Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Unidirectional introgression within the genus Dolomedes (Araneae : Pisauridae) in southern New Zealand

Vanessa L. Lattimore A , Cor J. Vink B C D , Adrian M. Paterson A and Robert H. Cruickshank A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Ecology, PO Box 84, Lincoln University, Lincoln 7647, New Zealand.

B Biosecurity Group, AgResearch, Private Bag 4749, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.

C Entomology Research Museum, PO Box 84, Lincoln University, Lincoln 7647, New Zealand.

D Corresponding author. Email: cor.vink@agresearch.co.nz

Invertebrate Systematics 25(1) 70-79 https://doi.org/10.1071/IS11001
Submitted: 5 January 2011  Accepted: 25 May 2011   Published: 14 July 2011

Abstract

We investigated the genetic structure of mitochondrial DNA (COI) and nuclear DNA (actin 5C) for variation within and among populations of two nurseryweb spider species: Dolomedes aquaticus Goyen, 1888 and D. minor Koch, 1876. Specimens were collected from intermediately disturbed braided rivers located in southern South Island, New Zealand. The genetic variation was compared against morphological characteristics to identify traits, both genetically and phenotypically, that indicate past occurrences of introgression. Haplotypes clearly assignable to D. aquaticus were also present in specimens of D. minor, supporting previous research suggesting introgression of mtDNA from D. aquaticus to D. minor. No evidence was found to indicate introgression from D. minor to D. aquaticus, suggesting that the introgression is asymmetrical and that the isolation mechanisms that may be in place to prevent such an occurrence are more successful within one species. In addition, the distribution patterns of identical haplotypes were found to provide an indication for when and where introgression took place.

Additional keywords: actin 5C, cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1, Dolomedes aquaticus, Dolomedes minor, genetic variation, mitochondrial DNA, nuclear DNA, phylogenetics.


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