Australian Journal of Chemistry Australian Journal of Chemistry Society
An international journal for chemical science
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Preparation and Photophysical Properties of All-trans Acceptor–π-Donor (Acceptor) Compounds Possessing Obvious Solvatochromic Effects

Yu-Lu Pan A , Zhi-Bin Cai A C , Li Bai A , Sheng-Li Li B and Yu-Peng Tian B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China.

B Department of Chemistry, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Materials, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, China.

C Corresponding author. Email: caizbmail@126.com

Australian Journal of Chemistry 70(9) 1048-1056 https://doi.org/10.1071/CH17021
Submitted: 9 January 2017  Accepted: 24 April 2017   Published: 24 May 2017

Abstract

A series of all-trans acceptor–π-donor (acceptor) compounds (BAQ, SFQ, BLQ, and XJQ) were conveniently synthesised and characterised by infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis. Their photophysical properties, including linear absorption, one-photon excited fluorescence, two-photon absorption, and two-photon excited fluorescence, were systematically investigated. All the compounds show obvious solvatochromic effects, such as significant bathochromic shifts of the emission spectra and larger Stokes shifts in more polar solvents. Under excitation from a femtosecond Ti : sapphire laser with a pulse width of 140 fs, they all exhibit strong two-photon excited fluorescence, and the two-photon absorption cross-sections in THF are 851 (BAQ), 216 (SFQ), 561 (BLQ), and 447 (XJQ) GM respectively. A combination of density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) approaches was used to investigate the relationships between the structures and the photophysical properties of these compounds. The results show that they may have a potential application as polarity-sensitive two-photon fluorescent probes.


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