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Soil Research (continuing Australian Journal of Soil Research) is an international journal for publishing research about fundamental and applied aspects of soil science. More

Editors-in-Chief: Balwant Singh and Mark Tibbett


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Published online 22 May 2015
Preferential flow paths in two alluvial soils with long-term additions of pig slurry in the Mediterranean zone of Chile 
Ignacio Fuentes, Manuel Casanova, Oscar Seguel, José Padarian, Francisco Nájera and Osvaldo Salazar

This study evaluated the effects of slurry additions and soil physical properties on preferential flow and nitrate concentrations in two Mediterranean soils of central Chile. Preferential flow, assessed by a dye staining method, showed no evidence of being affected by pig slurry. Instead, tillage and soil physical properties helped to explain the stained patterns. Mediterranean climate triggered a decrease in N mineral forms during the winter season, which coincides with the period of concentrated rainfall.

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Published online 22 May 2015
Trace elements in road-deposited and waterbed sediments in Kogarah Bay, Sydney: enrichment, sources and fractionation 
Thuy C. Nguyen, Paripurnanda Loganathan, Tien V. Nguyen, Thi T. N. Pham, Jaya Kandasamy, Michael Wu, Ravi Naidu and Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran

Road dusts deposited along busy roads commonly contain toxic chemical elements that may be washed by rain into rivers, lakes and bays, causing water pollution that affects fish and other living creatures. Our study in eastern coastal Australia showed that five such elements mainly originating from vehicle brakes, tyres and road-surface abrasion were highly enriched in dust deposits. However, this did not increase the elemental contents in the water sediments in a nearby bay.

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Published online 12 March 2015
Salinity-induced differences in soil microbial communities around the hypersaline Lake Urmia 
Mohsen Barin, Nasser Aliasgharzad, Pål Axel Olsson and MirHassan Rasouli-Sadaghiani

We found that increasing salinity decreases soil microbial biomass. Microbial community structure is changed by increased salinity; and any changes in the community that are brought about by increasing salinity will reflect adaptations in the PLFA composition resulting from microbial cell stress.

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Published online 04 March 2015
Effect of cropping practices on soil organic carbon: evidence from long-term field experiments in Victoria, Australia 
Fiona Robertson, Roger Armstrong, Debra Partington, Roger Perris, Ivanah Oliver, Colin Aumann, Doug Crawford and David Rees

It is widely suggested that soil organic matter (carbon) in grain production systems can be increased by using practices such as reduced tillage, stubble retention and alternative rotations. We measured soil carbon levels in three long-term (12, 28 and 94 year old) field experiments in Victoria. We found that these practices may not reliably increase carbon on their own, but that significant increases are possible in some circumstances through long-term use of multiple practices such as stubble retention + reduced tillage + legume + elimination of fallow.

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blank image Soil Research
Volume 53 Number 3 2015

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Response of soil nitrous oxide flux to nitrogen fertiliser application and legume rotation in a semi-arid climate, identified by smoothing spline models 
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Sally Jane Officer, Frances Phillips, Gavin Kearney, Roger Armstrong, John Graham and Debra Partington
pp. 227-241

Soil N2O emissions from a wheat crop grown in a semi-arid region were studied under different management practices: in 2007 with and without the application of N-fertiliser and supplementary irrigation. In 2008 N was sourced from either a pulse or pasture legume sown the previous season or from N fertiliser applied that season. Our findings confirm that the proportion of N-fertiliser emitted as N2O from rain-fed wheat crops grown in semi-arid regions is less than the international average of 1.0%.


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Response of soil enzyme activity to warming and nitrogen addition in a meadow steppe 
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Shiwei Gong, Tao Zhang, Rui Guo, Hongbin Cao, Lianxuan Shi, Jixun Guo and Wei Sun
pp. 242-252

N addition increased urease and phosphatase activity, but it had no effect on cellulase activity. Warming reduced cellulase activity and enhanced phosphatase activity but no impact on urease activity. Interactive effects of N addition and warming were observed on phosphatase activity, but not on cellulase and urease activity. These findings highlight that changes in abiotic (i.e. global warming and N deposition) environments play vital roles in regulating ecosystem function in a temperate meadow ecosystem.


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Phosphorus fractions in soils of the mangrove, restinga and Atlantic forest ecosystems from Cardoso Island, Brazil 
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Breno Pupin and Ely Nahas
pp. 253-262

This study investigated the availability of soil P fractions (PF) in mangrove soil compared with the Atlantic forest and restinga soils in the Cardoso Island, Brazil. PF in the soils decreased in the order: Atlantic forest > mangrove > restinga. Iron P was dominant, followed by calcium P and aluminium P. Reductant Fe-P, occluded (o) Fe-P and oAl-P were detected in minor amounts. Quantities and qualities of the PF varied among the studied ecosystems, influenced by the parent material and physico-chemical characteristics of the soil and vegetation.


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Changes in the soil quality attributes of continuous no-till farming systems following a strategic tillage 
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M. H. Crawford, V. Rincon-Florez, A. Balzer, Y. P. Dang, L. C. Carvalhais, H. Liu and P. M. Schenk
pp. 263-273

The effects of strategic tillage on physical, chemical and biological soil properties, productivity, and weed control on five long-term (7–44 years) no-till managed soils were investigated. The impacts observed in physical, chemical and biological soil properties and productivity were overall non-significant. Significant weed reduction occurred in the first year in all soils, with variable results observed in the following year.


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Assessment of tillage effects on soil quality of pastures in South Africa with indexing methods 
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P. A. Swanepoel, C. C. du Preez, P. R. Botha, H. A. Snyman and J. Habig
pp. 274-285

Soil quality of pasture systems in the southern Cape of South Africa is declining. Soil quality of five management systems was evaluated using the locally developed soil quality index for pastures. Soil physical, chemical and biological quality was affected by management practice, and prolonged tillage had an adverse impact on soil quality.


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Impact of temperature and moisture on heterotrophic soil respiration along a moist tropical forest gradient in Australia 
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M. Zimmermann, K. Davies, V. T. V. Peña de Zimmermann and M. I. Bird
pp. 286-297

The combined effect of temperature and moisture on respiration rates of tropical forest soils were investigated by means of a translocation approach. By this, soil cores were reciprocally replaced among three sites along an altitudinal gradient and respiration rates measured all three weeks for one year. Best fit model predictions suggested that temperature is the more dominate factor and soils of higher elevations with higher soil carbon stocks are more vulnerable to warming than low elevation soils.


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Effect of straw returning in winter fallow in Chinese rice fields on greenhouse gas emissions: evidence from an incubation study 
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Yupeng Wu, Tian Liu, Qi’an Peng, Muhammad Shaaban and Ronggui Hu
pp. 298-305

Application of straw can mitigate N2O cumulative emissions under flooded conditions, while higher CO2 and CH4 production was detected. In contrast, straw application under non-flooded conditions had a relatively low global warming potential value. Consequently, winter fallow field is recommended after the integrated application of straw and nitrogen fertiliser.


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Heavy metal soil pollution is influenced by the location of green spaces within urban settings 
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Fiona Curran-Cournane, Gavin Lear, Luitgard Schwendenmann and Jade Khin
pp. 306-315

Sixty green spaces were chosen in New Zealand’s largest city to determine how various factors influence levels of heavy metals in soils. Soil heavy metals were significantly influenced by the location of green spaces and the results were used to develop a ‘pollution index’ (PI). The PI was a useful tool in interpreting data and complemented traditional ways of reporting concentrations of heavy metals using soil pools which has been limited to date.


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Effects of soluble organic carbon addition on CH4 and CO2 emissions from paddy soils regulated by iron reduction processes 
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Qi-an Peng, Muhammad Shaaban, Ronggui Hu, Yongliang Mo, Yupeng Wu and Bashir Ullah
pp. 316-324

Paddy soils are major source of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions into the atmosphere. Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a key factor of CH4 and CO2 emissions as regulated by Fe reduction processes in paddy soils.

    | Supplementary Material (429 KB)

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Soil morphological and chemical profiles adjacent to a bore drain in south-western Queensland, Australia 
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Andrew J. W. Biggs and Peter Binns
pp. 325-337

Transects were sampled for soil morphology and chemistry in contrasting soil types (Vertosol and Kandosol) perpendicular to a bore drain in western Queensland.  Close to the drain, salt accumulation and increased pH was evident in the Kandosol but leaching of salts was apparent in the Vertosol.


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Effects of slope position, aspect and cropping system on soil nutrient variability in hilly areas 
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Yu Gou, Hui Chen, Wei Wu and Hong-Bin Liu
pp. 338-348

Relationships among cropping system, slope position and aspect were analyzed. Effects of cropping system and topography on soil nutrients variation were explored. Dominant factors affecting soil nutrients variation were in the order of (i) cropping system, (ii) slope position, and (iii) aspect.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    SR15085  Accepted 21 May 2015
    Organic phosphorus speciation in Australian Red Chromosols: stoichiometric control
    Melinda Moata, Ashlea Doolette, Ronald Smernik, Annie McNeill, Lynne Macdonald

    SR14330  Accepted 21 May 2015
    Management options for water repellent ("non-wetting") soils in Australian dryland agriculture - a review
    Margaret Roper, Stephen Davies, Paul Blackwell, David Hall, Derk Bakker, Ramona Jongepier, Phil Ward

    SR14282  Accepted 21 May 2015
    Pedological concepts to be considered in soil chronosequence studies
    Daniela Sauer

    SR14268  Accepted 13 February 2015
    80-metre Resolution 3D Soil Attribute Maps for Tasmania, Australia
    Darren Kidd, Mathew Webb, Brendan Malone, Budiman Minasny, Alex McBratney

    SR15073  Accepted 14 May 2015
    Can the application of rare earth elements improve yield and decrease the uptake of cadmium in ryegrass-dominated pastures?
    Richard McDowell, W Catto, T Orchiston

    SR14193  Accepted 13 May 2015
    Some insights into the health of Dermosols around Tasmania
    Chris Grose

    SR14236  Accepted 12 May 2015
    Managing cattle-grazing intensity: effects on soil organic matter and soil nitrogen
    Moran Segoli, Steven Bray, Diane Allen, Ram Dalal, Ian Watson, Andrew Ash, Peter O'Reagain

    SR14275  Accepted 06 May 2015
    Combining two soil property rasters using an adaptive gating approach.
    David Clifford, Yi Guo

    SR14267  Accepted 07 May 2015
    Report card on sustainable natural resource use in the agricultural regions of Western Australia
    Noel Schoknecht

    SR14259  Accepted 21 April 2015
    Change in water extractable organic carbon and microbial PLFAs of biochar during incubation with an acidic paddy soil
    Ming Li, Ming Liu, Stephen Joseph, Chunyu Jiang, Meng Wu, Zhongpei Li

    SR14178  Accepted 21 April 2015
    A space-time observation system for soil organic carbon
    Senani Karunaratne, Thomas Bishop, Jason Lessels, Jeff Baldock, Inakwu Odeh

    SR14170  Accepted 20 April 2015
    Impact of abandonment of olive orchards on soil organic carbon sequestration in Mediterranean Lebanon
    Thérèse Atallah, Katy Sitt, Emile El Asmar, Sandra Bitar, Lamia Ibrahim, Nabih Khatib, Talal Darwish

    SR14012  Accepted 20 April 2015
    An assessment of the accuracy of Profile Available Water and Potential Rooting Depth estimates held within New Zealand’s Fundamental Soil Layers geo-database
    Grant Pearse, Mark Bloomberg, Elena Moltchanova

    SR14339  Accepted 13 April 2015
    Review: Measuring soil organic carbon – which technique, and where to from here?
    Timothy Johns, Michael Angove, Sabine Wilkens

    SR14194  Accepted 13 April 2015
    Assessment of the surface chemistry of wood-derived biochars using wet chemistry, FTIR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
    Roberto Calvelo-Pereira, M. Camps Arbestain, Marcos Vazquez Sueiro, Juan Antonio Maciá-Agulló

    SR14073  Accepted 11 April 2015
    Procedure to estimate ammonia loss after N fertiliser application to moist soil
    Ian Fillery, Nirav Khimashia

    SR14288  Accepted 06 April 2015
    Variability of total soil respiration in a Mediterranean vineyard
    Egidio Lardo, Assunta Maria Palese, Vitale Nuzzo, Cristos Xiloyannis, Giuseppe Celano

    SR14128  Accepted 07 April 2015
    Slow-release boron fertilizers: co-granulation of boron sources with mono-ammonium phosphate (MAP)
    Margaret Abat, Fien Degryse, Roslyn Baird, Michael McLaughlin

    SR14274  Accepted 31 March 2015
    Derivation of soil attribute estimations from legacy soil maps
    Nathan Odgers, Karen Holmes, Edward Griffin, Craig Liddicoat

    SR14297  Accepted 27 March 2015
    Enzymes activity, microbial biomass and community structure in a Long-term Restored Soil Under Semiarid Conditions
    Irene Torres, Felipe Bastida, Teresa Hernandez, Juan Albaladejo, Carlos Garcia Izquierdo

    SR14356  Accepted 26 March 2015
    Soil Residuals and Plant Uptake of Cu and Zn from Biosolids applied to a Clay Loam Soil under Field Conditions in Victoria, Australia
    Firew Beshah, Nichola Porter, Barry Meehan, Roger Wrigley, Mike Adams

    SR15043  Accepted 23 March 2015
    An error budget for soil salinity mapping using different ancillary data
    Jingyi Huang, Ehsan Zare, Raj Malik, John Triantafilis

    SR14355  Accepted 17 March 2015
    Strategies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in intensively managed vegetable cropping systems in subtropical Australia
    Mehran Rezaei Rashti, Weijin Wang, Stephen Harper, PHIL MOODY, Chengrong Chen, Hossein Ghadiri, Steven Reeves

    SR14209  Accepted 16 March 2015
    Evaluation of load support capacity of remoulded fine and coarse textured soils as affected by wetting and drying cycles
    Maryam Salehian Dastjerdi, Abbas Hemmat

    SR14363  Accepted 14 March 2015
    Spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall erosivity in New Zealand
    Andreas Klik, Kathrin Haas, Anna Dvorackova, Ian Fuller

    SR14350  Accepted 14 March 2015
    Runoff and sediment yield of tilled and spontaneous grass-covered olive orchards grown on sloping land
    Assunta Maria Palese, Jenno Ringersma, Jantiene Baartman, Piet Peters, Cristos Xiloyannis

    SR14270  Accepted 04 March 2015
    Large-area spatial disaggregation of a mosaic of conventional soil maps: evaluation over Western Australia
    Karen Holmes, Edward Griffin, Nathan Odgers

    SR14239  Accepted 03 March 2015
    Identification and interpretation of sources of uncertainty in soils change in a global systems-based modelling process
    Nathan Robinson, Kurt Benke, Sorn Norng

    SR14309  Accepted 24 February 2015
    Effects of thinning on soil respiration and microbial respiration of forest floor and soil in oak (Quercus frainetto Ten.) forest
    Serdar Akburak, Ender Makineci

    SR14171  Accepted 10 February 2015
    Optimizing the extraction of amorphous silica by NaOH from soils of temperate-humid climate
    Anna Georgiadis, Daniela Sauer, Jörn Breuer, Ludger Herrmann, Thilo Rennert, Karl Stahr

    SR14252  Accepted 08 February 2015
    Grassland soil C and N stocks under temperate livestock grazing
    Junfang Cui, Mohammad Askari, Nicholas Holden

    SR14207  Accepted 04 February 2015
    Soil texture controls vegetation biomass and organic carbon storage in arid desert grassland in the middle of Hexi Corridor region in northwest China
    Yong-Zhong Su

    SR14365  Accepted 03 February 2015
    Changes in characteristics of soils irrigated with processing water from three New Zealand dairy factories
    Graham Sparling, Ray Littler, Louis Schipper, Bryan Stevenson, Lilian Sherman, John Russell

    SR14196  Accepted 04 February 2015
    Land management within capability: a new scheme to guide sustainable land management in New South Wales, Australia
    Jonathan Gray, Greg Chapman, Brian Murphy

    SR14173  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Soil organic matter loss following cultivation of long-term pasture: effects on major exchangeable cations and cation exchange capacity
    Dennis Curtin, Trish Fraser, Mike Beare

    SR13325  Accepted 02 February 2015
    Long-term olive mill waste water application affects soil chemical and microbial properties
    Victor Kavvadias, Maria Doula, Maria Papadopoulou, Sideris Theocharopoulos

    SR14256  Accepted 29 January 2015
    Soil fertility characterization of teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) plantations in Central America
    Jesús Fernández-Moya, ALFREDO ALVARADO, Rafael Mata, Helga Thiele, Jose Manuel Segura, Edwin Vaides, Alfonso San Miguel-Ayanz, Miguel Marchamalo-Sacristán

    SR14062  Accepted 22 January 2015
    Soil carbon sequestration in cool temperate dryland pastures: mechanisms and management options
    Alieta Eyles, Garth Coghlan, Marcus Hardie, Mark Hovenden, Kerry Bridle

    SR14165  Accepted 21 January 2015
    Mobility in soil and availability to triticale plants of copper fertilizers
    Demetrio Gonzalez, Patricia Almendros, Jose Alvarez

    SR14258  Accepted 20 January 2015
    Weighting the differential water capacity to account for declining hydraulic conductivity in a drying coarse-textured soil
    Cameron Grant, Pieter Groenevelt

    SR14241  Accepted 13 January 2015
    100 Years of superphosphate addition to pasture in an acid soil – current nutrient status and future management.
    Cassanda Schefe, Kirsten Barlow, Nathan Robinson, Doug Crawford, Timothy McLaren, Ronald Smernik, George Croatto, Ronald Walsh, Matt Kitching


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 25 November 2014
Opportunities and constraints for biochar technology in Australian agriculture: looking beyond carbon sequestration

Balwant Singh, Lynne M. Macdonald, Rai S. Kookana, Lukas van Zwieten, Greg Butler, Stephen Joseph, Anthony Weatherley, Bhawana B. Kaudal, Andrew Regan, Julie Cattle, Feike Dijkstra, Mark Boersma, Stephen Kimber, Alexander Keith and Maryam Esfandbod

2. Published 1 May 2014
Estimating change in soil organic carbon using legacy data as the baseline: issues, approaches and lessons to learn

S. B. Karunaratne, T. F. A. Bishop, I. O. A. Odeh, J. A. Baldock and B. P. Marchant

3. Published 10 October 2014
A review of nitrogen losses due to leaching and surface runoff under intensive pasture management in Australia

Lucy L. Burkitt

4. Published 1 May 2014
Amending soil with sludge, manure, humic acid, orthophosphate and phytic acid: effects on aggregate stability

A. I. Mamedov, B. Bar-Yosef, I. Levkovich, R. Rosenberg, A. Silber, P. Fine and G. J. Levy

5. Published 26 June 2014
Potential soil organic carbon stock and its uncertainty under various cropping systems in Australian cropland

Zhongkui Luo, Enli Wang, Jeff Baldock and Hongtao Xing

6. Published 26 June 2014
Determination of carbonate-C in biochars

Tao Wang, Marta Camps-Arbestain, Mike Hedley, Bhupinder Pal Singh, Roberto Calvelo-Pereira and Congying Wang

7. Published 1 May 2014
Digital soil mapping of a coastal acid sulfate soil landscape

Jingyi Huang, Terence Nhan, Vanessa N. L. Wong, Scott G. Johnston, R. Murray Lark and John Triantafilis

8. Published 26 June 2014
A combined equation to estimate the soil pore-water electrical conductivity: calibration with the WET and 5TE sensors

Fernando Visconti, Delfina Martínez, María José Molina, Florencio Ingelmo and José Miguel de Paz

9. Published 1 May 2014
Effects of soil structural properties on saturated hydraulic conductivity under different land-use types

Yanli Jiang and Ming'an Shao

10. Published 27 August 2014
Least-limiting water range of the soil seedbed submitted to mechanical and biological chiselling under no-till

O. Guedes Filho, A. P. da Silva, N. F. B. Giarola and C. A. Tormena

11. Published 26 June 2014
Manganese oxidation and reduction in soils: effects of temperature, water potential, pH and their interactions

L. A. Sparrow and N. C. Uren

12. Published 26 June 2014
Uncertainty analysis for large-scale prediction of the van Genuchten soil-water retention parameters with pedotransfer functions

K. Liao, S. Xu, J. Wu and Q. Zhu

13. Published 26 June 2014
Stability and storage of soil organic carbon in a heavy-textured Karst soil from south-eastern Australia

Eleanor Hobley, Garry R. Willgoose, Silvia Frisia and Geraldine Jacobsen

14. Published 27 August 2014
Impact of organic soil amendments, including poultry-litter biochar, on nematodes in a Riverina, New South Wales, vineyard

L. Rahman, M. A. Whitelaw-Weckert and B. Orchard

15. Published 10 February 2015
The ameliorating effects of biochar and compost on soil quality and plant growth on a Ferralsol

Getachew Agegnehu, Michael I. Bird, Paul N. Nelson and Adrian M. Bass

16. Published 6 March 2015
Soil organic carbon fractions under conventional and no-till management in a long-term study in southern Spain

R. Carbonell-Bojollo, E. J. González-Sánchez, M. Repullo Ruibérriz de Torres, R. Ordóñez-Fernández, J. Domínguez-Gimenez and G. Basch

17. Published 1 May 2014
Changes in microbial biomass C, extractable C and available N during the early stages of decomposition of residue mixtures

Andong Shi and Petra Marschner

18. Published 10 October 2014
How much soil organic carbon sequestration is due to conservation agriculture reducing soil erosion?

Yong Li, Hanqing Yu, Adrian Chappell, Na Zhou and Roger Funk

19. Published 26 June 2014
Impacts of landform, land use and soil type on soil chemical properties and enzymatic activities in a Loessial Gully watershed

Yajun Hao, Qingrui Chang, Linhai Li and Xiaorong Wei

20. Published 10 February 2015
Pragmatic models for the prediction and digital mapping of soil properties in eastern Australia

Jonathan M. Gray, Thomas F. A. Bishop and Xihua Yang

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