Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Methionine supplementation of low-protein diet and subsequent feeding of low-energy diet on the performance and blood chemical profile of broiler chickens

P. Jariyahatthakij A , B. Chomtee B , T. Poeikhampha A , W. Loongyai A and C. Bunchasak A C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand.

B Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand.

C Corresponding author. Email: agrchb@ku.ac.th

Animal Production Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/AN16258
Submitted: 29 January 2016  Accepted: 31 October 2016   Published online: 18 January 2017

Abstract

The effects were investigated of supplementing methionine (Met) in a low-crude protein diet (Low-CP+Met) during Days 11–24 post-hatch and subsequent feeding with a low-metabolisable energy diet (Low-ME; –0.31 MJ/kg) during Days 25–42 on the productive performance and blood chemistry profile of broiler chickens. The 1600 broiler chicks were divided into four groups and fed as follows: (1) Control diet; (2) Low-CP (Met deficiency) diet during Days 11–24, then re-feeding with conventional diet; (3) Low-CP+Met diet during days 11–24, then re-feeding with conventional diet; and (4) Low-CP+Met+Low-ME diet (Low-CP+Met diet during Days 11–24, then re-feeding with Low-ME diet). During Days 11–24, the growth performance of the Control group was better than the other groups (P < 0.01), although the Low-CP+Met diet improved bodyweight, feed conversion ratio and improved the protein conversion ratio compare to the Low-CP group (P < 0.01). During the re-feeding phase (Days 25–42), reducing the dietary energy resulted in better growth performance and a better protein conversion ratio and energy conversion ratio than in the Control group (P < 0.05). Triglyceride, very low-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and total cholesterol in serum were higher, and non-esterified fatty acid was lower in the Control group than those of the Low-CP+Met+Low-ME group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, reducing dietary protein with balanced amino acids during the grower period and subsequent feeding with a low-energy diet promoted productive performance, improved protein utilisation and reduced fat accumulation via increasing lipolysis and/or disruption of the triglyceride transportation in broiler chickens.

Additional keywords: amino acids balance, compensatory growth.


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