Pacific Conservation Biology Pacific Conservation Biology Society
A journal dedicated to conservation and wildlife management in the Pacific region.

Pacific Conservation Biology

Pacific Conservation Biology

Pacific Conservation Biology provides a forum for discussion about regional conservation problems; debate about priorities and mechanisms for conservation oriented biological research; and dissemination of the results of relevant research. Read more about the journalMore

Editor-in-Chief: Mike Calver


Current Issue

Pacific Conservation Biology

Volume 23 Number 2 2017

Neoliberal ideology centres on the transfer of State responsibility over the provision of public goods, including the environment, to the global free-market market under the dual premises of increased allocation efficiency and maximised individual utility. Approaches to wetland conservation and management in Australia have, over the past three decades, been increasingly dominated by the neoliberal value system. In this paper we examine the limitations of two pillars of neoliberal orthodoxy – (1) monetary valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and (2) the provision of complementary areas to offset losses of high-quality habitat – to the management and conservation of wetlands in south-eastern Australia.

Sustained yield is the amount or number of a resource that can be harvested without decline. Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of human society without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their needs. This paper: (1) describes sustained yield and sustainable development, and (2) draws some conclusions about the two concepts, including their relationship, or lack thereof.

This essay features lessons from attempts across Melanesia at establishing protected areas, conservation agreements, ecotourism initiatives and research-action arenas that showcase challenges and conflicts when worldviews collide and opportunities that arise for improving conservation effectiveness when mutual expectations are clarified early on during planning processes.

PC16024Is the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 (WA) fit for purpose?

Philip W. Bateman, Patrick Pearlman, Peter Robertson, Beth Schultz and Grant Wardell-Johnson
pp. 146-149

We summarise the major flaws retained in the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 as it progressed from Bill to Act. We also suggest requirements of future legislation and discuss the importance of effective conservation legislation in the 21st century.

PC16032Distribution and diversity of Phytophthora across Australia

Treena I. Burgess, Diane White, Keith M. McDougall, Jeff Garnas, William A. Dunstan, Santiago Català, Angus J. Carnegie, Stuart Worboys, David Cahill, Anna-Maria Vettraino, Michael J. C. Stukely, Edward C. Y. Liew, Trudy Paap, Tanay Bose, Duccio Migliorini, Briony Williams, Frances Brigg, Colin Crane, Timothy Rudman and Giles E. St. J. Hardy
pp. 150-162

Using high-throughput sequencing, 68 Phytophthora species were detected from eDNA extracted from 640 soils samples collected from native ecosystems around Australia. Many of the species detected have a global distribution, but 30% were identified as potentially new taxa. Australian databases are biased toward Phytophthora species common in agriculture, and the additional records provided valuable baseline for future studies.

Anomalies in young of the Australian lungfish are now found in altered environments but not in fish collected from natural rivers. The cause of abnormal development is the production of deficient eggs by adult lungfish that are not well fed. This has serious implications for survival of the species, since most lungfish habitats are now altered.

PC16037Diet patterns of island foxes on San Nicolas Island relative to feral cat removal

Brian L. Cypher, Erica C. Kelly, Francesca J. Ferrara, Charles A. Drost, Tory L. Westall and Brian R. Hudgens
pp. 180-188

The effect of feral cats on diet patterns of island foxes on San Nicolas Island was examined during 2006–12. Although selection of food items by foxes appeared to shift when cats were removed, changes in diet patterns probably were more influenced by variation in prey availability associated with annual precipitation.

We combined spatial data into a multicriteria model to conduct a biological survey gap analysis for the public forest estate in south-west Western Australia. The model showed that the south-western parts of the study area were relatively well surveyed while eastern parts were relatively poorly surveyed, probably due to habitat loss where the forest adjoins the extensively cleared Western Australian wheatbelt.

PC17002Predators and genetic fitness: key threatening factors for the conservation of a bettong species

Carlo Pacioni, Matthew R. Williams, Robert C. Lacy, Peter B. S. Spencer and Adrian F. Wayne
pp. 200-212

We developed a population viability model for the woylie (Bettongia penicillata ogilbyi), which identified predation by introduced animals and its interaction with reduced fitness (for example due to inbreeding depression or a disease) as main threatening processes. We anticipated that the developed framework will facilitate similar work in other bettong species.

Online Early

The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue

Published online 15 August 2017

PC17005Preliminary observations of dingo responses to assumed aversive stimuli

Rob Appleby, Bradley Smith, Jess Mackie, Lilia Bernede and Darryl Jones

A pilot assessment of the responses of a social group of dingoes on Fraser Island to hand-held stimuli presumed to be aversive was conducted. Results suggest that the efficacy of a water pistol stimulus as a repellent, possibly enhanced with a mild irritant, warrants further investigation.

Published online 08 August 2017

PC17007Camera trap evidence of red fox (Vulpes vulpes) predation attempts on adult macropods

Paul D. Meek and Jason Wishart

Camera traps detected foxes attempting to prey upon adult western grey kangaroos, despite no confirmed success of these predation events, this photographic evidence highlights the brazen behaviour of foxes, providing new insight into their hunting behaviour.

Published online 18 July 2017

PC17008The remaining koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) of the P illiga forests, north-west New South Wales: refugial persistence or a population on the road to extinction?

Daniel Lunney, Martin Predavec, Indrie Sonawane, Rodney Kavanagh, George Barrott-Brown, Stephen Phillips, John Callaghan, Dave Mitchell, Harry Parnaby, David C. Paull, Ian Shannon, Murray Ellis, Owen Price and David Milledge

We investigated the decline of koalas in the Pilliga forests using repeat surveys undertaken between 1990 and 2014. Koalas had declined and were found in only 21% of sites in which they were initially observed. Declines occurred evenly across the Pilliga, with persistence at a site seemingly related to a high initial density of koalas rather than to a slower rate of decline.

Published online 05 July 2017

PC16040Can ecological thinning deliver conservation outcomes in high-density river red gum forests? Establishing an adaptive management experiment

E. J. Gorrod, E. J. Gorrod, P. Childs, P. Childs, D. A. Keith, D. A. Keith, S. Bowen, S. Bowen, M. Pennay, M. Pennay, T. O'Kelly, T. O'Kelly, R. Woodward, R. Woodward, A. Haywood, A. Haywood, J. P. Pigott, J. P. Pigott, C. McCormack and C. McCormack

Evaluating ecological thinning for conservation objectives in a floodplain forest. Establishing a large-scale adaptive management manipulative experiment. Experiment structured around primary driving ecological process.

Published online 19 June 2017

PC17001Ecological consequences of land clearing and policy reform in Queensland

April E. Reside, Jutta Beher, Anita J. Cosgrove, Megan C. Evans, Leonie Seabrook, Jennifer L. Silcock, Amelia S. Wenger and Martine Maron

Land clearing has increased in Queensland since a shift in policy in 2013, threatening biodiversity, impairing the functioning of terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems (particularly the Great Barrier Reef), and contributing to climate change. We review these impacts, provide an overview of the policy background, and suggest options for policy reform.

Published online 15 June 2017

PC17004An invasive ant distribution database to support biosecurity risk analysis in the Pacific

Monica A. M. Gruber, Meghan Cooling and Allan R. Burne

Accurate information on the distributions of invasive species is important for biosecurity risk analysis. We report on distribution information for 18 key threat invasive ant species to the Pacific. Our goal is to assist Small Island Developing States with risk analysis.

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  1. Distribution and diversity of Phytophthora across Australia

    Pacific Conservation Biology 23 (2)
    Treena I. Burgess, Diane White, Keith M. McDougall, Jeff Garnas, William A. Dunstan, Santiago Català, Angus J. Carnegie, Stuart Worboys, David Cahill, Anna-Maria Vettraino, Michael J. C. Stukely, Edward C. Y. Liew, Trudy Paap, Tanay Bose, Duccio Migliorini, Briony Williams, Frances Brigg, Colin Crane, Timothy Rudman, Giles E. St. J. Hardy

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