CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Marine & Freshwater Research   
Marine & Freshwater Research
Journal Banner
  Advances in the Aquatic Sciences
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Virtual Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Scope
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
General Information
Review an Article
Referee Guidelines
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter LinkedIn

 

Open Access Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 62(6)

Evaluating catch and mitigating risk in a multispecies, tropical, inshore shark fishery within the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area

Alastair V. Harry A E , Andrew J. Tobin A , Colin A. Simpfendorfer A , David J. Welch A B , Amos Mapleston A , Jimmy White A , Ashley J. Williams A C and Jason Stapley D

A Fishing & Fisheries Research Centre, School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.
B Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, PO Box 1085, Oonoonba, Qld 4811, Australia.
C Oceanic Fisheries Program, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, BP D5, 98848, Noumea, New Caledonia.
D Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Northern Fisheries Centre, Cairns, Qld 4870, Australia.
E Corresponding author. Email: alastair.harry@gmail.com

Marine and Freshwater Research 62(6) 710-721 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF10155
Submitted: 18 June 2010  Accepted: 30 January 2011   Published: 24 June 2011


 
 Full Text
 PDF (215 KB)
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

Small-scale and artisanal fisheries for sharks exist in most inshore, tropical regions of the world. Although often important in terms of food security, their low value and inherent complexity provides an imposing hurdle to sustainable management. An observer survey of a small-scale commercial gill-net fishery operating within the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage area revealed at least 38 species of elasmobranch were present in the catch. Of the total elasmobranch catch, 95% was 25 species of Carcharhiniformes from the families Carcharhinidae, Hemigaleidae and Sphyrnidae. Individual species were captured in a variety of ways by the fishery, often with strongly biased sex ratios and in a variety of life stages (e.g. neonates, juveniles, adult). Despite this, the main carcharhiniform taxa captured could be qualitatively categorised into four groups based on similar catch characteristics, body size and similarities in life history: small coastal (<1000 mm); medium coastal (1000–2000 mm); large coastal/semi-pelagic (>2000 mm); and hammerheads. Such groupings can potentially be useful for simplifying management of complex multispecies fisheries. The idiosyncrasies of elasmobranch populations and how fisheries interact with them provide a challenge for management but, if properly understood, potentially offer underutilised options for designing management strategies.

Additional keywords: Carcharhiniformes, coastal shark fishery, elasmobranch.


References

Anon (1990). Northern pelagic fish stock research. Final report to FIRDC projects 83/49 & 86/87. CSIRO Australia, Canberra.

Bensley, N., Woodhams, J., Patterson, H. M., Rodgers, M., McLoughlin, K., et al. (2010). 2009 Shark Assessment Report for the Australian National Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.

Brown, C. A., and Gruber, S. H. (1988). Age assessment of the lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris, using tetracycline validated vertebral centra. Copeia 3, 747–753.
CrossRef |

Camhi, M., Fowler, S. L., Musick, J. A., Brautigam, A., and Fordham, S. V. (1998). ‘Sharks and their Relatives – Ecology and Conservation.’ (World Conservation Union: Gland, Switzerland.)

Castillo-Géniz, J. L., Marquez-Farias, J. F., de la Cruz, M. C. R., Cortes, E., and del Prado, A. C. (1998). The Mexican artisanal shark fishery in the Gulf of Mexico: towards a regulated fishery. Marine and Freshwater Research 49, 611–620.
CrossRef |

Castro, J. I. (1993). The shark nursery of Bulls Bay, South-Carolina, with a review of the shark nurseries of the southeastern coast of the United-States. Environmental Biology of Fishes 38, 37–48.
CrossRef |

Chin, A., Kyne, P. M., Walker, T. I., and Mcauley, R. B. (2010). An integrated risk assessment for climate change: analysing the vulnerability of sharks and rays on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. Global Change Biology 16, 1936–1953.
CrossRef |

Clarkson, T. W. (1997). The toxicology of mercury. Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences 34, 369–403.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Claudet, J., Osenberg, C. W., Domenici, P., Badalamenti, F., Milazzo, M., et al. (2010). Marine reserves: fish life history and ecological traits matter. Ecological Applications 20, 830–839.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Compagno, L. J. V. (1984). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. FAO species catalogue, Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis 125 Vol. 4, Part 1. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.

Cortes, E. (2000). Life history patterns and correlations in sharks. Reviews in Fisheries Science 8, 299–344.

Cortes, E. (2002). Incorporating uncertainty into demographic modeling: application to shark populations and their conservation. Conservation Biology 16, 1048–1062.
CrossRef |

Davenport, S., and Stevens, J. D. (1988). Age and growth of two commercially important sharks (Carcharhinus tilstoni and C. sorrah) from northern Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39, 417–433.
CrossRef |

Devine, J. A., Baker, K. D., and Haedrich, R. L. (2006). Fisheries: deep-sea fishes qualify as endangered. Nature 439, 29.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

FAO (2000). ‘Fisheries Management. 1. Conservation and Management of Sharks.’ (Food and Agriculture Organization: Rome.)

Field, I. C., Meekan, M. G., Buckworth, R. C., and Bradshaw, C. J. A. (2009). Protein mining the world’s oceans: Australasia as an example of illegal expansion-and-displacement fishing. Fish and Fisheries 10, 323–328.
CrossRef |

Fowler, S. L., Cavanagh, R. D., Camhi, M., Burgess, G. H., Cailliet, G. M., et al. (2005) ‘Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras: The status of Chondrichthyan Fishes. Status survey.’ (IUCN/SSC Shark Specialist Group: IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.)

Frisk, M. G., Miller, T. J., and Fogarty, M. J. (2001). Estimation and analysis of biological parameters in elasmobranch fishes: a comparative life history study. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58, 969–981.
CrossRef |

Gallucci, V. F., Taylor, I. G., and Erzini, K. (2006). Conservation and management of exploited shark populations based on reproductive value. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63, 931–942.
CrossRef |

GBRMPA (2009). Great Barrier Reef outlook report 2009. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville.

Graham, K. J., Andrew, N. L., and Hodgson, K. E. (2001). Changes in relative abundance of sharks and rays on Australian South East Fishery trawl grounds after twenty years of fishing. Marine and Freshwater Research 52, 549–561.
CrossRef |

Hanfee, F. (1999). Management of shark fisheries in two Indian coastal states: Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In ‘Case Studies of the Management of Elasmobranch Fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No 378, part 1’. (Ed. R. Shotton.) pp. 316–338. (Food and Agriculture Organization: Rome.)

Harry, A. V., Simpfendorfer, C. A., and Tobin, A. J. (2010). Improving age, growth, and maturity estimates for aseasonally reproducing chondrichthyans. Fisheries Research 106, 393–403.
CrossRef |

Henderson, A. C., McIlwain, J. L., Al-Oufi, H. S., and Al-Sheili, S. (2007). The Sultanate of Oman shark fishery: species composition, seasonality and diversity. Fisheries Research 86, 159–168.
CrossRef |

Heupel, M. R., and Simpfendorfer, C. A. (2005). Quantitative analysis of aggregation behavior in juvenile blacktip sharks. Marine Biology 147, 1239–1249.
CrossRef |

Hoenig, J. M., and Gruber, S. H. (1990). Life-history patterns in the elasmobranchs: implications for fisheries management. In ‘Elasmobranchs as Living Resources: Advances in the Biology, Ecology, Systematics, and the Status of the Fisheries. NOAA Technical Report NMFS. Vol. 90’. (Eds H. L. J. Pratt, S. H. Gruber and T. Taniuchi.) pp. 1–16. (US Department of Commerce: Washington, DC.)

Holden, M. J. (1974). Problems in the rational exploitation of elasmobranch populations and some suggested solutions. In ‘Sea Fisheries Research’. (Ed. F. R. Harden Jones.) pp. 117–137. (Halsted Press, J. Wiley & Sons: New York.)

Hueter, R. E., and Tyminski, J. P. (2007). Species-specific distribution and habitat characteristics of shark nurseries in Gulf of Mexico waters off peninsular Florida and Texas. In ‘Shark Nursery Grounds of the Gulf of Mexico and the East Coast Waters of the United States. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 50’. (Eds C. T. McCandless, N. E. Kohler and H. L. Pratt Jr.) pp. 193–225. (American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD.)

Jackson, J. B. C. (2008). Ecological extinction and evolution in the brave new ocean. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105, 11 458–11 465.
CrossRef | CAS |

Kasim, H. M. (1991). Shark fishery of Veraval Coast with special reference to population dynamics of Scoliodon laticaudus (Muller and Henle) and Rhizoprionodon acutus (Ruppell). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 33, 213–228.

Kinney, M. J., and Simpfendorfer, C. A. (2009). Reassessing the value of nursery areas to shark conservation and management. Conservation Letters 2, 53–60.
CrossRef |

Kirkwood, G. P., and Walker, T. I. (1986). Gill net mesh selectivities for gummy shark, Mustelus antarcticus Gunther, taken in southeastern Australian waters. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 37, 689–697.
CrossRef |

Knip, D. M., Heupel, M. R., and Simpfendorfer, C. A. (2010). Sharks in nearshore environments: models, importance, and consequences. Marine Ecology Progress Series 402, 1–11.
CrossRef |

Last, P. R., and Stevens, J. D. (1994). ‘Sharks and Rays of Australia.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Lyle, J. M. (1984). Mercury concentrations in four carcharhinid and three hammerhead sharkes from coastal waters of the Northern Territory. Marine and Freshwater Research 35, 441–451.
CrossRef | CAS |

Lynch, A. J., Sutton, S. G., and Simpfendorfer, C. A. (2010). Implications of recreational fishing for elasmobranch conservation in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 20, 312–318.
CrossRef |

Macbeth, W. G., Geraghty, P. T., Peddemors, V. M., and Gray, C. A. (2009). Observer-based study of targeted commercial fishing for large shark species in waters off northern New South Wales. Cronulla Fisheries Research Centre of Excellence, Industry & Investment NSW, Sydney.

McCandless, C. T., Kohler, N. E., and Pratt, H. L., Jr (2007). Shark nursery grounds of the Gulf of Mexico and the east coast waters of the United States. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 50. (Bethesda, MD)

Motta, F. S., Gadig, O. B. F., Namora, R. C., and Braga, F. M. S. (2005). Size and sex compositions, length-weight relationship, and occurrence of the Brazilian sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon lalandii, caught by artisanal fishery from southeastern Brazil. Fisheries Research 74, 116–126.
CrossRef |

Mucientes, G. R., Queiroz, N., Sousa, L. L., Tarroso, P., and Sims, D. W. (2009). Sexual segregation of pelagic sharks and the potential threat from fisheries. Biology Letters 5, 156–159.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Musick, J. A., Harbin, M. M., and Compagno, L. J. V. (2004). Historical zoogeography of the Selachii. In ‘Biology of Sharks and their Relatives’. (Eds C. J. Carrier, J. A. Musick and M. R. Heithaus.) pp. 33–78. (CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL.)

Neer, J. A., Thompson, B. A., and Carlson, J. K. (2005). Age and growth of Carcharhinus leucas in the northern Gulf of Mexico: incorporating variability in size at birth. Journal of Fish Biology 67, 370–383.
CrossRef |

Olsen, A. M. (1959). The status of the school shark fishery in south-eastern Australian waters. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 10, 150–176.
CrossRef |

Ovenden, J. R., Kashiwagi, T., Broderick, D., Giles, J., and Salini, J. (2009). The extent of population genetic subdivision differs among four co-distributed shark species in the Indo-Australian archipelago. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9, 40..
| PubMed |

Prince, J. D. (2005). Gauntlet fisheries for elasmobranchs – the secret of sustainable shark fisheries. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science 35, 407–416.

Ripley, W. E. (1946). The soupfin shark and the fishery. California Department of Fish and Game Fish Bulletin 64, 7–37.

Salini, J., McAuley, R., Blaber, S., Buckworth, R., Chidlow, J., et al. (2007). Northern Australia sharks and rays: the sustainability of target and bycatch fisheries. Phase 2. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Cleveland, Qld.

Shotton, R. (1999). Species identification practices of countries reported landings of chondrichthyan fishes in the FAO nominal catches and landings data base. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.

Simpfendorfer, C. A. (1993). Age and growth of the Australian sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon taylori, from north Queensland, Australia. Environmental Biology of Fishes 36, 233–241.
CrossRef |

Simpfendorfer, C. A. (1999). Demographic analysis of the dusky shark fishery in southwestern Australia. American Fisheries Society Symposium 23, 149–160.

Sims, D. W. (2005). Differences in habitat selection and reproductive strategies of male and female sharks. In ‘Sexual Segregation in Vertebrates’. (Eds K. E. Ruckstuhl and P. Neuhaus.) pp. 127–148. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.)

Springer, S. (1950). Natural history of the lemon shark, Negaprion brevirsotris. The Texas Journal of Science 3, 349–357.

Springer, S. (1967). Social organisation of shark populations. In ‘Sharks, Skates and Rays’. (Eds P. W. Gilbert, R. F. Mathewson and D. P. Rall.) pp. 149–174. (Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore, MD.)

Stevens, J. D. (1999). Management of shark fisheries in Northern Australia. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.

Stevens, J. D., and Lyle, J. M. (1989). Biology of three hammerhead sharks (Eusphyra blochii, Sphyrna mokarran and S. lewini) from northern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 40, 129–146.
CrossRef |

Stevens, J. D., and McLoughlin, K. J. (1991). Distribution, size and sex composition, reproductive biology and diet of sharks from northern Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 42, 151–199.
CrossRef |

Stevens, J. D., and Wiley, P. D. (1986). Biology of two commercially important carcharhinid sharks from northern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 37, 671–688.
CrossRef |

Stobutzki, I. C., Miller, M. J., Heales, D. S., and Brewer, D. T. (2002). Sustainability of elasmobranchs caught as bycatch in a tropical prawn (shrimp) trawl fishery. Fishery Bulletin 100, 800–821.

Walker, T. I. (1998). Can shark resources be harvested sustainably? A question revisited with a review of shark fisheries. Marine and Freshwater Research 49, 553–572.
CrossRef |

Walker, T. I. (2005a). Reproduction in fisheries science. In ‘Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Chondrichthyans: Sharks, Batoids, and Chimaeras’. (Ed. W. C. Hamlett.) pp. 81–127. (Science Publishers Inc.: Enfield, NH.)

Walker, T. I. (2005b). Management measures. In ‘Management Techniques for Elasmobranch Fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 474’. (Eds J. A. Musick and R. Bonfil.) pp. 251. (Food and Agriculture Organization: Rome.)

White, W. T. (2007). Catch composition and reproductive biology of whaler sharks (Carcharhiniformes: Carcharhinidae) caught by fisheries in Indonesia. Journal of Fish Biology 71, 1512–1540.
CrossRef |

White, W. T., and Kyne, P. M. (2010). The status of chondrichthyan conservation in the Indo-Australasian region. Journal of Fish Biology 76, 2090–2117.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

White, W. T., Hall, N. G., and Potter, I. C. (2002). Size and age compositions and reproductive biology of the nervous shark Carcharhinus cautus in a large subtropical embayment, including an analysis of growth during pre- and postnatal life. Marine Biology 141, 1153–1164.
CrossRef |

Worm, B., Hilborn, R., Baum, J. K., Branch, T. A., Collie, J. S., et al. (2009). Rebuilding global fisheries. Science 325, 578–585.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |


   
 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2015