CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Soil Research   
Soil Research
Journal Banner
  Soil, Land Care & Environmental Research
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
For Advertisers
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter LinkedIn

Now Online

Land Resources Surveys


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 52(5)

Effect of biochar on soil respiration in the maize growing season after 5 years of consecutive application

Ning Lu A , Xing-Ren Liu A , Zhang-Liu Du A , Yi-Ding Wang A and Qing-Zhong Zhang A B

A Key Laboratory of Agricultural Environment, MOA, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China.
B Corresponding author. Email: ecologyouth@126.com

Soil Research 52(5) 505-512 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SR13239
Submitted: 18 August 2013  Accepted: 13 March 2014   Published: 26 June 2014

PDF (412 KB) $25
 Export Citation

The effect of biochar on soil respiration (Rs) over one maize-growing season was studied after 5 years of consecutive application in an intensive cropland in the North China Plain. The experiment was carried out in randomly arranged plots with four treatments being evaluated. Three replications were conducted per treatment: a control plot without biochar addition (CK), biochar incorporated at 4.5 t ha–1 year–1 (BC4.5), biochar incorporated at 9.0 t ha–1 year–1 (BC9.0), and incorporated wheat straw (SR). The Rs was determined throughout the growing season of maize in 2012. Soil temperature and moisture were measured simultaneously at 5 cm depth. The results showed that the seasonal and diurnal variations of Rs in the four different treatments were approximately equal, and there was a positive correlation between Rs and soil temperature. The Rs values of treatments BC4.5 and BC9.0 were significantly lower than of SR but not CK. Significant correlations between Rs and soil temperature and soil moisture were observed. Soil temperature had a stronger effect on Rs than did soil moisture, and Rs was more sensitive to soil temperature in the biochar treatments than in the SR and CK treatments. The application of biochar and straw increased the soil active organic carbon content, but an obvious relationship between Rs and the soil active organic carbon content was not found.

Additional keywords: carbon emission, soil active organic carbon, straw return.


Ameloot N, De Neve S, Jegajeevagan K, Yildiz G, Buchan D, Funkuin YN, Prins W, Bouckaert L, Sleutel S (2013) Short-term CO2 and N2O emissions and microbial properties of biochar amended sandy loam soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 57, 401–410.
CrossRef | CAS |

Bao SD (2000) ‘Methods of agrochemical soil analysis.’ pp. 39–114. (China Agriculture Science Press: Beijing)

Bowden RD, Newkirk KM, Rullo GM (1998) Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes by a forest soil under laboratory-controlled moisture and temperature conditions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 30, 1591–1597.

Buchmann N (2000) Biotic and abiotic factors controlling soil respiration rates in Picea abies stands. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 32, 1625–1635.

Cheng SY, Li J, Lu PL, Yu Q (2004) Soil respiration characteristics in winter wheat field in North China Plain. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 15, 1552–1560.

Coleman MD, Friend AL, Kern CC (2004) Carbon allocation and nitrogen acquisition in a developing Populus deltoides plantation. Tree Physiology 24, 1347–1357.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Curiel Yuste J, Janssens IA, Carrara A, Ceulemans R (2004) Annual Q10 of soil respiration reflects plant phenological patterns as well as temperature sensitivity. Global Change Biology 10, 161–169.
CrossRef |

Ding WX, Cai Y, Cai ZC, Yagi K, Zheng XH (2007) Nitrous oxide emissions from an intensively cultivated maize–wheat rotation soil in the North China Plain. The Science of the Total Environment 373, 501–511.
CrossRef | CAS |

Dong YS, Zhang S, Qi YC (2000) Fluxes of CO2, N2O and CH4 from a typical temperate grassland in Inner Mongolia and its daily variation. Chinese Science Bulletin 45, 1590–1594.
CrossRef | CAS |

Espeleta JF, Eissenstat DM, Graham JH (1998) Citrus root responses to localized drying soil: A new approach to studying mycorrhizal effects on the roots of mature trees. Plant and Soil 206, 1–10.
CrossRef | CAS |

IUSS Working Group WRB (2006) ‘World reference base for soil resources 2006.’ 2nd edn. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103. (FAO: Rome)

Jones DL, Murphy DV, Khalid M, Ahmad W, Jones GJ, Deluca TH (2011) Short-term biochar-induced increase in soil CO2 release is both biotically and abiotically mediated. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43, 1723–1731.
CrossRef | CAS |

Karhu K, Mattila T, Bergström I, Regina K (2011) Biochar addition to agricultural soil increased CH4 uptake and water holding capacity—Results from a short-term pilot field study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 140, 309–313.
CrossRef | CAS |

Keith A, Singh B, Singh BP (2011) Interactive priming of biochar and labile organic matter mineralization in a smectite-rich soil. Environmental Science & Technology 45, 9611–9618.
CrossRef | CAS |

Kolb SE, Fermanich KJ, Dornbush ME (2009) Effect of charcoal quantity on microbial biomass and activity in temperate soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 73, 1173–1181.
CrossRef | CAS |

Kuzyakov Y (2010) Priming effects, interactions between living and dead organic matter. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42, 1363–1371.
CrossRef | CAS |

Lai L, Zhao X, Jiang L, Wang Y, Luo L, Zheng Y, Chen X, Rimmington GM (2012) Soil respiration in different agricultural and natural ecosystems in an arid region. PLoS ONE 7, e48011
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Lee M, Nakan K, Nakatsubo T, Koizumi H (2003) Seasonal changes in the contribution of root respiration to total soil respiration in a cool-temperate deciduous forest. Plant and Soil 255, 311–318.
CrossRef | CAS |

Lehmann J (2007) A handful of carbon. Nature 447, 143–144.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Liang B, Lehmann J, Sohi SP, Thies JE, Neill BO, Trujillo L, Gaunt J, Solomon D, Grossman J, Neves EG, Luizão FJ (2010) Black carbon affects the cycling of non-black carbon in soil. Organic Geochemistry 41, 206–213.
CrossRef | CAS |

Liu YX, Yang M, Wu YM, Wang HL, Chen YX, Wu WX (2011) Reducing CH4 and CO2 emissions from waterlogged paddy soil with biochar. Journal of Soils and Sediments 11, 930–939.
CrossRef | CAS |

Luo Y, Durenkamp M, De Nobili M, Lin Q, Brookes PC (2011) Short term soil priming effects and the mineralisation of biochar following its incorporation to soils of different pH. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43, 2304–2314.
CrossRef | CAS |

Reich JW, Schlesinger WH (1992) The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate. Ellus B 44, 81–99.

Reichstein M, Reichstein M, Rey A, Freibauer A, Tenhunen J, Valentini R, Banza J, Casals P, Cheng YF, Grünzweig JM, Irvine J (2003) Modeling temporal and large-scale spatial variability of soil respiration from soil water availability, temperature and vegetation productivity indices. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17, 1104
CrossRef |

Shen H, Cao ZH, Hu ZY (1999) Characteristics and ecological effects of the active organic carbon in soil Chinese Journal of Ecology 18, 32–38. [in Chinese]

Singh B, Singh BP, Cowie AL (2010) Characterisation and evaluation of biochars for their application as a soil amendment. Australian Journal of Soil Research 48, 516–525.
CrossRef | CAS |

Smith JL, Collins HP, Bailey VL (2010) The effect of young biochar on soil respiration. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42, 2345–2347.
CrossRef | CAS |

Spokas KA, Reicosky DC (2009) Impacts of sixteen different biochars on soil greenhouse gas production. Science 3, 179–193.

Thies J, Rillig MC (2009) Characteristics of biochar: biological properties. In ‘Biochar for environmental management: Science and technology’. (Eds J Lehmann, S Joseph) pp. 85–105. (Earthscan: London)

Wang X, Piao S, Ciais P, Janssens IA, Reichtein M, Peng P, Wang T (2010) Are ecological gradients in seasonal Q10 of soil respiration explained by climate or by vegetation seasonality? Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42, 1728–1734.
CrossRef | CAS |

Wang JY, Zhang M, Xiong ZQ, Liu PL, Pan GX (2011) Effects of biochar addition on N2O and CO2 emissions from two paddy soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils 47, 887–896.
CrossRef | CAS |

Weil RR, Islam KR, Stine MA, Gruver JB, Samson-Liebig SE (2003) Estimating active carbon for soil quality assessment, a simplified method for laboratory and field use. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 18, 3–17.
CrossRef |

Woolf D, Amonette JE, Street-Perrott FA, Lehmann J, Joseph S (2010) Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change. Nature Communications 1, 56
CrossRef | PubMed |

Xie JX, Li Y, Zhai CX, Li CH, Lan ZD (2009) CO2 absorption by alkaline soils and its implication to the global carbon cycle. Environmental Geology 56, 953–961.
CrossRef | CAS |

Yanai Y, Toyota K, Okazaki M (2007) Effects of charcoal addition on N2O emissions from soil resulting from rewetting air-dried soil in short-term laboratory experiments. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 53, 181–188.
CrossRef | CAS |

Zhang QZ, Wu WL, Wang MX, Zhou ZR, Chen SF (2005) The effect of crop residue amendment and rate on soil respiration. Acta Ecologica Sinica 25, 2883–2887.

Zimmerman AR, Gao B, Ahn MY (2011) Positive and negative carbon mineralization priming effects among a variety of biochar-amended soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43, 1169–1179.
CrossRef | CAS |

Subscriber Login

Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2015