Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effects of area and available energy on fish assemblages of tropical streams

Bruno Bastos Gonçalves A , Francisco Leonardo Tejerina-Garro B C and Rodrigo Assis de Carvalho D E

A Programa de pós-graduação em Aquicultura, Jaboticabal, Departamento de Fisiologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista ‘Júlio de Mesquita Filho’ (UNESP), Distrito de Rubião Junior, s/n, 18618970, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

B Centro de Biologia Aquática, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, PUC Goiás, Campus II, Avenida Engler s/n, 74885460, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

C Programa de Pós-graduação em Sociedade, Tecnologia e Meio Ambiente, UniEVANGÉLICA, Avenida Universitária quilômetro 3.5, Cidade Universitária, 75083515, Anápolis, GO, Brazil.

D Universidade Estadual de Goiás (UEG), Programa de Pós-Graduação em Recursos Naturais do Cerrado (RENAC), Câmpus de Ciências Exatas e Tecnológicas,Henrique Santillo, BR 153, number 3105 Fazenda Barreiro do Meio, 75132400, Anápolis, GO, Brazil.

E Corresponding author. Email: decarvalho.ra@gmail.com

Marine and Freshwater Research - https://doi.org/10.1071/MF15431
Submitted: 13 November 2015  Accepted: 16 May 2016   Published online: 14 July 2016

Abstract

A central issue in fish community ecology is to understand how the size of the drainage area and the available energy influence fish species diversity and their spatial distribution. In the present study, we tested whether the species–area relationship (represented by drainage area) and species–energy association (represented by algal biomass and organic matter) drive taxonomic and functional richness in a regional scale. The results indicated that fish assemblages of the two tropical neighbouring basins sampled responded differently to the size of drainage area. Whereas taxonomic richness was influenced by the size of the drainage area in Tocantins River basin streams, it was not affected in Araguaia River basin streams. Both taxonomic richness and functional richness of the fish assemblages were affected by available energy in the system. A possible explanation for these different responses is related to local conditions, such as the percentage of natural vegetation cover encountered in each basin.

Additional keywords: algal biomass, land use, organic matter, vegetation cover.


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