CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Crop & Pasture Science   
Crop & Pasture Science
Journal Banner
  Plant Sciences, Sustainable Farming Systems & Food Quality
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Farrer Reviews
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter LinkedIn

red arrow Farrer Reviews
blank image

Invited Farrer Review Series. More...

red arrow PrometheusWiki
blank image
Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 63(2)

Adaptation analysis of diversity in adzuki germplasm introduced into Australia

R. J. Redden A D , P. M. Kroonenberg B and K. E. Basford C

A Department of Primary Industries, Horsham, Vic. 3401, Australia.
B Department of Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.
C The University of Queensland, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia.
D Corresponding author. Email: Bob.Redden@dpi.vic.gov.au

Crop and Pasture Science 63(2) 142-154 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/CP11327
Submitted: 6 December 2011  Accepted: 19 March 2012   Published: 17 April 2012

PDF (652 KB) $25
 Export Citation

Adzuki bean germplasm was introduced to Australia from China as part of a program to develop better adapted varieties for the Australian sub-tropics than the current standard varieties derived from Japan, and to develop an export industry targeting Japan. Since adzuki was a new crop in Australia, the key questions were whether suitably adapted genotypes could be obtained from China, and whether these were higher yielding than the Japanese derived local standards and of acceptable seed quality.

A geographically stratified core collection of adzuki bean (Vigna angularis) landraces from China was field evaluated for agronomic and phenologic traits at sites in China in a related study, and also at Hermitage Research Station, Queensland, in the main target region for adzuki cultivation in Australia.

A relationship was found between the regional patterns of adaptation in the core collection grown in China and yield performance at Hermitage. In particular, the late maturing gene pool which originated from South China had the greatest yield at the lower latitude location in Australia, and a gene pool from central China combined both high yield and acceptable seed quality. These lines from China were superior in yield to the local standards, and many also had suitable seed quality for the Japanese market.

In further screening of these selections from Hermitage, they were also superior in yield to the local standards in central Queensland, but not in central New South Wales.

The breeding of higher yielding varieties for Queensland with suitable quality for the Japanese market is suggested, both by direct releases of identified Chinese accessions and by further crossing of the medium and late maturing superior selections from China with the local standard varieties Erimo and Bloodwood, which have the large red seed desired in Japan.

For New South Wales, one accession from China was comparable to the local checks and appears useful for gene pool diversification, however a separate introductory screening evaluation of Chinese germplasm in New South Wales is suggested to better identify promising accessions with phenology suited to the more temperate latitudes.

Thus characterisation of genetic diversity for adaptation can assist with the introduction of germplasm for a new crop. The diversity in the adzuki germplasm from China provided the needed phenologic flexibility for introduction of the crop to southern Queensland, with superior yield to the standard varieties from Japan and acceptable seed quality.

Additional keywords: adzuki bean, landraces, multi-location, three-way analysis, China, Australia.


Basford KE, McLachlan GJ (1985) The mixture method of clustering applied to three-way data. Journal of Classification 2, 109–125.
CrossRef |

Desborough PJ (1980) Adzuki bean cv. Bloodwood. Journal of Australian Institute of Agricultural Science 46, 264

Desborough P, Redden R (1996) Adzuki beans – R&D for grain export and local processing. In ‘First Australian New Crops Conference’. pp. 25–28. (The University of Queensland Gatton College, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation: Kingston, ACT)

Desborough P, Redden R (1997) Adzuki bean. In ‘The New Rural Industries. A handbook for farmers and investors’. (Ed. KW Hyde) pp. 317–321. (Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation: Kingston, ACT)

Desborough P, Lawrence P, Redden R, Xuxiao Z (2002) Characterisation of response to temperature and photoperiod in a core collection of adzuki bean from China. In ‘Plant breeding for the 11th Millennium. Proceedings 12th Australasian Plant Breeding Confernce’. Perth, W. Aust. (Ed. JA McComb) pp. 565–568. (Australasian Plant breeding Association: Perth)

Gabriel KR (1981) Biplot display of multivariate matrices for inspection of data and diagnosis. In ‘Interpreting multivariate data’. (Ed. V Barnett) pp. 147–173. (Wiley: Chichester, UK)

Hamilton AJ (2001) Seed quality of azuki and kintoki beans. RIRC Report No. 01/122, Canberra, ACT. p.16.

Hubert L, Arabie P (1985) Comparing partitions. Journal of Classification 2, 193–218.
CrossRef |

James AJ, Lawn RJ (2011) Application of physiological understanding in soybean improvement. II. Broadening phenological adaptation across regions and sowing dates. Crop & Pasture Science 62, 12–24.
CrossRef |

Kempton RA (1984) The use of biplots in interpreting variety by environment interactions. The Journal of Agricultural Science 122, 335–342.
CrossRef |

Kroonenberg PM (1997) ‘Introduction to biplots for G×E tables (3rd Version).’ Centre for Statistics, The University of Queensland Research Report #51. (Department of Mathematics, The University of Queensland: Brisbane) Available at: http://three-mode.leidenuniv.nl/document/biplot.pdf

Kroonenberg PM (2008) ‘Applied multiway data analysis.’ (Wiley: Hoboken, NJ)

Lumpkin TA, McClary DC (1994) ‘Azuki bean: botany, production and uses.’ (CAB International: Wallingford, UK)

Redden R, Desborough P, Page J, Twyford-Jones P (2000a) Adzuki beans: from production to marketing – Part 1. Agricultural Science 13, 38–41.

Redden R, Wang S, Hu J (2000b) Adzuki bean: Evaluation and utilisation of germplasm in Australia and China. Final Report. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) Project 96/964, Canberra, ACT.

Redden RJ, Basford KE, Kroonenberg PM, Amirul Islam FM, Ellis R, Wang S, Cao Y, Zong X, Wang X (2009) Variation in adzuki bean (Vigna angularis) germplasm grown in China. Crop Science 49, 771–782.
CrossRef |

Wang SM, Redden RJ, Hu JP, Desborough PJ, Lawrence PL, Usher T (2001) Chinese adzuki bean germplasm: 1. Evaluation of agronomic traits. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 52, 671–681.
CrossRef |

Zong X, Kaga A, Tomooka N, Wang XW, Han OK, Vaughan D (2003) Genetic diversity of the Vigna angularis complex Asia. Genome 46, 647–658.
CrossRef | CAS |

Subscriber Login

Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2015