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International Journal of Wildland Fire
  Journal of the International Association of Wildland Fire
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International Journal of Wildland Fire welcomes papers on basic and applied aspects of wildland fire science including, but not confined to, ecological impact, modelling fire and its effects, and management of fire. More

Editors-in-Chief: Susan G. Conard and Stefan Doerr


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Published online 21 September 2016
The role of weather, past fire and topography in crown fire occurrence in eastern Australia 
Michael Storey, Owen Price and Elizabeth Tasker

We investigated the main drivers of crown fire by analysing GIS and remote sensing data for 23 bushfires from New South Wales dry forests. Our findings suggest that the influence on crown fire likelihood of weather, fuel levels and slope are not adequately incorporated into current fire behaviour models and fuel management strategies.

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Published online 21 September 2016
Projected changes in Australian fire regimes during the 21st century and consequences for ecosystems 
S. P. Harrison and D. I. Kelley

Simulations show reduced burnt area in northern Australia and increased burnt area in central and southern Australia in response to projected changes in 21st century climate. Climate-induced vegetation changes are as important as climate in determining future fire regimes. Changes in fire regime are large enough to cause changes in vegetation patterns.

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Published online 21 September 2016
Recovery and adaptation after wildfire on the Colorado Front Range (2010–12) 
Miranda H. Mockrin, Susan I. Stewart, Volker C. Radeloff and Roger B. Hammer

Time after wildfire is often discussed as an opportunity for policy change and adaptation, where new regulations and rebuilding can transform the wildland–urban interface, reducing future risk. Our study of recovery post-fire in Colorado found some evidence of adaptation, but also extensive reinvestment in hazard-prone environments, supported by local governments.

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Published online 12 September 2016
Soil heating during the complete combustion of mega-logs and broadcast burning in central Oregon USA pumice soils 
Jane E. Smith, Ariel D. Cowan and Stephen A. Fitzgerald

Extreme soil heating is a concern to forest managers. Temperatures lethal to fine roots and soil organisms were measured beneath combusted mega-logs to at least 10 cm for about seven hours. Soils in a broadcast burn of masticated fuels experienced lethal temperatures in most cases only at the surface for about an hour.

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Published online 12 September 2016
Anthropogenic influence on wildfire activity in Alberta, Canada 
François-Nicolas Robinne, Marc-André Parisien and Mike Flannigan

We investigated the effect of human development on the area burned in Alberta over a 31-year period. We tested the importance of several human factors. Our results point to a possible ‘ecological frontier’ in which human ignitions increase landscape fire susceptibility in areas where recent industrial expansion and forested wildlands overlap.

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Published online 12 September 2016
Visual assessments of fuel loads are poorly related to destructively sampled fuel loads in eucalypt forests 
Liubov Volkova, Andrew L. Sullivan, Stephen H. Roxburgh and Christopher J. Weston

Visual assessment of forest fuels is often used to estimate fuel load and predict fire behaviour. More than 500 visual assessments were compared against destructively sampled fuel loads, showing poor correlation between the two and highlighting several serious deficiencies in the operational fuel hazard assessment process.

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Published online 06 September 2016
Social acceptability of fuel management in the Australian Capital Territory and surrounding region 
Melinda R. Mylek and Jacki Schirmer

This paper explores acceptability of prescribed burning, livestock grazing and mechanical thinning used to reduce wildland fire risk to life and property, in an Australian context. All were considered acceptable by most survey respondents. Acceptability was associated with social trust, knowledge of fuel management and feeling vulnerable to wildland fire.

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Published online 02 August 2016
Predicting wildfire spread and behaviour in Mediterranean landscapes 
Michele Salis, Bachisio Arca, Fermin Alcasena, Margarita Arianoutsou, Valentina Bacciu, Pierpaolo Duce, Beatriz Duguy, Nikos Koutsias, Giorgos Mallinis, Ioannis Mitsopoulos, José M. Moreno, José Ramón Pérez, Itziar R. Urbieta, Fotios Xystrakis, Gonzalo Zavala and Donatella Spano

We used the FARSITE fire spread simulator to predict the spread of a set of wildfires that occurred in southern Europe. We statistically evaluated the accuracy of FARSITE in predicting the actual fires. We observed a positive effect of the use of customised fuel models vs standard models on simulation accuracy.

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Published online 21 July 2016
The impact of traditional fire management on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in a montane forest, southern Ethiopia 
Dong-Gill Kim, Habitamu Taddese, Abrham Belay and Randy Kolka

Traditional fire management has been used in African landscapes but there is uncertainty in our understanding of its impact on soil carbon and nitrogen. Our study shows that traditional fire management did not affect forest floor or mineral soil carbon and nitrogen pools in a montane forest in southern Ethiopia.

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Published online 11 July 2016
Positive effects of fire on birds may appear only under narrow combinations of fire severity and time-since-fire 
Richard L. Hutto and David A. Patterson

We calculated occurrence rates of 50 bird species in a mixed-conifer forest for 10 years following fire and found that most species (60%) were more abundant in burned than unburned forest, but the positive response to fire was often apparent only under a specific combination of fire severity and time-since-fire parameters.

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Published online 23 June 2016
Chaparral growth-ring analysis as an indicator of stand biomass development 
Kellie A. Uyeda, Douglas A. Stow, John F. O'Leary, Christina Tague and Philip J. Riggan

We investigated the utility of using shrub growth-ring measurements to estimate annual biomass accumulation in a stand of southern California chaparral from 4 to 11 years after burning. The pattern of biomass accumulation tracked closely with precipitation.

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blank image International Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume 25 Number 9 2016

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The importance of the traditional fire knowledge system in a subtropical montane socio-ecosystem in a protected natural area 
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H. Leonardo Martínez-Torres , Alicia Castillo , M. Isabel Ramírez and Diego R. Pérez-Salicrup
pp. 911-921

A traditional fire knowledge system exists in the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve in Mexico that is transmitted orally and through practice. It includes nine types of fire uses for agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry activities. We recommend that this knowledge should be incorporated into an integrated fire management plan.


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Fire regime from 1973 to 2011 in north-western Patagonian grasslands 
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Facundo José Oddi and Luciana Ghermandi
pp. 922-932

Studies about fire regimes in grasslands are lacking. We describe the recent fire regime of north-western Patagonian grasslands using remote sensed data combined with fire statistics from an operational database. Our results contribute to general knowledge about fire in grasslands and provide useful information for sustainable management of these ecosystems.


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Identifying key climate and environmental factors affecting rates of post-fire big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) recovery in the northern Columbia Basin, USA 
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Douglas J. Shinneman and Susan K. McIlroy
pp. 933-945

To better understand post-fire recovery of big sagebrush ecosystems, we sampled and analysed data collected in and near 16 fires that burned between 5 and 28 years ago. Our results indicate that big sagebrush recovery is a highly variable but generally slow process that may require several decades on average.


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Response of soil seed bank to a prescribed burning in a subtropical pine–oak forest 
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Susana Zuloaga-Aguilar , Alma Orozco-Segovia , Oscar Briones and Enrique Jardel Pelaez
pp. 946-954

This is the first study conducted on the effect of prescribed burning on the soil seed bank in a subtropical pine–oak forest. Our results show that the soil seed bank can promote revegetation, persistence and diversity of the pine–oak understorey vegetation following fire.

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Modelling fire probability in the Brazilian Amazon using the maximum entropy method 
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Marisa G. Fonseca , Luiz Eduardo O. C. Aragão , André Lima , Yosio E. Shimabukuro , Egidio Arai and Liana O. Anderson
pp. 955-969

We use the Maximum Entropy method (MaxEnt) to model the probability of fire occurrence in the Brazilian Amazon during the 2008 and 2010 fire seasons and we conclude that MaxEnt may become an important tool to guide firefighting and fire-prevention programs to minimise forest degradation and carbon loss from fires in the Amazon.


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A power series formulation for two-dimensional wildfire shapes 
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J. E. Hilton , C. Miller and A. L. Sullivan
pp. 970-979

How a fire develops into a certain shape is still an open area of research. We provide a method to mathematically describe the growth of a fire perimeter and use this method to produce shapes described in the literature and matched to experimental fires. The method could be used for flexible fire shape templates in computational systems or to build two-dimensional rate of spread models for fire prediction.


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Fire spread in chaparral – a comparison of laboratory data and model predictions in burning live fuels 
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David R. Weise , Eunmo Koo , Xiangyang Zhou , Shankar Mahalingam , Frédéric Morandini and Jacques-Henri Balbi
pp. 980-994

Prescribed burning in chaparral occurs under marginal burning conditions that are often difficult to predict. This paper compares the ability of several models to predict fire spread success and fire rate of spread with observed rate of spread from laboratory fires in fuel beds composed of only live chaparral shrubs.


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Evaluation of the predictive capacity of dead fuel moisture models for Eastern Australia grasslands 
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Miguel G. Cruz , Susan Kidnie , Stuart Matthews , Richard J. Hurley , Alen Slijepcevic , David Nichols and Jim S. Gould
pp. 995-1001

We evaluated the predictive capacity of dead fuel moisture models for grassland fuels in Australia. We identified the most accurate models and the error associated with them. Results have direct operational application for fire behaviour prediction and fire danger rating, and to determine public warning levels.


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The impact of aging on laboratory fire behaviour in masticated shrub fuelbeds of California and Oregon, USA 
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Jesse K. Kreye , J. Morgan Varner , Jeffrey M. Kane , Eric E. Knapp and Warren P. Reed
pp. 1002-1008

Through laboratory-scale burning experiments, we determined that fire intensity in masticated fuels declines with fuelbed age and older fuels smoulder for a longer duration.


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Laboratory experiments to estimate interception of infrared radiation by tree canopies 
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Bill J. Mathews , Eva K. Strand , Alistair M. S. Smith , Andrew T. Hudak , Matthew , B. Dickinson and Robert L. Kremens
pp. 1009-1014

This study quantifies the impact of canopy cover interception on estimates of fire radiative power via a laboratory experiment. Samples included both desiccated and non-transpiring living branches assessed over a range of canopy covers. Results characterise the rate of attenuation of fire radiative power with canopy cover.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    WF15122  Accepted 20 September 2016
    Assessing the potential of the differenced Normalized Burn Ratio (dNBR) for estimating burn severity in eastern Canadian boreal forests
    Jonathan Boucher, André Beaudoin, Christian Hébert, Luc Guindon, Éric Bauce

    WF16085  Accepted 13 September 2016
    Seed tolerance to heating is better predicted by seed dormancy than by habitat type in Neotropical savanna grasses
    Desirée Ramos, Ana Beatriz Liaffa, Pedro Diniz, Cássia Munhoz, Mark Ooi, Fabian Borghetti, José Francisco Valls

    WF16003  Accepted 13 September 2016
    Fire spread from MODIS burned area data: obtaining fire dynamics information for every single fire
    David Frantz, Marion Stellmes, Achim Röder, Joachim Hill

    WF16073  Accepted 13 September 2016
    A simulation and optimization procedure to model daily suppression resource transfers during a fire season in Colorado
    Yu Wei, Erin Belval, Matt Thompson, David Calkin, Crystal Stonesifer

    WF16052  Accepted 09 September 2016
    Relationships between fire severity and recruitment in arid grassland dominated by the obligate-seeding soft spinifex (Triodia pungens)
    Boyd Wright, Roderick Fensham

    WF16025  Accepted 30 August 2016
    Does area burned in the alpine treeline ecotone reflect larger trends?
    C. Cansler, Don McKenzie, Charles Halpern

    WF16038  Accepted 25 August 2016
    Near-term probabilistic forecast of significant wildfire events for the Western United States
    Haiganoush Preisler, Karin Riley, Crystal Stonesifer, David Calkin, William Jolly

    WF16070  Accepted 22 August 2016
    Curvature effects in the dynamic propagation of wildfires
    James Hilton, Claire Miller, Jason Sharples, Andrew Sullivan

    WF16072  Accepted 18 August 2016
    Spatial variability of surface fuels in treated and untreated ponderosa pine forests of the southern Rocky Mountains
    Emma Vakili, Chad Hoffman, Robert (Bob) Keane, Wade Tinkham, Yvette Dickinson

    WF15218  Accepted 12 August 2016
    Dead organic matter and the dynamics of carbon and greenhouse gas emissions in frequently burnt savannas
    Garry Cook, Mick Meyer, Maelys Muepu, Adam Liedloff

    WF15204  Accepted 10 August 2016
    Fire severity alters spatio-temporal movements and habitat utilization by an arboreal marsupial, the Mountain Brushtail Possum (Trichosurus Cunninghami)
    Laurence Berry, David Lindenmayer, Todd Dennis, Don Driscoll, Sam Banks

    WF16050  Accepted 07 August 2016
    Historical reconstructions of California wildfires vary by data source
    Alexandra Syphard, Jon Keeley

    WF15120  Accepted 01 August 2016
    Spatial and temporal variations of fire regimes in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and Foothills of southern Alberta
    Marie-Pierre Rogeau, Mike Flannigan, Brad Hawkes, Marc-AndrÄ— Parisien, Rick Arthur

    WF15150  Accepted 26 July 2016
    Faster prediction of wildfire behaviour by physical models through application of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition
    Elisa Guelpa, Adriano Sciacovelli, Vittorio Verda, Davide Ascoli

    WF15162  Accepted 19 July 2016
    Rapid Response Tools and Datasets for Post-fire Remediation: Linking Remote Sensing and Process-based Hydrological Models
    Mary Miller, William Elliot, Michael Billmire, Peter Robichaud, K. Arthur Endsley

    WF16031  Accepted 14 July 2016
    Short-term fire front spread prediction using inverse modelling and airborne infrared images
    Oriol Rios, Elsa Pastor, Mario Valero, Eulalia Planas

    WF13206  Accepted 20 March 2014
    An accuracy assessment of the MTBS burned area product for shrub-steppe fires in the northern Great Basin, United States
    Aaron Sparks, Luigi Boschetti, Wade Tinkham, Alistair Smith, Karen Lannom, Beth Newingham


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 1 December 2015
Wildfire smoke and public health risk

Fabienne Reisen, Sandra M. Duran, Mike Flannigan, Catherine Elliott and Karen Rideout

2. Published 15 October 2015
Climate change presents increased potential for very large fires in the contiguous United States

R. Barbero, J. T. Abatzoglou, N. K. Larkin, C. A. Kolden and B. Stocks

3. Published 4 August 2016
Too much, too soon? A review of the effects of increasing wildfire frequency on tree mortality and regeneration in temperate eucalypt forests

Thomas A. Fairman, Craig R. Nitschke and Lauren T. Bennett

4. Published 1 December 2015
Spatial patterns of wildfire ignitions in south-eastern Australia

Kathryn M. Collins, Owen F. Price and Trent D. Penman

5. Published 4 April 2016
Wildfire survival plans in theory and practice

Christine Eriksen, Trent Penman, Bronwyn Horsey and Ross Bradstock

6. Published 4 April 2016
1984–2010 trends in fire burn severity and area for the conterminous US

Joshua J. Picotte, Birgit Peterson, Gretchen Meier and Stephen M. Howard

7. Published 15 October 2015
Limitations and utilisation of Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity products for assessing wildfire severity in the USA

Crystal A. Kolden, Alistair M. S. Smith and John T. Abatzoglou

8. Published 4 February 2016
Wildland fire limits subsequent fire occurrence

Sean A. Parks, Carol Miller, Lisa M. Holsinger, L. Scott Baggett and Benjamin J. Bird

9. Published 3 March 2016
Relations between soil hydraulic properties and burn severity

John A. Moody, Brian A. Ebel, Petter Nyman, Deborah A. Martin, Cathelijne Stoof and Randy McKinley

10. Published 4 April 2016
A quantitative assessment of shoot flammability for 60 tree and shrub species supports rankings based on expert opinion

Sarah V. Wyse, George L. W. Perry, Dean M. O’Connell, Phillip S. Holland , Monique J. Wright, Catherine L. Hosted, Samuel L. Whitelock, Ian J. Geary, Kévin J. L. Maurin and Timothy J. Curran

11. Published 1 December 2015
Long-distance spotting potential of bark strips of a ribbon gum (Eucalyptus viminalis)

James Hall, Peter F. Ellis, Geoffrey J. Cary, Glenys Bishop and Andrew L. Sullivan

12. Published 7 January 2016
Measurements relating fire radiative energy density and surface fuel consumption – RxCADRE 2011 and 2012

Andrew T. Hudak, Matthew B. Dickinson, Benjamin C. Bright, Robert L. Kremens, E. Louise Loudermilk, Joseph J. O'Brien, Benjamin S. Hornsby and Roger D. Ottmar

13. Published 4 May 2016
Structure-level fuel load assessment in the wildland–urban interface: a fusion of airborne laser scanning and spectral remote-sensing methodologies

Nicholas S. Skowronski, Scott Haag, Jim Trimble, Kenneth L. Clark, Michael R. Gallagher and Richard G. Lathrop

14. Published 4 February 2016
Towards a new paradigm in fire severity research using dose–response experiments

Alistair M. S. Smith, Aaron M. Sparks, Crystal A. Kolden, John T. Abatzoglou, Alan F. Talhelm, Daniel M. Johnson, Luigi Boschetti, James A. Lutz, Kent G. Apostol, Kara M. Yedinak, Wade T. Tinkham and Robert J. Kremens

15. Published 7 January 2016
High-resolution infrared thermography for capturing wildland fire behaviour: RxCADRE 2012

Joseph J. O'Brien, E. Louise Loudermilk, Benjamin Hornsby, Andrew T. Hudak, Benjamin C. Bright, Matthew B. Dickinson, J. Kevin Hiers, Casey Teske and Roger D. Ottmar

16. Published 4 April 2016
Global fire size distribution: from power law to log-normal

Stijn Hantson, Salvador Pueyo and Emilio Chuvieco

17. Published 15 October 2015
Sources and implications of bias and uncertainty in a century of US wildfire activity data

Karen C. Short

18. Published 1 June 2016
Forest fuels and potential fire behaviour 12 years after variable-retention harvest in lodgepole pine

Justin S. Crotteau, Christopher R. Keyes, Elaine K. Sutherland, David K. Wright and Joel M. Egan

19. Published 7 January 2016
Pre-fire and post-fire surface fuel and cover measurements collected in the south-eastern United States for model evaluation and development – RxCADRE 2008, 2011 and 2012

Roger D. Ottmar, Andrew T. Hudak, Susan J. Prichard, Clinton S. Wright, Joseph C. Restaino, Maureen C. Kennedy and Robert E. Vihnanek

20. Published 4 August 2016
Lack of soil seedbank change with time since fire: relevance to seed supply after prescribed burns

Matthew P. Chick, Janet S. Cohn, Craig R. Nitschke and Alan York

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Volume 25 (9)

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