CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Soil Research   
Soil Research
Journal Banner
  Soil, Land Care & Environmental Research
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Contacts
For Advertisers
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Scope
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter LinkedIn

Now Online

Land Resources Surveys


 

Article     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 51(1)

Rill and interrill erodibility and sediment characteristics of clayey Australian Vertosols and a Ferrosol

José Miguel Reichert A C and L. Darrell Norton B

A Soils Department, Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria 97105-900, RS, Brazil.
B National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS & Purdue University (Retired), West Lafayette 47907-2077, IN, USA.
C Corresponding author. Email: reichert@ufsm.br

Soil Research 51(1) 1-9 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SR12243
Submitted: 29 August 2012  Accepted: 19 February 2013   Published: 21 March 2013


 
 Full Text
 PDF (377 KB)
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

For soils and conditions outside the USA, input parameters for physically based soil erosion models, such as the WEPP model, are usually not available, particularly for tropical soils. In a laboratory study, small erosion pans and a programmable rain simulator were used to determine interrill erodibility, whereas in the field, rills were physically allocated in the field as plots of 0.1 by 10 m within a ridge–furrow arrangement and five water-inflow rates were applied sequentially to determine rill erodibility and critical hydraulic shear. During the rain or inflows, runoff samples were taken and flow was characterised. The soils tested were Grey Vertosol, Black Vertosol, and Red Ferrosol. The fall velocity parameter, V50, for rill soil and eroded sediment followed the order Red Ferrosol > Grey Vertosol > Black Vertosol, which Black Vertosol was the same order as observed for V50 and mean weight diameter (MWD) of aggregates in the interrill erosion experiment and D50 of interrill eroded sediment, demonstrating differences between soils in dispersion and aggregate stability. The estimated values obtained by the WEPP model were not comparable to laboratory interrill erodibility values or to field rill erodibility values. Thus, erodibility parameters for physically based erosion models such a WEPP should be determined in the field for tropical soils, and new equations need to be developed to estimate such values based on soil properties for tropical soils.

Additional keywords: erosion processes, flow regime, sedimentation, tropical soils, WEPP model.


References

Albuquerque JA, Cassol EA, Reinert DJ (2000) Relação entre a erodibilidade em entressulcos e estabilidade dos agregados. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 24, 141–151 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].

Bagnold RA (1966) ‘An approach to the sediment transport problem from general physics.’ U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 422-I. (U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC)

Beuselinck L, Govers G, Steegen A, Hairsine PB, Poesen J (1999) Evaluation of the simple settling theory for predicting sediment deposition by overland flow. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 24, 993–1007.
CrossRef |

Bradford JM, Ferris JE (1987) Effect of surface sealing on infiltration, runoff, and rain splash. In ‘Proceedings of the International Conference on Infiltration and Development and Application’. (Ed. Y Fok) pp. 417–428. (Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii: Manoa)

Bradford JM, Foster GR (1996) Interrill soil erosion and slope steepness factors. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60, 909–915.
CrossRef | CAS |

Braida JA, Cassol EA (1996) Erodibilidade em sulcos e em entressulcos de um podzólico vermelho-escuro franco-arenoso. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 20, 127–134 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].

Braida JA, Cassol EA (1999) Relações da erosão em entressulcos com o tipo e com a quantidade de resíduo vegetal na superfície do solo. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 23, 711–721 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].

Cantalice JRB, Cassol EA, Reichert JM, Borges ALO (2005) Hidráulica do escoamento e transporte de sedimentos em sulcos em solo franco-argilo-arenoso. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 29, 597–607 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].
CrossRef |

Cassol EA, Lima VS (2003) Erosão em entressulcos sob diferentes tipos de preparo e manejo do solo. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 38, 117–124 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].
CrossRef |

Cassol EA, Cantalice JRB, Reichert JM, Mondardo A (2004) Escoamento superficial e desagregação do solo em entressulcos em solo franco-argilo-arenoso com resíduos vegetais. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 39, 685–690 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].
CrossRef |

Chow VT (1959) ‘Open-channel hydraulics.’ (McGraw-Hill: New York)

Cihacek LJ, Bremner JM (1979) A simplified ethylene glycol monoethyl ether procedure for assessment of soil surface area. Soil Science Society of America Journal 43, 821–822.
CrossRef | CAS |

Elliot WJ, Liebenow AM, Laflen JM, Kohl KD (1989) ‘A compendium of soil erodibility data from WEPP cropland soil field erodibility experiments 1987; 88.’ NSERL Report No. 3. (The Ohio State University/USDA-Agricultural Research Service: West Lafayette, IN)

Flanagan DC, Nearing MA (1995) ‘USDA-Water erosion prediction project: Hillslope profile and watershed model documentation.’ NSERL Report No. 10. (USDA-ARS National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory: West Lafayette, IN)

Gabbard DS, Huang C, Norton LD, Steinhardt GC (1998) Landscape position, surface hydraulic gradients and erosion processes. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 23, 83–93.
CrossRef |

Giasson E, Cassol EA (1996) Relações da erosão em sulcos com vazões aplicadas e doses de resíduos de trigo incorporados a um plintossolo franco-argilo-arenoso. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 20, 117–125 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].

Giménez R, Govers G (2002) Flow detachment by concentrated flow on smooth and irregular beds. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66, 1475–1483.
CrossRef |

Govers G (1992) Relationship between discharge, velocity and flow area for rills eroding loose, non-layered materials. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 17, 515–528.
CrossRef |

Greene R, Hairsine P (2004) Elementary processes of soil–water interaction and thresholds in soil surface dynamics: A review. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 29, 1077–1091.
CrossRef | CAS |

Hairsine PB, Rose CW (1992a) Modeling water erosion due to overland flow using physical principles. 1. Sheet flow. Water Resources Research 28, 237–243.
CrossRef |

Hairsine PB, Rose CW (1992b) Modeling water erosion due to overland flow using physical principles. 2. Rill flow. Water Resources Research 28, 245–250.
CrossRef |

Huang C, Gascuel-Odoux C, Cros-Cayot S (2002) Hillslope topographic and hydrologic effects on overland flow and erosion. Catena 46, 177–188.
CrossRef |

King KW (1992) Comparison of rill erodibility parameters as influenced by no-till farming. MS Thesis, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Loch RJ (1984) Field rainfall simulator studies on two clay soils of the Darling Downs, Queensland. III. An evaluation of current methods for deriving soil erodibilities (K factors). Australian Journal of Soil Research 22, 401–412.
CrossRef |

Loch RJ (2001) Settling velocity—a new approach to assessing soil and sediment properties. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 31, 305–316.
CrossRef |

Loch RJ, Silburn DM, Freebairn DM (1989) Evaluation of the CREAMS model. II. Use of rainulator data to derive soil erodibility parameters and prediction of field soil losses using derived parameters. Australian Journal of Soil Research 27, 563–576.
CrossRef |

Mehra OP, Jackson ML (1960) Iron oxide removal from soils and clays by a dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate system buffered with sodium bicarbonate. Clays and Clay Minerals 7, 437–440.

Misra RK, Rose CW (1996) Application and sensitivity analysis of process-based erosion model GUEST. European Journal of Soil Science 47, 593–604.
CrossRef |

Morgan RPC, Quinton JN, Rickson RJ (1994) Modeling methodology for soil-erosion assessment and soil conservation design – The EUROSEM approach. Outlook on Agriculture 23, 5–9.

Morgan RPC, Quinton JN, Smith RE, Govers G, Poesen JWA, Auerswald K, Chisci G, Torri D, Styczen ME (1998) The European Soil Erosion Model (EUROSEM): A dynamic approach for predicting sediment transport from fields and small catchments. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 23, 527–544.
CrossRef |

Nearing MA, West LT, Bradford JM (1988) Consolidation of an unsaturated illitic clay soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 52, 929–934.
CrossRef |

Nearing MA, Norton LD, Bulgakov DA, Larionov GA (1997) Hydraulics and erosion in eroding rills. Water Resources Research 33, 865–876.
CrossRef |

Nunes MCM, Cassol EA (2008) Estimativa da erodibilidade em entressulcos de Latossolos do Rio Grande do Sul. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 32, 2839–2845 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].
CrossRef | CAS |

Oliveira FP, Buarque DC, Viero AC, Merten GH, Cassol EA, Minella JPG (2012) Fatores relacionados à suscetibilidade da erosão em entressulcos sob condições de uso e manejo do solo. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 16, 337–346 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].
CrossRef |

Parsons AJ, Abrahams AD, Luk SH (1991) Size characteristics of sediment in interrill overland-flow on a semiarid hillslope, Southern Arizona. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 16, 143–152.
CrossRef |

Quinton JN, Catt JA, Hess TM (2001) The selective removal of phosphorus from soil: Is event size important? Journal of Environmental Quality 30, 538–545.
CrossRef | CAS |

Reichert JM, Norton LD (1994a) Aggregate stability and rain-impacted sheet erosion of air-dried and prewetted clayey surface soils under intense rain. Soil Science 158, 159–169.
CrossRef | CAS |

Reichert JM, Norton LD (1994b) Fluidized bed bottom-ash effects on infiltration and erosion of swelling soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58, 1483–1488.
CrossRef |

Reichert JM, Norton LD (1995) Surface seal morphology as affected by fluidized bed combustion bottom-ash. Soil Technology 7, 303–317.
CrossRef |

Reichert JM, Norton LD (1996) Fluidized bed combustion bottom-ash effects on infiltration and erosion of variable charge soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60, 275–282.
CrossRef | CAS |

Reichert JM, Norton LD, Huang C (1994) Sealing, amendment, and rain intensity effects on erosion of high-clay soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58, 1199–1205.
CrossRef |

Reichert JM, Schäfer MJ, Eltz FLF, Norton LD (2001) Erosão em sulcos e entressulcos em razão do formato de parcela em Argissolo Vermelho-Amarelo arênico. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira 36, 965–973 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].
CrossRef |

Reichert JM, Norton LD, Favaretto N, Huang C, Blume E (2009) Settling velocity, aggregate stability, and interrill erodibility of soils varying in clay mineralogy. Soil Science Society of America Journal 73, 1369–1377.
CrossRef | CAS |

Schäfer MJ, Reichert JM, Cassol EA, Eltz FLF, Reinert DJ (2001a) Erosão em sulcos em diferentes preparos e estados de consolidação do solo. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 25, 419–430 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].

Schäfer MJ, Reichert JM, Reinert DJ (2001b) Erosão em entressulcos em diferentes preparos e estados de consolidação do solo. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo 25, 431–441 [in Portuguese, with English abstract].

Schwertmann U (1964) Differenzierung der Eisenoxide des Bodens durch photochemische Extraction mit saurer Ammoniumoxalat-lösung. Zeitung Pflanzenernährum und Bodenkunde 84, 194–204.
CrossRef |

Slattery MC, Burt TP (1997) Particle size characteristics of suspended sediment in hillslope runoff and stream flow. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 22, 705–719.
CrossRef |

Smith GG, Foley JL, Loch RJ (1992) Effect of electrical conductivity of water used in wetting and in wet sieving on measured aggregate water stability. Soil Technology 5, 177–184.
CrossRef |

Soil Survey Staff (1976) ‘Soil Taxomony.’ (USDA Govt. Printing Office: Washington, DC)

Wan Y, El-Swaify SA (1998) Characterizing interrill sediment size by partitioning splash and wash processes. Soil Science Society of America Journal 62, 430–437.
CrossRef | CAS |

Yang CT (1972) Unit stream power and sediment transport. Journal of the Hydraulics Division 98, 1805–1825.

Yu B, Rosewell CJ (2001) Evaluation of WEPP for runoff and soil loss prediction at Gunnedah, NSW, Australia. Australian Journal of Soil Research 39, 1131–1145.
CrossRef |

Yu B, Rose CW, Ciesiolka CAA, Coughlan KJ, Fentie B (1997) Toward a framework for runoff and soil loss prediction using GUEST technology. Australian Journal of Soil Research 35, 1191–1212.
CrossRef |

Yu B, Ciesiolka CAA, Rose CW, Coughlan KJ (2000) A validation test of WEPP to predict runoff and soil loss from a pineapple farm on a sandy soil in subtropical Queensland, Australia. Australian Journal of Soil Research 38, 537–554.
CrossRef |


   
 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2015