Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effects of tree thinning on carbon sequestration in mangroves

Chuan-Wen Ho A , Jih-Sheng Huang A and Hsing-Juh Lin A B C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Life Sciences and Research Center for Global Change Biology, National Chung Hsing University, 145, Xingda Road, Taichung, South District, 40227, Taiwan, Republic of China.

B Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, 128, Section 2, Academia Road, Taipei City, Nangang, 11529, Taiwan, Republic of China.

C Corresponding author. Email: hjlin@dragon.nchu.edu.tw

Marine and Freshwater Research 69(5) 741-750 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF17151
Submitted: 26 May 2017  Accepted: 23 September 2017   Published: 20 December 2017

Abstract

Mangrove overgrowth could decrease biodiversity and increase flooding risk. Thinning has been proposed as a managerial action, which would decrease the capacity of mangroves for carbon sequestration. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between differences in mangrove tree density and carbon sequestration capacity. Three sampling sites were established in the Fangyuan mangroves of Taiwan, including seaward and landward sites with Avicennia marina and a site with Kandelia obovata, with control (C; no thinning), medium thinning (MT; 50% thinning) and high thinning (HT; only one tree left at the centre) treatments. The HT treatment significantly reduced the areal carbon sequestration rates (66–84%), but the reductions in the MT treatment were much lower (3–30%). Considering the carbon sequestration per tree, the HT treatment resulted in the significantly highest rates (two- to fivefold higher) than those under the MT and C treatments. Medium thinning appears to be the optimal strategy to meet the demand of reducing the loss of carbon sequestration capacity for mangrove management. Together, the data from in the present study and the relevant literature suggest a maximum level of carbon sequestration by managing the density to 30 600 trees ha–1 for K. obovata and 10 500 trees ha–1 for A. marina.

Additional keywords: Avicennia marina, Kandelia obovata, net production.


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