International Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume 26 Number 3 2017
WF16118Variability and drivers of extreme fire weather in fire-prone areas of south-eastern Australia
We identify the most extreme fire weather days based on McArthur’s Forest Fire Danger Index (FFDI) for 24 sites across south-eastern Australia for potential use in fire risk planning. The extent and variability of these highest FFDI days are analysed by the contributions of temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction and drought indices.
WF16106Hillslope-scale prediction of terrain and forest canopy effects on temperature and near-surface soil moisture deficit
Fire managers often use a drought index at coarse spatial resolution to determine soil moisture status in flammable forests. In complex terrain, there is a fine-scale mosaic of near-surface soil moisture deficit that may create important constraints on prescribed burning operations. A simple method is proposed for predicting this pattern.
WF16026Spatial distribution of grassland fires at the regional scale based on the MODIS active fire products
This study used kernel density estimation to analyse the spatial pattern of grassland fires based on the MODIS active fire product and to define grassland fire risk zones. The results show that the kernel density estimation method can be applied to analyse the spatial distribution of grassland fires.
The relative importance of different drivers of human-caused fire can vary based on levels of human footprint and biophysical characteristics of a study region. We show that human-caused fire occurrence in areas with substantial human footprint are controlled by a different set of variables than in remote areas.
WF16122Evaluation of the spectral characteristics of five hyperspectral and multispectral sensors for soil organic carbon estimation in burned areas
The spectral characteristics of five hyperspectral and multispectral sensors were evaluated for topsoil organic carbon prediction in burned areas. The spectral resolution of both sensors was suitable for prediction. The most relevant spectral regions for topsoil carbon estimation were the visible and short-wave infrared.
Forest fire danger is negatively associated with an individual’s life satisfaction and with an individual’s feelings of safety. Feelings of safety largely explain the association between forest fire danger and life satisfaction. We find that individuals are willing-to-pay $10 to avoid a one unit increase in forest fire danger.
Professor Coutinho (1934–2016; Sao Paulo, Brazil) studied fire adaptations in Brazilian savannas during the 1970s, when very few researchers recognised fire as an evolutionary force. His main contributions were on fire-stimulated flowering, serotiny and nutrient cycling. However, he is little known, partly because he was not Anglo-Saxon but also because he was ahead of his time, when fire and evolution were still distant concepts.
The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue
WF16128Emissions of forest floor and mineral soil carbon, nitrogen and mercury pools and relationships with fire severity for the Pagami Creek Fire in the Boreal Forest of northern Minnesota
Forest fires are a major source of C, N (important greenhouse gases) and Hg (important pollutant) to the atmosphere. Using a new remote sensing scaling approach, we found that >90% of those elements in the forest floor were emitted to the atmosphere during a wildfire in northern Minnesota.
An eastern United States wildfire hazard model updated with finer-resolution drought occurrence data is evaluated to determine if information is gained from the more detailed data. Inclusion of newer drought data shifted its contribution among monthly models to wildland–urban interface information. This refinement has removed the influence of climate division data.
We predict firebrand transport and landing position using a transport model that explicitly includes plume turbulence. The in-plume turbulence largely determines the spread in landing position, and also approximately doubles the maximum spotting distance compared with that in a plume without turbulence. These results provide a pathway to better parametrisation of firebrand transport.
WF16177Charcoal reflectance suggests heating duration and fuel moisture affected burn severity in four Alaskan tundra wildfires
For the first time, we have coupled the use of field observations of burn severity with charcoal reflectance for four tussock–shrub Alaskan tundra wildfires. Reflectance results suggest that heating durations were broadly similar across the burns and microsite variations in burn severity were due to local variations in fuel moisture.
WF16124Federal fire managers' perceptions of the importance, scarcity and substitutability of suppression resources
United States fire managers were surveyed to assess the operational perception of three key suppression resource themes: importance, scarcity and substitutability.
WF16135An empirical machine learning method for predicting potential fire control locations for pre-fire planning and operational fire management
This research supports planning for and management of wildfires to improve resource allocation decisions and to reduce risk to fire responders. We use historical fire perimeters to identify landscape features and conditions associated with where fires stop, and leverage these relationships to predict potential future fire control locations.
WF16073A simulation and optimisation procedure to model daily suppression resource transfers during a fire season in Colorado
We developed and implemented a model to improve engine and crew assignments and transfers during a fire season. We implemented this model to study how multiple factors may influence engine and crew transfer costs and efficiencies. Results show we could decrease engine and crew transport costs through efficient resource dispatching.
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.
Rice straw mulch for post-fire erosion control: assessing non-target effects on vegetation communities
Modelling the rate of fire spread and uncertainty associated with the onset and propagation of crown fires in conifer forest stands
Contribution of human and biophysical factors to the spatial distribution of forest fire ignitions and large wildfires in a French Mediterranean region
Improved fuel moisture prediction in non-native tropical Megathyrsus maximus grasslands using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) derived vegetation indices
A PROBABILITY MODEL FOR LONG TERM FOREST FIRE OCCURRENCE IN THE KARST FOREST MANAGEMENT AREA OF SLOVENIA
A multi-region analysis of factors that influence public acceptance of smoke from different fire sources
Higher sensitivity and lower specificity in post-fire mortality model validation of eighteen western U.S. tree species
Emissions of Forest Floor and Mineral Soil Carbon, Nitrogen and Mercury Pools and Relationships with Fire Severity for the Pagami Creek Fire in the Boreal Forest of Northern Minnesota
Air quality policy and fire management responses addressing smoke from wildland fires in the United States and Australia
Spatial scales influence long-term response of herbivores to prescribed burning in a savanna ecosystem
Understanding forest fire patterns and risk in Nepal using remote sensing, GIS, and historical fire data
The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads in the last 60 days from papers published on the CSIRO PUBLISHING website within the last 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.
Bridging the divide between fire safety research and fighting fire safely: how do we convey research innovation to contribute more effectively to wildland firefighter safety?International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (2)Theodore 'Ted' Adams, Bret W. Butler, Sara Brown, Vita Wright, Anne Black
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Philip E. Camp, Meg A. Krawchuk
Probabilistic prediction of wildfire economic losses to housing in Cyprus using Bayesian network analysisInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (1)P. Papakosta, G. Xanthopoulos, D. Straub
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Sarah Harris, Graham Mills, Timothy Brown
International Journal of Wildland Fire 25 (7)Claire M. Belcher, Victoria A. Hudspith
Hillslope-scale prediction of terrain and forest canopy effects on temperature and near-surface soil moisture deficitInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Sean F. Walsh, Petter Nyman, Gary J. Sheridan, Craig C. Baillie, Kevin G. Tolhurst, Thomas J. Duff
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Christopher L. Ambrey, Christopher M. Fleming, Matthew Manning
Spatial interpolation and mean fire interval analyses quantify historical mixed-severity fire regimesInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (2)Gregory A. Greene, Lori D. Daniels
The effect of fuel moisture content on the spread rate of forest fires in the absence of wind or slopeInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (1)Carlos G. Rossa
Impacts of fire radiative flux on mature Pinus ponderosa growth and vulnerability to secondary mortality agentsInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (1)Aaron M. Sparks, Alistair M. S. Smith, Alan F. Talhelm, Crystal A. Kolden, Kara M. Yedinak, Daniel M. Johnson
Has canopy height and biomass recovered 78 years after an intense fire in south-western Australia's red tingle (Eucalyptus jacksonii) forests?International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (2)Grant Wardell-Johnson, Liam Crellin, Casey Napier, Garrett Meigs, Alyssa Stevenson, Su Ing Wong
Sharing contracted resources for fire suppression: engine dispatch in the Northwestern United StatesInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (2)Katie M. Lyon, Heidi R. Huber-Stearns, Cassandra Moseley, Christopher Bone, Nathan A. Mosurinjohn
Spatial distribution of grassland fires at the regional scale based on the MODIS active fire productsInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Zhengxiang Zhang, Zhiqiang Feng, Hongyan Zhang, Jianjun Zhao, Shan Yu, Wala Du
How a risk focus in emergency management can restrict community resilience – a case study from Victoria, AustraliaInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (1)Jana-Axinja Paschen, Ruth Beilin
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (2)Kunpeng Yi, Yulong Bao, Jiquan Zhang
Assessing the potential of the differenced Normalized Burn Ratio (dNBR) for estimating burn severity in eastern Canadian boreal forestsInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (1)Jonathan Boucher, André Beaudoin, Christian Hébert, Luc Guindon, Éric Bauce
International Journal of Wildland Fire 25 (12)David Frantz, Marion Stellmes, Achim Röder, Joachim Hill
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Juli G. Pausas
Soil fertilisation contributes to mitigating forest fire hazard associated with Cistus monspeliensis L. (rock rose) shrublandsInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (2)Simonetta Bagella, Maria Sitzia, Pier Paolo Roggero
International Journal of Wildland Fire 25 (12)C. Alina Cansler, Donald McKenzie, Charles B. Halpern