Pacific Conservation Biology
Volume 23 Number 2 2017
PC16035Ecologists, economics and politics: problems and contradictions in applying neoliberal ideology to nature conservation in Australia
Neoliberal ideology centres on the transfer of State responsibility over the provision of public goods, including the environment, to the global free-market market under the dual premises of increased allocation efficiency and maximised individual utility. Approaches to wetland conservation and management in Australia have, over the past three decades, been increasingly dominated by the neoliberal value system. In this paper we examine the limitations of two pillars of neoliberal orthodoxy – (1) monetary valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and (2) the provision of complementary areas to offset losses of high-quality habitat – to the management and conservation of wetlands in south-eastern Australia.
Sustained yield is the amount or number of a resource that can be harvested without decline. Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of human society without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their needs. This paper: (1) describes sustained yield and sustainable development, and (2) draws some conclusions about the two concepts, including their relationship, or lack thereof.
This essay features lessons from attempts across Melanesia at establishing protected areas, conservation agreements, ecotourism initiatives and research-action arenas that showcase challenges and conflicts when worldviews collide and opportunities that arise for improving conservation effectiveness when mutual expectations are clarified early on during planning processes.
We summarise the major flaws retained in the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 as it progressed from Bill to Act. We also suggest requirements of future legislation and discuss the importance of effective conservation legislation in the 21st century.
Using high-throughput sequencing, 68 Phytophthora species were detected from eDNA extracted from 640 soils samples collected from native ecosystems around Australia. Many of the species detected have a global distribution, but 30% were identified as potentially new taxa. Australian databases are biased toward Phytophthora species common in agriculture, and the additional records provided valuable baseline for future studies.
PC16036Histological analysis of hatchlings of the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, from water impoundments reveals fundamental flaws in development
Anomalies in young of the Australian lungfish are now found in altered environments but not in fish collected from natural rivers. The cause of abnormal development is the production of deficient eggs by adult lungfish that are not well fed. This has serious implications for survival of the species, since most lungfish habitats are now altered.
The effect of feral cats on diet patterns of island foxes on San Nicolas Island was examined during 2006–12. Although selection of food items by foxes appeared to shift when cats were removed, changes in diet patterns probably were more influenced by variation in prey availability associated with annual precipitation.
We combined spatial data into a multicriteria model to conduct a biological survey gap analysis for the public forest estate in south-west Western Australia. The model showed that the south-western parts of the study area were relatively well surveyed while eastern parts were relatively poorly surveyed, probably due to habitat loss where the forest adjoins the extensively cleared Western Australian wheatbelt.
PC17002Predators and genetic fitness: key threatening factors for the conservation of a bettong species
We developed a population viability model for the woylie (Bettongia penicillata ogilbyi), which identified predation by introduced animals and its interaction with reduced fitness (for example due to inbreeding depression or a disease) as main threatening processes. We anticipated that the developed framework will facilitate similar work in other bettong species.
The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue
A pilot assessment of the responses of a social group of dingoes on Fraser Island to hand-held stimuli presumed to be aversive was conducted. Results suggest that the efficacy of a water pistol stimulus as a repellent, possibly enhanced with a mild irritant, warrants further investigation.
Camera traps detected foxes attempting to prey upon adult western grey kangaroos, despite no confirmed success of these predation events, this photographic evidence highlights the brazen behaviour of foxes, providing new insight into their hunting behaviour.
PC17008The remaining koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) of the P illiga forests, north-west New South Wales: refugial persistence or a population on the road to extinction?
We investigated the decline of koalas in the Pilliga forests using repeat surveys undertaken between 1990 and 2014. Koalas had declined and were found in only 21% of sites in which they were initially observed. Declines occurred evenly across the Pilliga, with persistence at a site seemingly related to a high initial density of koalas rather than to a slower rate of decline.
PC16040Can ecological thinning deliver conservation outcomes in high-density river red gum forests? Establishing an adaptive management experiment
Evaluating ecological thinning for conservation objectives in a floodplain forest. Establishing a large-scale adaptive management manipulative experiment. Experiment structured around primary driving ecological process.
Land clearing has increased in Queensland since a shift in policy in 2013, threatening biodiversity, impairing the functioning of terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems (particularly the Great Barrier Reef), and contributing to climate change. We review these impacts, provide an overview of the policy background, and suggest options for policy reform.
Accurate information on the distributions of invasive species is important for biosecurity risk analysis. We report on distribution information for 18 key threat invasive ant species to the Pacific. Our goal is to assist Small Island Developing States with risk analysis.
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.
The reverse precautionary principle: science, the environment and the salmon aquaculture industry in Macquarie Harbour, Tasmania, Australia
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Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (1)Adam J. O'Neill, Kylie M. Cairns, Gisela Kaplan, Ernest Healy
Pacific Conservation Biology (Online Early)April E. Reside, Jutta Beher, Anita J. Cosgrove, Megan C. Evans, Leonie Seabrook, Jennifer L. Silcock, Amelia S. Wenger, Martine Maron
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (1)K. Heidy Kikillus, Geoff K. Chambers, Mark J. Farnworth, Kelly M. Hare
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Carlo Pacioni, Matthew R. Williams, Robert C. Lacy, Peter B. S. Spencer, Adrian F. Wayne
Pacific Conservation Biology (Online Early)Monica A. M. Gruber, Meghan Cooling, Allan R. Burne
Histological analysis of hatchlings of the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, from water impoundments reveals fundamental flaws in developmentPacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Anne Kemp
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Treena I. Burgess, Diane White, Keith M. McDougall, Jeff Garnas, William A. Dunstan, Santiago Català, Angus J. Carnegie, Stuart Worboys, David Cahill, Anna-Maria Vettraino, Michael J. C. Stukely, Edward C. Y. Liew, Trudy Paap, Tanay Bose, Duccio Migliorini, Briony Williams, Frances Brigg, Colin Crane, Timothy Rudman, Giles E. St. J. Hardy
Ecologists, economics and politics: problems and contradictions in applying neoliberal ideology to nature conservation in AustraliaPacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Paul I. Boon, Vishnu Prahalad
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Stacy Jupiter
The remaining koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) of the P illiga forests, north-west New South Wales: refugial persistence or a population on the road to extinction?Pacific Conservation Biology (Online Early)Daniel Lunney, Martin Predavec, Indrie Sonawane, Rodney Kavanagh, George Barrott-Brown, Stephen Phillips, John Callaghan, Dave Mitchell, Harry Parnaby, David C. Paull, Ian Shannon, Murray Ellis, Owen Price, David Milledge
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Philip W. Bateman, Patrick Pearlman, Peter Robertson, Beth Schultz, Grant Wardell-Johnson
Introduced social bees reduce nectar availability during the breeding season of the swift parrot (Lathamus discolor)Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (1)Andrew B. Hingston, Simon Wotherspoon
Can ecological thinning deliver conservation outcomes in high-density river red gum forests? Establishing an adaptive management experimentPacific Conservation Biology (Online Early)E. J. Gorrod, E. J. Gorrod, P. Childs, P. Childs, D. A. Keith, D. A. Keith, S. Bowen, S. Bowen, M. Pennay, M. Pennay, T. O'Kelly, T. O'Kelly, R. Woodward, R. Woodward, A. Haywood, A. Haywood, J. P. Pigott, J. P. Pigott, C. McCormack, C. McCormack
Floristics, dominance and diversity within the threatened Themeda grassy headlands of the North Coast Bioregion of New South WalesPacific Conservation Biology 23 (1)John T. Hunter, Vanessa H. Hunter
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (1)J. Smith, S. Legge, A. James, K. Tuft
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Brian L. Cypher, Erica C. Kelly, Francesca J. Ferrara, Charles A. Drost, Tory L. Westall, Brian R. Hudgens
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Sue Briggs
Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)Tamra F. Chapman, W. Lachlan McCaw
Pacific Conservation Biology (Online Early)Paul D. Meek, Jason Wishart
Pacific Conservation Biology (Online Early)Rob Appleby, Bradley Smith, Jess Mackie, Lilia Bernede, Darryl Jones