Australian Systematic Botany Australian Systematic Botany Society
Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of plants
RESEARCH ARTICLE

A phylogeny of Pouteria (Sapotaceae) from Malesia and Australasia

Teguh Triono A B C , Anthony H. D. Brown A , Judy G. West A and Michael D. Crisp B D
+ Author Affliations
- Author Affliations

A Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.

B School of Botany and Zoology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.

C Present address: Herbarium, Herbarium Bogoriense, Jalan Raya Juanda 22, Bogor 16122, Indonesia.

D Corresponding author. Email: mike.crisp@anu.edu.au

Australian Systematic Botany 20(2) 107-118 https://doi.org/10.1071/SB06011
Submitted: 13 April 2006  Accepted: 20 February 2007   Published: 26 April 2007

Abstract

The genus Pouteria Aublet is a pantropical group and many of its species produce high-quality timber and edible fruit. In 1991, on the basis of morphological characters, Pennington combined the genus Planchonella Pierre with Pouteria, expanding the latter genus to nine sections and 325 species. However, many Planchonella species were not included in his account and doubt remains about the generic limits of Pouteria sensu Pennington. This paper re-assesses the generic delimitation of Pouteria and its affinities with Planchonella from molecular data generated from the nuclear-encoded internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. The analysis includes 22 Planchonella species and three Pouteria species sensu van Royen collected from Malesia and Australia, and seven additional Planchonella species from New Caledonia with molecular data available from GenBank. Other genera from Sapotaceae included in the analysis were Chrysophyllum, Niemeyera, Pichonia, Pycnandra and Xantolis (tribe Chrysophylleae) and Mimusops, Palaquium and Manilkara (outgroups from other tribes). The resulting ITS cladograms from both Bayesian and maximum parsimony analyses indicated that Malesian and Australasian Pouteria species are not monophyletic and comprise three separate lineages, therefore providing evidence against the broad circumscription of this genus by Pennington. Tertiary leaf venation type (reticulate, parallel or ramified), when mapped onto the phylogeny, correlated with these groupings, indicating that this character is taxonomically informative.


Acknowledgements

This work was part of the first author’s Ph.D. project and it was supported by the Ebbe Nielsen Scholarship provided by Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS), The Australian National University International Postgraduate by Research Tuition Scholarship, and CSIRO – Plant Industry; the first author also received a research grant from the Systematics Association and the Linnaean Society, United Kingdom for the field work. We thank the following institutions and persons for their assistance in providing plant materials: The Australian National Botanic Gardens and Booderee Botanic Garden, The Adelaide Botanic Garden and Mt Lofty Botanic Garden, The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney and Mt Annan Botanic Garden, The Australian National Herbarium (CANB), Lyn Craven, Andrew Slee, and David Jones from the Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research (CPBR), CSIRO – Plant Industry; Bogor Botanic Garden, Purwodadi Botanic Garden, Herbarium Bogoriense (BO), West Bali National Park, Wana Riset Samboja (East Kalimantan), and Forestry Research Division Manokwari (West Papua), Indonesia; Dr Saw Leng Guan (FRIM, Malaysia) and Dr Edwino S. Fernando (Los Banos, Philippines). Our further thanks to Randy Bayer, Ed Biffin, Curt Brubaker, Mark Clements, Ed Cross, Marlien van der Merwe, Ish Sharma, Matt Unwin and many other colleagues from the Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research (CPBR), CSIRO – Plant Industry, and to Lyn Cook from the School of Botany and Zoology, the Australian National University for invaluable advice and support. Thanks also go to the reviewers for the helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper.


References


Alvarez I, Wendel JF (2003) Ribosomal ITS sequences and plant phylogenetic inference. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29, 417–434.
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Anderberg AA, Swenson U (2003) Evolutionary lineages in Sapotaceae (Ericales), a cladistic analysis based on ndhF sequence data. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164, 763–773.
CrossRef | open url image1

Anderberg AA, Peng C-I, Trift I, Källersjö M (2001) The Stimpsonia problem: evidence from DNA sequences of plastid genes atpB, ndhF and rbcL. Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 123, 369–376. open url image1

Anderberg AA, Rydin C, Källersjö M (2002) Phylogenetic relationships in the order Ericales s.l.: analyses of molecular data from five genes from the plastid and mitochondrial genomes. American Journal of Botany 89, 677–687. open url image1

Aubréville A (1964) Les Sapotacées: taxonomie et phytogéographie. Adansonia Memoires 1, 1–157. open url image1

Aubréville A (1967) ‘Flore de la Nouvelle Calédonie et Dépendances. 1. Sapotaceae.’ (Museum Natural History: Paris)

Baehni C (1938) Mémoires sur les Sapotacées. Candollea 7, 394–508. open url image1

Baehni C (1942) Mémoires sur les Sapotacées. 2. Le genre Pouteria. Candollea 9, 147–476. open url image1

Baehni C (1965) Mémoires sur les Sapotacées. 3. Inventaire des genres. Boissiera 11, 1–262. open url image1

Bartish IV, Swenson U, Munzinger J, Anderberg AA (2005) Phylogenetic relationships among New Caledonian Sapotaceae (Ericales): molecular evidence for generic polyphyly and repeated dispersal. American Journal of Botany 92, 667–673. open url image1

Bremer B, Bremer K, Heidari N, Erixon P, Olmstead RG, Anderberg AA, Källersjö M, Barkhordarian E (2002) Phylogenetics of asterids based on 3 coding and 3 non-coding chloroplast DNA markers and the utility of non-coding DNA at higher taxonomic levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 24, 274–300..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Buckler ES, Ippolito A, Holtsford TP (1997) The evolution of ribosomal DNA: divergent paralogues and phylogenetic implications. Genetics 145, 821–832.
PubMed |
open url image1

Chase MW, Hills HH (1991) Silica gel: an ideal material for field preservation of leaf samples for DNA studies. Taxon 40, 215–220..
CrossRef | open url image1

Cross EW, Quinn CJ, Wagstaff SJ (2002) Molecular evidence for the polyphyly of Olearia (Astereae: Asteraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 235, 99–120..
CrossRef | open url image1

Doyle JJ, Doyle JL (1987) A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochemistry Bulletin 19, 11–15. open url image1

Farmer SB, Schilling EE (2002) Phylogenetic analysis of Trilliaceae. Systematic Botany 27, 674–692. open url image1

Farris JS, Albert VA, Källersjö M, Lipscomb D, Kluge AG (1996) Parsimony jackknifing outperforms neighbor-joining. Cladistics 12, 99–124..
CrossRef | open url image1

Felsenstein J (2004) ‘Inferring phylogenies.’ (Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA)

Green PS (1990) Notes relating to the floras of Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands, II. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 67, 109–122. open url image1

Govaerts R , Frodin DG , Pennington TD (2001) ‘World checklist and bibliography of Sapotaceae.’ (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: London)

Hall TA (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series 41, 95–98. open url image1

Hamilton MB, Braverman JM, Soria-Hernanz DF (2003) Patterns and relative rates of nucleotide and insertion/deletion evolution at six chloroplast intergenic regions in new world species of the Lecythidaceae. Molecular Biology and Evolution 20, 1710–1721..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Herrmann-Erlee MPM, van Royen P (1957) Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian Area in a wider sense. IX. Pouteria Aublet. Blumea 8, 452–509. open url image1

Hickey LJ (1973) Classification of the architecture of dicotyledonous leaves. American Journal of Botany 60, 17–33..
CrossRef | open url image1

Huelsenbeck JP, Ronquist F (2001) MrBayes: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics (Oxford, England) 17, 754–755..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Jessup LW (2001) New combinations and a new name in Australian Sapotaceae. Austrobaileya 6, 161–163. open url image1

Källersjö M, Bergqvist G, Anderberg AA (2000) Generic realignment in primuloid families of the Ericales s.l.: a phylogenetic analysis based on DNA sequences from three chloroplast genes and morphology. American Journal of Botany 87, 1325–1341..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Lam HJ (1925) The Sapotaceae, Sarcospermaceae and Boerlagellaceae of the Dutch East Indies and surrounding countries. Bulletin Jardin du Botanique Buitenzorg, Series III 7, 1–289. open url image1

Lam HJ (1927) Further studies of Malayan Sapotaceae. 1. Bulletin Jardin du Botanique Buitenzorg, Series III 8, 354–493. open url image1

Lam HJ (1939) On the system of the Sapotaceae, with some remarks on taxonomical methods. Recueil des Travavx Botaniques Neerlandais 36, 509–525. open url image1

Lam HJ, Varossieau WW (1938) Revision of the Sarcospermataceae. Blumea 3, 183–200. open url image1

Larget B, Simon DL (1999) Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms for the Bayesian analysis of phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution 16, 750–759. open url image1

Maddison WP (1997) Gene trees in species trees. Systematic Biology 46, 523–536..
CrossRef | open url image1

Mort ME, Soltis PS, Soltis DE, Mabry ML (2000) Comparison of three methods for estimating internal support on phylogenetic trees. Systematic Biology 49, 160–171..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Morton CM, Mori SA, Prance GT, Karol KG, Chase MW (1997) Phylogenetic relationships of Lecythidaceae: a cladistic analysis using rbcL sequence and morphological data. American Journal of Botany 84, 530–540..
CrossRef | open url image1

Pennington TD (1990) ‘Flora Neotropica, vol. 52. Sapotaceae.’ pp. 1–41. (New York Botanical Garden: New York)

Pennington TD (1991). ‘The genera of Sapotaceae.’ (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: London)

Pfeil BE, Brubaker CL, Craven LA, Crisp MD (2004) Paralogy and orthology in the Malvaceae rpb2 gene family: investigation of gene duplication in Hibiscus. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21, 1428–1437..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Poke FS, Martin DP, Steane DA, Vaillancourt RE, Reid JB (2006) The impact of intragenic recombination on phylogenetic reconstruction at the sectional level in Eucalyptus when using a single copy nuclear gene (cinnamoyl CoA reductase). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39, 160–170..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Posada D, Crandall KA (1998) Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics (Oxford, England) 14, 817–818..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Rogstad SH (1992) Saturated NaCl-CTAB solution as a means of field preservation of leaves for DNA analyses. Taxon 41, 701–708..
CrossRef | open url image1

van Royen P (1957) Revision of the Sapotaceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense. VII. Planchonella Pierre. Blumea 8, 235–444. open url image1

Savolainen V, Chase MW, Hoot SB, Morton CM, Soltis DE, Bayer C, Fay MF, de Bruijn AY, Sullivan S, Qiu YL (2000) Phylogenetics of flowering plants based on combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL gene sequences. Systematic Biology 49, 306–362..
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Sun Y, Skinner DZ, Liang GH, Hulbert SH (1994) Phylogenetic analysis of Sorghum and related taxa using internal transcribed spacers of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 89, 26–32..
CrossRef | open url image1

Swenson U, Anderberg AA (2005) Phylogeny, character evolution, and classification of Sapotaceae (Ericales). Cladistics 21, 101–130..
CrossRef | open url image1

Swofford DL (2002) ‘PAUP*. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods). Version 4.’ (Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA)

Vink W (2002) Some Malesian species of Pouteria (Sapotaceae). Blumea 47, 95–147. open url image1

White TJ , Bruns T , Lee S , Taylor J (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In ‘PCR protocols: a guide to methods and applications’. (Eds MA Innis, DH Gelfand, JJ Sninsky, TJ White) pp. 315–322. (Academic Press: San Diego)








Export Citation Cited By (13)