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Advances in the aquatic sciences

Marine and Freshwater Research

Marine and Freshwater Research

Marine and Freshwater Research is a multidisciplinary journal publishing original research and reviews on all aquatic environments and subject areas. Read more about the journalMore

Editor-in-Chief: Max Finlayson


Current Issue

Marine and Freshwater Research

Volume 68 Number 8 2017

Acoustic Telemetry of Fish & Sharks

MF17054Where technology meets ecology: acoustic telemetry in contemporary Australian aquatic research and management

Matthew D. Taylor, Russ C. Babcock, Colin A. Simpfendorfer and David A. Crook
pp. 1397-1402

This review provides insight into the important role that acoustic telemetry plays in the research and management of Australian aquatic ecosystems. Application of the technology transcends aquatic environments and bureaucracies, and the patterns revealed are relevant to many of the contemporary challenges facing decision makers with oversight of aquatic populations or ecosystems. Improved knowledge of aquatic movement ecology ultimately supports informed and adaptive management approaches.

MF16126Optimising the design of large-scale acoustic telemetry curtains

Andre Steckenreuter, Xavier Hoenner, Charlie Huveneers, Colin Simpfendorfer, Marie J. Buscot, Katherine Tattersall, Russell Babcock, Michelle Heupel, Mark Meekan, James van den Broek, Phillip McDowall, Vic Peddemors and Robert Harcourt
pp. 1403-1413

This study assessed the efficiency of a national acoustic telemetry network to detect passing animals. The aim was to determine how many receivers could be decommissioned from each of the eight curtains while maintaining its integrity. Applying predefined criteria, we were able to improve the network significantly, reducing the number of stations by 36%, yet still retaining 84% of total detections, 86% of transmitters and 100% of detected species. This study provides a useful framework for refining acoustic telemetry networks.

MF16122Long-term migration patterns and bisexual philopatry in a benthic shark species

Nathan Charles Bass, Johann Mourier, Nathan A. Knott, Joanna Day, Tristan Guttridge and Culum Brown
pp. 1414-1421

The movements of Port Jackson sharks captured in Jervis Bay on the NSW south coast were tracked, finding that sharks migrate thousands of kilometres each year to their feeding sites in Bass Strait. Males and females return to the same breeding reef each year. Males migrate more quickly than females and the trip south is faster than the trip north.

Acoustic tagging and tracking of spangled emperor (Lethrinus nebulosus) indicated that although home range locations of some individuals varied according diel and tidal signals, variation among individuals was generally greater than that related to environmental signals. Individual home range sizes were similar across diel and tidal cycles. Seasonal variation in habitat use included annual migrations, sometimes over 100 km, to potential spawning locations that coincided with particular lunar phases.

The patterns of distribution and abundance of snapper in South Australia changed throughout the 2000s, subsequently affecting the best approach for managing snapper fisheries. The aim of the present study was to investigate snapper movement behaviour, revealing aspects of its spatial scope, seasonal variation and systematic nature. The findings revealed the complexity of snapper movement, which is beneficial for developing appropriate fishery and spatial ecosystem management approaches.

MF16199Habitat effects on home range and schooling behaviour in a herbivorous fish (Kyphosus bigibbus) revealed by acoustic tracking

R. D. Pillans, R. C. Babcock, D. P. Thomson, M. D. E. Haywood, R. A. Downie, M. A. Vanderklift and W. A. Rochester
pp. 1454-1467

The herbivorous coral reef fish Kyphosus bigibbus was tagged with acoustic transmitters revealing that this species has a larger home range area than documented previously for any other coral reef herbivorous fish. The fish showed long-term fidelity (up to 20 months) to particular home reefs and within the school with which they were tagged. Patterns of habitat use varied substantially, despite the close proximity of these home reefs.

MF16120Measuring niche overlap between co-occurring Plectropomus spp. using acoustic telemetry and stable isotopes

J. K. Matley, M. R. Heupel, A. T. Fisk, C. A. Simpfendorfer and A. J. Tobin
pp. 1468-1478

Movement and dietary patterns of two co-occurring predatory reef fish were examined at Orpheus Island, Australia, respectively using acoustic telemetry and stable isotopes. The findings show low spatial overlap, but high dietary overlap between Plectropomus leopardus and P. maculatus, which may be a product of competition for resources. This research provides new species-specific information about resource use within a genus commonly reported as a single entity.

MF16351Residency and movement patterns of yellowfin bream (Acanthopagrus australis) released at natural and artificial reef sites

Michael Lowry, Alistair Becker, Heath Folpp, James McLeod and Matthew D. Taylor
pp. 1479-1488

Movement patterns of yellowfin bream (Acanthopagrus australis) released at artificial and natural reef sites within a coastal lake indicate that fish associated with the artificial reef system were detected for considerably longer periods, with greater numbers of fish identified as resident within the artificial reef system. A longer range movements >200 km was also detected.

MF16127Multispecies presence and connectivity around a designed artificial reef

Krystle Keller, James A. Smith, Michael B. Lowry, Matthew D. Taylor and Iain M. Suthers
pp. 1489-1500

The presence and movement patterns of eastern fiddler rays (Trygonorrhina fasciata), Port Jackson sharks (Heterodontus portusjacksoni) and bluespotted flathead (Platycephalus caeruleopunctatus) were monitored using acoustic telemetry around an artificial reef (AR) to examine the degree of site attachment and the potential for fish production at this reef. All three species moved frequently between the AR and nearby natural reefs, and their moderate presence at the AR indicates that this reef has been incorporated by these species into their natural range.

MF16131Contrasting patterns of residency and space use of coastal sharks within a communal shark nursery

Beverly Z. L. Oh, Michele Thums, Russ C. Babcock, Jessica J. Meeuwig, Richard D. Pillans, Conrad Speed and Mark G. Meekan
pp. 1501-1517

Marine protected areas (MPAs) can benefit mobile sharks when essential nursery habitats are characterised and protected. In this study, the movement patterns of two reef shark species were investigated relative to a MPA in northern Australia. No-take MPAs encompassing sandflat and vegetated habitats can benefit juvenile sicklefin lemon sharks that exhibit residency and affinity to these features, but will have limited benefit for juvenile blacktip reef sharks that have broader movements.

MF16222Broad-scale coastal movements of white sharks off Western Australia described by passive acoustic telemetry data

R. B. McAuley, B. D. Bruce, I. S. Keay, S. Mountford, T. Pinnell and F. G. Whoriskey
pp. 1518-1531

This study monitored the movements of 89 acoustically tagged white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) around southern and western Australia, using an extensive network of passive acoustic receivers. Results indicate little evidence of predictable or coordinated movements among individual sharks. Nevertheless, these data can inform initiatives to mitigate the risks associated with human encounters with white sharks.

The behaviour of the air breathing Australian Lungfish was assessed in three dimensions within a large riverine impoundment using an acoustic array and depth sensors. We found that lake stratification constrained fish depth use, however the total volumetric activity space used remained similar between stratified and un-stratified periods. The use of a 3-D modelling approach to describe fish activity space use, revealed information that traditional 2-D fish tracking approaches would not have identified.

MF16125Migration patterns and estuarine aggregations of a catadromous fish, Australian bass (Percalates novemaculeata) in a regulated river system

D. J. Harding, R. G. Dwyer, T. M. Mullins, M. J. Kennard, R. D. Pillans and D. T. Roberts
pp. 1544-1553

We investigated the effects of oocyte development, flow magnitude and artificial barriers on migration behaviour in Australian bass (Percalates novemaculeata). Bass spawning migrations occurred only when gonads were mature and on large flows. Connectivity to estuarine spawning habitats was reduced by instream weirs. Our findings are relevant to water resource managers formulating environmental flow rules for regulated river systems.

MF16177Use of otolith chemistry and acoustic telemetry to elucidate migratory contingents in barramundi Lates calcarifer

D. A. Crook, D. J. Buckle, Q. Allsop, W. Baldwin, T. M. Saunders, P. M. Kyne, J. D. Woodhead, Roland Maas, Brien Roberts and M. M. Douglas
pp. 1554-1566

Migration is a fundamental aspect of the life history of many fish. This study used acoustic telemetry and analysis of strontium isotopes in otoliths (fish ear stones) to study intraspecific variation in the migrations of barramundi in the Northern Territory, Australia. A revised life history model identifying three migratory contingents is presented to support future management of the species.

Telemetry studies can provide valuable data to fill crucial gaps in our knowledge of the movement behaviours of fish. Herein we use four native Australian fish species as case studies to demonstrate how data derived from telemetry studies can be synthesised into conceptual diagrams to help scientists and managers develop targeted and effective conservation management strategies.

Online Early

The peer-reviewed and edited version of record published online before inclusion in an issue

Published online 17 August 2017

MF16317Coral bleaching in the southern inshore Great Barrier Reef: a case study from the Keppel Islands

Emma V. Kennedy, Alexandra Ordoñez and Guillermo Diaz-Pulido

Warm sea temperatures affected the Great Barrier Reef in the summer of 2016, causing severe coral bleaching in northern and central reef regions. Southern reef areas were thought to escape bleaching; however, herein we report minor coral bleaching around the Keppel Islands (14 sites). Approximately 21% of corals were mildly affected, with Pocillopora and some Acropora appearing sensitive. No mortality was observed. This study contributes to the long-term records of disturbance and recovery dynamics in the Keppel Islands.

Published online 07 August 2017

MF17023Patterns of dissolved organic matter across the Patagonian landscape: a broad-scale survey of Chilean and Argentine lakes

Horacio E. Zagarese, Marcela Ferraro, Claudia Queimaliños, María del Carmen Diéguez, Diego Añón Suárez and María Eugenia Llames

The concentration and optical properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM) of lakes provide clues as to the water sources and in-lake microbial and photochemical processes. The present study is the first broad-scale survey of DOM from Patagonian lakes (Chile and Argentina) across a strong west–east precipitation gradient. We conclude that this set of lakes provides a convenient observational system to investigate the effects of contemporary climate change.

Published online 01 August 2017

MF16381Regionalisation is key to establishing reference conditions for neotropical savanna streams

Isabela Martins, Raphael Ligeiro, Robert M. Hughes, Diego R. Macedo and Marcos Callisto

Streams under reference conditions are necessary for the evaluation and monitoring of the conservation status of aquatic ecosystems of a region. In this study we demonstrated that a hydrological unit does not constitute a homogeneous entity in terms of environmental variables and biological composition. The results of the study will improve and facilitate the selection of reference sites for biomonitoring programs and for managing Neotropical savanna streams.

Published online 28 July 2017

MF16257Illegal trade of aquarium species through the Brazilian postal service in Ceará State

Lívio M. Gurjão, Glaura M. L. Barros, Daniele P. Lopes, Daniel A. N. Machado and Tito M. C. Lotufo

Although mailing of live or dead organisms is forbidden in Brazil, smugglers use the postal service to transport aquarium species throughout the country. To assess this illegal practice, confiscations comprising native (including species threatened with extinction) and non-native organisms were performed. Brazilian authorities must intensify package inspections, especially in the south-eastern region, because seizures seem to mitigate the illicit transportation of aquarium species to some extent.

Published online 28 July 2017

MF16403Age and growth of the banded guitarfish Zapteryx exasperata (Chondrichthyes: Trygonorrhinidae)

Fabián Cervantes-Gutiérrez, Javier Tovar-Ávila and Felipe Galván-Magaña

The age and growth of the banded guitarfish (Zapteryx exasperata) from Baja California Sur, Mexico, was estimated for the first time based on growth band counts in its vertebrae. Larger sizes than those reported in the literature were observed for both females (103-cm total length, TL) and males (92 cm TL). Similarly, females lived longer than males (22.6 v. 19.6 years respectively).

Mangroves are one of the most widely distributed types of plants that grow along the coast of Australia. Low winter temperatures and frost are thought to limit the stature and productivity of mangroves in Victoria. Because air and water temperatures will increase markedly over coming decades, it is likely that Victorian mangroves will be among the first plant communities to be noticeably affected by climate change in coastal south-eastern Australia.

Published online 28 July 2017

MF16335Detection, dispersal and biogeochemical contribution of hydrothermal iron in the ocean

Thomas M. Holmes, Zanna Chase, Pier van der Merwe, Ashley T. Townsend and Andrew R. Bowie

Scarcity of iron limits phytoplankton growth in approximately two-thirds of the world’s oceans. Hydrothermal plumes have recently gained recognition as a long-range source of iron to the deep oceans that, importantly, may also affect surface ocean phytoplankton growth in some regions. This review brings into focus current understanding of hydrothermal systems and their contribution to the global oceanic iron budget.

Published online 28 July 2017

MF16259Multisource data for seasonal variability analysis of cyanobacteria in a tropical inland aquatic environment

Rejane Ennes Cicerelli, Maria de Lourdes B. Trindade Galo and Henrique Llacer Roig

In this study we investigated the behaviour of cyanobacteria by determining phycocyanin and chlorophyll concentrations using spectroradiometric and fluorometric data. The spectral analyses could only detect phycocyanin at higher concentrations. For lower concentrations, phycocyanin was detected from fluorometric measurements. Therefore, remote sensing complemented by fluorometric analysis seems an effective method for monitoring cyanobacteria in Brazilian inland waters.

Published online 27 July 2017

MF16363Food resource partitioning between two sympatric temperate wrasses

Mauro Sinopoli, Renato Chemello, Antonino Vaccaro and Marco Milazzo

Climate change modified the spatial distribution of two sympatric Mediterranean fishes. Does this change have indirect effects on trophic niches and trophic interactions between the two species of fish? The two species have different trophic niches and do not interact for food, regardless of forcing of climate change.

The Cooloola Patterned Fens are a unique wetland in south-eastern Queensland and are potentially at risk from water extraction for the nearby town. Statistical analysis of regional water-chemistry data was used to determine the groundwater source that the ecosystem depends on. The fens were found to use perched aquifer water, whereas local creeks are connected to the deeper regional aquifer.

Published online 21 July 2017

MF16387Lake and species specific patterns of non-diadromous recruitment in amphidromous fish: the importance of local recruitment and habitat requirements

Andy S. Hicks, Matt G. Jarvis, Bruno O. David, Jonathan M. Waters, Marc D. Norman and Gerard P. Closs

Amphidromous fish live and spawn in streams, but are widely believed to have an oceanic larval period, resulting in wide dispersal and connective populations. In this study we show that when an alternative larval habitat (i.e. a lake or wetland) is present, freshwater larval rearing is the dominant process sustaining many populations. The retention of larvae in lakes has implications for the dispersal, connectivity and management of amphidromous fish.

Published online 17 July 2017

MF16375Ontogenetic shifts in habitat use during the dry season by an amphidromous shrimp in a tropical lowland river

Peter A. Novak, Peter Bayliss, Erica A. Garcia, Brad J. Pusey and Michael M. Douglas

The present study examined the dry-season meso-habitat use by the amphidromous shrimp species, Macrobrachium spinipes, in northern Australia. We found that habitat use changed considerably first, with ontogeny, and, second, with the annual colonisation of habitats with algae and macrophytes as the dry season progressed. The study has provided significant insights into the changes in use of key riverine habitats throughout the dry season by an ecologically important species

In a recent paper in Marine and Freshwater Research, Nichols et al. called for a reinvestment in national-scale bioassessment in Australia. We agree that the absence of national-scale bioassessment impedes the ability to detect slow-acting impacts such as climate and land-use change. We argue that a reinvigorated national program should go beyond bioassessment and assess river resilience, including the social and ecological parameters that influence river health.

Published online 17 July 2017

MF16408Quantifying macrodetritus fluxes from a small temperate estuary

Rebecca V. Gladstone-Gallagher, Dean R. Sandwell, Andrew M. Lohrer, Carolyn J. Lundquist and Conrad A. Pilditch

Hydrodynamics drive the export of estuarine-derived primary production and nutrients to adjacent, less-productive offshore waters. The present study quantified estuary-to-coast fluxes of detritus and nutrients by sampling the water at the mouth of a small temperate estuary. These types of studies are important to determine the ecosystem services provided by temperate estuaries.

Published online 17 July 2017

MF16399Non-stationarity of low flows and their relevance to river modelling during drought periods

David W. Rassam, Daniel Pagendam, Mat Gilfedder and Lu Zhang

Conventional river models typically ignore the effects of groundwater-storage change on river flow, and, hence, predicted declines in river low flows during drought periods are likely to be compromised. The present study undertakes statistical analysis of low flows in the Namoi River, and highlights implications for river modelling more broadly. The results showed the importance of adopting models that explicitly account for groundwater processes when modelling such river systems.

Published online 13 July 2017

MF17022Transcoelomic expulsion of an ingested foreign object by a carcharhinid shark

S. T. Kessel, J. Fraser, W. G. Van Bonn, J. L. Brooks, T. L. Guttridge, N. E. Hussey and S. H. Gruber

A wild lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris) was observed to expel an ingested foreign object through its body wall, over a minimum period of 435 days. We observed this lemon shark at a recreational diving feeding site off the coast of Jupiter (FL, USA) on 12 occasions between 6 December 2014 and 14 December 2016. Following expulsion, we observed this lemon shark recovered and in apparent healthy condition.

Atmospheric nuclear testing added the radioisotope caesium-137 to the global environment. We sampled depressional wetland soils across three regions of the United States (Southeast, Atlantic Coast, and Midwest) and quantified accumulated sediment, carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds in wetland soil since ‘peak caesium’ deposition in 1964. Substantial accumulation occurred, with only phosphorus differing by region. Depressional wetland management is, thus, important for landscape-scale sediment, nutrient and carbon dynamics.

Published online 06 July 2017

MF16346Effects of aeration, sediment grain size and burial on stream litter breakdown and consumer performance: a microcosm study

Olatz Pereda, Maite Arroita, Ibon Aristi, Lorea Flores, Aitor Larrañaga and Arturo Elosegi

Reduced turbulence and aeration can affect stream ecosystems, but their effects can differ from the surface to subsurface habitats, and depend, among other things, on sediment size and the availability of organic matter (OM). A microcosm experiment showed that lack of aeration reduced OM consumption, especially on the surface, and sediment size caused differences in performance between the two invertebrate species studied, namely mayfly (Habroleptoides) and stonefly (Capnioneura).

Published online 06 July 2017

MF17038Ecological and behavioural traits of the Sri Lankan water monitor (Varanus salvator) in an urban landscape of Western Province, Sri Lanka

Suranjan Karunarathna, Thilina Surasinghe, Majintha Madawala, Ruchira Somaweera and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe

The Asian water monitor is widespread on the island of Sri Lanka. The present study was a 7-month survey within a 5-km stretch at an urban riverscape in Sri Lanka. The most monitor sightings were made in aquatic habitats. Given variable sighting frequencies of distinct life history stages across different major habitat types, it is likely that there is substantial age-structured niche partitioning among these monitors.

Reducing invasion rates of aquatic species is an important conservation concern. In this study we investigated whether zooplankton assemblages in ponds subject to fish releases from aquaculture facilities are affected by ‘hitchhiking’ species from these farms, and found differences between ponds with and without carp releases. Management is required to prevent unintentional introductions of invertebrate from aquaculture facilities from which fish are released.

Published online 29 June 2017

MF16247Hydrographic characteristics and community structure of epipelagic mesozooplankton in the Dongsha (Pratas) Atoll, South China Sea

Hung-Yen Hsieh, Jia-Jang Hung, Yu-Huai Wang and Wen-Tseng Lo

Zooplankton play an important role in transferring energy from primary producers to upper trophic levels. By investigating epipelagic mesozooplankton community and hydrographic features of the Dongsha Atoll, we found that temporal pattern of mesozooplankton community is likely to be more dependent on physical variable than on primary production due to the semi-enclosed topography. Abundant decapod larvae and fish eggs confirmed the importance of the pelagic–benthic coupling in the tropical reef ecosystem.

Tissue metal concentrations are used as indicators of metal contamination. In some marine snails, high background copper concentrations can mask small but biologically significant copper uptake. The present study used isotopically enriched copper to measure copper uptake in a marine snail. Biomarkers were used to measure the copper-induced stress response. Measuring isotopically enriched copper allowed links to be established among exposure, uptake and response.

Published online 22 June 2017

MF17013Mayfly assemblage structure of the Pantanal Mortes–Araguaia flood plain

Leandro Juen, Leandro Schlemmer Brasil, Frederico Falcão Salles, Joana Darc Batista and Helena Soares Ramos Cabette

We analysed the taxonomic and trophic diversities of Mayfly in ponds and streams of floodplains in the Cerrado and Amazon–Cerrado transition. The largest diversities occurred in the transition between biomes, which can be related to the ecotone tension. There was no significant difference between the two types of ecosystems, probably because of the high water connectivity during the rainy season.

Published online 20 June 2017

MF16361Demographic modelling of giant sea anemones: population stability and effects of mutualistic anemonefish in the Jordanian Red Sea

Austin K. Dixon, Matthew J. McVay and Nanette E. Chadwick

Field surveys revealed that newly recruited giant sea anemones grew rapidly, then slowed their growth and shrank near the end of their lifespans, at rates that depended on their fish symbionts. Populations were highly dynamic, with estimated turnover times of only 3–5 years. These anemones appeared to be short lived relative to their fish symbionts, leading to species-specific implications for their conservation management.

The blind side of the brill (Colistium guntheri) is usually white without any coloured patterns. The discovered specimen from Manukau harbour, Auckland, was unusual and showed broad melanic patches running mainly at the base of the dorsal and anal fins on its blind side. Such a case has not been reported from any of the flatfish species collected from New Zealand before and, therefore, it is an interesting and important record for fisheries sector in general.

Mobile acoustic camera transects were used to determine the distribution of fish within a small estuary. Fish distribution was found to be linked to water depth for two size classes. This study demonstrates the usefulness of conducting mobile acoustic camera transects in shallow estuaries to determine distribution and relative abundance of fishes.

Published online 08 June 2017

MF17010Larval trypanorhynch cestodes in teleost fish from Moreton Bay, Queensland

I. Beveridge, T. H. Cribb and S. C. Cutmore

In all, 976 fish from 133 species, collected in Moreton Bay, Queensland, were examined for the presence of larval trypanorhynch cestodes. Nine species of cestodes were found, providing new host and geographical records. Comparison of the cestode fauna with that of coral reef fish indicated that the fauna in Moreton Bay was less diverse but was dominated by similar species.

Published online 08 June 2017

MF16402Drivers of sulfide intrusion in Zostera muelleri in a moderately affected estuary in south-eastern Australia

Marianne Holmer, William W. Bennett, Angus J. P. Ferguson, Jaimie Potts, Harald Hasler-Sheetal and David T. Welsh

The seagrass Zostera muelleri is abundant in estuaries in Australia and is under pressure from coastal developments. We studied sulfide intrusion in the seagrass along a gradient of anthropogenic impact in Wallis Lake estuary and found high sulfide intrusion when inputs of organic matter from phytoplankton were high. The seagrass was, however, efficient in oxidizing the sediments, which may explain lack of negative effect of sulfide intrusion.

Published online 06 June 2017

MF16391An inter-dependence of flood and drought: disentangling amphibian beta diversity in seasonal floodplains

Leonardo F. B. Moreira, Tainá F. Dorado-Rodrigues, Vanda L. Ferreira and Christine Strüssmann

We employed a partitioning framework to investigate the contribution of turnover and nestedness to β diversity patterns in non-arboreal amphibians from southern Pantanal ecoregion. In the grasslands, β diversity is driven essentially by turnover. In the savannas, both turnover and nestedness contributed similarly to β diversity. Species turnover was associated with altitude and factors that induce spatial patterns.

Published online 02 June 2017

MF16385Effects of high pCO2 on early life development of pelagic spawning marine fish

Ana M. Faria, Soraia Filipe, Ana F. Lopes, Ana P. Oliveira, Emanuel J. Gonçalves and Laura Ribeiro

The present study investigated the effects of exposure to high CO2 levels on the early development of three commercially important fish species. The results reveal reduced hatching rates under high CO2 levels, but suggest species-specific responses and different ways of coping with this stressor during early development. Future studies will investigate the long-term effects of high CO2 throughout the life cycle.

Published online 01 June 2017

MF16302Effect of environmental conditions on cetacean entanglements: a case study from the Gold Coast, Australia

E. Volep, A. R. Carroll, D. Strauss, J.-O. Meynecke and D. Kobashi

Environmental drivers affect the entanglements of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) and common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) in the gill-nets of the Gold Coast Shark Control Program. Entanglements primarily occurred during calm sea state conditions, with M. novaeangliae entanglements highest in September and D. delphis highest in June. Other significant variables influencing entanglements also include rainfall, spring tides and the East Australian Current.

Published online 29 May 2017

MF16396Low mortality rate in silver eels (Anguilla anguilla L.) passing through a small hydropower station

Rafa? Berna?, Piotr D?bowski, Micha? Skóra, Grzegorz Radtke, Jacek Morzuch and Andrzej Kapusta

This study examined the mortality rate of silvers eels passing through a small hydropower station in a river from the southern Baltic area using acoustic telemetry. During the experiment, no direct mortality occurred as a result of passage through the turbine; however, a few individuals exhibited migration delay as a result of injuries or passage trauma.

Published online 22 May 2017

MF16327Prediction of cyanobacterial blooms in the Dau Tieng Reservoir using an artificial neural network

Manh-Ha Bui, Thanh-Luu Pham and Thanh-Son Dao

This study investigated the feasibility of using an artificial neural network (ANN) as a tool to accurately forecast cyanobacteria counts and microcystin concentrations in the Dau Tieng Reservoir through environmental parameters. The sensitivity analyses conducted with the ANNs identified critical variables (i.e. total nitrogen and temperature) that have the most positive and negative effects respectively affecting cyanobacteria counts and microcystin concentrations.

Published online 11 May 2017

MF16373Macroinvertebrate trophic structure on waterfalls in Borneo

Kate Baker, Michael A. Chadwick, Rona A. R. McGill, Rodzay A. Wahab and Rafhiah Kahar

Waterfalls have unique physical characteristics and harbour specialised macroinvertebrate communities, but have been the subject of few ecological studies. The present study investigated the trophic structure of waterfall assemblages. Methods included stable-isotope analysis (δ13C and δ15N of leaf litter and periphyton) and gut-content analysis of the most abundant macroinvertebrates. Data indicated that despite scouring velocities, waterfalls support animals with a range of diets, based on grazing or scraping, filter feeding and predation.

Published online 28 April 2017

MF16338The effect of riparian restoration on channel complexity and soil nutrients

J. Patrick Laceby, Nina E. Saxton, Kate Smolders, Justine Kemp, Stephen J. Faggotter, Tanya Ellison, Doug Ward, Morag Stewart and Michele A. Burford

The effect of regrowth riparian vegetation on soil nutrients and river channels was investigated in south-east Queensland, Australia. River sections with regrowth vegetation had greater channel width complexity. In addition, degraded river sections, without regrowth vegetation, had higher soil nutrient concentrations. This study indicates that the restoration of regrowth riparian vegetation may require ongoing management to maximise nutrient retention potential.

Published online 28 April 2017

MF16349Benthic mollusc assemblages in West Antarctica: taxa composition and ecological insights

Sandra Gordillo, Mariano E. Malvé and Gisela Moran

The present study investigated benthic mollusc assemblages from Antarctica. Evidence was found of different trophic assemblages (most probably linked to the sedimentary matrix where these communities settle), as well as differences between bivalves and gastropods with regard to limiting factors: bivalves appear to be more sensitive to temperature, but gastropods are more sensitive to depth. This should be taken into account when considering effects on benthic fauna associated with climatic change and global warming.

Published online 20 April 2017

MF16284Benthic trophic status of aquatic transitional environments with distinct morphological and dynamic characteristics on the south-western Atlantic coast

Ana Laura Pita, Luis Giménez, Noelia Kandratavicius, Pablo Muniz and Natalia Venturini

Benthic trophic status of Uruguayan estuaries was evaluated by the biochemical composition of sedimentary organic matter (SOM). Morphological and hydrodynamic differences between habitats explained site-to-site variation in eutrophic conditions in the open or closed estuaries and meso-oligotrophic conditions in open estuaries. In autumn, the dominance of aged and more degraded SOM (low nutritional value) was evident, whereas in spring fresh and more labile SOM (high nutritional value) prevailed.

Published online 20 April 2017

MF16101Reproductive biology of the blue shark (Prionace glauca) in the western North Pacific Ocean

Yuki Fujinami, Yasuko Semba, Hiroaki Okamoto, Seiji Ohshimo and Sho Tanaka

The reproductive biology of the blue shark (Prionace glauca) in the western North Pacific Ocean was investigated to contribute to future stock assessments. Results suggested that the North Pacific blue sharks has a higher productivity than previously thought, on the basis of larger fecundity and annual reproductive cycle.

Published online 13 April 2017

MF16173Insects in the diet of fish from Amazonian streams, in western Pará, Brazil

A. C. Cardoso and S. R. M. Couceiro

We evaluated the contribution of insects to the diet of Amazonian stream fish in Pará, Brazil. The fish and insect fauna of 10 streams were sampled in the Tapajós National Forest. The fish consumed a diversity range of nutrients, confirming that most are generalists. The results of this study reinforce the importance of riparian forest in the feeding ecology of stream fish.

Published online 13 April 2017

MF16337Evaluation of growth-dependent survival during early stages of Pacific bluefin tuna using otolith microstructure analysis

Mikio Watai, Taiki Ishihara, Osamu Abe, Seiji Ohshimo and Carlos Augusto Strussmann

Otolith-based body size back-calculation with young Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis) from the north-western Pacific was used to test the hypothesis of growth-dependent survival and to identify critical developmental stages for survival. The results suggest that only the larvae with fast, steady growth successfully become juveniles and, hence, that growth-dependent survival in the larval stage is critical for recruitment.

Published online 10 April 2017

MF16019Modelling the distribution of fish around an artificial reef

James A. Smith, William K. Cornwell, Michael B. Lowry and Iain M. Suthers

We modelled the distribution of a fish assemblage around a large artificial reef, using a rapid drop-camera survey method. We found that the reef greatly influenced fish abundance, but the effect was very localised, such that reef bottom type was a more powerful predictor than distance to reef. The drop-camera method showed promise for quantifying the fine-scale distribution of fish assemblages.

Published online 10 April 2017

MF16334Euphausiid assemblages of the oceanographically complex north-west marine bioregion of Australia

Alicia L. Sutton and Lynnath E. Beckley

In this study, the krill assemblages off the north-west marine bioregion were investigated and related to the physical, biological and biogeochemical properties of the water column. Twenty-five krill species were identified, including new records for Australian waters. Assemblages were primarily structured by depth, but mean seawater density, dissolved oxygen, fluorescence and mesozooplankton abundance also significantly explained some of the variation in krill assemblages.

Published online 10 April 2017

MF16112The effect of agriculture on cave-stream invertebrate communities

Pierce M. McNie and Russell G. Death

Communities living underground in cave streams are entirely dependent on movement of energy and nutrients from the surface. As a result, changes to the surface environments will alter the underground communities. We examined the differences between stream communities under agricultural and forested catchments to determine what effect agricultural activities have on underground communities in New Zealand.

Published online 30 March 2017

MF16223Elucidation of fine-scale genetic structure of sandfish (Holothuria scabra) populations in Papua New Guinea and northern Australia

Samantha J. Nowland, Paul C. Southgate, Rose K. Basiita and Dean R. Jerry

The present study evaluated the population genetic structure of sandfish (Holothuria scabra) within Papua New Guinea (PNG) and more broadly northern Australia. Microsatellite-based population genetic analyses were used to determine partitioning of genetic diversity within and among subpopulations. The level of genetic substructuring among all populations sampled was low, although significant. Most of these differences were driven by distinctness of the Australian populations from those in PNG, whereby results indicated that PNG populations exhibited a panmictic stock structure.

A lionfish invasion could be dramatic for the Mediterranean Sea. Investigating sea users’ knowledge showed that the species is widely distributed along Lebanese coasts and allowed evaluating the potential of local communities to respond to this threat. Results stress the importance of civil awareness to face an issue of environmental concern in a complex socio-ecological system, such as the eastern Mediterranean.

Published online 30 March 2017

MF16344Nitrogen nutrients in a subtropical river: temporal variation and analysis at different spatial scales

Rodrigo Moncayo-Estrada, Carlos Escalera-Gallardo, Miriam Arroyo-Damián, Oswaldo Campos-Campos and José T. Silva-García

Analysis of nitrate and ammonium concentrations at different spatiotemporal scales is important because these represent the main nutrient loadings to aquatic ecosystems in agricultural basins. Herein we provide a framework for evaluating the variation in nitrate and ammonium concentrations and their relationships with environmental and anthropogenic variables. At the landscape level, the agricultural area affected nitrate and urban affected area ammonium, whereas at the basin level road density affected both.

Published online 30 March 2017

MF16304A DNA barcode database of Australia’s freshwater macroinvertebrate fauna

M. E. Carew, S. J. Nichols, J. Batovska, R. St Clair, N. P. Murphy, M. J. Blacket and M. E. Shackleton

Macroinvertebrates are widely used for monitoring freshwater ecosystems. The use of DNA barcodes to identify macroinvertebrates has the potential to change how routine biomonitoring is conducted. Herein we discuss the need for DNA barcodes of freshwater macroinvertebrates and compare barcoding efforts within Australia with those globally. Further, we present an initial effort towards a national DNA barcode library of Australian macroinvertebrates.

Published online 22 March 2017

MF16153Tropical seaweed beds as important habitats for juvenile fish

S. A. Tano, M. Eggertsen, S. A. Wikström, C. Berkström, A. S. Buriyo and C. Halling

Tropical seagrass meadows are commonly recognised as important habitats for juvenile fish, whereas tropical seaweed beds have rarely been investigated. The present study illustrates that the abundance of juvenile fish in seaweed beds can surpass that in seagrass meadows, also when it comes to coral reef-associated species and species used by fisheries, which underscores the need to widen the view of the tropical seascape.

Carp is the most common cyprinid species in Turkey and accounts for approximately one-fifth of total inland water aquaculture production. Carp production in Turkey has decreased in recent years. This article identifies population structure, growth and reproduction characteristics of carp in Hirfanli Dam. Changes in the carp population in this area are compared with those reported in previous studies worldwide.

Published online 16 March 2017

MF16297Spatial variability of phytoplankton in the Pacific western boundary currents during summer 2014

Yunyan Chen, Xiaoxia Sun, Mingliang Zhu, Shan Zheng, Yongquan Yuan and Michel Denis

The spatial distribution of phytoplankton was investigated in Pacific western boundary currents. Traditional approaches (size-fractionated chlorophyll-a and microscopic analyses) combined with single-cell analysis (using a flow cytometer) were used to analyse the whole range of phytoplankton community in the Pacific western boundary currents.

Published online 15 March 2017

MF16278Depth-related composition and structuring of tropical riverine fish assemblages revealed by baited video

Stephen Cousins, Mark J. Kennard and Brendan C. Ebner

Deep sections of river channels present challenges for surveying riverine fish assemblages based on conventional techniques. Herein we demonstrate an application of underwater video for detecting multiple species of fish in shallow and deep sections of two tropical rivers and conclude that where water clarity is favourable, video provides one means by which assemblages can be investigated across the entire depth profile.

Published online 15 March 2017

MF16331Responses of a phytoplankton community to seasonal and environmental changes in Lake Nansihu, China

Wang Tian, Huayong Zhang, Lei Zhao and Hai Huang

We investigated phytoplankton community structure and environmental factors of Lake Nansihu, the largest freshwater lake in north China. Seasonal fluctuations in phytoplankton community composition were recorded and their driving environmental factors were identified based canonical correspondence analysis. The results of this study will be useful in guaranteeing the water quality and ecological security of lakes in temperate regions.

Published online 14 March 2017

MF16322Large-scale dieback of mangroves in Australia

Norman C. Duke, John M. Kovacs, Anthony D. Griffiths, Luke Preece, Duncan J. E. Hill, Penny van Oosterzee, Jock Mackenzie, Hailey S. Morning and Damien Burrows

The study describes the first reported instance of severe, sudden and widespread dieback of mangrove vegetation associated with an extreme weather event. Although moisture stress is largely considered the cause, the combination of relevant likely stress factors, each linked to the same extreme fluctuation in the Southern Oscillation Index, elude to a plausible connection with global climate change.

Published online 10 March 2017

MF16301Presence of invasive Gambusia alters ecological communities and the functions they perform in lentic ecosystems

Charles Hinchliffe, Trisha Atwood, Quinn Ollivier and Edd Hammill

Here, we show the effect of invasive species across whole ecological communities and the important functions they perform. By investigating sites with and without the invasive fish species Gambusia holbrooki, we found significant differences in pelagic and benthic community composition, and size distribution of zooplankton. Reductions in leaf-litter breakdown, an energy source for lake ecosystems, in invaded sites were also found.

Published online 08 March 2017

MF16080Stable isotopes in biota reflect the graduated influence of sewage effluent along a tropical macro-tidal creek

Kanchana Niwanthi Warnakulasooriya, Edward Charles Villers Butler, Karen Susanne Gibb and Niels Crosley Munksgaard

Nitrogen and carbon isotope compositions in biological tissues are effective tracers of the source and fate of nutrients in coastal ecosystems. This study traced the time-integrated dispersion and biological uptake of sewage-derived nutrients along a tropical macro-tidal creek by measuring the isotope compositions in mangrove leaves and gastropod snail tissues.

Published online 08 March 2017

MF16393Preparing Australian fisheries for the critical decade: insights from the past 25 years

Alistair J. Hobday and Christopher Cvitanovic

The first Australian workshop addressing climate concerns for fisheries was held in 1991. The nine workshop recommendations are still relevant today, and while monitoring efforts have been significant and knowledge has accumulated rapidly, implementation of management and policy responses have lagged. To successfully respond to the climate change challenges to Australian fisheries over the next decade increased support for climate-ready fishery policies and programs is needed.

We sought to determine whether a montane freshwater crayfish limited to a southern Queensland (Australian) catchment experiences thermal stress under natural conditions. Laboratory-conditioned crayfish exhibited evidence of thermal stress at higher temperatures. When applied to field populations, crayfish at the lowest altitude of sampling exhibited evidence of a thermal stressor. It appears those crayfish at the lower altitude experience higher levels of environmental stress than those populating cooler, higher habitat.

Published online 03 March 2017

MF16244Policy considerations for managing wetlands under a changing climate

C. M. Finlayson, S. J. Capon, D. Rissik, J. Pittock, G. Fisk, N. C. Davidson, K. A. Bodmin, P. Papas, H. A. Robertson, M. Schallenberg, N. Saintilan, K. Edyvane and G. Bino

We examined the implications of climate change for wetland policy and management with an emphasis on the Ramsar Convention. We considered wetland vulnerability to climate change, the setting of management objectives and targets, how management could be adapted, and how to monitor and evaluate wetland condition. In conclusion, we presented six principles to guide wetland policy for climate change.

Published online 02 March 2017

MF16042Land use, soil properties and weather conditions influence nutrient fluxes into a deep oligotrophic lake

Amy K. Weaver, Marc Schallenberg and Carolyn W. Burns

In southern New Zealand, in-stream nitrogen (N) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations increased with increasing agricultural development in high-country grassland watersheds. Weather and soil conditions mediated the amount of DOC transferred from soils into streams, but did not influence the relationship between land use and N or phosphorus (P) when stream flow rates were low to moderate.

The magpie goose is an iconic tropical species highly valued as a conservation asset and by Aboriginal people as a cultural resource. Their spatial and temporal dynamics in the Kakadu Region of Northern Australia are characterised at seasonal and decadal time scales using long-term aerial survey data. The customary harvesting practices of geese and their eggs in the region show that their cultural value extends beyond consumption of bush-food.

Published online 17 February 2017

MF16107Sediment fluxes and sinks for Magela Creek, Northern Territory, Australia

Wayne D. Erskine, M. J. Saynor, J. M. Boyden and K. G. Evans

Sediment fluxes and sinks based on total sediment load for Magela Creek in the Australian wet–dry tropics have been constructed from detailed measurements of turbidity, suspended sand and bedload for the 10-year period from 2001–2002 to 2010–2011. The present work showed that the sediment-trap efficiency of the vegetated wetlands on lower Magela is high at ~89.5%.

Published online 15 February 2017

MF16156Predation of freshwater fish in environments with elevated carbon dioxide

Stephen R. Midway, Caleb T. Hasler, Tyler Wagner and Cory D. Suski

CO2 concentration in freshwater environments is rising, but is also poorly understood, particularly when compared to in marine environments. We sought to test predation success of a common freshwater fish in elevated CO2, and found that even very high concentrations of CO2 did not affect predation success. With little research having investigated biological and ecological outcomes of high CO2 in freshwater, our work suggests a difference in expectations from elevated CO2 marine biota and systems.

Published online 15 February 2017

MF16252Determination of the physical drivers of Zostera seagrass distribution using a spatial autoregressive lag model

A. J. Hirst, K. Giri, D. Ball and R. S. Lee

Physical processes that determine the spatial distribution of Zostera seagrass in Port Phillip Bay, Australia, were investigated by examining the links between seagrass abundance and broadscale hydrodynamic (waves, currents), physical (light, depth, salinity and temperature) and catchment (nutrient and suspended sediment concentrations) processes. The present study found that the distribution of seagrass meadows is principally constrained by two physical thresholds, namely, wave height or exposure and light. The former excludes seagrasses from colonising wave-exposed coastlines, whereas the latter directly determines the depth profile of seagrasses through its influence on light availability.

Published online 13 February 2017

MF16076Temporal patterns of association between the jellyfish Catostylus mosaicus and a sphaeromatid isopod and parasitic anemone

Joanna G. Browne, Kylie A. Pitt and Mark D. Norman

Jellyfish often carry other animals with them as they swim through coastal waters, yet ecological data on these relationships are scarce. The relationship between a large jellyfish and an associated isopod and anemone was studied over 2 years. The isopod was prevalent on the jellyfish nearly year round, whereas the anemone occurred less often and only between autumn and spring.

Published online 13 February 2017

MF16286Linking patterns of freshwater discharge and sources of organic matter within the Río de la Plata estuary and adjacent marshes

Leandro Bergamino, Mark Schuerch, Adriana Tudurí, Silvina Carretero and Felipe García-Rodríguez

Sources of organic matter within the Río de la Plata estuary were investigated by stable isotopic analysis. Upper reaches were highly influenced by terrestrial and freshwater sources, lower reaches were mostly influenced by marine organic matter, and marsh habitats did not supply sediments into the estuary. El Niño events influenced the spatial dynamics of sources within the estuary.

Published online 13 February 2017

MF16208Forestry affects the abundance of Phormidium-dominated biofilms and the functioning of a New Zealand river ecosystem

Ibon Aristi, Joanne E. Clapcott, Vicenç Acuña, Arturo Elosegi, Holly Mills, Susanna A. Wood and Roger G. Young

We hypothesised that Phormidium biofilms better use sediments as a nutrient resource than diatoms, and thus Phormidium proliferations would increase with forestry cover in the catchment affecting river ecosystem functioning. Cover of Phormidium increased with the proportion of forestry in the catchment, and river ecosystem metabolism increased with this abundance, suggesting that pine forestry promotes ecological changes along the New Zealand rivers.

Published online 13 February 2017

MF16132Physiological response and immediate mortality of gill-net-caught blacktip reef sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus)

Derek R. Dapp, Charlie Huveneers, Terence I. Walker and Richard D. Reina

In this study the causes and rates of blacktip reef shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) mortality during gill-net capture were assessed. The results demonstrated that juvenile blacktip reef sharks are more likely to die during capture than adults. If populations decrease in the future, fisheries regulations designed to conserve the species should focus on reducing juvenile encounters with gill-nets.

Published online 08 February 2017

MF16246The microhabitat preferences of Trichoptera in rivers in north-western Spain

Romina Álvarez-Troncoso, Cesar João Benetti, Amadou Babacar Sarr and Josefina Garrido

Microhabitat preferences of caddisfly species in four rivers in north-western Spain were analysed, namely, macrophytes, moss, pebbles and sand. Significant differences in the abundance of seven species (Drusus bolivari, Glossosoma privatum, Larcasia partita, Micrasema longulum, M. servatum, M. gr. moestum and Sericostoma sp.) were found among substrates, confirming that they have substrate preferences.

Published online 06 February 2017

MF16227Cormorant predation overlaps with fish communities and commercial-fishery interest in a Swedish lake

M. K. Ovegård, K. Öhman, J. S. Mikkelsen and N. Jepsen

Water quality in Lake Roxen, Sweden, is improving, but an expected development towards larger predatory fish is missing. Cormorant diet, recovery of tagged fish, gill-nets surveys and commercial-fishery catches were used to describe the potential effects of cormorant predation. Results indicated that cormorants and fisheries may both be responsible for the lack of recovery. Cormorant predation keeps recruitment high, but the number of fish that reach large sizes remains low.

Published online 03 February 2017

MF16068Geographic distribution pattern of low and high nucleic acid content bacteria on a river-catchment scale

Jie Liu, Dan Ma, Lili Ma, Yuhao Song, Guanghai Gao and Yingying Wang

Bacteria with low (LNA) and high (HNA) nucleic acid content are widely distributed in aquatic environments. Their geographical distribution on a large river-catchment scale was investigated. The strong covariation of cytometric expressions between LNA and HNA indicated that they were intrinsically linked. The abundance and cytometric characteristics of LNA and HNA were regulated differently. The results suggest that they play different ecological roles in river ecosystems.

Published online 03 February 2017

MF16296A preliminary study of the movement patterns of false killer whales (Pseudorca crassidens) in coastal and pelagic waters of the Northern Territory, Australia

Carol Palmer, Robin W. Baird, Daniel L. Webster, Andrew C. Edwards, Ruth Patterson, Alan Withers, Emma Withers, Rachel Groom and John C. Z. Woinarski

This study presents the first detailed information on movement patterns in Australian waters for the poorly known false killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens). We satellite tracked four individuals over ~3–4 months, in coastal waters of the Northern Territory, finding total dispersal distances of ~5000–8000 km over that period. Prior to this study, information deficiencies meant that this species was largely unconsidered in conservation planning and management in Australian coastal waters; the information obtained in this study will allow this deficiency to be remedied.

Published online 02 February 2017

MF16098Effects of forest width on fish use of fringing mangroves in a highly urbanised tropical estuary

Kimberley Dunbar, Ronald Baker and Marcus Sheaves

This study used underwater cameras to examine how the width of fringing mangrove habitats affected the composition and use patterns of the fish assemblage using mangrove edge habitats in an urbanised estuary on the flooding tide. Both wide and narrow mangroves were found to be viable habitats for estuarine fish.

Published online 01 February 2017

MF16083Assessing the water-purification service in an integrated agricultural wetland within the Venetian Lagoon drainage system

S. E. Pappalardo, H. Mohammad Saad Ibrahim, S. Cerinato and M. Borin

Constructed wetlands could play a crucial role in integrated agro-environmental management of intensive agricultural landscapes. An experimental wetland was created within the Venetian drainage system to reduce nutrient runoff and test the adaptability of seven macrophyte species in a floating treatment wetland system. A promising depurative effect emerges from the concentration trends throughout the system. Carex spp. adapted best to the floating wetlands.

Published online 01 February 2017

MF16217Groynes: a factor modifying the occurrence of dragonfly larvae (Odonata) on a large lowland river

P. Buczyński, A. Szlauer-Łukaszewska, G. Tończyk and E. Buczyńska

Hydro-engineering constructions such as groynes change hydromorphology of rivers and affect their aquatic biota. Investigation of odonate fauna from the River Oder, Poland, revealed that groynes increased the abundances, species richness and diversity of dragonflies by creating the mosaics of heterogeneous habitats inhabited by species with particular preferences. The presence of groynes may be essential to the restoration or stabilisation of the populations of certain species and to renaturalisation processes in large rivers.

Inclusion of a social perspective in conservation research in addition to the natural sciences can lead to a more holistic and far-reaching result. Yet, few studies cross borders to be truly multidisciplinary. This perspective addresses previous calls for collaborating authors to share their experiences and considers the existing limitations and ways forward to support multidisciplinary research in conservation science.

Published online 01 February 2017

MF16084Evaluating the sensitivity of ecological indicators with a perspective of temporal scales

Chongliang Zhang, Yong Chen, Yiping Ren and Rong Wan

We evaluated the sensitivity of 12 ecological indicators that characterise fish abundance, body size and trophodynamics with respect to temporal scales. The study explicitly accounted for trophic interactions in the responsiveness and detectability of the indicators, by using a size-spectrum model. The results demonstrated the essential non-linear relationship between EIs and fishing pressures and highlighted potential misinterpretation of indicator temporal dynamics.

Published online 23 January 2017

MF16206Differentiating the roles of shrimp and aquatic insects in leaf processing in a Neotropical stream

Claudia M. Andrade, Vinicius Neres-Lima and Timothy P. Moulton

In many coastal tropical streams, omnivorous shrimp and aquatic insects cause the breakdown of leaf material that falls into the stream. To investigate the relationships between omnivorous shrimp, aquatic insects and leaf breakdown, we excluded either shrimp alone or shrimp and insects from leaf packs by creating electric fields. Leaves broke down fastest when shrimp, but not insects, were excluded, indicating that shrimp are potential predators of insects that are the principal processors of leaves in this stream ecosystem.

Published online 20 January 2017

MF16267Rapid appraisal links feral buffalo with kunkod (Melaleuca spp.) decline in freshwater billabongs of tropical northern Australia

E. J. Ens, S. Bentley-Toon, F. Campion, S. Campion, J. Kelly and G. Towler

A rapid assessment of paperbark (Melaleuca spp.) decline in permanent freshwater wetlands of the Djelk Indigenous Protected Area, northern Australia, was conducted by scientists and local Aboriginal Rangers. The decline was significantly correlated with poor water quality (high electrical conductivity, turbidity, ammonium), which, in turn, was correlated with feral buffalo activity, suggesting an indirect effect of buffalo on paperbark health.

Published online 17 January 2017

MF16073Tidal and diel movement patterns of the Atlantic stingray (Dasyatis sabina) along a stream-order gradient

Cameron Patrick Brinton and Mary Carla Curran

Organisms such as stingrays may vary their habitat selection based on a variety of environmental factors, and their location can indirectly provide insight into the distribution of both their prey and their predators. The purpose of this study was to determine whether tidal stage and diel period affected the movements of Atlantic stingrays (Dasyatis sabina); and we found that they consistently used tidal currents to access their habitat, but only varied habitat selection with diel period in the winter. These movements may affect the probability of a stingray encountering predators, competitors and prey.

Published online 16 January 2017

MF16219Baseline biogeochemical data from Australia's continental margin links seabed sediments to water column characteristics

Lynda Radke, Tony Nicholas, Peter A. Thompson, Jin Li, Eric Raes, Matthew Carey, Ian Atkinson, Zhi Huang, Janice Trafford and Scott Nichol

The biogeochemistry of surficial marine sediments is poorly known in Australia. The aim of the present study was to summarise a large suite of seabed biogeochemical ‘baseline’ data and to make inferences about the processes that govern the concentrations. The datasets have redressed some regional and global data gaps and led to improved knowledge about processes that support benthic diversity in Australia’s marine jurisdiction.

This study provides important limnological data collected in the semi-arid Eastern Cape Karoo region of South Africa before hydraulic fracturing impacts. It was found that depression wetlands and rivers had distinct physicochemical signatures, whereas dams exhibited variable characteristics that were similar to those of either rivers or depression wetlands. These data are important as baseline for long-term monitoring of freshwater ecosystems in the region.

Key stream fauna in Kakadu National Park face severe threats in 100+ years associated with climate change, invasive species, and mine-site rehabilitation. Sea level rise will salt the coastal floodplains and the fauna must then rely on reduced upstream refuges vulnerable to strong swings between more intense El Niños and La Niñas. Rates and extremes of future climate change appear unprecedented, making predictions associated with past climate change unreliable.

Published online 30 November 2016

MF16148Dynamics of plant communities and the impact of saltwater intrusion on the floodplains of Kakadu National Park

N. E. Pettit, P. Bayliss and R. Bartolo

On the Kakadu floodplains, the distribution of different plant communities varies yearly, related to flooding duration and water depth. Because these floodplains are close to the coast, they are vulnerable to saltwater intrusion as the sea levels rise. The most obvious effect of this will be the transformation from freshwater vegetation to salt-tolerant plants in susceptible areas.

Published online 29 August 2016

MF16033Bacteria in tropical floodplain soils are sensitive to changes in saltwater

Tiffanie M. Nelson, Claire Streten, Karen S. Gibb and Anthony A. Chariton

Sea-level rise associated with global warming will increase across Kakadu causing widespread saltwater intrusion. We aimed to understand how soil bacteria might respond to these impacts, by sampling transects in different river zones. We found diverse bacterial communities that were sensitive to soil variables, suggesting that saltwater intrusion may affect bacterial contributions to the dynamic floodplain ecosystems of Kakadu.

Published online 20 July 2016

MF16049Assessing sea level-rise risks to coastal floodplains in the Kakadu Region, northern Australia, using a tidally driven hydrodynamic model

Peter Bayliss, Kate Saunders, Leo X. C. Dutra, Lizandra F. C. Melo, James Hilton, Mahesh Prakash and Fletcher Woolard

The coastal floodplains of the Kakadu Region of northern Australia are highly vulnerable to future sea level rise (SLR) and extreme weather events. A hydrodynamic model was developed to simulate the frequency and extent of saltwater inundation of future SLR scenarios from 2013 to 2100 (1.1 m above mean sea level), and was used to assess potential risk to freshwater floodplains.

Published online 22 October 2015

MF15094Experimental effects of ash deposition on macroinvertebrate assemblages in peatland streams

K. Johnston and B. J. Robson

The effects of ash from controlled fires on macroinvertebrate communities in UK headwater streams were investigated experimentally by depositing ash onto natural stream substrata in trays placed on streambeds. Ash deposition together with stream depth altered macroinvertebrate community composition. However, changes in species composition caused by ash deposition were smaller than differences among streams, suggesting that effects of ash may be small in these streams.

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  1. Large-scale dieback of mangroves in Australia

    Marine and Freshwater Research (Online Early)
    Norman C. Duke, John M. Kovacs, Anthony D. Griffiths, Luke Preece, Duncan J. E. Hill, Penny van Oosterzee, Jock Mackenzie, Hailey S. Morning, Damien Burrows
  2. Optimising the design of large-scale acoustic telemetry curtains

    Marine and Freshwater Research 68 (8)
    Andre Steckenreuter, Xavier Hoenner, Charlie Huveneers, Colin Simpfendorfer, Marie J. Buscot, Katherine Tattersall, Russell Babcock, Michelle Heupel, Mark Meekan, James van den Broek, Phillip McDowall, Vic Peddemors, Robert Harcourt

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