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Article << Previous     |         Contents Vol 58(8)

Flushing time of solutes and pollutants in the central Great Barrier Reef lagoon, Australia

Yonghong Wang A B E, Peter V. Ridd B, Mal L. Heron B, Thomas C. Stieglitz B C, Alan R. Orpin B D

A College of Marine Geoscience, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China.
B School of Mathematics, Physics and Information Technology, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.
C Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, MC, Townsville, Qld 4810, Australia.
D NIWA, Private Bag 14-901, Kilbirnie, Wellington, New Zealand.
E Corresponding author. Email: yonghong.wang@jcu.edu.au
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The flushing time of the central Great Barrier Reef lagoon was determined by using salinity as a tracer and developing both an exchange model and a diffusion model of the shelf exchange processes. Modelling suggests that the cross-shelf diffusion coefficient is approximately constant for the outer half of the lagoon but decays rapidly closer to the coast. The typical outer-shelf diffusion coefficient is ~1400 m2 s–1, dropping to less than 100 m2 s–1 close to the coast. Flushing times are around 40 days for water close to the coast and 14 days for water in the offshore reef matrix.

Keywords: diffusion coefficient, exchange and diffusion model.

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