Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

A new predatory leech from Vietnam (Hirudinida : Arhynchobdellida : Salifidae): its phylogenetic position with comments on the classification of the family

Takafumi Nakano A B D and Son Truong Nguyen C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Science Education, Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima 739-8524, Japan.

B Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.

C Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Sciences and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Caugiay, Hanoi, Vietnam.

D Corresponding author. Email: tnakano@hiroshima-u.ac.jp

Invertebrate Systematics 29(5) 473-486 https://doi.org/10.1071/IS15008
Submitted: 7 March 2015  Accepted: 4 September 2015   Published: 30 October 2015

Abstract

The family Salifidae is a predaceous leech taxon in the suborder Erpobdelliformes. Although Salifidae is widely distributed in the African, Oriental, Indo-Malayan, Sino-Japanese and Australasian regions, the phylogenetic relationships of the family Salifidae have never been tested using molecular data obtained from leeches collected from the family distributional range. A salifid species was collected for the first time in Vietnam, and relevant morphological and molecular data are presented here. Because the Vietnamese salifid species possesses unique morphological characteristics among the known salifid species, this species is herein described as a new species, Salifa motokawai, sp. nov. Phylogenetic analyses based on nuclear 18S rRNA and histone H3, as well as mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, tRNACys, tRNAMet, 12S rRNA, tRNAVal, 16S rRNA, tRNALeu and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 markers demonstrate that the Vietnamese salifid species is a close congener with the African Salifa perspicax and the Malagasy Linta be. Furthermore, molecular data revealed non-monophyly of the Asian salifid leeches. According to the observed phylogenetic relationships and morphological characteristics of the Vietnamese Salifa motokawai, sp. nov., the current classification of salifid taxa should be revised.

Additional keywords: Hirudinea, molecular phylogeny, new species, non-monophyly, Salifa.


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