Typing the manuscript to Journal style
1. Type with double-spacing
Manuscripts should be typed (unjustified) with double-spacing throughout, and with a margin of at least 3 cm on the left-hand side: A4-sized paper is preferred. All pages should be numbered consecutively. If the typescripts are produced by word processor, a good quality printer should be used. If possible, do not justify the right-hand margin and type on paper with numbered lines.
2. Title page
The first page of the manuscript should contain the title of the paper, the names and full address(es) of the author(s), and a suggested short title (less than 50 letter-spaces). All lines should be typed flush left, with superscripts (A, B, C, etc.) relating the authors to their addresses.
All headings, including the title of the paper, should be typed in lower-case letters, with only the first letter of the first word and proper names capitalised. ´Abstract´ is a run-on heading followed by a full stop. Main headings (Introduction, Results, etc.) should be typed bold or have a wavy underline or no underline at all. Second-order headings should be typed in italics or have a single underline. Third-order headings are run-on headings, indented, in italics or with a single underline, and followed by a full stop.
All paragraphs following a heading are indented.
Dates in the text must be in the style 26 January 1999. In Tables, use 26 Jan. or 26.i.99.
The following are some standard abbreviations that need not be defined: l.s.d., s.e., s.d., n.s., DM, EDTA, DNA.
Use kg/ha not kg ha-1. Also use kg/sheep.day, but not kg/sheep/day or kg sheep-1 day-1. Use the specific term such as lamb, ewe, sheep or steer rather than head or beast. Abbreviation for litre is ´L´; millilitre is ´mL´.
Use numerals in the running text, except at the start of a sentence; but in titles and headings spell out numbers from 1 to 9.
In the text, use capital ´T´ for Table 1. Indicate the best placement of Tables by typing (Insert Table 1 here) in the margin.
Do not crowd Tables to fit on one page; use a second page if necessary. Use double-spacing for titles, headnotes and footnotes, and do not underline them. ´Table 1´ is part of the title and should not be typed on a separate line. Headnotes (or subheadings) should be used for notes or explanations that refer to the whole Table - they should be typed on a new line below the title. In column headings, side headings and Table entries, only capitalise the first letter of the first word and proper names. Units (cm, %, etc.) should be in parentheses and placed just after or below the headings (but above the line for column headings). Footnotes in Tables refer to specific column or row headings or to specific values in a Table. Use superscripts (A, B, C, etc.) for Table footnotes. Do not use vertical rules in Tables.
In the text and in the captions, use the abbreviated style of Fig. 1 (not Figure 1). Indicate the best placement of Figures by typing a note in the margin or between paragraphs in the text.
Captions to Figures should be typed on a separate page placed after the Tables. All lines should be typed flush left.
11. Mathematical formulae
These should be carefully typed with symbols in correct alignment and adequately spaced. If special symbols must be hand-written, they should be inserted with care and identified by pencilled notes in the margin. Each long formula should be displayed on a separate line with at least one line of space above and below.
Footnotes should be typed within horizontal rules immediately after the text to which they refer. Footnotes should be marked with superscripts (A, B, C, etc.).
Spell out the names of all periodicals, publishers, conference proceedings and books in full.
Examples of common references can be found in the Style guide for references.
Use of referencing software. To obtain the style file for this journal, please go to the following websites.
If using ´Reference Manager´, visit http://www.refman.com/support/rmoutputstyles.asp.
If using ´ProCite´, visit http://www.procite.com/support/pcoutputstyles.asp.
If using ´EndNote´ software, visit http://www.crandon.com.au.
You will find the style file under the ´Biosciences´ category, listed as Animal Production Science (continuing Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture).