Oxygen concentration and protein source affect the development of preimplantation goat embryos in vitro
PA Batt, DK Gardner and AW Cameron
Reproduction, Fertility and Development
3(5) 601 - 607
AbstractThe effect of oxygen concentration and the source of protein in culture medium on the development of 2- to 4-cell goat embryos in vitro was investigated. Embryos were collected from superovulated Angora-Cashmere-cross goats 48 h after ovulation and cultured for 6 days in synthetic oviduct fluid (SOF) medium under one of two oxygen concentrations (20% or 7%) and in the presence of one of five protein sources; Miles bovine serum albumin (Miles BSA), Commonwealth Serum Laboratory bovine serum albumin (CSL BSA), goat serum (GS), fetal calf serum (FCS) and human serum (HS). In the presence of 20% oxygen the percentage of embryos reaching the expanded and/or hatched blastocyst stage in SOF medium containing Miles BSA was 29%, with a mean cell number per embryo of 28.1 +/- 6.0 (+/- s.e.m.). Use of an oxygen concentration of 7% significantly increased the percentage of embryos reaching this stage (80%, P less than 0.01) and the mean number of cells per embryo (65.3 +/- 8.2, P less than 0.01). The mean number of cells of the early-cleavage-stage embryos was significantly lower when the medium contained CSL BSA, GS or FCS (42.7 +/- 5.6, 29.0 +/- 6.1 and 21.3 +/- 3.2, respectively) than with Miles BSA (92.8 +/- 6.4) or HS (104.8 +/- 17.2) (P less than 0.01). Under 7% oxygen and with Miles BSA or HS, embryos were morphologically comparable to those developed in vivo, but the mean cell numbers in vitro were only approximately half those obtained in vivo.
© CSIRO 1991