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In vitro interaction between resistin and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ in porcine ovarian follicles

Agnieszka Rak-Mardyła A B and Eliza Drwal A

A Department of Physiology and Toxicology of Reproduction, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Gronostajowa 9, 30-387 Krakow, Poland.
B Corresponding author. Email: agnieszka.rak@uj.edu.pl

Reproduction, Fertility and Development - http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RD14053
Submitted: 12 February 2014  Accepted: 13 June 2014   Published online: 18 July 2014


 
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Abstract

In the present study, using real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting methods, we quantified the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ, PPARα and PPARβ in different sized ovarian follicles (small (SF), medium (MF) and large (LF) follicles) in prepubertal and adult pigs. In prepubertal pigs, PPARγ and PPARα expression was highest in LF; however, PPARβ expression did not differ among SF, MF and LF. In mature pigs, only protein expression of PPARγ and PPARα increased during ovarian follicle development. Following identification of very high levels of PPARγ expression in LF in prepubertal and adult pigs, using in vitro culture of ovarian follicles, we determined the effect of resistin at 0.1, 1 and 10 ng mL–1 on PPARγ mRNA and protein expression and the effect of rosiglitazone at 25 and 50 µM (a PPARγ agonist) on resistin mRNA and protein expression. Resistin increased PPARγ expression in ovarian follicles in both prepubertal and adult pigs, whereas rosiglitazone had an inhibitory effect on resistin expression. The role of PPARγ in regulating the effects of resistin on ovarian steroidogenesis was investigated using GW9662 (a PPARγ antagonist at dose of 1 μM). In these studies, GW9662 reversed the effect of resistin on steroid hormone secretion. The data suggest that there is local cooperation between resistin and PPARγ expression in the porcine ovary. Resistin significantly increased the expression of PPARγ, whereas PPARγ decreased resistin expression; thus, PPARγ is a new key regulator of resistin expression and function.

Additional keywords: GW9662, mRNA, ovary, pig, protein expression, rosiglitazone, steroidogenesis.


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