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Article     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 26(2)

A monographic account of Australian species of Amphiroa (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta)

A. S. Harvey A G, W. J. Woelkerling A, J. M. Huisman B C and C. F. D. Gurgel D E F

A Department of Botany, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Vic. 3083, Australia.
B School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Murdoch University, WA 6150, Australia.
C WA Herbarium, Science Division, Department of Environment and Conservation, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, WA 6983, Australia.
D School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.
E South Australia State Herbarium, Department of Environment, Water and Natural resources, GPO Box 1047, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.
F South Australia Research & Development Institute, Aquatic Sciences, PO Box 120, Henley Beach, SA 5022, Australia.
G Corresponding author. Email: a.harvey@latrobe.edu.au

Australian Systematic Botany 26(2) 81-144 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SB13010
Submitted: 6 March 2013  Accepted: 20 May 2013   Published: 28 June 2013

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The first Australia-wide monograph of Amphiroa (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) based on the morphological–anatomical species concept has confirmed the occurrence of nine species (A. anceps, A. beauvoisii, A. crassa, A. exilis, A. foliacea, A. fragilissima, A. gracilis, A. klochkovana, A. tribulus) and provides a basis for future molecular-systematics studies. A comparative analysis of 285 specimens from 121 localities, along with type material examinations, yielded clear evidence that nine characters associated with the vegetative system and tetrasporangial conceptacles were diagnostically significant at species level. Detailed accounts of each species are presented, along with an identification key, data on type specimens, species comparisons and biogeographic notes. A. foliacea is epitypified. Brief accounts of 34 additional taxa reported from Australia and at some stage ascribed to Amphiroa are included. Galaxaura versicolor and Amphiroa galaxauroides are heterotypic synonyms of A. anceps; recognition of A. anastomosans, A. ephedraea and A. nobilis as distinct species requires further evaluation; and A. dilatata and A. gaillonii are species of uncertain status. Amphiroa ephedraea is lectotypified. The remaining 27 names involve nomina nuda, illegitimate names, orthographic variants or taxa now excluded from Amphiroa.


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