International Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume 26 Number 3 2017
WF16118Variability and drivers of extreme fire weather in fire-prone areas of south-eastern Australia
We identify the most extreme fire weather days based on McArthur’s Forest Fire Danger Index (FFDI) for 24 sites across south-eastern Australia for potential use in fire risk planning. The extent and variability of these highest FFDI days are analysed by the contributions of temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction and drought indices.
WF16106Hillslope-scale prediction of terrain and forest canopy effects on temperature and near-surface soil moisture deficit
Fire managers often use a drought index at coarse spatial resolution to determine soil moisture status in flammable forests. In complex terrain, there is a fine-scale mosaic of near-surface soil moisture deficit that may create important constraints on prescribed burning operations. A simple method is proposed for predicting this pattern.
WF16026Spatial distribution of grassland fires at the regional scale based on the MODIS active fire products
This study used kernel density estimation to analyse the spatial pattern of grassland fires based on the MODIS active fire product and to define grassland fire risk zones. The results show that the kernel density estimation method can be applied to analyse the spatial distribution of grassland fires.
The relative importance of different drivers of human-caused fire can vary based on levels of human footprint and biophysical characteristics of a study region. We show that human-caused fire occurrence in areas with substantial human footprint are controlled by a different set of variables than in remote areas.
WF16122Evaluation of the spectral characteristics of five hyperspectral and multispectral sensors for soil organic carbon estimation in burned areas
The spectral characteristics of five hyperspectral and multispectral sensors were evaluated for topsoil organic carbon prediction in burned areas. The spectral resolution of both sensors was suitable for prediction. The most relevant spectral regions for topsoil carbon estimation were the visible and short-wave infrared.
Forest fire danger is negatively associated with an individual’s life satisfaction and with an individual’s feelings of safety. Feelings of safety largely explain the association between forest fire danger and life satisfaction. We find that individuals are willing-to-pay $10 to avoid a one unit increase in forest fire danger.
Professor Coutinho (1934–2016; Sao Paulo, Brazil) studied fire adaptations in Brazilian savannas during the 1970s, when very few researchers recognised fire as an evolutionary force. His main contributions were on fire-stimulated flowering, serotiny and nutrient cycling. However, he is little known, partly because he was not Anglo-Saxon but also because he was ahead of his time, when fire and evolution were still distant concepts.
The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue
We predict firebrand transport and landing position using a transport model that explicitly includes plume turbulence. The in-plume turbulence largely determines the spread in landing position, and also approximately doubles the maximum spotting distance compared with that in a plume without turbulence. These results provide a pathway to better parametrisation of firebrand transport.
WF16177Charcoal reflectance suggests heating duration and fuel moisture affected burn severity in four Alaskan tundra wildfires
For the first time, we have coupled the use of field observations of burn severity with charcoal reflectance for four tussock–shrub Alaskan tundra wildfires. Reflectance results suggest that heating durations were broadly similar across the burns and microsite variations in burn severity were due to local variations in fuel moisture.
WF16124Federal fire managers' perceptions of the importance, scarcity and substitutability of suppression resources
United States fire managers were surveyed to assess the operational perception of three key suppression resource themes: importance, scarcity and substitutability.
WF16135An empirical machine learning method for predicting potential fire control locations for pre-fire planning and operational fire management
This research supports planning for and management of wildfires to improve resource allocation decisions and to reduce risk to fire responders. We use historical fire perimeters to identify landscape features and conditions associated with where fires stop, and leverage these relationships to predict potential future fire control locations.
WF16073A simulation and optimisation procedure to model daily suppression resource transfers during a fire season in Colorado
We developed and implemented a model to improve engine and crew assignments and transfers during a fire season. We implemented this model to study how multiple factors may influence engine and crew transfer costs and efficiencies. Results show we could decrease engine and crew transport costs through efficient resource dispatching.
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.
Modelling the rate of fire spread and uncertainty associated with the onset and propagation of crown fires in conifer forest stands
Contribution of human and biophysical factors to the spatial distribution of forest fire ignitions and large wildfires in a French Mediterranean region
Improved fuel moisture prediction in non-native tropical Megathyrsus maximus grasslands using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) derived vegetation indices
A PROBABILITY MODEL FOR LONG TERM FOREST FIRE OCCURRENCE IN THE KARST FOREST MANAGEMENT AREA OF SLOVENIA
A multi-region analysis of factors that influence public acceptance of smoke from different fire sources
Higher sensitivity and lower specificity in post-fire mortality model validation of eighteen western U.S. tree species
Emissions of Forest Floor and Mineral Soil Carbon, Nitrogen and Mercury Pools and Relationships with Fire Severity for the Pagami Creek Fire in the Boreal Forest of Northern Minnesota
Air quality policy and fire management responses addressing smoke from wildland fires in the United States and Australia
Spatial scales influence long-term response of herbivores to prescribed burning in a savanna ecosystem
Understanding forest fire patterns and risk in Nepal using remote sensing, GIS, and historical fire data
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A quantitative assessment of shoot flammability for 60 tree and shrub species supports rankings based on expert opinionInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 25 (4)Sarah V. Wyse, George L. W. Perry, Dean M. O’Connell, Phillip S. Holland , Monique J. Wright, Catherine L. Hosted, Samuel L. Whitelock, Ian J. Geary, Kévin J. L. Maurin, Timothy J. Curran
Bridging the divide between fire safety research and fighting fire safely: how do we convey research innovation to contribute more effectively to wildland firefighter safety?International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (2)Theodore 'Ted' Adams, Bret W. Butler, Sara Brown, Vita Wright, Anne Black
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Philip E. Camp, Meg A. Krawchuk
Probabilistic prediction of wildfire economic losses to housing in Cyprus using Bayesian network analysisInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (1)P. Papakosta, G. Xanthopoulos, D. Straub
International Journal of Wildland Fire 20 (6)T. D. Penman, F. J. Christie, A. N. Andersen, R. A. Bradstock, G. J. Cary, M. K. Henderson, O. Price, C. Tran, G. M. Wardle, R. J. Williams, A. York
International Journal of Wildland Fire 8 (1)NP Cheney, JS Gould, WR Catchpole
International Journal of Wildland Fire 23 (1)Patricia L. Andrews
International Journal of Wildland Fire 19 (3)B. M. Wotton, C. A. Nock, M. D. Flannigan
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Sarah Harris, Graham Mills, Timothy Brown
International Journal of Wildland Fire 17 (6)Juli G. Pausas, Joan Llovet, Anselm Rodrigo, Ramon Vallejo
International Journal of Wildland Fire 25 (7)Claire M. Belcher, Victoria A. Hudspith
International Journal of Wildland Fire 11 (1)Jolie Pollet, Philip N. Omi
International Journal of Wildland Fire 23 (5)Ioannis Z. Gitas, Jesús San-Miguel-Ayanz, Emilio Chuvieco, Andrea Camia
Hillslope-scale prediction of terrain and forest canopy effects on temperature and near-surface soil moisture deficitInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Sean F. Walsh, Petter Nyman, Gary J. Sheridan, Craig C. Baillie, Kevin G. Tolhurst, Thomas J. Duff
Too much, too soon? A review of the effects of increasing wildfire frequency on tree mortality and regeneration in temperate eucalypt forestsInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 25 (8)Thomas A. Fairman, Craig R. Nitschke, Lauren T. Bennett
International Journal of Wildland Fire 23 (1)Chad T. Hanson, Dennis C. Odion
Community safety during the 2009 Australian 'Black Saturday' bushfires: an analysis of household preparedness and responseInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 22 (6)Joshua Whittaker, Katharine Haynes, John Handmer, Jim McLennan
International Journal of Wildland Fire 18 (5)Mike D. Flannigan, Meg A. Krawchuk, William J. de Groot, B. Mike Wotton, Lynn M. Gowman
Impacts of fire radiative flux on mature Pinus ponderosa growth and vulnerability to secondary mortality agentsInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (1)Aaron M. Sparks, Alistair M. S. Smith, Alan F. Talhelm, Crystal A. Kolden, Kara M. Yedinak, Daniel M. Johnson
International Journal of Wildland Fire 12 (2)Paulo M. Fernandes, Hermínio S. Botelho