Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The influence of coral reefs on atmospheric dimethylsulphide over the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Gulf of Papua and Solomon and Bismarck Seas

Graham B. Jones A C and Anne J. Trevena B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Centre for Coastal Management, School of Environmental Science & Management, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia.

B Glaciology Unit, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CP 160/03, 50, av. F.D. Roosevelt, 1050 – Bruxelles, Belgium.

C Corresponding author. Email: gjones@scu.edu.au

Marine and Freshwater Research 56(1) 85-93 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF04097
Submitted: 11 May 2004  Accepted: 4 November 2004   Published: 4 February 2005

Abstract

Marked regional differences in dissolved dimethylsulphide (DMS), atmospheric DMS and DMS flux were recorded during July 1997 through the northern Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Gulf of Papua, Solomon and Bismarck Seas. Highest concentrations of dissolved DMS occurred in the Coral Sea, Gulf of Papua and Bismarck Sea, with lower concentrations in the Great Barrier Reef and Solomon Sea. Elevated levels of atmospheric DMS often occurred in south-easterly to southerly trade winds sampled in the region 18°32′–8°12′S to 145°–151°E, where the highest biomass of coral reefs occurred. Atmospheric DMS often increased in the day after low tides and was positively correlated with tidal height in the northern Great Barrier Reef (r = 0.91, P < 0.05). For tides less than 1.6 m, atmospheric DMS increased on the rising tide for the northern GBR and NW Coral Sea (r = 0.66; P < 0.05) and for the whole voyage (r = 0.25; P < 0.05). As coral reefs have been identified as significant sources of DMS, it is suggested that the daytime increase in atmospheric DMS over much of the study area was mainly a result of high winds and extremely low tides in July, which exposed the reefs during the day.

Extra keywords: atmospheric DMS, dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP), DMS flux.


Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Ron Szycmzak (ANSTO) and Dr Gregg Brunskill (AIMS) for the opportunity to participate on voyage 7 of the TROPICS study. Chris Farr (JCU) is thanked for building the automatic air sampler, and Esther Fischer for drawing Fig. 1. One of us (GBJ) would like to thank the Master and crew of the RV Franklin for their assistance during this voyage and Rosemary K. Jones for support of this research.


References

Andreae, M. O. (1990). Ocean-atmosphere interactions in the global biogeochemical sulphur cycle. Marine Chemistry 30, 1–29.
CrossRef |

Barton, I. J. , and Paltridge, G. W. (1979). The Australian climatology of biologically effective ultraviolet radiation. Australian Journal of Dermatology 20, 68–74.


Bates, T. S. , Cline, R. H. , Gammon, R. H. , and Kelly-Hansen, S. R. (1987). Regional and seasonal variations in the flux of oceanic dimethylsulphide to the atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research 92(C3), 2930–2938.


Bates, T. S. , Huebert, B. J. , Gras, J. L. , Griffiths, F. B. , and Durkee, P. A. (1998). International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) project’s first aerosol characterisation experiment (ACE 1): overview. Journal of Geophysical Research 103(D13), 16 297–16 318.
CrossRef |

Berkelmans, R. , and Oliver, J. K. (1999). Large-scale bleaching of corals on the Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 18, 55–60.
CrossRef |

Berkelmans, R. , Death, G. , Kininmouth, S. , and Skirving, W. J. (2004). A comparison of the 1998 and 2002 coral bleaching events on the Great Barrier Reef: spatial correlation, patterns, and predictions. Coral Reefs 23, 74–83.
CrossRef |

Berresheim, H. , Andreae, M. O. , Ayers, G. P. , Gillett, R. W. , Merrill, J. T. , Davis, V. J. , and Chameides, W. L. (1990). On the biogenic origin of dimethylsulphide: relation between chlorophyll, ATP, organism DMSP, phytoplankton species, and DMS distribution in Atlantic surface water and atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research 95(D12), 20 607–20 615.


Bigg, E. K. , and Turvey, D. E. (1978). Sources of atmospheric particles over Australia. Atmospheric Environment 12, 1643–1655.
CrossRef |

Broadbent, A. D. , and Jones, G. B. (2004). DMS and DMSP in mucus ropes, coral mucus, surface films and sediment pore waters from coral reefs in the Great Barrier Reef. Marine and Freshwater Research 55, 849–855.
CrossRef |

Broadbent, A. D. , Jones, G. B. , and Jones, R. J. (2002). DMSP in corals and benthic algae from the Great Barrier Reef. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 55, 547–555.
CrossRef |

Charlson, R. J. , Lovelock, J. E. , Andrea, M. O. , and Warren, S. G. (1987). Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulphur, cloud albedo and climate. Nature 326, 655–661.
CrossRef |

Charlson, R. J. , Schwartz, S. E. , Hales, J. M. , Cess, R. D. , Coakley, J. A. , Hansen, J. E. , and Hofmann, D. J. (1992). Climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols. Science 255, 423–430.


Curran, M. A. J. , and Jones, G. B. (2000). Dimethylsulphide in the Southern Ocean: seasonality and flux. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D16), 20 451–20 459.
CrossRef |

Curran, M. A. J. , Jones, G. B. , and Burton, H. (1998). Spatial distribution of dimethylsulphide and dimethylsulphoniopropionate in the Australasian sector of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research 103(D13), 16 677–16 689.
CrossRef |

Erickson, D. J. , Ghan, S. J. , and Penner, J. E. (1990). Global ocean-to-atmosphere dimethylsulphide flux. Journal of Geophysical Research 95(D6), 7543–7552.


Hertel, O. , Christensen, J. , and Hov, O. (1994). Modelling of the end products of the chemical decomposition of dimethylsulphide in the marine boundary layer. Atmospheric Environment 28(15), 2431–2499.
CrossRef |

Huber M. E., and Baines G. B. K. (2000). The Coral, Solomon and Bismarck Seas Region. In ‘Seas at The Millennium: An Environmental Evaluation. Vol. 2. The Indian Ocean to the Pacific’. (Ed. C. Sheppard.) Chapter 80. pp. 425–446. (Pergamon: Amsterdam.)

Jones G. B., Curran M. A. J., and Broadbent A. D. (1994). Dimethylsulphide in the South Pacific. In ‘Recent Advances in Marine Science and Technology 1994’. (Eds O. Bellwood, H. Choat and N. Saxena.) pp. 183–190. (James Cook University Press: Townsville.)

Jones, G. B. , Curran, M. A. J. , Swan, H. , Greene, R. , Griffiths, F. B. , and Clementson, L. A. (1998). Influence of different water masses and biological activity on dimethylsulphide and dimethylsulphoniopropionate in the subantarctic zone of the Southern Ocean during ACE 1. Journal of Geophysical Research 103(D13), 16 691–16 701.
CrossRef |

Liss P. S., and Merlivat L. (1986). Air-sea exchange rates: introduction and synthesis. In ‘The Role of Air-Sea Exchange in Geochemical Cycling’. (Eds P. Buat-Menard and D. Reidel.) pp. 241–289. (D. Reidel Publishing Company: Dordrecht.)

Liss P. S., Malin G., and Turner S. M. (1993). Production of DMS by marine phytoplankton. In ‘Dimethylsulphide: Oceans, Atmosphere and Climate’. (Eds G. Restelli and G. Angeletti.) pp. 1–14. (Kluwer Academic: Dordrecht.)

Lough, J. M. (1998). Regional indices of climate variation: temperature and rainfall in Queensland, Australia. International Journal of Climatology 17, 55–66.
CrossRef |

Paugam, J. Y. (1975a). Formation des noyaux Aitken dans l’air au-dessus de la zone littorale. Cr. Academy Science 13, 821–824.


Paugam, J. Y. (1975b). Formation des noyaux Aitken dans l’air au-dessus de la zone littorale. Journal de Recherches Atmospheriques 9, 67–76.


Penner, J. E. , and Mulholland, G. W. (1991). Global climatic effects of aerosols: the AAAR symposium – an overview. Atmospheric Environment 25A(11), 2433–2434.


Preining, Q. (1991). Aerosol and climate: an overview. Atmospheric Environment 25A(11), 2443–2444.


Ramanathan, V. , Crutzen, P. J. , Kiehl, J. T. , and Rosenfeld, D. (2001). Aerosols, climate and the hydrological cycle. Science 294, 2119–2124.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Saltzman, E. S. , King, D. B. , Holmen, K. , and Leck, C. (1993). Experimental determination of the diffusion coefficient of dimethylsulphide in water. Journal of Geophysical Research 98(C9), 16 481–16 486.


Satheesh, S. K. , and Ramanathan, V. (2000). Larger differences in tropical aerosol forcing at the top of the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface. Nature 405, 60–63.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Staubes R., and Georgii H. W. (1993). Measurements of atmospheric and seawater dimethylsulphide concentrations in the Atlantic, the Arctic and Antarctic Region. In ‘Dimethylsulphide: Oceans, Atmosphere and Climate’. (Eds G. Restelli and G. Angeletti.) pp. 95–102. (Kluwer Academic: Dordrecht.)

Trevena, A. J. , Jones, G. B. , Wright, S. W. , and Van den Enden, R. L. (2000). Profiles of DMSP, algal pigments, nutrients and salinity in pack ice from eastern Antarctica. Journal of Sea Research 43, 265–273.
CrossRef |

Trevena, A. J. , Jones, G. B. , Wright, S. W. , and Van den Enden, R. L. (2003). Profiles of dimethylsulphoniopropionate (DMSP), algal pigments, nutrients, and salinity in the fast ice of Prydz Bay, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(C5), 3145.
CrossRef |

Turnipseed A. A., and Ravishankara A. R. (1993). The atmospheric oxidation of dimethylsulphide: elementary steps in a complex mechanism. In ‘Dimethylsulphide: Oceans, Atmosphere and Climate’. (Eds G. Restelli and G. Angeletti.) pp. 185–196. (Kluwer Academic: Dordrecht.)

Twomey, S. (1974). Pollution and the planetary albedo. Atmospheric Environment 8, 1251–1256.
CrossRef |

Twomey, S. (1976). Computations of the absorption of solar radiation by clouds. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 33, 1087–1091.
CrossRef |

Wilkinson C. (1998). The status of the Coral Reefs of the World: 1998. Australian Institute of Marine Science, and Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, Townsville, Australia.

Wilkinson, C. (1999). Ecological and socio-economic impacts of 1998 coral mortality in the Indian Ocean: an ENSO impact and a warning of future change? Ambio 28(2), 188–196.


Zann L. P. (2000). Northeastern Australia: the Great Barrier Reef region. In ‘Seas at The Millennium: An Environmental Evaluation. Vol. 2. The Indian Ocean to the Pacific’. (Ed. C. Sheppard.) Chapter 93. pp. 611–645. (Pergamon Press: Amsterdam.)



Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation Cited By (22)