Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effect of dietary sodium diacetate on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, intestinal pH and Escherichia coli of broilers

Aiyou Wen A B , Xi Bai B , Sifa Dai A , Assar Ali Shah B and Hong Hu A C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A College of Animal Science, Anhui Science and Technology University, No. 9 Donghua Road, Fengyang 233100, PR China.

B College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR China.

C Corresponding author. Email: haiyanghh@163.com

Animal Production Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/AN15884
Submitted: 20 December 2015  Accepted: 2 December 2016   Published online: 28 February 2017

Abstract

This research report investigated the influences of diet supplemented with sodium diacetate (SD) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and intestinal pH and Escherichia coli count of broilers. A total of 240 1-day-old Arbor Acres chicks were randomly allocated into four groups fed with basal diets containing 0% (Control group), 0.01%, 0.03%, and 0.05% SD. At 42 days of age, the final weight, bodyweight gain, pre-evisceration weight, eviscerated weight, and breast muscle weight were increased in the 0.05% SD group compared with the Control group (P < 0.05). The 0.05% SD group also showed an increased water-holding capacity in the breast and thigh meat (P < 0.05). However, this group also showed a decrease in the lightness value of thigh meat (P < 0.05). There was a tendency towards a decrease in pH values of duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and appendix with the increase in SD supplementation (0.01–0.05%). Broilers in the 0.05% SD group had a lower pH in the jejunum than those in the Control group (P < 0.05). SD supplementation in diets decreased the E. coli count in the small and large intestines (P < 0.05). This study suggests that SD supplementation in diets provides a nutritional strategy to improve growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and intestinal health of broilers.

Additional keywords: acidulant, poultry nutrition, poultry production.


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