Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Dose-dependent effects of probiotic supplementation on bone characteristics and mineralisation in meat-type female turkeys

E. Tomaszewska A F , M. Kwiecień B , P. Dobrowolski C , R. Klebaniuk B , S. Muszyński D , M. Olcha B , T. Blicharski E and E. R. Grela B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

B Department of Bromatology and Food Physiology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

C Department of Comparative Anatomy and Anthropology, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 20-033 Lublin, Poland.

D Department of Physics, Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

E Chair and Department of Rehabilitation and Orthopaedics, Medical University in Lublin, Jaczewskiego 8, 20-090 Lublin, Poland.

F Corresponding author. Email: ewaRST@interia.pl

Animal Production Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/AN16289
Submitted: 5 May 2016  Accepted: 8 September 2016   Published online: 14 December 2016

Abstract

To evaluate the influence of the probiotic on bone tissue in female turkeys, bone mineral density and geometrical and mechanical properties of the tibia and femur were determined in a dose-dependent manner (107 colony-forming units (cfu)/g, 108 cfu/g, 109 cfu/g). No effect of the treatments on bone mass and wall thickness of femur was observed, but the administration of the probiotic resulted in the elongation and the reduction of both strengths. The increase in the cross-sectional area of the femur was dose-dependent. Probiotic supplementation at a concentration of 108 cfu/g resulted in a reduction in ultimate strength, but at a concentration of 107 cfu/g, it resulted in the enhancement of the maximum elastic strength of the tibia compared with other groups. The influence of the probiotic administration on tibia geometry was dose-dependent. No effect of the treatments on the relative bone weight and the ratio of mass to length was observed. In general, the influence of the probiotic administration on bone mineral density, bone mineral concentration, bone tissue density, and bone ash, calcium and phosphorus concentrations was dose-dependent. The investigated properties of long bones in female turkeys are affected through probiotic-supplemented diets in a dose-dependent manner. However, on the basis of densitometry, it seems that the administration of the probiotic at a higher concentration of cells is more beneficial for bone development in turkeys.

Additional keywords: BMD, bone geometry, femur, mechanical properties, probiotic, tibia.


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