Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Spawning aggregation of the lanternfish Diaphus danae (family Myctophidae) in the north-western Coral Sea and associations with tuna aggregations

Adrian J. Flynn A B C E and John R. Paxton D

A The University of Queensland, School of Biomedical Sciences/Queensland Brain Institute, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia.

B CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Hobart, Tas. 7001, Australia.

C Museum Victoria, Ichthyology, Vic. 3001, Australia.

D Australian Museum, Ichthyology, NSW 2010, Australia.

E Corresponding author. Email: adrian.flynn@uqconnect.edu.au

Marine and Freshwater Research 63(12) 1255-1271 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF12185
Submitted: 15 July 2012  Accepted: 8 October 2012   Published: 12 December 2012

Abstract

A spawning aggregation of the lanternfish Diaphus danae in the Coral Sea, that is fed on by spawning aggregations of yellowfin and bigeye tuna, has been sampled by mid-water trawling for the first time. Males and females in the aggregation occurred at a ratio of 23 to 1 and occupied two non-overlapping size classes (males 71.2–95.1-mm standard length (SL), females 99.0–121.4-mm SL). Hydrated oocytes with single oil droplets, which indicated imminent spawning, were in higher proportion in the first trawl (2134 hours to 2234 hours) than in the final trawl (0324 hours to 0424 hours) through the aggregation. Maximum estimated female D. danae fecundity (25 803) and gonadosomatic index (34.01) were higher than for any other lanternfish species recorded. Bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) individuals collected from aggregations were estimated to have 81–319 D. danae specimens in their stomachs. The annual Coral Sea D. danae aggregation is the only confirmed lanternfish spawning aggregation in Australian waters. The D. danae spawning aggregation provides a rich, transient foraging resource for spawning bigeye and yellowfin tuna in the Coral Sea, these being the only known tuna spawning aggregations in the Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery.

Additional keywords: bigeye tuna, Coral Sea, lanternfish, Myctophidae.


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Reproductive biology of three species of midwater fishes associated with the continental slope of eastern Tasmania, Australia.CrossRef | open url image1

Young, J. W., Bulman, C., Blaber, S. J. M., and Wayte, S. E. (1988). Age and growth of the lanternfish Lampanyctodes hectoris (Myctophidae) from eastern Tasmania, Australia. Marine Biology 99, 569–576.
Age and growth of the lanternfish Lampanyctodes hectoris (Myctophidae) from eastern Tasmania, Australia.CrossRef | open url image1

Young, J. W., Bradford, R., Lamb, T. D., and Lyne, V. (1996a). Biomass of zooplankton and micronekton in the southern bluefin tuna fishing grounds off eastern Tasmania, Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series 138, 1–14.
Biomass of zooplankton and micronekton in the southern bluefin tuna fishing grounds off eastern Tasmania, Australia.CrossRef | open url image1

Young, J. W., Lamb, T. D., and Bradford, R. (1996b). Distribution and community structure of midwater fishes in relation to the subtropical convergence off eastern Tasmania, Australia. Marine Biology 126, 571–584.
Distribution and community structure of midwater fishes in relation to the subtropical convergence off eastern Tasmania, Australia.CrossRef | open url image1

Young, J. W., Lansdell, M. J., Campbell, R. A., Cooper, S. P., Juanes, F., and Guest, M. A. (2010). Feeding ecology and niche segregation in oceanic top predators off eastern Australia. Marine Biology 157, 2347–2368.
Feeding ecology and niche segregation in oceanic top predators off eastern Australia.CrossRef | open url image1



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