and carbon fractions in sugarcane systems as affected by tillage and trash management in Queensland, Australia

K. L. Page, M. Bell and R. C. Dalal

4. Published 20 December 2013
Quantifying the allocation of soil organic carbon to biologically significant fractions

J. A. Baldock, J. Sanderman, L. M. Macdonald, A. Puccini, B. Hawke, S. Szarvas and J. McGowan

5. Published 24 June 2013
Factors affecting ammonia-oxidising microorganisms and potential nitrification rates in southern Australian agricultural soils

Cathryn A. O'Sullivan, Steven A. Wakelin, Ian R. P. Fillery and Margaret M. Roper

6. Published 20 December 2013
Predicting contents of carbon and its component fractions in Australian soils from diffuse reflectance mid-infrared spectra

J. A. Baldock, B. Hawke, J. Sanderman and L. M. Macdonald

7. Published 20 December 2013
Land use and management influences on surface soil organic carbon in Tasmania

W. E. Cotching, G. Oliver, M. Downie, R. Corkrey and R. B. Doyle

8. Published 16 May 2013
Iron nodules in ferric soils of the Fraser Coast, Australia: relicts of laterisation or features of contemporary weathering and pedogenesis?

S. C. Löhr, M. Grigorescu and M. E. Cox

9. Published 25 September 2013
Changes in soil phosphorus availability and potential phosphorus loss following cessation of phosphorus fertiliser inputs

R. J. Dodd, R. W. McDowell and L. M. Condron

10. Published 24 June 2013
The World Reference Base for Soils (WRB) and Soil Taxonomy: an appraisal of their application to the soils of the Northern Rivers of New South Wales

David T. Morand

11. Published 9 April 2014
The biochar dilemma

A. Mukherjee and R. Lal

12. Published 24 June 2013
Addition of a fine-textured soil to compost to reduce nutrient leaching in a sandy soil

Trung-Ta Nguyen and Petra Marschner

13. Published 20 December 2013
Capacity for increasing soil organic carbon stocks in dryland agricultural systems

F. C. Hoyle, M. D'Antuono, T. Overheu and D. V. Murphy

14. Published 20 December 2013
What determines soil organic carbon stocks in the grazing lands of north-eastern Australia?

D. E. Allen, M. J. Pringle, S. Bray, T. J. Hall, P. O. O'Reagain, D. Phelps, D. H. Cobon, P. M. Bloesch and R. C. Dalal

15. Published 16 May 2013
Ensemble pedotransfer functions to derive hydraulic properties for New Zealand soils

Rogerio Cichota, Iris Vogeler, Val O. Snow and Trevor H. Webb

16. Published 16 May 2013
Composting and vermicomposting of cattle manure and green wastes under tropical conditions: carbon and nutrient balances and end-product quality

J. Sierra, L. Desfontaines, J. Faverial, G. Loranger-Merciris and M. Boval

17. Published 24 June 2013
Interactive effects of iron oxides and organic matter on charge properties of red soils in Thailand

D. Ketrot, A. Suddhiprakarn, I. Kheoruenromne and B. Singh

18. Published 16 May 2013
Scale-dependent correlations between soil properties and environmental factors across the Loess Plateau of China

Zhi-Peng Liu, Ming-An Shao and Yun-Qiang Wang

19. Published 20 December 2013
Relationship between environmental and land-use variables on soil carbon levels at the regional scale in central New South Wales, Australia

Warwick B. Badgery, Aaron T. Simmons, Brian M. Murphy, Andrew Rawson, Karl O. Andersson, Vanessa E. Lonergan and Remy van de Ven

20. Published 21 March 2014
Influence of lime and gypsum on long-term rehabilitation of a Red Sodosol, in a semi-arid environment of New South Wales

J. McL. Bennett, R. S. B. Greene, B. W. Murphy, P. Hocking and D. Tongway

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