Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Responses of a phytoplankton community to seasonal and environmental changes in Lake Nansihu, China

Wang Tian A , Huayong Zhang A B , Lei Zhao A and Hai Huang A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Research Center for Engineering Ecology and Nonlinear Science, North China Electric Power University, 2 Beinong Road, Changping District, Beijing 102206, P.R. China.

B Corresponding author. Email: rceens@ncepu.edu.cn

Marine and Freshwater Research - https://doi.org/10.1071/MF16331
Submitted: 2 December 2015  Accepted: 27 December 2016   Published online: 15 March 2017

Abstract

Phytoplankton is the primary producer and the basis of most aquatic food webs. Characterising the variations in phytoplankton communities and the factors affecting these variations in a fluctuating environment are central issues in ecology and essential to developing appropriate conservation strategies. In the present study, seasonal variations in the phytoplankton community and the driving environmental factors were analysed based on data from Lake Nansihu in 2013. In all, 138 phytoplankton species were identified. The phytoplankton community exhibited seasonal variations, with a mean abundance that ranged from 5.00 × 105 cells L–1 in winter to 4.57 × 106 cells L–1 in summer and a mean biomass that varied from 0.44 mg L–1 in winter to 3.75 mg L–1 in summer. A spring algal bloom did not appear in this warm, temperate monsoon lake, but an algal bloom did appear in summer when the temperature and nutrient concentrations were high. There were substantial seasonal variations in the dominant phytoplankton taxa, from Chlorophyta, Bacillariophyta and Euglenophyta in spring to Chlorophyta and Bacillariophyta in summer, followed by dominance of Chlorophyta in autumn and Bacillariophyta in winter. Results of canonical correspondence analysis indicated that although the environmental factors affecting the seasonal variations in different phytoplankton species varied, water temperature, total nitrogen, total phosphorus and ammonia nitrogen appeared to be the most dominant. These four variables were also the main environmental factors driving the seasonal variations in the phytoplankton community in the lake. The results of the present study will be useful in guaranteeing the water quality and ecological security of Lake Nansihu.

Additional keywords: canonical correspondence analysis, environmental factors, seasonal variation.


References

Anderson, D. M., Glibert, P. M., and Burkholder, J. M. (2002). Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: nutrient sources, composition, and consequences. Estuaries 25, 704–726.
Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: nutrient sources, composition, and consequences.CrossRef | open url image1

Arhonditsis, G. B., Winder, M., Brett, M. T., and Schindler, D. E. (2004). Patterns and mechanisms of phytoplankton variability in Lake Washington (USA). Water Research 38, 4013–4027.
Patterns and mechanisms of phytoplankton variability in Lake Washington (USA).CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXns1eqt7k%3D&md5=2481c2f39277df1f1745777b085f99e6CAS | open url image1

Boyd, P. W., Strzepek, R., Fu, F., and Hutchins, D. A. (2010). Environmental control of open-ocean phytoplankton groups: now and in the future. Limnology and Oceanography 55, 1353–1376.
Environmental control of open-ocean phytoplankton groups: now and in the future.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3cXotVWns78%3D&md5=8f783217af042f9a2add42c5f1cb605fCAS | open url image1

Dokulil, M., Chen, W., and Cai, Q. (2000). Anthropogenic impacts to large lakes in China: the Tai Hu example. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 3, 81–94.
Anthropogenic impacts to large lakes in China: the Tai Hu example.CrossRef | open url image1

Dyer, L. A., and Letourneau, D. K. (2003). Top-down and bottom-up diversity cascades in detrital versus living food webs. Ecology Letters 6, 60–68.
Top-down and bottom-up diversity cascades in detrital versus living food webs.CrossRef | open url image1

Elser, J. J., and Goldman, C. R. (1991). Zooplankton effects on phytoplankton in lakes of contrasting trophic status. Limnology and Oceanography 36, 64–90.
Zooplankton effects on phytoplankton in lakes of contrasting trophic status.CrossRef | open url image1

Faggotter, S. J., Webster, I. T., and Burford, M. A. (2013). Factors controlling primary productivity in a wet–dry tropical river. Marine and Freshwater Research 64, 585–598.
Factors controlling primary productivity in a wet–dry tropical river.CrossRef | open url image1

Falkowski, P., Scholes, R. J., Boyle, E., Canadell, J., Canfield, D., Elser, J., Gruber, N., Hibbard, K., Högberg, P., Linder, S., Mackenzie, F. T., Moore, B., Pedersen, T., Rosenthal, Y., Seitzinger, S., Smetacek, V., and Steffen, W. (2000). The global carbon cycle: a test of our knowledge of earth as a system. Science 290, 291–296.
The global carbon cycle: a test of our knowledge of earth as a system.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3cXnsVGisrg%3D&md5=d307e12d2ffe239a47c1c181f31c90b7CAS | open url image1

Field, C. B., Behrenfeld, M. J., Randerson, J. T., and Falkowski, P. (1998). Primary production of the biosphere: integrating terrestrial and oceanic components. Science 281, 237–240.
Primary production of the biosphere: integrating terrestrial and oceanic components.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXksFKitb0%3D&md5=e69a1edb85a7d78208d3ef4cd3f6fac5CAS | open url image1

Gameiro, C., Cartaxana, P., and Brotas, V. (2007). Environmental drivers of phytoplankton distribution and composition in Tagus Estuary, Portugal. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 75, 21–34.
Environmental drivers of phytoplankton distribution and composition in Tagus Estuary, Portugal.CrossRef | open url image1

Gong, J. X., Duan, D. X., Wang, Z. Z., Du, X. H., Zhang, J. L., Liu, H. C., Chen, J. P., and Sun, D. (2010). Research and analysis on the plankton of Nansi Lake. Journal of Yangtze University (Natural Science Edition) 7, 39–42.
Research and analysis on the plankton of Nansi Lake.CrossRef | open url image1

Jiang, Y. J., He, W., Liu, W. X., Qin, N., Ouyang, H. L., Wang, Q. M., Kong, X. Z., He, Q. S., Yang, C., Yang, B., and Xu, F. L. (2014). The seasonal and spatial variations of phytoplankton community and their correlation with environmental factors in a large eutrophic Chinese lake (Lake Chaohu). Ecological Indicators 40, 58–67.
The seasonal and spatial variations of phytoplankton community and their correlation with environmental factors in a large eutrophic Chinese lake (Lake Chaohu).CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXjtlSru78%3D&md5=519a071b47aa1bbd863bfb32e792ec51CAS | open url image1

Lacerot, G., Kruk, C., Lürling, M., and Scheffer, M. (2013). The role of subtropical zooplankton as grazers of phytoplankton under different predation levels. Freshwater Biology 58, 494–503.
The role of subtropical zooplankton as grazers of phytoplankton under different predation levels.CrossRef | open url image1

Lampert, W., and Sommer, U. (2007). ‘Limnoecology: The Ecology of Lakes and Streams.’ (Oxford University Press: Oxford, MA, USA.)

Laskar, H. S., and Gupta, S. (2009). Phytoplankton diversity and dynamics of Chatla floodplain lake, Barak Valley, Assam, North East India – a seasonal study. Journal of Environmental Biology 30, 1007–1012.
| 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3cXisFKlur4%3D&md5=6541e948b6d433191ff84af977708b52CAS | open url image1

Litchman, E., and Klausmeier, C. A. (2008). Trait-based community ecology of phytoplankton. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics 39, 615–639.
Trait-based community ecology of phytoplankton.CrossRef | open url image1

Liu, Q. H., Pei, H. Y., Hu, W. R., and Xie, J. (2010). Population characteristics and seasonal variations of phytoplankton in Nansi Lake. Journal of Shandong University. Natural Science 45, 13–18. open url image1

Lu, X. T. (2013). The research on phytoplankton community, driving environmental factors and the possibility of cyanobacterial bloom in Dongping Lake, China. Ph.D. Thesis, Shandong University, Jinan, China. [In Chinese].

Lv, H., Yang, J., Liu, L., Yu, X. Q., Zheng, Y., and Chiang, P. C. (2014). Temperature and nutrients are significant drivers of seasonal shift in phytoplankton community from a drinking water reservoir, subtropical China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21, 5917–5928.
Temperature and nutrients are significant drivers of seasonal shift in phytoplankton community from a drinking water reservoir, subtropical China.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXntlartrs%3D&md5=d895fa6103e92fd8852383f4e2ac693bCAS | open url image1

Nassar, M. Z., Mohamed, H. R., Khiray, H. M., and Rashedy, S. H. (2014). Seasonal fluctuations of phytoplankton community and physico-chemical parameters of the north western part of the Red Sea, Egypt. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 40, 395–403.
Seasonal fluctuations of phytoplankton community and physico-chemical parameters of the north western part of the Red Sea, Egypt.CrossRef | open url image1

Norberg, J., Swaney, D. P., Dushoff, J., Lin, J., Casagrandi, R., and Levin, S. A. (2001). Phenotypic diversity and ecosystem functioning in changing environments: a theoretical framework. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98, 11376–11381.
Phenotypic diversity and ecosystem functioning in changing environments: a theoretical framework.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3MXnt1yqtbk%3D&md5=e90242b2b0a2b868b6372e3c986c323dCAS | open url image1

O’Neil, J. M., Davis, T. W., Burford, M. A., and Gobler, C. J. (2012). The rise of harmful cyanobacteria blooms: the potential roles of eutrophication and climate change. Harmful Algae 14, 313–334.
The rise of harmful cyanobacteria blooms: the potential roles of eutrophication and climate change.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38Xht1Ogu7Y%3D&md5=2602f00edcef25562db2f78d956852beCAS | open url image1

Padisák, J., Borics, G., Grigorszky, I., and Soroczki-Pinter, E. (2006). Use of phytoplankton assemblages for monitoring ecological status of lakes within the Water Framework Directive: the assemblage index. Hydrobiologia 553, 1–14.
Use of phytoplankton assemblages for monitoring ecological status of lakes within the Water Framework Directive: the assemblage index.CrossRef | open url image1

Panigatti, M. C., and Maine, M. A. (2003). Influence of nitrogen species (NH4+ and NO3) on the dynamics of P in water–sediment–Salvinia herzogii systems. Hydrobiologia 492, 151–157.
Influence of nitrogen species (NH4+ and NO3) on the dynamics of P in water–sediment–Salvinia herzogii systems.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3sXlsFKrurY%3D&md5=b1a5c43cb79a63b5a52fb855e407dfbfCAS | open url image1

Pei, H., Liu, Q., and Hu, W. (2010). Phytoplankton community and the relationship with the environment in Nansi Lake, China. International Journal of Environmental Research 5, 167–176. open url image1

Pimm, S. L. (1984). The complexity and stability of ecosystems. Nature 307, 321–326.
The complexity and stability of ecosystems.CrossRef | open url image1

Prowe, A. E. F., Pahlow, M., Dutkiewicz, S., Follows, M., and Oschlies, A. (2012). Top-down control of marine phytoplankton diversity in a global ecosystem model. Progress in Oceanography 101, 1–13.
Top-down control of marine phytoplankton diversity in a global ecosystem model.CrossRef | open url image1

Schwaderer, A. S., Yoshiyama, K., de Tezanos Pinto, P., Swenson, N. G., Klausmeier, C. A., and Elena, L. (2011). Eco-evolutionary differences in light utilization traits and distributions of freshwater phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 56, 589–598.
Eco-evolutionary differences in light utilization traits and distributions of freshwater phytoplankton.CrossRef | open url image1

Seip, K. (2015). Temperature, length of growth season and phytoplankton abundance in the Gulf of Maine. Marine and Freshwater Research 66, 759–766.
Temperature, length of growth season and phytoplankton abundance in the Gulf of Maine.CrossRef | open url image1

Shu, F. Y., Liu, Y. P., Zhao, Y., Wu, Y. P., and Li, A. H. (2012). Spatio-temporal distribution of TN and TP in water and evaluation of eutrophic state of Lake Nansi. Environmental Sciences 33, 3748–3752.
Spatio-temporal distribution of TN and TP in water and evaluation of eutrophic state of Lake Nansi.CrossRef | open url image1

Siegfried, C. A., Bloomfield, J. A., and Sutherland, J. W. (1989). Acidity status and phytoplankton species richness, standing crop, and community composition in Adirondack, New York, USA, lakes. Hydrobiologia 175, 13–32.
Acidity status and phytoplankton species richness, standing crop, and community composition in Adirondack, New York, USA, lakes.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaL1MXmtVWis70%3D&md5=66567e7e91b219ba54f96a5b8710f769CAS | open url image1

Smith, V. H., Foster, B. L., Grover, J. P., Holt, R. D., and Leibold, M. A. (2005). Phytoplankton species richness scales consistently from laboratory microcosms to the world’s oceans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 4393–4396.
Phytoplankton species richness scales consistently from laboratory microcosms to the world’s oceans.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXivFCrtbk%3D&md5=b7d5a11de3e6c2fc01fd4dcee2b7a899CAS | open url image1

Stomp, M., Huisman, J., Mittelbach, G. G., Litchman, E., and Klausmeier, C. A. (2011). Large-scale biodiversity patterns in freshwater phytoplankton. Ecology 92, 2096–2107.
Large-scale biodiversity patterns in freshwater phytoplankton.CrossRef | open url image1

Sun, J., Liu, D. Y., and Qian, S. B. (1999). Study on phytoplankton biomass I. Phytoplankton measurement biomass from cell volume or plasma volume. Acta Oceanologica Sinica 21, 75–85. open url image1

Sun, L., Jin, X. C., Zhong, Y., Zhi, Y. L., Li, H., Zhou, Q. X., and Zhuang, Y. Y. (2009). Seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton in relation to key aquatic habitat factors in a polluted urban small water body in Tianjin, China. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 82, 543–548.
Seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton in relation to key aquatic habitat factors in a polluted urban small water body in Tianjin, China.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1MXjt1Gjs74%3D&md5=9151c2827900d5a69a3e63168887dc0fCAS | open url image1

Tang, J., Xiang, J. G., Gu, P. H., Xie, M., Shu, F. Y., and Xie, S. G. (2014). Community structure of zooplankton and assessment of water quality in Weishan Lake. Chinese Journal of Fisheries 27, 32–37. open url image1

Thiébaut, G., Tixier, G., Guerold, F., and Muller, S. (2006). Comparison of different biological indices for the assessment of river quality: application to the upper river Moselle (France). Hydrobiologia 570, 159–164.
Comparison of different biological indices for the assessment of river quality: application to the upper river Moselle (France).CrossRef | open url image1

Thompson, A., Carter, B. J., Turk-Kubo, K., Malfatti, F., Azam, F., and Zehr, J. P. (2014). Genetic diversity of the unicellular nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria UCYN-A and its prymnesiophyte host. Environmental Microbiology 16, 3238–3249.
Genetic diversity of the unicellular nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria UCYN-A and its prymnesiophyte host.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXhslCqtLbM&md5=d39ff89a83f7b2e3e61cd74d12da0d4bCAS | open url image1

Tian, C., Lu, X., Pei, H., Hu, W., and Xie, J. (2013). Seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton and its relationship with the environmental factors in Dongping Lake, China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 185, 2627–2645.
Seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton and its relationship with the environmental factors in Dongping Lake, China.CrossRef | open url image1

Tilman, D., Kiesling, R., Sterner, R., Kilham, S. S., and Johnson, F. A. (1986). Green, bluegreen and diatom algae: taxonomic differences in competitive ability for phosphorus, silicon and nitrogen. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 106, 473–485. open url image1

Wu, Z. H., Zhang, K., Jin, L. R., Yang, L. K., and Zhang, J. (2012). Analysis of spatial distribution of water quality and assessment of water quality improvement in Nansi Lake. Water Resources Protection 28, 1–7.
Analysis of spatial distribution of water quality and assessment of water quality improvement in Nansi Lake.CrossRef | open url image1

Xu, H., Paerl, H. W., Qin, B., Zhu, G., and Gao, G. (2010). Nitrogen and phosphorus inputs control phytoplankton growth in eutrophic Lake Taihu, China. Limnology and Oceanography 55, 420–432.
Nitrogen and phosphorus inputs control phytoplankton growth in eutrophic Lake Taihu, China.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3cXitVSgu7s%3D&md5=6c6ebe13dc8d36afa68aac0eff4a713aCAS | open url image1

Zehrer, R. F., Burns, C. W., and Flöder, S. (2015). Sediment resuspension, salinity and temperature affect the plankton community of a shallow coastal lake. Marine and Freshwater Research 66, 317–328.
Sediment resuspension, salinity and temperature affect the plankton community of a shallow coastal lake.CrossRef | open url image1

Zhang, Z. L., Xin, L. J., and Liang, C. L. (2007). The analysis of hydrological characteristics and processes of ecosystem in Lake Nansi during the past 50 years. Geographical Research 26, 957–966.
The analysis of hydrological characteristics and processes of ecosystem in Lake Nansi during the past 50 years.CrossRef | open url image1



Export Citation

View Altmetrics