Soil Research Soil Research Society
Soil, land care and environmental research
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effect of biosolids on the organic matter content and phosphorus chemical fractionation of heated volcanic Chilean soils

Mónica Antilén A D , Margarita Briceño B , Gerardo Galindo C and Mauricio Escudey C
+ Author Affliations
- Author Affliations

A Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Facultad de Química, Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago 6904411, Chile.

B Universidad Arturo Prat, Av. Arturo Prat 2120 Casilla 12, Iquique, Chile.

C Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Av. B. O’Higgins 3363, Santiago 7254758, Chile.

D Corresponding author. Email: mantilen@uc.cl

Australian Journal of Soil Research 46(5) 415-422 https://doi.org/10.1071/SR07130
Submitted: 6 September 2007  Accepted: 23 May 2008   Published: 5 August 2008

Abstract

Biosolids produced in wastewater treatment plants with high organic matter (OM) content can be used to reclaim organic components in heated soils. The impact of biosolids amendment on soil pH, electric conductivity (EC), exchangeable cations, OM content, and phosphorus (P) chemical fractionation in 3 heated volcanic soils in southern Chile was investigated in a 4-month incubation study. In amended heated soils, pH, EC, OM content, and exchangeable cations were greater than in control soils. The control OM content was increased by biosolids, and the incubation time effect to reclaim the organic component was important in Andisols and Inceptisols. The pH decreased with incubation time, reflecting the buffer capacity of volcanic soils, and EC increased. In the heated incubated soils, inorganic P was in general higher than organic P. Phosphorus distribution showed little difference with incubation time, showing that after a short time (4 months) biosolids P was not significantly redistributed to organic P; however, more available P forms (Olsen P) were determined. It can be concluded that biosolids are a valid option for reclaiming the OM content lost in soils affected by forest fires. However, an important amount of inorganic P, strongly fixed in volcanic soils, with a relative contribution of available forms for plants, could potentially contribute to soil and water pollution.

Additional keywords: Chilean volcanic soils, forest fire, organic matter, P chemical fractionation, biosolids.


Acknowledgments

This study was supported by Project Límite 2007 VRAID-PUC, and by FONDECYT under Project 1030778.


References


Akhtar M, McCallister DL, Eskridge M (2002) Availability and fractionation of phosphorus in sewage sludge-amended soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 33, 2057–2068.
CrossRef | open url image1

Alauzis MV, Mazzarino MJ, Raffaele E, Roselli L (2004) Wildfires in NW Patagonia: long-term effects on a Nothofagus forest soil. Forest Ecology and Management 192, 131–142.
CrossRef | open url image1

Alloway BJ (1990) Soil processes and the behaviour of metals. In ‘Heavy metals in soils’. (Ed. BJ Alloway) pp. 11–37. (John Wiley & Sons Publishing: New Jersey)

Antilén M, Forster JE, Escudey M (2000) Efecto del catión sobre la competencia de la adsorción de fosfato-ftalato-cloruro en un suelo Chileno. Boletín de la Sociedad. Chilena de Química 45, 041–048. open url image1

Antilén M , García D , Reynaldo I , Forster JE , Escudey M (2001) Efecto del impacto térmico sobre el carbono biomásico de suelos chilenos. In: ‘Proceedings XV Congreso Latinoamericano y V Cubano de la Ciencia del Suelo’. Varadero. (Eds Sociedad Cubana de la Ciencia del Suelo) p. 76. (SCSS Publisher: La Habana, Cuba)

Antilén M, Fudym O, Vidal A, Foerster JE, Moraga N, Escudey M (2006a) Mathematical modelling of temperature profile of volcanic soils affected by an external thermal impact. Australian Journal of Soil Research 44, 57–61.
CrossRef | open url image1

Antilén M, Araya N, Briceño M, Escudey M (2006b) Changes in chemical fractions of heavy metals in Chilean soils amended with sewage sludge affected by a thermal impact. Australian Journal of Soil Research 44, 619–625.
CrossRef | open url image1

Besoaín E (1999) ‘Los suelos y la fertilización fosfatada. Las rocas fosfóricas y sus posibilidades de uso agrícola en Chile.’ (INIA Publishing: Santiago)

Besoaín E , Sepúlveda G (1985) ‘Suelos volcánicos de Chile.’ (INIA Publishing: Santiago)

Blake GR (1965) Bulk density. In ‘Methods of soil analysis Part 2’. Agronomy Monograph 9. (Ed. CA Black) pp. 372–390. (ASA and SSSA Publishing: Madison, WI)

Borie F, Rubio R (2003) Total and organic phosphorus in Chilean volcanic soils. Gayana Botanical 60, 69–78. open url image1

Borie F, Zunino H (1983) Organic matter-phosphorus association as a sink in P-fixation processes in allophanic soils of Chile. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 15, 599–603.
CrossRef | open url image1

Briceño M, Escudey M, Galindo G, Borchardt D, Chang A (2006) Comparison of extraction procedures used in determination of phosphorus species by 31P-NMR in Chilean volcanic soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 37, 1553–1569.
CrossRef | open url image1

Brodowski S, Amelung W, Haumaier L, Zech W (2007) Black carbon contribution to stable humus in German arable soils. Geoderma 139, 220–228.
CrossRef | open url image1

Conaf (2007) www.conaf.cl/?seccion_id=f071f87e0cf0aa2778097f27efadb 191&unidad=0.

Dick WA, Tabatabai MA (1977) Determination of orthophosphate in aqueous solutions containing labile organic and inorganic phosphorus compounds. Journal of Environmental Quality 6, 82–85. open url image1

Dinel H, Marche T, Schnitzer M, Pare T, Champagne P (2005) Co-composting of paper mill sludge and hardwood sawdust under two types of in-vessel processes. Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part B 39, 139–151.
CrossRef | open url image1

Englande A , Reimers R (2001) Biosolids management in sustainable development status and future direction. In: ‘Proceedings of the IWA Specialized Conference on Sludge. Entering the 3rd Millennium’. Taipei. pp. 328–333. (Water Science and Technology, International Association of Water: London)

Escudey M, Foerster JE, Galindo G (2004a) Relevance of organic matter in some chemical and physical characteristics of volcanic ash-derived soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 35, 781–797.
CrossRef | open url image1

Escudey M, Galindo G, Avendaño K, Borchardt D, Chang AC, Briceño M (2004b) Distribution of phosphorus forms in Chilean soils and sewage sludge by chemical fractionation and 31P-NMR. Journal of Chilean Chemical Society 49, 219–223. open url image1

Escudey M, Galindo G, Briceño M, Chang AC (2004c) Influence of particle size on 31P-NMR analysis of extracts from volcanic ash-derived soils in Chile. Journal of Chilean Chemical Society 49, 5–9. open url image1

Escudey M, Galindo G, Foerster JE, Briceño M, Diaz P, Chang AC (2001) Chemical forms of phosphorus of volcanic ash-derived soils in Chile. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32, 601–616.
CrossRef | open url image1

Escudey M, Rodríguez H, Díaz P, Galindo G (1988) Determinación de carga superficial por migración electroforética. Metodología y aplicaciones. Contribuciones Científicas y Tecnológicas , 135–142. open url image1

Galindo G, Castillo R, Escudey M (1987) Efecto de la temperatura sobre la carga superficial de algunos suelos chilenos derivados de materiales volcánicos. Ciencia e Investigación Agraria 14, 23–27. open url image1

Galindo G, Foerster JE, Díaz P, Escudey M (1992) Determinación del punto isoeléctrico en suelos derivados de materiales volcánicos y sus fracciones. Boletín de la Sociedad Chilena Química 37, 315–322. open url image1

Gao Y, He J, Ling W, Hu H, Liu F (2003) Effects or organic acids on copper and cadmium desorption from contaminated soils. Environment International 29, 613–618.
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Gardiner D, Miller R, Badamchian B, Azzari A, Sisson D (1995) Effects of repeated sewage sludge application on plant accumulation of heavy metals. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 55, 1–6.
CrossRef | open url image1

Jensen J, Jepsen SE (2005) The production, use and quality sewage sludge in Denmark. Waste Management 25, 239–247.
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Jorba M, Andres P (2000) Effects of sewage sludge on the establishment of the herbaceous ground cover after soil restoration. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 3, 322–326. open url image1

Klute A (1965) Water retention. In ‘Methods of soil analysis Part 2’. Agronomy Monograph 9. (Ed. CA Black) pp. 635–686. (ASA and SSSA Publishing: Madison, WI)

López-Bermúdez F , Albadalejo JM (1990) Factores ambientales de la degradación del suelo en el área mediterránea. In ‘Degradación y regeneración del suelo en condiciones ambientales mediterráneas’. (Ed. J Albadalejo) pp. 167–190J. (CSIC Publishing: Murcia, Spain)

Marche T, Schnitzer M, Dinel H, Paré T, Champagne P, Schulten H, Facey G (2003) Chemical changes during composting of a paper mill sludge-hardwood sawdust mixture. Geoderma 116, 345–356.
CrossRef | open url image1

Matus F, Amigo X, Kristiansen SM (2006) Aluminium stabilization controls organic carbon levels in Chilean volcanic soils. Geoderma 132, 158–168.
CrossRef | open url image1

Mendoza O (1986) ‘Efecto de las quemas sobre la fertilidad del suelo en la habilitación de terrenos para la forestación’. Tesis de grado. Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Mora ML, Canales J (1995) Humin-clay interactions on surface reactivity in Chilean Andisols Commun. Soil Science and Plant Analysis 26, 2819–2828. open url image1

Murphy J, Riley JP (1962) A Modified singled solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta 27, 31–36.
CrossRef | open url image1

Parfitt RL (1980) Chemical properties of variable charge soils. In ‘Soils with variable charge’. (Eds BKG Theng) pp. 167–194. (New Zealand Soil Bureau, Publishing: Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

Raviv M, Oka Y, Katan J, Hadar Y, Yogev A, Medina S, Krasnovsky A, Ziadna H (2005) High-nitrogen compost as a medium for organic container-grown crops. Bioresource Technology 96, 419–427.
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Sadzawka A (1991) ‘Métodos de análisis de suelos.’ Serie La Platina No. 16. (INIA: Santiago).

Sánchez-Monedero MA, Mondini C, De Nobili M, Leita L, Roig A (2004) Land application of Biosolids. Soil response to different stabilization degree of the treated organic matter. Waste Management 24, 325–332.
CrossRef | PubMed |
open url image1

Selivanovskaya S, Latypova V (2006) Effects of composted sewage sludge on microbial biomass, activity and pine seedlings in nursery forest. Waste Management 26, 1253–1258.
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Shuman L (1999) Effect of organic waste amendments on zinc adsorption by two soils. Soil Science 164, 197–205.
CrossRef | open url image1

Stevenson FJ , Cole MA (1999) ‘Cycles of soil.’ (John Wiley & Sons: London)

Steward JH, Oades JM (1972) The determination of organic phosphorus in soils. Journal of Soil Science 23, 38–49.
CrossRef | open url image1

Vaca-Paulín R, Esteller-Alberich M, Lugo-de la Fuente J, Zavaleta-Mancera H (2006) Effect of sewage sludge or compost on the sorption and distribution of copper and cadmium in soil. Waste Management 26, 71–81.
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1

Wong JW, Li K, Fang M, Su D (2001) Toxicity evaluation of sewage sludge in Hong Kong. Environment International 27, 373–380.
CrossRef | PubMed | open url image1








Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation Cited By (2)