Soil Research Soil Research Society
Soil, land care and environmental research
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Use of barley straw residues to avoid high erosion and runoff rates on persimmon plantations in Eastern Spain under low frequency–high magnitude simulated rainfall events

Artemi Cerdà A K , Óscar González-Pelayo A , Antonio Giménez-Morera B , Antonio Jordán C , Paulo Pereira D , Agata Novara E , Eric C. Brevik F , Massimo Prosdocimi G , Majid Mahmoodabadi H , Saskia Keesstra I , Fuensanta García Orenes J and Coen J. Ritsema I
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Soil Erosion and Degradation Research Group, Department of Geography, University of Valencia, Avenida de Blasco Ibáñez, 28, 46010 València, Spain.

B Departamento de Economía y Ciencias Sociales, Escuela politécnica superior de Alcoy, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Paseo del Viaducto, 1 03801 Alcoy, Alicante, Spain.

C MED_Soil Research Group, Department of Crystallography, Mineralogy and Agricultural Chemistry, University of Seville, Calle San Fernando 4, 41004 Sevilla, Spain.

D Department of Environmental Policy, Mykolas Romeris University, Ateities g. 20, LT-08303 Vilnius, Lithuania.

E Dipartimento dei Sistemi Agro-ambientali, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy.

F Department of Natural Sciences, Dickinson State University, 291 Campus Drive, Dickinson, ND 58601, USA.

G Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of Padova, Agripolis, Viale dell’Università 16, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy.

H Dept. of Soil Science, Agriculture Faculty, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, PO Box, 76169133, Kerman, Iran.

I Soil Physics and Land Management Group, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 4, 6708PB Wageningen, The Netherlands.

J Environmental Soil Science Group. Department of Agrochemistry and Environment. Miguel Hernández University, Avenida de la Universidad s/n, Elche, Alicante, Spain.

K Corresponding author. Email: artemio.cerda@uv.es; artemio.cerdabolinches@wur.nl

Soil Research 54(2) 154-165 https://doi.org/10.1071/SR15092
Submitted: 26 March 2015  Accepted: 2 October 2015   Published: 15 March 2016

Abstract

Soil and water losses due to agricultural mismanagement are high and non-sustainable in many orchards. An experiment was set up with rainfall simulation at 78 mm h–1 over 1 hour on 20 paired plots of 2 m2 (bare and straw covered) in new persimmon plantations in Eastern Spain. Effects of straw cover on the control of soil and water losses were assessed. An addition of 60% straw cover (75 g m–2) resulted in delayed ponding and runoff generation and consequently reduced water losses from 60% to 13% of total rainfall. The straw cover reduced raindrop impact and thus sediment detachment from 1014 to 47 g plot–1 h–1. The erosion rate was reduced from 5.1 to 0.2 Mg ha–1 h–1. The straw mulch was found to be extremely efficient in reducing soil erosion rates.

Additional keywords: persimmon plantations, management, erosion, hydrology, rainfall simulation.


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