CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Marine & Freshwater Research   
Marine & Freshwater Research
Journal Banner
  Advances in the Aquatic Sciences
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Instructions to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
General Information
Review an Article
Referee Guidelines
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

 

Article     |     Next >>        Online Early    

Recent sedimentation dynamics in a shallow coastal lake (Lake Sarbsko, northern Poland): driving factors, processes and effects

Michał Woszczyk A E , Wojciech Tylmann B , Jan Jędrasik C , Tomasz Szarafin B , Alfred Stach D , Joanna Skrzypczak D and Monika Lutyńska A

A Department of Quaternary Geology and Paleogeography, Institute of Geoecology and Geoinformation, Adam Mickiewicz University, Dzięgielowa 27, 61-680 Poznań, Poland.
B Department of Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Geography, University of Gdańsk, Bażyńskiego 4, 80-952 Gdańsk, Poland.
C Department of Physical Oceanography, Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdańsk, Av. Marszałka Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland.
D Department of Geoecology, Institute of Geoecology and Geoinformation, Adam Mickiewicz University, Dzięgielowa 27, 61-680 Poznań, Poland.
E Corresponding author. Email: woszczyk@amu.edu.pl

Marine and Freshwater Research - http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF13336
Submitted: 26 July 2013  Accepted: 1 April 2014   Published online: 17 October 2014


 
PDF (1 MB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

Despite the fact that sediment dynamics in shallow coastal lakes strongly influences lake water quality and is crucial for preserving good quality paleo-records from coastal zones, the depositional processes in coastal lakes have not been thoroughly recognised so far. The present study aims at investigating the relationship between lake water circulation and the distribution of surface sediments, identifying the postdepositional physical mechanisms affecting lake deposits, and estimating the intensity of sediment mixing in a coastal lake on the Baltic coast. Our approach includes analyses of sediment grain size and chemical composition, hydrodynamic modelling and measurements of 210Pb activity in sediment short-cores from various sections of the lake. We showed that the distribution of lithofacies in the lake is explained by hydrodynamic conditions. Enhanced water dynamics reduces spatial extent of organic-rich lacustrine deposits and results in the exposure of relic marine-lagoonal sediments. A major part of the lake sediments is prone to vertical mixing by wind waves to a depth of ≥ 40 cm. Hydrodynamic modelling and 210Pb displayed overall agreement in predicting the depth of sediment mixing. At the same time the limitations of 210Pb as a geochronologic marker in shallow coastal lakes are revealed. It appears that even exponential depth-wise 210Pb distributions may be produced by storm redeposition.

Additional keywords: Baltic Sea, hydrodynamics, lake sediments, sediment mixing, 210Pb.


References

Abesser, C., and Robinson, R. (2010). Mobilisation of iron and manganese from sediments of a Scottish Upland reservoir. Journal of Limnology 69, 42–53.
CrossRef |

Anschutz, P., Ciutat, A., Lecroart, P., Gerino, M., and Boudou, A. (2012). Effects of tubificid worm bBioturbation on freshwater sediment biogeochemistry. Aquatic Geochemistry 18, 475–497.
CrossRef | CAS |

Appleby, P. G. (2001). Chronostratigraphic techniques in recent sediments. In ‘Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments vol. 1 Basin Analysis, Coring, and Chronological Techniques’. (Eds W.M. Last and J.P. Smol) pp. 171–203. (Kluwer: Dordrecht).

Battarbee, R. W. (1986). Diatom analysis. In ‘Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology’. (Ed. B.E. Berglund) pp. 527–570. (John Wiley and Sons Ltd.: London).

Benninger, L. K., Suayh, J. B., and Stanley, D. J. (1998). Manzala lagoon, Nile delta, Egypt: modern sediment accumulation based on radioactive tracers. Environmental Geology 34, 183–193.
CrossRef | CAS |

Binford, M. W. (1990). Calculation and uncertainty analysis of 210Pb dates for PIRLA project lake sediment cores. Journal of Paleolimnology 3, 253–267.
CrossRef |

Binford, M. W., Kahl, J. S., and Norton, S. A. (1993). Interpretation of 210Pb profiles and verification of the CRS dating model in PIRLA project lake sediment cores. Journal of Paleolimnology 9, 275–296.
CrossRef |

Bloesch, J. (1995). Mechanism, measurements and importance of sediment resuspension in lakes. Marine and Freshwater Research 46, 295–304.

Blott, S. J., and Pye, K. (2001). Gradistat, a grain size distribution and statistics package for the analysis of unconsolidated sediments. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 26, 1237–1248.
CrossRef |

Blumberg, A., and Mellor, G. L. (1987). A description of a three-dimensional coastal ocean circulation model. In ‘Three-Dimensional Coastal Ocean Models’. (Ed. N.S. Heaps) pp. 1–16. (American Geophysical Union: Washington)

Boudreau, B. P. (1998). Mean mixed depth of sediments, the wherefore and the why. Limnology and Oceanography 43, 524–526.
CrossRef |

Brenner, M., Keenan, L. W., Miller, S. J., and Schelske, C. L. (1998). Spatial and temporal patterns of sediment and nutrient accumulation in shallow lakes of the Upper St. Johns River Basin, Florida. Wetlands Ecology and Management 6, 221–240.
CrossRef | CAS |

Buscail, R., Ambatsian, P., Monaco, A., and Bernat, M. (1997). 210Pb, manganese and carbon, indicators of focusing processes on the northwestern Mediterranean continental margin. Marine Geology 137, 271–286.
CrossRef | CAS |

CERC (1962). Waves in inland reservoirs. Beach erosion. Board Corps of Engineers, Techn. Memoires 132.

Chubarenko, B., Lund-Hansen, L. C., and Beloshitskii, A. (2002). Comparative analyses of potential wind-wave impact on bottom sediments in the Vistula and Cooronian lagoons. Baltica 15, 30–39.

Crusius, J., and Anderson, R. F. (1995). Sediment focusing in six small lakes inferred from radionuclide profiles. Journal of Paleolimnology 13, 143–155.
CrossRef |

D’Andrea, A. F., Craig, N. I., and Lopez, G. R. (1996). Benthic macrofauna and depth of bioturbation in Eckernförde Bay, southwestern Baltic Sea. Geo-Marine Letters 16, 155–159.
CrossRef |

De Falco, G., Magni, P., Teräsvuori, M. H., and Matteucci, H. (2004). Sediment grain size and organic carbon distribution in the Cabras Lagoon (Sardinia, western Mediterranean). Chemistry and Ecology 20, S367–S377.
CrossRef | CAS |

Denys, L. (1991/1992). ‘A check-list of the diatoms in the Holocene deposits of the western Belgian coastal plain with a survey of their apparent ecological requirements’. SGB Professional Papers No. 246, Brussels.

Douglas, R. W., and Rippey, B. (2000). The random redistribution of sediment by wind in a lake. Limnology and Oceanography 45, 686–694.
CrossRef |

Fichet, D., Radenac, G., and Miramand, P. (1998). Experimental studies of impacts of harbor sediments resuspension to marine invertebrates larvae: bioavailability of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn and toxicity. Marine Pollution Bulletin 36, 509–518.
CrossRef | CAS |

Flynn, W. (1968). The determination of low levels of polonium-210 in environmental samples. Analytica Chimica Acta 43, 221–227.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Gerino, M., Frignani, M., Mugnai, C., Bellucci, L. G., Prevedelli, D., Valentini, A., Castelli, A., Delmotte, S., and Sauvage, S. (2007). Bioturbation in the Venice Lagoon: rates and relationship to organisms. Acta Oecologica 32, 14–25.
CrossRef |

Gons, H. J., Veeningen, R., and van Keulen, R. (1986). Effects of wind on a shallow lake ecosystem, resuspension of particles in the Loosdrecht Lakes. Hydrological Bulletin 20, 109–120.
CrossRef | CAS |

Goovaerts, P. (1997). ‘Geostatistics for Natural Resources Evaluation.’ (Oxford University Press: New York.)

Heiri, O., Lotter, A. F., and Lemcke, G. (2001). Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments, reproducibility and comparability of results. Journal of Paleolimnology 25, 101–110.
CrossRef |

Jaeger, J. M., Nittrouer, Ch. A., Scott, N. D., and Milliman, J. D. (1998). Sediment accumulation along glacially impacted mountainous coastline, north-east Gulf of Alaska. Basin Research 10, 155–173.
CrossRef |

Jędrasik, J., and Cyberski, J. (2001). The water exchange in estuarine lakes of the Southern Baltic Sea on the Gardno Lake example. Oceanological Studies 29, 43–66.

Jędrasik, J., Cieślikiewicz, W., Kowalewski, M., Radtke, K., and Jankowski, A. (2008). 44 years hindcast of the sea level and circulation in the Balic Sea. Coastal Engineering 55, 849–860.
CrossRef |

Kalff, J. (2003). ‘Limnology Inland Water Ecosystems’. (Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River).

Kornijów, R., and Halkiewicz, A. (2007). Uwarunkowania zaburzeń sekwencji odkładania osadów dennych w płytkich jeziorach poleskich w kontekście ich przydatności do badań paleoekologicznych. Studia Limnologica et Telmatologica 1, 83–86.

Kowalewski, M. (1997). A three-dimensional, hydrodynamic model of the Gulf of Gdańsk. Oceanological Studies 26, 77–98.

Laska, M. (1981). Characteristics and modeling of physical limnology processes. Mitteilung Versuchsanstalt fur Wasserbau, Hydrologie und Glaziologie No. 54, Zurich.

Lemmin, U., and Imboden, D. M. (1987). Dynamics of bottom currents in a small lake. Limnology and Oceanography 32, 62–75.
CrossRef |

Longhi, D., Bartoli, M., Nizzoli, D., and Viaroli, P. (2013). Benthic processes in fresk water fluffy sediments undergoing resuspension. Journal of Limnology 72, 1–12.
CrossRef |

Lund-Hansen, L. C., Petersson, M., and Nurjaya, W. (1999). Vertical sediment fluxes and wave-induced sediment resuspension in a shallow-water coastal lagoon. Estuaries 22, 39–46.
CrossRef |

Matisoff, G., and Wang, X. (2000). Particle mixing by freshwater infaunal bioirrigators: midges (Chironomidae: Diptera) and mayflies (Ephemeridae: Ephemeroptera). Journal of Great Lakes Research 26, 174–182.
CrossRef |

Mellor, G. L., and Yamada, T. (1982). Development of a turbulent closure model for geophysical fluid problems. Reviews of Geophysics 20, 851–875.
CrossRef |

Meyers, P. A., and Teranes, J. L. (2001). Sediment organic matter. In ‘Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments vol. 1 Basin Analysis, Coring, and Chronological Techniques’. (Eds W.M. Last and J.P. Smol) pp. 239–269. (Kluwer: Dordrecht).

Molinaroli, E., Guerzoni, S., Sarretta, A., Cucco, A., and Umgiesser, G. (2007). Links between hydrology and sedimentology in the Lagoon of Venice, Italy. Journal of Marine Systems 68, 303–317.
CrossRef |

Morton, R. A., Ward, G. H., and White, W. A. (2000). Rates of sediment supply and sea-level rise in a large coastal lagoon. Marine Geology 167, 261–284.
CrossRef |

Nichols, M. M. (1989). Sediment accumulation rates and relative sea-level rise in lagoons. Marine Geology 88, 201–219.
CrossRef |

Nichols, G. (1999). ‘Sedimentology and Stratigraphy’. (Blackwell Science: Oxford).

Nõges, P., and Kisand, A. (1999). Horizontal distribution of sediment phosphorus in shallow eutrophic Lake Vörtsjärv (Estonia). Hydrobiologia 408/409, 167–174.
CrossRef |

Obolewski, K. (2007). Macrozoobenthos in a shallow lake Wicko Przymorskie. Limnological Review 7, 71–78.

Ontiveros-Cuadras, J. F., Ruiz-Fernández, A. C., Sanchez-Cabeza, J. A., Wee-Kwong, L. L., and Pérez-Bernal, L. H. (2012). Geochemical fractionation of 210Pb in oxic estuarine sediments of Coatzacoalcos River, Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 292, 947–956.
CrossRef | CAS |

Osadczuk, A. (1999). Estuary or a lagoon? The Zalew Szczeciński (Oderhaff) in the light of analysis of the sedimentary basin morphology and the character of present-day sedimentation. Quaternary Studies in Poland Sp. Issue 1999, 175–186.

Osadczuk, A. (2004). ‘Zalew Szczeciński - środowiskowe warunki współczesnej sedymentacji lagunowej’. Wydawnictwa Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, Rozprawy i studia T. (DCXXIII) No. 549, Szczecin.

Paturej, E. (2006). Estuaries of the Polish Balic coastal zone. Baltic Coastal Zone 10, 83–96.

Pfitzner, J., Brunskill, G., and Zagorskis, I. (2004). 137Cs and excess 210Pb deposition patterns in estuarine and marine sediment in the central region of the Great Barrier Reef Lagoon, north-eastern Australia. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 76, 81–102.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Preiss, N., and Genthon, C. (1997). Use of a new database of lead 210 for global aerosol model validation. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 25 347–25 357.
CrossRef | CAS |

Pustelnikovas, O. (1998) Geochemistry of sediments of the Cooronian Lagoon (Baltic Sea). Vilnius, 236 p.

Rowan, D. J., Kalff, J., and Rasmusen, J. B. (1992). Estimating the mud deposition boundary depth in lakes from wave theory. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 49, 2490–2497.
CrossRef |

Ruiz-Fernández, A. C., and Hillaire-Marcel, C. (2009). 210Pb-derived ages for the reconstruction of terrestrial contaminant history into the Mexican Pacific coast, potential and limitations. Marine Pollution Bulletin 59, 134–145.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Sabatier, P., Dezileau, L., Condomines, M., Briqueu, L., Colin, Ch., Bouchette, F., Le Duff, M., and Blanchemanche, P. (2008). Reconstruction of paleostorm events in a coastal lagoon (Hérault, south of France). Marine Geology 251, 224–232.
CrossRef |

San Miguel, E. G., Bolívar, J. P., and García-Tenorio, R. (2003). Mixing, sediment accumulation and focusing using 210Pb and 137Cs. Journal of Paleolimnology 29, 1–11.
CrossRef |

Sanjaume, E., Segura, F., Lopez Garcia, M. J., and Pardo, J. (1992). Recent sedimentation in Valencia Lagoon, preliminary results. Journal of Coastal Research 8, 688–698.

Schmidt, S., Gonzalez, J.-L., Lecroart, P., Troczyński, J., Billy, I., and Jouanneau, J.-M. (2007). Bioturbation at the water-sediment interface of the Thau Lagoon: impact of shellfish farming. Aquatic Living Resources 20, 163–169.
CrossRef |

Schnurrenberger, D., Russell, J., and Kelts, K. (2003). Classification of lacustrine sediments based on sedimentary components. Journal of Paleolimnology 29, 141–154.
CrossRef |

Signell, R. P., List, J. H., and Farris, A. S. (2000). Bottom currents and sediment transport in Long Island Sound, a modeling study. Journal of Coastal Research 16, 551–566.

Sly, P. G. (1978). Sedimentary processes in lakes. In ‘Lakes Chemistry, Geology, Physics’ (Ed. A. Lerman). (Springer-Verlag: New York).

Sly, P. G. (1989). Sediment dispersion, part 2, characterization by size of sand fraction and percent mud. Hydrobiologia 176/177, 111–124.
CrossRef |

Smagorinsky, J. (1963). General circulation experiments with the primitive equations, I The basic experiment. Monthly Weather Review 91, 99–164.
CrossRef |

Smith, J. T., Appleby, P. G., Hilton, J., and Richardson, N. (1997). Inventories and fluxes of 210Pb, 137Cs and 241Am determined from the soils of three small catchments in Cumbria, UK. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 37, 127–142.
CrossRef | CAS |

Smolarkiewicz, P. K. (1984). A fully multidimensional positive definite advection transport algorithm with small implicit diffusion. Journal of Computational Physics 54, 325–362.
CrossRef |

Søndergaard, M., Jensen, J. P., and Jeppesen, E. (2003). Role of sediment and internal loading of phosphorus in shallow lakes. Hydrobiologia 506–509, 135–145.
CrossRef |

Sørensen, T. H., Vølund, H., Armah, A. K., Christiansen, C., Jensen, L. B., and Pedersen, J. T. (2003). Temporal and spatial variations of concentrations of sediment nutrients and carbon in the Keta Lagoon, Ghana. West African Journal of Applied Ecology 4, 91–105.

Szopowski, Z. (1962). Hydrologiczna charakterystyka rejonu Jeziora Łebsko. In ‘Materiały do monografii polskiego brzegu morskiego’ (Ed. Z. Szopowski) pp. 137–156. (Gdańsk)

Towler, P. H., and Smith, J. D. (2000). Studies of the influence of graded storm layers on 210Pb and heavy metals profiles in Great Barrier Reef sediments. Environmental Science & Technology 34, 2947–2951.
CrossRef | CAS |

Tylmann, W. (2007). Pobór i opróbowanie powierzchniowych, silnie uwodnionych osadów jeziornych o nienaruszonej strukturze – uwagi metodyczne i stosowany sprzęt. Przegląd Geologiczny 55, 151–156.

Tylmann, W., Zolitschka, B., Enters, D., and Ohlendorf, C. (2013). Laminated lake sediments in northeast Poland: distribution, preconditions for formation and potential for paleoenvironmental investigation. Journal of Paleolimnology 50, 487–503.
CrossRef |

Wan, G. J., Chen, J. A., Wu, F. C., Xu, S. Q., Bai, Z. G., Wan, E. Y., Wang, C. S., Huang, R. G., Yeager, K. M., and Santschi, P. H. (2005). Coupling between 210Pbex and organic matter in sediments of a nutrient-enriched lake, An example from Lake Chengai, China. Chemical Geology 224, 223–236.
CrossRef | CAS |

Wetzel, R. G. (1983). ‘Limnology’. (Saunders College Publishing: Philadelphia).

Wiberg, P. L., and Sherwood, C. R. (2008). Calculating wave-generated bottom orbital velocities from surface-wave parameters. Computers & Geosciences 34, 1243–1262.
CrossRef |

Wojciechowski, A. (1995), Holocene deposits and molluscan assemblages in Lake Łebsko, Gardno-Łeba coastal Plan. Journal of Coastal Research Sp. issue 22, 237–243.

Woszczyk, M., and Rotnicki, K. (2009). Lithological changes in a coastal lagoon as a response to isolation from the sea and Sand barier migration – Lake Sarbsko (northern Poland) case study. Questiones Geographice 28A, 83–93.

Woszczyk, M., Lutyńska, M., and Spychalski, W. (2008). Zmiany środowiskowe w jeziorze Sarbsko na podstawie badań geochemicznych i diatomologicznych profilu Sa1/2. In ‘Holoceńskie przemiany wybrzeży i wód południowego Bałtyku – przyczyny, uwarunkowania i skutki’. (Eds K. Rotnicki et al.) pp. 145–154. (Wydawnictwo Tekst: Poznań-Bydgoszcz).

Woszczyk, M., Bechtel, A., and Cieśliński, R. (2011a). Interactions between microbial degradation of sedimentary organic matter and lake hydrodynamics in shallow water bodies, insights from Lake Sarbsko (northern Poland). Journal of Limnology 70, 293–304.
CrossRef |

Woszczyk, M., Bechtel, A., Gratzer, R., Kotarba, M. J., Kokociński, M., Fiebig, J., and Cieśliński, R. (2011b). Composition and origin of organic matter in surface sediments of Lake Sarbsko, A highly eutrophic and shallow coastal lake (northern Poland). Organic Geochemistry 42, 1025–1038.
CrossRef | CAS |


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014