Flow variability and the ecology of large rivers
Marine and Freshwater Research
49(1) 55 - 72
AbstractEcological processes in large rivers are controlled by their flow variability. However, it is difficult to find measures of hydrological variability that characterize groups of rivers and can also be used to generate hypotheses about their ecology. Multivariate analyses of the hydrographs of 52 rivers worldwide revealed distinctive patterns of flow variability that were often correlated with climate. For example, there were groups of rivers that corresponded broadly with ‘tropical’ and ‘dryland’ climates. However, some rivers from continental climates occupy both extremes of this range, illustrating the limitations of simple classification. Individual rivers and groups of rivers may also have different hydrographic ‘signatures’, and attempts to combine measures of hydrological variability into indices mask biologically significant information. This paper identifies 11 relatively independent measures of hydrological variability that help categorize river types and are each associated with aspects of fish biology. Ways are suggested by which the Flood Pulse Concept can be expanded to encompass hydrological variability and accommodate differences among groups of rivers from different climatic regions. Such recognition of the complex role of hydrological variability enhances the value of the concept for river conservation, management and restoration.
© CSIRO 1998