We identified strategies that reduced risk for both conservation and property. Increasing fuel treatment area in landscapes can be beneficial by reducing burn probability and wildfire extent. However, impact from exposure to fire remains high. Additional complementary strategies will provide further risk reduction benefits.
International Journal of Wildland Fire
Volume 26 Number 6 2017
WF16219Public information seeking, place-based risk messaging and wildfire preparedness in southern California
This paper examines relationships between wildfire knowledge and experience, preparedness and information seeking in selected southern California communities. Findings support using two-way communication from agencies for geographically specific risk threat, and event-based and readiness information, along with one-way sources like television, which can act as a link to interactive media.
WF17046Prescribed fire as a tool to regenerate live and dead serotinous jack pine (Pinus banksiana) stands
We document regeneration 3 years after burning live and dead jack pine stands using different types of fire. Without fire, there was no regrowth of pine five summers after mortality. A higher percentage of cones were opened by fire in dead stands and continuous crown fire promoted pine seedlings in dead stands.
WF17065Fall and spring grazing influence fire ignitability and initial spread in shrub steppe communities
We evaluated the effect of fall and spring grazing on fuels, fire ignition and initial spread in shrub steppe communities. Both grazing treatments decreased fine fuels and increased fuel moisture and subsequently decreased the probability of fire ignition and initial spread. Effects, however, varied by grazing management.
WF16167Mapping prescribed fire severity in south-east Australian eucalypt forests using modelling and satellite imagery: a case study
Fire severity maps derived from satellite imagery and simulation modelling were compared with field data for a prescribed burn. Overall, the satellite-based map was more accurate than the modelled map, but both methods overestimated the area of unburnt forest. These methods provide viable approaches for mapping the severity of prescribed fires but need further refinement.
WF16181Contribution of human and biophysical factors to the spatial distribution of forest fire ignitions and large wildfires in a French Mediterranean region
We examined the human and biophysical factors driving the regional distribution of wildfires in a Mediterranean area. We found a fire size-dependent pattern in which humans control the distribution of all fires whereas land cover and fire weather mainly explained the location of the largest fires. These factors should therefore be taken into consideration when projecting fire hazard.
WF16170Evaluation of the Canadian Precipitation Analysis (CaPA) to improve forest fire danger rating
Precipitation is a key component in fire danger prediction. Spatial interpolation of precipitation from sparse weather stations is a problem over large areas. A new precipitation analysis system that incorporates Doppler radar, weather station and forecast data was assessed and shown to improve precipitation estimation and resultant fire weather indices.
WF16223Experimental designs for studying small-mammal responses to fire in North American conifer forests
Wildfires are burning larger and hotter, with substantial impacts on forest wildlife. We review what is known about small-mammal responses to fire in North America; most studies focus only on changes in abundance between burned and mature forests. Our review highlights the need for more diverse research in study design and response variables to gain a richer understanding of small-mammal responses to fire.
WF16211High post-fire mortality of resprouting woody plants in Tasmanian Mediterranean-type vegetation
Resprouting is a key trait that helps plants recover after fire. Our survey following an extensive fire on an island in Bass Strait found resprouting rates were low, even in species with the capacity to resprout. This shows that the dichotomisation of plant species as ‘resprouters’ or ‘non-resprouters’ is overly simplistic.
WF16208Rice straw mulch for post-fire erosion control: assessing non-target effects on vegetation communities
Straw mulch is commonly applied to reduce post-fire erosion, but can have non-target effects on plant communities. Our study documented higher non-native plant cover and richness in areas treated with rice straw mulch, with 25 non-native species exclusive to mulched areas. Total plant cover and conifer regeneration were relatively unaffected.
The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue
We examine wildland fire engine assignments in the United States to quantify the effects of regional fire activity, the season and national level resource scarcity on between-region assignment patterns.
WF16126The influence of incident management teams on the deployment of wildfire suppression resources
Factors associated with daily use of suppression resources on large wildfires are investigated. After controlling for fire, landscape and geographic characteristics, unobserved differences between incident management teams account for ~14% of variation in suppression resources used to manage wildfire incidents.
We review challenges to determining and demonstrating efficiency of strategic approaches to managing low-probability, high-consequence large fire events. Key knowledge gaps relate to quantifying the consequences of fire and how they may change under alternative suppression strategies.
WF16124Federal fire managers' perceptions of the importance, scarcity and substitutability of suppression resources
United States fire managers were surveyed to assess the operational perception of three key suppression resource themes: importance, scarcity and substitutability.
WF16135An empirical machine learning method for predicting potential fire control locations for pre-fire planning and operational fire management
This research supports planning for and management of wildfires to improve resource allocation decisions and to reduce risk to fire responders. We use historical fire perimeters to identify landscape features and conditions associated with where fires stop, and leverage these relationships to predict potential future fire control locations.
WF16073A simulation and optimisation procedure to model daily suppression resource transfers during a fire season in Colorado
We developed and implemented a model to improve engine and crew assignments and transfers during a fire season. We implemented this model to study how multiple factors may influence engine and crew transfer costs and efficiencies. Results show we could decrease engine and crew transport costs through efficient resource dispatching.
WF16032Projected changes in Australian fire regimes during the 21st century and consequences for ecosystems
Simulations show reduced burnt area in northern Australia and increased burnt area in central and southern Australia in response to projected changes in 21st century climate. Climate-induced vegetation changes are as important as climate in determining future fire regimes. Changes in fire regime are large enough to cause changes in vegetation patterns.
These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.
Forest Fire Risk Assessment Using Point Process Modeling of Fire Occurrence and Monte Carlo Fire Simulation
Characterizing resource use and potential inefficiencies during large-fire suppression in the western US
Towards enhanced risk management: planning, decision making, and monitoring of U.S. wildfire response
Indicators of burn severity at extended temporal scales: A decade of ecosystem response in mixed conifer forests of western Montana
Wildfire risk awareness and prevention by predominantly Māori rural residents, Karikari Peninsula, Aotearoa New Zealand.
Cultivating a reluctance to simplify: Exploring the radio communication context in wildland firefighting
An empirically-based approach to defining wildland firefighter safety and survival zone separation distances
Towards improving wildland firefighter situational awareness through daily fire behavior risk assessments in the US Northern Rockies and Northern Great Basin
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International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (6)P. D. Bentley, T. D. Penman
Air quality policy and fire management responses addressing smoke from wildland fires in the United States and AustraliaInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (5)Joshua C. Hyde, Kara M. Yedinak, Alan F. Talhelm, Alistair M. S. Smith, David M. J. S. Bowman, Fay H. Johnston, Peter Lahm, Mark Fitch, Wade T. Tinkham
Understanding forest fire patterns and risk in Nepal using remote sensing, geographic information system and historical fire dataInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (4)Mir A. Matin, Vishwas Sudhir Chitale, Manchiraju S. R. Murthy, Kabir Uddin, Birendra Bajracharya, Sudip Pradhan
Public information seeking, place-based risk messaging and wildfire preparedness in southern CaliforniaInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (6)Anne-Lise K. Velez, John M. Diaz, Tamara U. Wall
Probabilistic prediction of wildfire economic losses to housing in Cyprus using Bayesian network analysisInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (1)P. Papakosta, G. Xanthopoulos, D. Straub
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (5)Melanie M. Colavito
Bridging the divide between fire safety research and fighting fire safely: how do we convey research innovation to contribute more effectively to wildland firefighter safety?International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (2)Theodore 'Ted' Adams, Bret W. Butler, Sara Brown, Vita Wright, Anne Black
Mapping prescribed fire severity in south-east Australian eucalypt forests using modelling and satellite imagery: a case studyInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (6)John Loschiavo, Brett Cirulis, Yingxin Zuo, Bronwyn A. Hradsky, Julian Di Stefano
Higher sensitivity and lower specificity in post-fire mortality model validation of 11 western US tree speciesInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (5)Jeffrey M. Kane, Phillip J. van Mantgem, Laura B. Lalemand, MaryBeth Keifer
Modelling the rate of fire spread and uncertainty associated with the onset and propagation of crown fires in conifer forest standsInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (5)Miguel G. Cruz , Martin E. Alexander
Contribution of human and biophysical factors to the spatial distribution of forest fire ignitions and large wildfires in a French Mediterranean regionInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (6)Julien Ruffault, Florent Mouillot
A multi-region analysis of factors that influence public acceptance of smoke from different fire sourcesInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (5)Christine S. Olsen, Eric Toman, Stacey Frederick
Projected changes in Australian fire regimes during the 21st century and consequences for ecosystemsInternational Journal of Wildland Fire (Online Early)S. P. Harrison, D. I. Kelley
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (4)John T. Abatzoglou, Crystal A. Kolden, A. Park Williams, James A. Lutz, Alistair M. S. Smith
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (6)Áine Nicholson, Lynda D. Prior, George L. W. Perry, David M. J. S. Bowman
International Journal of Wildland Fire (Online Early)Matthew P. Thompson, Francisco Rodríguez y Silva, David E. Calkin, Michael S. Hand
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (6)Maria Sharpe, Hyejin Hwang, David Schroeder, Soung Ryoul Ryu, Victor J. Lieffers
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Philip E. Camp, Meg A. Krawchuk
International Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (3)Sarah Harris, Graham Mills, Timothy Brown
Rice straw mulch for post-fire erosion control: assessing non-target effects on vegetation communitiesInternational Journal of Wildland Fire 26 (6)Kristen L. Shive, Becky L. Estes, Angela M. White, Hugh D. Safford, Kevin L. O'Hara, Scott L. Stephens