CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Invertebrate Systematics   
Invertebrate Systematics
Journal Banner
  Systematics, Phylogeny and Biogeography
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Virtual Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Notice to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

red arrow Supplementary Series
blank image
All volumes of the Australian Journal of Zoology Supplementary Series are online.


Article << Previous     |         Contents Vol 25(3)

Phylogenetic reappraisal and taxonomic review of the Empis (Coptophlebia) hyalipennis-group (Diptera : Empididae : Empidinae)

Christophe Daugeron A F , Adrian Plant B , Igor Shamshev C , Andreas Stark D and Patrick Grootaert E

A Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Département Systématique et Evolution, UMR 7205 CNRS, 45 rue Buffon – CP 50, 75005 Paris, France.
B Department of Biodiversity and Systematic Biology, National Museum of Wales, Cathays Park, Cardiff CF10 3NP, United Kingdom.
C All-Russian Institute of Plant Protection, Shosse Podbel’skogo 3, St Petersburg-Pushkin, 188620, Russia.
D Seebener Str. 190, 06114 Halle (Saale) and Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Eberswalder Str. 90, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany.
E Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Department of Entomology, Rue Vautier 29, 1000 Brussels, Belgium.
F Corresponding author. Email: daugeron@mnhn.fr

Invertebrate Systematics 25(3) 254-271 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS11006
Submitted: 7 February 2011  Accepted: 5 August 2011   Published: 18 November 2011

PDF (2 MB) $40
 Export Citation

The Empis (Coptophlebia) hyalipennis-group is redefined, keyed, cladistically analysed and three new species, Empis doi, sp. nov., Empis pseudohystrichopyga, sp. nov. and Empis pseudovillosipes, sp. nov., are described (from Thailand, China and Taiwan respectively). A cladistic analysis of 27 adult morphological characters was performed for Empis hyalipennis (the type-species of the subgenus Coptophlebia), and 13 Nearctic, Oriental and Palaearctic species hypothesised as being closely related, which resulted in a single tree of 31 steps (CI = 0.96; RI = 0.98). Monophyly of the group was established on the basis of two apomorphic characters of the male hypopygium. Based on these results and previous studies of the Empis-Coptophlebia complex of subgenera within the genus Empis, the E. (C.) hyalipennis-group appears to be much richer in species, exhibit greater morphological heterogeneity and be more widely distributed than expected. It is strongly recommended that any future revision of the subfamily Empidinae should apply the name Coptophlebia only to the monophyletic Empis (Coptophlebia) hyalipennis-group defined in this study.


Bezzi, M. (1909). Einige neue paläarktische Empis-Arten. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift (Beiheft) 1909, 85–103.

Bezzi, M. (1912). Rhagionidae et Empididae ex insula Formosa a clar. H. Sauter missae. Annales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 10, 442–495.

Chvála, M. (1994). The Empidoidea of Fennoscandia and Denmark. III. Genus Empis. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 29, 1–187.

Collin, J. E. (1961). Empididae. In ‘British Flies. Vol. VI’. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.) 782 pp.

Cumming, J. M., Sinclair, B. J., and Wood, D. M. (1995). Homology and phylogenetic implications of male genitalia in Diptera-Eremoneura. Entomologica Scandinavica 26, 120–151.
CrossRef |

Daugeron, C. (1997a). Systématique phylogénétique et évolution du comportement chez les Empidides (Diptera: Empidoidea). Ph.D. Thesis, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris.

Daugeron, C. (1997b). Découverte du sous-genre Xanthempis Bezzi en Afrique du Nord et description de trois espèces nouvelles (Diptera: Empididae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.) 33, 155–164.

Daugeron, C. (1997c). Notes sur le sous-genre Coptophlebia Bezzi et description d’une espèce nouvelle de France (Diptera: Empididae). Revue Francaise d’Entomologie 19, 47–50.

Daugeron, C. (2000). Review of the Afrotropical subgenus Disneyempis (Diptera: Empididae). European Journal of Entomology 97, 119–129.

Daugeron, C. (2001). Cladistics and taxonomy of the Afrotropical Empis (Coptophlebia) chrysocera-group (Diptera, Empididae). Journal of Natural History 35, 583–616.
CrossRef |

Daugeron, C. (2002). Monophyly of the Empis (Coptophlebia) hyalea-group with description of a new species from New Caledonia (Diptera, Empididae, Empidinae). In ‘Zoologica Neocaledonica 5. Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 187’. (Eds J. Najt and P. Grandcolas.) pp. 33–38. (Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle: Paris, France.)

Daugeron, C., and Grootaert, P. (2003a). The Empis (Coptophlebia) hyalea-group from Thailand, with a discussion on the world distribution of this species-group (Diptera: Empididae: Empidinae). European Journal of Entomology 100, 167–179.

Daugeron, C., and Grootaert, P. (2003b). Assessment of monophyly of species-groups within Afrotropical Empidini (Diptera: Empididae: Empidinae), with a cladistic analysis of the Empis setitarsus-group. Systematic Entomology 28, 339–360.
CrossRef |

Daugeron, C., and Grootaert, P. (2003c). New species of the Empis (Coptophlebia) hyalea-group (Diptera: Empididae: Empidinae) from Guangdong province in China. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique Entomologie 73, 57–66.

Daugeron, C., and Grootaert, P. (2005a). Phylogenetic systematics of the Empis (Coptophlebia) hyalea-group (Insecta, Diptera, Empididae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 145, 339–391.
CrossRef |

Daugeron, C., and Grootaert, P. (2005b). Empidine dance flies from Singapore and southern Malaysia (Diptera: Empididae: Empidinae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 53, 211–220.

Daugeron, C., and Winkler, I. S. (2010). An exemplar approach of the morphological phylogeny of the subfamily Empidinae. In ‘Abstracts volme of 7th International Congress of Dipterology, 8–13 August 2010, San José, Costa Rica’. p. 55. [Abstract]

Daugeron, C., Grootaert, P., and Shamshev, I. (2002). Phylogenetic relationships within the Empidinae (Empididae). In ‘5th International Congress of Dipterology’. p. 47. (Brisbane: abstracts book.)

Daugeron, C., Plant, A., Winkler, I. S., Stark, A., and Baylac, M. (2011). Extreme male leg polymorphic asymmetry in a new empidine dance fly (Diptera: Empididae). Biology Letters 7, 11–14.
CrossRef |

Fallén, C. F. (1816). ‘Diptera Sveciae.’ (Lund.)

Fitch, W. M. (1971). Toward defining the course of evolution: minimum change for a specific tree topology. Systematic Zoology 20, 406–416.
CrossRef |

Goloboff, P. A. (1993). ‘NONA. Version 2.0.’ (Tucumán, Argentina).

Goloboff, P. A., Farris, J. S., and Nixon, K. C. (2008). TNT, a free program for phylogenetic analysis. Cladistics 24, 774–786.

McAlpine, J. F. (1981). Morphology and terminology – adults. In ‘Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 1. Agriculture Canada, Monograph 27’. (Ed. J. F. McAlpine.) pp. 9–63. (Agriculture Canada: Ottawa, Canada.)

Melander, A. L. (1946). Synopsis of Coptophlebia, with descriptions of new American and Oriental species (Diptera, Empididae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 22, 105–117.

Mik, J. (1878). Zwei neue Empididen. Jahresbericht K.K. der Akademische Gymnasium in Wien 1878, 22–26.

Nixon, K. C. (2002). ‘Winclada Version 1.00.08.’ (Ithaca: New York, NY.)

Séguy, E. (1956). Diptères nouveaux ou peu connus d’Extrême-Orient. Revue Francaise d’Entomologie 23, 174–178.

Sinclair, B. J. (2000). Morphology and terminology of Diptera male terminalia. In ‘Manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 1’. (Eds L. Papp and B. Darvas.) pp. 53–74. (Science Herald: Budapest, Hungary.)

Sinclair, B. J., Cumming, J. M., and Wood, D. M. (1993). Homology and phylogenetic implications of male genitalia in Diptera – Lower Brachycera. Entomologica Scandinavica 24, 407–432.
CrossRef |

Stuckenberg, B. R. (1999). Antennal evolution in the Brachycera (Diptera), with a reassessment of terminology relating to the flagellum. Studia Dipterologica 6, 33–48.

Varón, A., Vinh, L. S., Bomash, I., and Wheeler, W. C. (2007). ‘POY 4.0 Beta 2635.’ Available at http://research.amnh.org/scicomp/projects/poy.php.

Winkler, I. S., Daugeron, C., Wiegmann, B. M., Turner, S. P., Mendonca, M. N., Cumming, J. M., Sinclair, B. J., Brooks, S. E., and Collins, K. C. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Empidinae. In ‘Abstracts Volume of the 7th International Congress of Dipterology, 8–13 August 2010, San José, Costa Rica’. p. 55. [Abstract]

Subscriber Login

Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2014