Australian Journal of Primary Health Australian Journal of Primary Health Society
The issues influencing community health services and primary health care
REVIEW (Open Access)

Review of patient-reported experience within Patient-Centered Medical Homes: insights for Australian Health Care Homes

Mary O’Loughlin A D , Jane Mills B , Robyn McDermott A C and Linton Harriss A C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, PO Box 6811, Cairns, Qld 4870, Australia.

B College of Health, Massey University, PO Box 756, Wellington 6140, New Zealand.

C School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.

D Corresponding author. Email: mary.oloughin@my.jcu.edu.au

Australian Journal of Primary Health 23(5) 429-439 https://doi.org/10.1071/PY17063
Submitted: 10 March 2017  Accepted: 24 July 2017   Published: 20 September 2017

Journal Compilation © La Trobe University 2017 Open Access CC BY-NC-ND

Abstract

Understanding patient experience is necessary to advance the patient-centred approach to health service delivery. Australia’s primary healthcare model, the ‘Health Care Home’, is based on the ‘Patient-Centered Medical Home’ (PCMH) model developed in the United States. Both these models aim to improve patient experience; however, the majority of existing PCMH model evaluations have focussed on funding, management and quality assurance measures. This review investigated the scope of evidence reported by adult patients using a PCMH. Using a systematic framework, the review identified 39 studies, sourced from 33 individual datasets, which used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Patient experience was reported for model attributes, including the patient–physician and patient–practice relationships; care-coordination; access to care; and, patient engagement, goal setting and shared decision-making. Results were mixed, with the patient experience improving under the PCMH model for some attributes, and some studies indicating no difference in patient experience following PCMH implementation. The scope and quality of existing evidence does not demonstrate improvement in adult patient experience when using the PCMH. Better measures to evaluate patient experience in the Australian Health Care Home model are required.

Additional keywords: healthcare evaluation, health services research, quality of health care.


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