Environmental Chemistry Environmental Chemistry Society
Environmental problems - Chemical approaches
RESEARCH FRONT

Effectiveness of various sorbents and biological oxidation in the removal of arsenic species from groundwater

Anna Corsini A , Lucia Cavalca A , Gerard Muyzer A B and Patrizia Zaccheo C D

A Dipartimento di Scienze per gli Alimenti, la Nutrizione e l’Ambiente (DeFENS), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 2, I-20133 Milano, Italy.

B Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, 1090 GE Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

C Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali – Produzione, Territorio, Agroenergia (DiSAA), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 2, I-20133 Milano, Italy.

D Corresponding author. Email: patrizia.zaccheo@unimi.it

Environmental Chemistry 11(5) 558-565 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/EN13210
Submitted: 19 November 2013  Accepted: 25 May 2014   Published: 18 September 2014

Environmental context. Arsenic contamination of aquifers is a worldwide public health concern and several technologies have been developed to reduce the arsenic content of groundwater. We investigated the efficiency of various materials for arsenic removal from groundwater and found that iron-based sorbents have great affinity for arsenic even if groundwater composition can depress their ability to bind arsenic. Moreover, we showed that the use of microorganisms can enhance the removal of arsenic from groundwater.

Abstract. The AsIII and AsV adsorption capacity of biochar, chabazite, ferritin-based material, goethite and nano zero-valent iron was evaluated in artificial systems at autoequilibrium pH (i.e. MilliQ water without adjusting the pH) and at approximately neutral pH (i.e. TRIS-HCl, pH 7.2). At autoequilibrium pH, iron-based sorbents removed 200 μg L–1 As highly efficiently whereas biochar and chabazite were ineffective. At approximately neutral pH, sorbents were capable of removing between 17 and 100 % of AsIII and between 3 and 100 % of AsV in the following order: biochar < chabazite < ferritin-based material < goethite < nano zero-valent iron. Chabazite, ferritin-based material and nano zero-valent iron oxidised AsIII to AsV and ferritin-based material was able to reduce AsV to AsIII. When tested in naturally As-contaminated groundwater, a marked decrease in the removal effectiveness occurred, due to possible competition with phosphate and manganese. A biological oxidation step was then introduced in a one-phase process (AsIII bio-oxidation in conjunction with AsV adsorption) and in a two-phase process (AsIII bio-oxidation followed by AsV adsorption). Arsenite oxidation was performed by resting cells of Aliihoeflea sp. strain 2WW, and arsenic adsorption by goethite. The one-phase process decreased As in groundwater to 85 %, whereas the two-phase process removed up to 95 % As, leaving in solution 6 μg L–1 As, thus meeting the World Health Organization limit (10 μg L–1). These results can be used in the scaling up of a two-phase treatment, with bacterial oxidation of As combined to goethite adsorption.


References

[1]  P. Mondal, C. B. Majumder, B. Mohanty, Laboratory based approaches for arsenic remediation from contaminated water: recent developments. J. Hazard. Mater. 2006, 137, 464.
Laboratory based approaches for arsenic remediation from contaminated water: recent developments.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XoslSitLo%3D&md5=74ee7c87cc8590751b39368a00c4a4adCAS | 16616812PubMed | open url image1

[2]  W. Höll, Mechanisms of arsenic removal from water. Environ. Geochem. Health 2010, 32, 287.
Mechanisms of arsenic removal from water.CrossRef | 20559860PubMed | open url image1

[3]  D. Mohan, C. U. Pittman, Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents – a critical review. J. Hazard. Mater. 2007, 142, 1.
Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents – a critical review.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXjtVejtro%3D&md5=1b9b31121995bcb878c24b24d4259165CAS | 17324507PubMed | open url image1

[4]  B. K. Biswas, K. Inoue, H. Harada, K. Ohto, K. Kawakita, Leaching of phosphorus from incinerated sewage sludge ash by means of acid extraction followed by adsorption on orange waste gel. J. Environ. Sci. (China) 2009, 21, 1753.
Leaching of phosphorus from incinerated sewage sludge ash by means of acid extraction followed by adsorption on orange waste gel.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3cXlsl2qsQ%3D%3D&md5=5e538e86b25506ac85f55e941b4489fdCAS | 20131609PubMed | open url image1

[5]  D. Ranjan, M. Talat, S. H. Hasan, Biosorption of arsenic from aqueous solution using agricultural residue ‘rice polish’. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009, 166, 1050.
Biosorption of arsenic from aqueous solution using agricultural residue ‘rice polish’.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1MXlvFKjs7s%3D&md5=a7f6ab5300b1c1c679d5bcd62760d61aCAS | 19131161PubMed | open url image1

[6]  X. Liu, H. Ao, X. Xiong, J. Xiao, J. Liu, Arsenic removal from water by iron-modified bamboo charcoal. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2012, 223, 1033.
Arsenic removal from water by iron-modified bamboo charcoal.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38Xis1OnsLg%3D&md5=9e3a17a12fd1c43b136a1f27eb96d732CAS | open url image1

[7]  I. Ali, Z. A. Al-Othman, A. Alwarthan, M. Asim, T. A. Khan, Removal of arsenic species from water by batch and column operations on bagasse fly ash. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 2014, 21, 3218.
Removal of arsenic species from water by batch and column operations on bagasse fly ash.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXivF2isL0%3D&md5=dbdc04a25a2c8ce550c4f6e561cfef5cCAS | open url image1

[8]  C. T. Kamala, K. H. Chu, N. S. Chary, P. K. Pandey, S. L. Ramesh, A. R. K. Sastry, K. Chandra Sekhar, Removal of arsenic(III) from aqueous solutions using fresh and immobilized plant biomass. Water Res. 2005, 39, 2815.
Removal of arsenic(III) from aqueous solutions using fresh and immobilized plant biomass.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXms1Omu7o%3D&md5=e491568f3bf0d21591e69a84143db8e7CAS | 15993920PubMed | open url image1

[9]  P. K. Pandey, S. Choubey, Y. Verma, M. Pandey, K. Chandrashekhar, Biosorptive removal of arsenic from drinking water. Bioresour. Technol. 2009, 100, 634.
Biosorptive removal of arsenic from drinking water.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1cXht1OksbjK&md5=da3be78df2b1de8aad4c800061194cf2CAS | 18809315PubMed | open url image1

[10]  Q. Li, X. Xu, H. Cui, J. Pang, Z. Wei, Z. Sun, J. Zhai, Comparison of two adsorbents for the removal of pentavalent arsenic from aqueous solutions. J. Environ. Manage. 2012, 98, 98.
Comparison of two adsorbents for the removal of pentavalent arsenic from aqueous solutions.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38Xit1arurw%3D&md5=1f46f775d742796502d82acb222d13dcCAS | 22249126PubMed | open url image1

[11]  S. Zhang, C. Liu, Z. Luan, X. Peng, H. Ren, J. Wang, Arsenate removal from aqueous solutions using modified red mud. J. Hazard. Mater. 2008, 152, 486.
Arsenate removal from aqueous solutions using modified red mud.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1cXivFKnurY%3D&md5=8f0625190b0a8eec86cbaf60517788d0CAS | 17826896PubMed | open url image1

[12]  P. Mondal, S. Bhowmick, D. Chatterjee, A. Figoli, B. Van der Bruggen, Remediation of inorganic arsenic in groundwater for safe water supply: a critical assessment of technological solutions. Chemosphere 2013, 92, 157.
Remediation of inorganic arsenic in groundwater for safe water supply: a critical assessment of technological solutions.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXjsFCgsrY%3D&md5=66d11c817ee6b0d4d192ac502d1d49a8CAS | 23466274PubMed | open url image1

[13]  J. F. Jacobs, M. H. Hasan, K. H. Paik, W. R. Hagen, M. C. M. van Loosdrecht, Development of a bionanotechnological phosphate removal system with thermostable ferritin. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2010, 105, 918.
| 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3cXisVahsbc%3D&md5=e73517958602514097dd3ef59701b528CAS | 19953676PubMed | open url image1

[14]  H. Guo, D. Stüben, Z. Berner, Removal of arsenic from aqueous solution by natural siderite and hematite. Appl. Geochem. 2007, 22, 1039.
Removal of arsenic from aqueous solution by natural siderite and hematite.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXkvFGmsbs%3D&md5=bab52ca928eeba5d3bf8da91a6f1f016CAS | open url image1

[15]  M. Vaclavikova, G. P. Gallios, S. Hredzak, S. Jakabsky, Removal of arsenic from water streams: an overview of available techniques. Clean Techn. Environ. Policy 2008, 10, 89.
Removal of arsenic from water streams: an overview of available techniques.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1cXhslOks7g%3D&md5=f89abd2cc2eb38a650f9b0e262a8a8ecCAS | open url image1

[16]  WHO, Arsenic in drinking water. Fact sheet number 210 2001. Available at http://www.who.int/inf-fs/en/fact210.html [Verified October 2013].

[17]  M. Bissen, F. H. Frimmel, Arsenic – a review. Part II: oxidation of arsenic and its removal in water treatment. Acta Hydrochim. Hydrobiol. 2003, 31, 97.
Arsenic – a review. Part II: oxidation of arsenic and its removal in water treatment.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3sXoslCnt74%3D&md5=46134a58306478c8eff961b6e49d21e3CAS | open url image1

[18]  J. Michon, C. Dagot, V. Deluchat, M.-C. Dictor, F. Battaglia-Brunet, M. Baudu, As(III) biological oxidation by CAsO1 consortium in fixed-bed reactors. Process Biochem. 2010, 45, 171.
As(III) biological oxidation by CAsO1 consortium in fixed-bed reactors.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1MXhsFGgtLvL&md5=1b291a196bd787598c738d82b72fe857CAS | open url image1

[19]  A. Dastidar, Y. T. Wang, Modeling arsenite oxidation by chemoautotrophic Thiomonas arsenivorans strain b6 in a packed-bed bioreactor. Sci. Total Environ. 2012, 432, 113.
Modeling arsenite oxidation by chemoautotrophic Thiomonas arsenivorans strain b6 in a packed-bed bioreactor.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38XhtFCmsbzO&md5=89f7c5791a76f0f1b68d4a8fbf24ed45CAS | 22728298PubMed | open url image1

[20]  A. Ito, J. I. Miura, N. Ishikawa, T. Umita, Biological oxidation of arsenite in synthetic groundwater using immobilised bacteria. Water Res. 2012, 46, 4825.
Biological oxidation of arsenite in synthetic groundwater using immobilised bacteria.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38XpsVOrtr0%3D&md5=72194018b38932adb1ba0f3388311714CAS | 22760058PubMed | open url image1

[21]  A. Corsini, P. Zaccheo, G. Muyzer, V. Andreoni, L. Cavalca, Arsenic transforming abilities of groundwater bacteria and the combined use of Aliihoeflea sp. strain 2WW and goethite in metalloid removal. J. Hazard. Mater. 2014, 269, 89.
Arsenic transforming abilities of groundwater bacteria and the combined use of Aliihoeflea sp. strain 2WW and goethite in metalloid removal.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXkvF2mtQ%3D%3D&md5=2e0eda218c1b9bad7a84cdfaaedbca5dCAS | 24411461PubMed | open url image1

[22]  Y. T. Kim, C. Yoon, N. C. Woo, An assessment of sampling preservation and analytical procedures for arsenic speciation in potentially contaminated waters. Environ. Geochem. Health 2007, 29, 337.
An assessment of sampling preservation and analytical procedures for arsenic speciation in potentially contaminated waters.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXnvFKksrs%3D&md5=6c580a59110da6b09704445e375972fbCAS | 17505895PubMed | open url image1

[23]  K. Sasaki, H. Nakano, W. Wilopo, Y. Miura, T. Hirajima, Sorption and speciation of arsenic by zero-valent iron. Colloid. Surface A 2009, 347, 8.
Sorption and speciation of arsenic by zero-valent iron.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1MXhtVGqsLrF&md5=5bcccb145e9e73efab352393aa4da4a6CAS | open url image1

[24]  EPA, Progress report: sustainable sorbents and monitoring technologies for small groundwater systems 2013. Available at http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncer_abstracts/index.cfm/fuseaction/display.abstractDetail/abstract/9607/report/2012 [Verified 15 November 2013].

[25]  X. Han, C.-F. Liang, T.-Q. Li, K. Wan, H.-G. Huang, X. Yang, Simultaneous removal of cadmium and sulfamethoxazole from aqueous solution by rice straw biochar. J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. B 2013, 14, 640.
Simultaneous removal of cadmium and sulfamethoxazole from aqueous solution by rice straw biochar.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhtFajtLnO&md5=d5882a6b5a60620b30504a2bc4fa8917CAS | 23825150PubMed | open url image1

[26]  L. Beesley, M. Marmiroli, The immobilisation and retention of soluble arsenic, cadmium and zinc by biochar. Environ. Pollut. 2011, 159, 474.
The immobilisation and retention of soluble arsenic, cadmium and zinc by biochar.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3cXhsF2gtbjI&md5=2022c28a60ad7fa704dc969754b4dd71CAS | 21109337PubMed | open url image1

[27]  J. Major, M. Rondon, D. Molina, S. J. Riha, J. Lehmann, Maize yield and nutrition during 4 years after biochar application to a Colombian savanna oxisol. Plant Soil 2012, 357, 369. open url image1

[28]  F. Ruggieri, V. Marín, D. Gimeno, J. L. Fernandez-Turiela, M. García-Valles, L. Gutierrez, Application of zeolitic volcanic rocks for arsenic removal from water. Eng. Geol. 2008, 101, 245.
Application of zeolitic volcanic rocks for arsenic removal from water.CrossRef | open url image1

[29]  D. Lièvremont, M. A. N’negue, P. H. Behra, M. C. Lett, Biological oxidation of arsenite: batch reactor experiments in presence of kutnahorite and chabazite. Chemosphere 2003, 51, 419.
Biological oxidation of arsenite: batch reactor experiments in presence of kutnahorite and chabazite.CrossRef | 12598007PubMed | open url image1

[30]  V. Tanboonchuy, J.-C. Hsu, N. Grisdanurak, C.-H. Liao, Impact of selected solution factors on arsenate and arsenite removal by nanoiron particles. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 2011, 18, 857.
Impact of selected solution factors on arsenate and arsenite removal by nanoiron particles.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3MXos1ehtLk%3D&md5=d78755c22f8c1626d55724131a65a282CAS | open url image1

[31]  S. R. Kanel, B. Manning, L. Charlet, H. Choi, Removal of arsenic(III) from groundwater by nanoscale zero-valent iron. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2005, 39, 1291.
Removal of arsenic(III) from groundwater by nanoscale zero-valent iron.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXovVej&md5=c71c2c641a9cc14210cb55fc21701e1aCAS | 15787369PubMed | open url image1

[32]  K. Amstaetter, T. Borch, P. Larese-Casanova, A. Kappler, Redox transformation of arsenic by FeII-activated goethite (α-FeOOH). Environ. Sci. Technol. 2010, 44, 102.
Redox transformation of arsenic by FeII-activated goethite (α-FeOOH).CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1MXht1artbrI&md5=094665af2b901d73dd8f585e995a4fabCAS | 20039739PubMed | open url image1

[33]  H. T. Ren, S. Y. Jia, Y. Liu, S. H. Wu, X. Han, Effects of Mn(II) on the sorption and mobilization of AsV in the presence of hematite. J. Hazard. Mater. 2012, 217–218, 301.
Effects of Mn(II) on the sorption and mobilization of AsV in the presence of hematite.CrossRef | 22483597PubMed | open url image1

[34]  F. Liu, A. De Cristofaro, A. Violante, Effect of pH, phosphate and oxalate on the adsorption/desorption of arsenate on/from goethite. Soil Sci. 2001, 166, 197.
Effect of pH, phosphate and oxalate on the adsorption/desorption of arsenate on/from goethite.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3MXitlWjs7c%3D&md5=d7ca3160d9d54215b61d1d06d312deb8CAS | open url image1

[35]  X. Meng, G. P. Korfiatis, S. Bang, K. W. Bang, Combined effects of anions on arsenic removal by iron hydroxides. Toxicol. Lett. 2002, 133, 103.
Combined effects of anions on arsenic removal by iron hydroxides.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XksFKqsbo%3D&md5=30ae941dc39115568fd28b589da347eeCAS | 12076515PubMed | open url image1

[36]  S. A. Mokashi, K. M. Paknikar, Arsenic(III) oxidizing Microbacterium lacticum and its use in the treatment of arsenic contaminated groundwater. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 2002, 34, 258.
Arsenic(III) oxidizing Microbacterium lacticum and its use in the treatment of arsenic contaminated groundwater.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XjvFSktrg%3D&md5=a04e5230154a3e828f2f35f7ed0014d8CAS | 11940155PubMed | open url image1

[37]  M. Ike, T. Miyazaki, N. Yamamoto, K. Sei, S. Soda, Removal of arsenic from groundwater by arsenite-oxidizing bacteria. Water Sci. Technol. 2008, 58, 1095.
Removal of arsenic from groundwater by arsenite-oxidizing bacteria.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1cXhtl2gt7rN&md5=93bbd9549e82991f56cc4feebdc4fe33CAS | 18824809PubMed | open url image1

[38]  S. T. Stern, S. E. McNeil, Nanotechnology safety concerns revisited. Toxicol. Sci. 2008, 101, 4.[Published online early 30 June 2007]
Nanotechnology safety concerns revisited.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXhsVWgsL%2FF&md5=e7a1842e3cc912cb8a9b6872f6104335CAS | 17602205PubMed | open url image1



Export Citation