International Journal of Wildland Fire International Journal of Wildland Fire Society
Journal of the International Association of Wildland Fire

Author Instructions

All manuscripts should be submitted via ScholarOne Manuscripts.

Submission procedures
In the interests of rapid peer-review, all stages of consideration will be handled electronically, through the Publisher. Therefore, please submit your paper directly to CSIRO Publishing. See ´Submitting your manuscript for review´ for details.

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Publishing Policies
International Journal of Wildland Fire insists on high standards of ethical behaviour throughout the publication process. Our journal editors work within the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Further information on our policies can be found at

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Peer review
International Journal of Wildland Fire is a peer-reviewed journal that uses a single-blind peer-review. The Editors-in-Chief are responsible to maintain high-quality peer-review of papers submitted to the journal and works together with Associate Editors and an Editorial Advisory Committee to ensure a thorough and fair peer-review and the highest scientific publishing standards. All submissions undergo preliminary assessment by an Editor-in-Chief, who may reject a paper before peer review when it is outside the journal’s scope or is of insufficient quality. Associate Editors select reviewers and after at least two review reports are received, they make the decision whether to accept/reject or send a manuscript for revision. The final decision is made by an Editor-in-Chief.

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The conditions around authorship for International Journal of Wildland Fire should follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), for more information see

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Licence to publish
For details regarding copyright, please see Copyright/Licence to Publish.

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Open access
Authors may choose to publish their paper Open Access on payment of a publication fee. See Open Access for more details.

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Editorial structure
A decentralised editorial structure has been established, to spread the workload and so provide authors with a more rapid decision. The Editor-in-Chief is assisted by an international panel of Associate Editors who represent the range of subjects and geographical regions covered by the Journal.

The Associate Editors will manage the peer-review of papers in their subject areas, using at least two expert reviewers for each paper, and make recommendations to the Editor-in-Chief, who will communicate a decision to the authors.

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Publication charges
A page charge of US$70 per printed page applies to all papers; this charge is reviewed annually. Charges may be waived where the author(s) or their institutions(s) have no access to funding. Such requests must be made on submission of the manuscript and must be accompanied by a letter from the chair of the author’s department certifying that funds are not available for this use. The extra cost of colour printing must be borne by the author; the Production Editor will provide a quotation for colour printing on sight of the copy.

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Journal policy
International Journal of Wildland Fire welcomes manuscripts on all aspects of wildland fire science, including fire ecology, management, impacts, behaviour, weather and history. The Journal wishes to attract papers on a broad range of wildland fire issues that may include subjects beyond the examples above; for example, papers reporting social science analysis of wildfire issues may be relevant to our readership. The Editor-in-Chief welcomes enquiries from authors seeking advice on the suitability of their paper. The Journal will also consider papers on structural fire, if they relate to wildland-urban interface issues. We publish full experimental papers, review articles, research notes, letters, communications and occasional book reviews. All papers will receive peer-review.

Submission of a paper is taken to mean that the results reported have not been published and are not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. However, papers that have previously been published in symposia of limited circulation are acceptable. The Journal assumes that all authors of a multi-authored paper agree to its submission. The Journal will use its best endeavours to ensure that work published is that of the named authors except where acknowledged and, through its reviewing procedures, that any published results and conclusions are consistent with the primary data. The Journal takes no responsibility for fraud or inaccuracy on the part of its contributors.

The use of a trademark or proprietary product does not constitute a guarantee or warranty of the product by the author(s), by the International Association of Wildland Fire, by the Editorial Board, or by CSIRO Publishing. Opinions expressed by the authors published in the Journal are not necessarily those of the IAWF.

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Submitting your manuscript for review
To submit your paper, please use our online journal management system ScholarOne Manuscripts, which can be reached directly through this link or from the link on the journal´s homepage. If a first-time user, register via the ´Register here´ link, or use your existing username and password to log in. Then click on the ´Author Centre´ link and proceed.

A covering letter must accompany the submission and should include the name, address, telephone numbers and email address of the corresponding author. The letter should also contain a statement justifying why the work should be considered for publication in the journal, and that the manuscript has not been published or simultaneously submitted for publication elsewhere. Suggestions of possible reviewers are welcome; however, the Journal is not bound to accept any such suggestion.

A completed Licence to Publish form (which you will be asked to download from the website as part of the submission process) should be emailed to the journal as soon as possible after submission.

Authors not fluent in English are urged to consult native English-speaking colleagues before submitting manuscripts. We also encourage the use of professional scientific editing services, such as:

If you encounter any difficulties, or you have any queries, please contact

On acceptance of the paper, you will be requested to submit the electronic files from which the paper will be typeset in Word or RTF format, with text and tables as one file and each figure as a separate file (see ´Tables´ and ´Preparing your illustrations for publication´).

Supplementary material that may be useful to other workers but which is not essential to the published paper may be lodged as ‘Supplemental material for review’, provided that the material is submitted with the paper for inspection by the reviewers. This material will be made available from the Journal´s website, and a note to this effect should be included in the paper.

If a part not yet published needs to be consulted for a proper understanding of the submitted paper, please provide a copy for use by the Editors and reviewers.

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Types of manuscripts
Full papers
These should be large pieces of original work dealing with any area of wildland fire. They ought not exceed 5000 words of body text (not including titles and author details, figure captions, tables, references and abstract) and contain no more than a sufficient number of figures and tables to present your research effectively.

Research notes
These are narrower, focused reports. A research note must not exceed 2500 words of body text and three graphics (tables plus figures).

The journal welcomes review articles. They should be formatted as simply as possible, and summary diagrams should be used to reduce the amount of description to introduce a topic. Authors should remember the wide readership of the Journal when preparing their article, and are strongly advised to discuss the topic and scope with the Editors before submission.

Communications are intended to provide rapid dissemination of solicited or unsolicited material that does not fall into the full paper or research note categories, but which provides important and scientific insights or makes a major contribution to the scientific debate. Approval by the Editor-in-Chief should be sought before submitting a manuscript. Communications can also serve as a forum for comments or replies to articles recently published in International Journal of Wildland Fire. Should a comment be accepted for consideration, a reply to that comment by the original author may be solicited. Every effort will be made to publish both the comment and the reply in the same issue. Comments on published papers should be submitted within one year of publication of the paper on which comment is being made. Communications will be reviewed. They should be less than 2000 words and should contain no more than three figures or tables.

Book reviews
The journal publishes occasional book reviews, at the Editors’ discretion. They ought not exceed 1000 words of body text. Please contact the Editors with suggestions.

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Preparing your manuscript
General presentation
Please prepare your paper in Microsoft Word. Write in clear and concise English. Papers featuring numerous spelling errors, ambiguous expression, or lack of a clear focus will be returned for reworking prior to any assessment.

Please double space all text, including references and figure captions, and number each page. Line numbers must be included. Please prepare the manuscript in a single column. For the text, use only Times New Roman and Symbol fonts. There are no arbitrary limits on the length of manuscripts, but we stress the need for length to be commensurate with message. We encourage you to include detail in discussion of methods, to avoid jargon, and to explain terms carefully for our broad readership.

Please list the scientific name and authority with the common name of species at the first occurrence and then use either name consistently for the remainer of the paper. We encourage authors to log fire history studies with the International Multiproxy Paleofire Database.

We advise you to consult a recent issue of the Journal or the sample issue for details of layout. Preparation according to the Journal´s style will simplify later stages of production and so allow more rapid publication.

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First page
The first page should include the title, suggested running head, name of author(s) in the exact way that the authors wish them to appear, each author´s organisation, plus the email address of the corresponding author, who should be identified as such. Authors of multi-authored papers may wish to assign relative values to their contributions, or to indicate that two or more authors contributed equally to a paper. This can be done in a note at the end of the address field on the paper. The ´Additional keywords´ field is for keywords that do not already appear in the title, for example, geographic locations and major plant and animal species studied. If the paper is one of a numbered series, provide a reference to the preceding part.

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A scientific abstract in English of no more than 200 words must be provided; it should be informative but not include details. Avoid acronyms and references in the abstract.

Please also provide a brief summary of about 50 words for the non-specialist reader, to be included in the Table of Contents. Please insert this immediately after the Abstract. This entry is not meant to be an abstract in the formal sense; it is aimed at helping the general reader to find a paper with conclusions useful to them that might perhaps otherwise be overlooked. The relevance of a paper may not always be obvious from the title alone, which is typically written for the specialist reader.

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Place Acknowledgements after the Discussion and before the References.

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Conflicts of Interest
A ´Conflicts of Interest´ section should be included at the end of the manuscript. It should identify any financial or non-financial (political, personal, professional) interests/relationships that may be interpreted to have influenced the manuscript. If there is no conflict of interest, please include the statement "The authors declare no conflicts of interest".

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In the text, cite references chronologically by author and date; do not number them. Check that all references cited in the text are listed in the References list, and vice versa. Use ´and´ to link the names of two authors in the text, and use ´et al.´ where there are more than two.

In the References list, list references in alphabetical order, and check them carefully for accuracy. Do not include papers that have not been accepted for publication; if they must be included at all, cite them in the text as ´unpubl. data´ or ´pers. comm.´, along with the initial and surname of the person responsible. Please provide proof of acceptance for any paper cited as ´in press´. Unpublished but accepted papers should be cited as ´in press´ in text.

Give titles of books and names of journals in full. Include the title of the paper in all journal references, and provide first and last page numbers for all entries. Provide names of all authors (do not use ´et al.´ in the reference list).

Refer to the sample issue for the style used in citing references.

Examples of common references are:

  • Journal paper
    Hess JC, Scott CA, Hufford GL, Fleming MD (2001) El Niño and its impact on fire weather conditions in Alaska. International Journal of Wildland Fire 10, 1-13.
  • Book
    Cary G, Lindenmayer D, Dovers S (Eds) (2003) ´Australia burning: Fire ecology, policy and management issues.´ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)
  • Book chapter
    Gill AM, Bradstock R (2003) Fire regimes and biodiversity: a set of postulates. In ´Australia burning: Fire ecology, policy and management issues´. (Eds G Cary, D Lindenmayer, S Dovers) pp. 15-25. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)
  • Report
    Finney MA (1998) FARSITE: Fire Area Simulator-Model development and evaluation. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station Research Paper RMRS-RP-4. (Ogden, UT)

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Use the SI system, especially for exact measurement of physical quantities. If it is a convention to use non-SI units in a particular discipline, then give the equivalent SI values in parentheses.

Do not use the double solidus in complex groupings of units; use the negative index system instead, for example mg m-2 s-1.

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Mathematical formulae
Avoid two-line expressions in the running text. Display each long formula on a separate line. Set up complex mathematics using an equation editor using Times New Roman, Arial and Symbol fonts only.

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Tables will usually be one or two column widths, but large tables may be set ´landscape´ on the page. Number each with an Arabic numeral and supply a concise title. Provide explanatory material relevant to the whole table in a separate headnote, which should start on a separate paragraph from the title. Use footnotes to refer to specific elements in the table. Use superscript capital letters for table footnotes, and use asterisks only for probability levels. Use only horizontal rules in tables; do not use vertical rules.

When constructing tables, please use the Table Formatting function in Microsoft Word (i.e. use table cells, with each value in a separate cell). In column headings, include the symbols for the units of measurement in parentheses, and use standard SI prefixes to avoid an excessive number of digits in the body of the table. Do not use hard returns within table cells.

Tables should be placed after the References list in your manuscript.

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Preparing your illustrations for publication
Note: All figures should be submitted as separate files.

Line diagrams
Supply all line diagrams in one of the following formats: Adobe illustrator (.ai), encapsulated postscript (.eps), windows metafile (.wmf), Word, Powerpoint or Excel. In all cases they should be editable graphic files. The submission of scanned images or illustrations saved in .tif format is discouraged because of the difficulty in making editorial corrections; however, these may be submitted at a resolution of 600 dpi if necessary. Use CMYK not RGB format. Colour printing will involve an extra charge.

Legends to figure axes should state the quantity being measured followed by appropriate units in parentheses. Please ensure that lettering and symbols will have a final size of at least 8.5 point, and that all lines will have a final thickness of no less than 1 point.

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Digital images must be prepared and photographs scanned at a resolution of at least 300 dpi and saved as .jpg or Photoshop files. Use CMYK not RGB format. Colour photographs will be accepted if they are essential but the cost of colour reproduction must be borne by the author. The Production Editor will provide a quotation for the cost before production.

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Proofs and Reprints
To speed publication, proofs will be emailed to the corresponding author as a PDF file. If changes are simple, a list of corrections needed can be emailed to the Production Editor. Only essential changes and corrections of printing errors will be accepted at proof stage; excessive author changes may be charged for.

The corresponding author of each paper will receive a free PDF copy of the paper, but hard copy reprints may be ordered at proof stage. A Publication Charges Form will be sent with the proofs, which will itemise page charges, costs of extra reprints and charges for colour printing. The use of the PDF copy is subject to the Conditions of Use.

Please advise us if you are likely to be away at the time the proofs will be sent, or if your contact details change during the publication process.

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Checklist for preparation of manuscripts

  1. Submit your paper in electronic format only (Microsoft Word is preferred for the text) and include a scan of the completed Licence to Publish form.
  2. Type the title and all headings (including table headings) with only the first initial letter upper case, except for proper nouns.
  3. Align headings at the left. Main headings (Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, Conflicts of Interest, References) are set in bold roman type. Minor headings are set in light italic type.
  4. Use the following conventions: ´from x to y´, ´between x and y´ and ´range x-y´; use L for litre (hence mL, etc.); use single not double quotation marks; abbreviate the units hour(s) as h, minute(s) as min, second(s) as s, e.g. 4 h, 5 min, 3 s.
  5. Check that all references mentioned in the text are listed in the References, and vice versa.
  6. List references in the text in chronological order, separated by semicolons except references by the same author, where they are separated by commas. List references in the Reference list in alphabetical order. In the text, do not use a comma between the author´s name and the date. Italicise a, b, c etc. where several references are the same year.
  7. In the References, use italic type for the journal name and use bold roman type for the volume number.
  8. Give full journal names and book titles in the Reference list.
  9. Spell out numbers lower than 10 unless accompanied by a unit of measure, e.g. 2 mm, 15 mm, two plants, 15 plants. Do not leave a space between a numeral and the unit % or oC.
  10. Prepare figures with symbols and letters appropriate for the size at which the figure is intended to be reproduced. Submit figure files separately.
  11. Type the title of each table as a separate paragraph from the table. Put explanatory matter referring to the table as a whole in the headnote, which should be a separate paragraph from the table title. Tables should appear after the References list.
  12. File naming: save and name your files using the first author´s family name followed by F1, F2, etc. for figures. For example: Smith.doc = text document; smithF1.eps = Figure 1; smithT1.doc = Table 1.
  13. For the initial submission, please place figures (including their captions) and tables at the end of the manuscript, after the References section. Figures and tables should be submitted separately at the final submission stage.
  14. Provide the postal address, telephone number and email address of at least the corresponding author; we may need to contact you urgently.

International Journal of Wildland Fire is committed to the rapid publication of your paper. Please assist us in this aim by adhering to the guidelines above.

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