CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Animal Production Science   
Animal Production Science
Journal Banner
  Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Virtual Issues
Reviews
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Scope
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
Awards and Prizes
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates
Library Recommendation

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter logo LinkedIn

 

Open Access Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 56(3)

A universal equation to predict methane production of forage-fed cattle in Australia

E. Charmley A G, S. R. O. Williams B, P. J. Moate B, R. S. Hegarty C, R. M. Herd D, V. H. Oddy D, P. Reyenga E, K. M. Staunton E, A. Anderson F and M. C. Hannah B

A CSIRO Agriculture, Private Mail Bag PO Aitkenvale, Townsville, Qld 4814, Australia.
B Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources, 1301 Hazeldean Road, Ellinbank, Vic. 3821, Australia.
C Environmental and Rural Sciences, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
D NSW Department of Primary Industries, Beef Industry Centre, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
E Department of the Environment, GPO Box 787, Canberra City, ACT 2601, Australia.
F Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Spyglass Beef Research Facility, MS 99, Charters Towers, Qld 4820, Australia.
G Corresponding author. Email: ed.charmley@csiro.au

Animal Production Science 56(3) 169-180 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AN15365
Submitted: 10 July 2015  Accepted: 6 November 2015   Published: 9 December 2015


 
 Full Text
 PDF (735 KB)
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

The methods for estimating methane emissions from cattle as used in the Australian national inventory are based on older data that have now been superseded by a large amount of more recent data. Recent data suggested that the current inventory emissions estimates can be improved. To address this issue, a total of 1034 individual animal records of daily methane production (MP) was used to reassess the relationship between MP and each of dry matter intake (DMI) and gross energy intake (GEI). Data were restricted to trials conducted in the past 10 years using open-circuit respiration chambers, with cattle fed forage-based diets (forage >70%). Results from diets considered to inhibit methanogenesis were omitted from the dataset. Records were obtained from dairy cattle fed temperate forages (220 records), beef cattle fed temperate forages (680 records) and beef cattle fed tropical forages (133 records). Relationships were very similar for all three production categories and single relationships for MP on a DMI or GEI basis were proposed for national inventory purposes. These relationships were MP (g/day) = 20.7 (±0.28) × DMI (kg/day) (R2 = 0.92, P < 0.001) and MP (MJ/day) = 0.063 (±0.008) × GEI (MJ/day) (R2 = 0.93, P < 0.001). If the revised MP (g/day) approach is used to calculate Australia’s national inventory, it will reduce estimates of emissions of forage-fed cattle by 24%. Assuming a global warming potential of 25 for methane, this represents a 12.6 Mt CO2-e reduction in calculated annual emissions from Australian cattle.

Additional keywords: beef, dairy, emissions intensity, tropical.


References

Archimède H, Eugène M, Marie-Magdeleine C, Boval M, Martin C, Morgavi DP, LeComte P, Doreau M (2011) Comparison of methane production between C3 and C4 grasses and legumes. Animal Feed Science and Technology 166–167, 59–64.
CrossRef |

Archimède H, Rira M, Eugene M, Morgavi DP, Anais C, Periacarpin F, Calif B, Martin C, Marie-Magdeleine C, Doreau M (2013) Intake, total-tract digestibility and methane emission of Texel and Blackbelly sheep fed C4 and C3 grasses tested simultaneously in a temperate and a tropical area. Advances in Animal Biosciences 4, 285

Australian Greenhouse Emissions Information System (2014) ‘National greenhouse gas inventory: Kyoto protocol accounting framework.’ Available at http://ageis.climatechange.gov.au/# [Verified 29 July 2014]

Blaxter KL, Clapperton JL (1965) Prediction of the amount of methane produced by ruminants. British Journal of Nutrition 19, 511–522.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Brouwer E (1965) Report of subcommittee on constants and factors. In ‘Proceedings of the 3rd EAAP symposium on energy metabolism’. Publ. 11. (Ed. KL Blaxter) pp. 441–443. (Academic Press: London, UK)

Deighton MH, Williams SRO, Hannah MC, Eckard RJ, Boland TM, Wales WJ, Moate PJ (2014) A modified sulphur hexafluoride tracer technique enables accurate determination of enteric methane emissions from ruminants. Animal Feed Science and Technology 197, 47–63.
CrossRef | CAS |

Department of the Environment (2014) National inventory report 2012, vol. 1. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. Available at http://www.environment.gov.au/climate-change/greenhouse-gas-measurement/publications#national [Verified 25 August 2014]

Department of the Environment (2015) ‘National greenhouse and energy reporting (measurement) amendment determination 2015 (No. 1).’ Departmental Commentary. http://www.environment.gov.au/consultation-draft-nger-amendmant-determination-2015-no1-departmental-commentry.doc [Verified 30 June 2015]

Dijkstra J, Van Zijderveld SM, Apajalahti JA, Bannink A, Gerrits WJJ, Newbold JR, Perdok HB, Berends H (2011) Relationships between methane production and milk fatty acid profiles in dairy cattle. Animal Feed Science and Technology 166–167, 590–595.
CrossRef |

Donoghue KA, Herd RM, Bird SH, Arthur PF, Hegarty RS (2013) Preliminary genetic parameters for methane yield in Australian beef cattle. In ‘Proceedings of the Association for the Advancement of Animal Breeding and Genetics. Vol. 20’. (Ed. NL Villalobos) pp. 290–293. (Association for the Advancement of Animal Breeding and Genetics: Napier, NZ)

Doyle PT, Francis SA, Stockdale CR (2005) Associative effects between feeds when concentrate supplements are fed to grazing dairy cows: a review of likely impacts on metabolizable energy supply. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 56, 1315–1329.
CrossRef |

Galwey NW (2006) ‘Introduction to mixed modelling, beyond regression and analysis of variance.’ (John Wiley & Sons: Chichester, UK)

Gardiner TD, Coleman MD, Innocenti F, Tompkins J, Connor A, Garnsworthy PC, Moorby JM, Reynolds CK, Waterhouse A, Wills D (2015) Determination of the absolute accuracy of UK chamber facilities used in measuring methane emissions from livestock. Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation 66, 272–279.
CrossRef |

Grainger C, Clarke T, McGinn SM, Auldist MJ, Beauchemin KA, Hannah MC, Waghorn GC, Clark H, Eckhard RJ (2007) Methane emissions from dairy cows measured using sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer and chamber techniques. Journal of Dairy Science 90, 2755–2766.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Grainger C, Auldist MJ, Clarke T, Beauchemin KA, McGinn SM, Hannah MC, Eckard RJ, Lowe LB (2008) Use of monensin controlled-release capsules to reduce methane emissions and improve milk production of dairy cows offered pasture supplemented with grain. Journal of Dairy Science 91, 1159–1165.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Grainger C, Williams SRO, Eckard RJ, Hannah MC (2010) A high dose of monensin does not reduce methane emissions of dairy cows offered pasture supplemented with grain. Journal of Dairy Science 93, 5300–5308.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Hammond KJ, Humphries DJ, Westbury DB, Thompson A, Crompton LA, Kirton P, Green C, Reynolds CK (2014) The inclusion of forage mixtures in the diet of growing dairy heifers: impacts on digestion, energy utilization, and methane emissions. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 197, 88–95.
CrossRef | CAS |

Hegarty RS, Goopy JP, Herd RM, McCorkell B (2006) Cattle selected for lower residual feed intake have reduced daily methane production. Journal of Animal Science 85, 1479–1486.
CrossRef |

Hegarty R, Bird S, Woodgate R (2014) Chapter 2: cattle respiration facility, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia. In ‘Technical manual on respiration chamber designs’. (Eds C Pinares, G Waghorn) pp. 31–44. (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: Wellington, NZ) Available at http://www.globalresearchalliance.org/app/uploads/2012/03/GRA-MAN-Facility-BestPract-2012-FINAL.pdf [Verified 31 July 2014]

Herd RM, Donoghue KA, Arthur PF, Bird SH, Bird-Gardiner T, Hegarty RS (2014) Measures of methane production and their phenotypic relationships with growth and body composition traits in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science 92, 5267–5274.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Holden LA, Miller LD, Varga GA, Hillard PJ (1994) Ruminal digestion and duodenal nutrient flows in dairy cows consuming grass as pasture, hay, or silage. Journal of Dairy Science 77, 3034–3042.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Hristov AN, Oh J, Firkins JL, Dijkstra J, Kebreab E, Waghorn GC, Makkar HPS, Adesogan AT, Yang W, Lee C, Gerber PJ, Henderson B, Tricarico JM (2013a) Mitigation of methane and nitrous oxide emissions from animal operations: I. A review of enteric methane mitigation options. Journal of Animal Science 91, 5045–5069.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Hristov AN, Oh J, Lee C, Meinen R, Montes F, Ott T, Firkins J, Rotz A, Dell C, Adesogan A, Ang WZ, Tricarico J, Kebreab E, Waghorn GC, Dijkstra J, Oosting S (2013b) ‘Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in livestock production: a review of technical options for non-CO2 emissions. FAO animal production and health. Paper no. 177.’ (Eds P Gerber, B Henderson, H Makkar) (FAO: Rome, Italy)

Hunter RA (2007) Methane production by cattle in the tropics. British Journal of Nutrition 98, 657
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

IPCC (2000) ‘Good practice guidance and uncertainty management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.’ (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Kanagawa, Japan)

Johnson KA, Johnson DE (1995) Methane emissions from cattle. Journal of Animal Science 73, 2483–2492.

Johnson K, Huyler M, Westberg H, Lamb B, Zimmerman P (1994) Measurement of methane emissions from ruminant livestock using a SF6 tracer technique. Environmental Science & Technology 28, 359–362.
CrossRef | CAS |

Kennedy PM, Charmley E (2012) Methane yields from Brahman cattle fed tropical grasses and legumes. Animal Production Science 52, 225–239.
CrossRef | CAS |

Kurihara M, Magner T, Hunter RA, McCrabb GJ (1999) Methane production and energy partition of cattle in the tropics. British Journal of Nutrition 81, 227–234.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Margan DE, Graham NMcC, Minson DJ, Searle TW (1988) Energy and protein values of four forages, including a comparison between tropical and temperate species. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 28, 729–736.
CrossRef |

Minson DJ, McDonald CK (1987) Estimating forage intake from the growth of beef cattle. Tropical Grasslands 21, 116–122.

Moate PJ, Deighton MH, Hannah MC, Williams SRO (2012) Intake effects on methane emissions from dairy cows. In ‘The CCRSPI conference, Melbourne, 27–29 November 2012’. pp. 60–61. (Climate Change Research Strategy for Primary Industries: Melbourne)

Moate PJ, Williams SRO, Torok VA, Hannah MC, Eckard RJ, Auldist MJ, Ribaux BE, Jacobs JL, Wales WJ (2013) Effects of feeding algal meal high in docosahexanoic acid on feed intake milk production and methane emissions in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 96, 3177–3188.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Moate PJ, Williams SRO, Deighton MH, Pryce JE, Hayes BJ, Jacobs JL, Eckard RJ, Hannah MC, Wales WJ (2014) Mitigation of enteric methane emissions from the Australian dairy industry. In ‘Proceedings of the 6th Australasian dairy science symposium’. (Ed. J Roche) pp. 121–136. (Australasian Dairy Science Symposium: Hamilton, NZ)

Nakagawa S, Schieizeth S (2013) A general and simple method for obtaining R 2 from general linear mixed effects models. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4, 133–142.
CrossRef |

NHMRC (2004) ‘Australian code of practice for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes.’ 7th edn. (Commonwealth of Australia: Canberra)

Ricci P, Rooke JA, Nevison I, Waterhouse A (2013) Methane emissions from beef and dairy cattle: quantifying the effect of physiological stage and diet characteristics. Journal of Animal Science 91, 5379–5389.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Rotz CA, Corson MS, Chianese DS, Montes F, Hafner SD, Coiner CU (2011) ‘Integrated farm system model: reference manual.’ (US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service: University Park, PA) Available at http://ars.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/Place/19020000/ifsmreference.pdf [Verified 29 August 2014]

Sauvant D, Schmidely P, Daudin JJ, St-Pierre NR (2008) Meta-analyses of experimental data in animal nutrition. Animal 2, 1203–1214.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Sauvant D, Giger-Reverdin S, Serment A, Broudiscou L (2011) Influences des régimes et de leur fermentation dans le rumen sur la production de méthane par les ruminants. INRA Production Animaux 24, 433–446.

St-Pierre NR (2001) Invited review: integrating quantitative findings from multiple studies using mixed model methodology. Journal of Dairy Science 84, 741–755.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Standing Committee on Agriculture (1990) ‘Feeding standards for Australian livestock ruminants.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne)

Storm IM, Hellwing ALF, Nielsen NI, Madsen J (2012) Methods for measuring and estimating methane emission from ruminants. Animals (Basel) 2, 160–183.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Tomkins NW, McGinn SM, Turner DA, Charmley E (2011) Comparison of two methods for measuring methane emissions from beef cattle grazing Rhodes grass dominated pastures. Animal Feed Science and Technology 166–167, 240–247.
CrossRef |

Tyrrell HF, Moe PW (1972) Net energy value for lactation of a high and low concentrate ration containing corn silage. Journal of Dairy Science 55, 1106–1112.
CrossRef |

Ulyatt MJ, Lassey KR, Shelton ID, Walker CF (2002) Methane emission from dairy cows and wether sheep fed subtropical grass-dominant pastures in midsummer in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 45, 227–234.
CrossRef | CAS |

United States Department of Agriculture (2011) Quantifying greenhouse gas sources and sinks in animal production systems. In ‘Greenhouse gas estimation. Quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes in agriculture and forestry: methods for entity-scale inventory’. pp. 5–159. (Office of the Chief Economist, USDA: Washington, DC) Available at www.usda.gov/oce/climate_change/estimation.htm [Verified 10 July 2015]

Vercoe JE (1970) Fasting metabolism and heat increment of feeding in Brahman × British and British cross cattle. In ‘Energy metabolism of farm animals’. EAAP Publication No. 13. (Eds A Schurch, C Wenk) pp. 85–88. (Juris Druck and Verlag Zurich: Zurich, Switzerland)

Wilkerson VA, Casper DP, Mertens DR (1995) The prediction of methane production of Holstein cows by several equations. Journal of Dairy Science 78, 2402–2414.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Williams SRO, Clark T, Hannah MC, Marett LC, Moate PJ, Auldist MJ, Wales WJ (2013) Energy partitioning in herbage-fed dairy cows offered supplementary grain during an extended lactation. Journal of Dairy Science 96, 484–494.
CrossRef | CAS |

Yan T, Agnew RE, Gordon FJ, Porter MG (2000) Prediction of methane energy output in dairy and beef cattle offered grass silage-based diets. Livestock Production Science 64, 253–263.
CrossRef |

Yan T, Porter MG, Mayne CS (2009) Prediction of methane emission from beef cattle using data measured in indirect open-circuit respiration chambers. Animal 3, 1455–1462.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |


   
 


    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2016