Australian Systematic Botany Australian Systematic Botany Society
Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of plants
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Biogeographical regionalisation of the world: a reappraisal

Juan J. Morrone
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

Museo de Zoología ‘Alfonso L. Herrera’, Departamento de Biología Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Apartado Postal 70-399, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico. Email: juanmorrone2001@yahoo.com.mx

Australian Systematic Botany 28(3) 81-90 https://doi.org/10.1071/SB14042
Submitted: 3 November 2014  Accepted: 16 March 2015   Published: 13 November 2015

Abstract

Some phytogeographical, zoogeographical and biogeographical regionalisations of the world are reviewed qualitatively. A biogeographical regionalisation attempting some consensus is proposed, recognising the following three kingdoms and nine regions: Holarctic kingdom (Nearctic and Palearctic regions), Holotropical kingdom (Neotropical, Ethiopian and Oriental regions) and Austral kingdom (Cape, Andean, Australian and Antarctic regions). Additionally, the following five transition zones are recognised: Mexican (Nearctic–Neotropical transition), Saharo-Arabian (Palearctic–Ethiopian transition), Chinese (Palearctic–Oriental transition), Indo-Malayan (Oriental–Australian transition) and South American (Neotropical–Andean transition).


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