Metal-Mediated Pseudo Coordination Isomerism in Complexes of Mixed Neutral Didentate and Dianionic Tridentate Pyridine-Containing Ligands
Australian Journal of Chemistry
57(6) 565 - 570
Published: 02 June 2004
Reaction of nickel(II) or copper(II) acetate with 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine 1 and pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate ion 2 in aqueous methanol in a 1 : 1 : 1 molar ratio leads to the crystallization in high yield of exclusively one product in each case. For nickel(II), a neutral mixed-ligand complex [Ni · 1 · 2 · (OH2)] is obtained, whereas with copper(II) an ionic complex [Cu · 12 · (OHCH3)][Cu · 22] forms wherein each complex ion contains exclusively one type of ligand. The outcome appears to be directed by the metal ion employed, the two forms being effectively coordination isomers, albeit differing in central metal ion. The neutral complex [Ni · 1 · 2 · (OH2)] · 4¼H2O crystallizes in the triclinic space group P¯1, with two independent nickel centres and ten (some with partial occupancy) water molecules in the asymmetric unit. Each nickel lies in a distorted octahedral environment, with the three N-donor and O-donor sets occupying meridional positions. A complex system of hydrogen bonding and Π-stacking operates in the crystal, with arrays of complex units arranged in ‘dimer tapes’ surrounded by water molecules. The ionic [Cu · 12 · (OHCH3)][Cu · 22] · 2CH3OH complex crystallizes in the monoclinic P21/c space group. The cation adopts a distorted square-based pyramidal geometry with a coordinated methanol in the axial position, although another is weakly interacting in the other axial site. The anion exists in the previously described octahedral geometry with two meridionally-disposed tridentate ligands with the pyridines disposed in trans positions. Three-dimensional ordering in the structure is directed by ‘ribbons’ of hydrogen bonding.