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Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology


Crop & Pasture Science is a highly cited and prestigious journal publishing original research on advances in plant sciences, sustainable farming systems, and food quality. More

Editors-in-Chief: Sergio Atienza and Zed Rengel


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Published online 29 August 2014
Viruses of New Zealand pasture grasses and legumes: a review 
P. L. Guy

Over 1000 viruses affect plants worldwide; 24 of these have arrived in New Zealand and infect pasture legumes and grasses. This paper reviews what is known of these viruses and the damaging effects they are having on pastures. The paper identifies knowledge gaps and makes recommendations relevant to New Zealand and other parts of the temperate world.

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Published online 29 August 2014
Cytochemical investigation at different microsporogenesis phases of male sterility in wheat, as induced by the chemical hybridising agent SQ-1 

Chemical hybridising agents, such as SQ-1, are used for producing hybrid plant varieties. This study investigated the relationship between pollen nutrient metabolism and pollen abortion in SQ-1-induced male sterile lines of wheat by using semi-thin sectioning and cytochemistry. SQ-1 probably hampered nutrient metabolism in the anthers, leading to decreased nutrient supply and abnormal intine formation, ultimately resulting in pollen abortion.

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Published online 26 August 2014
High-yielding lines of wheat carrying Gpc-B1 adapted to Mediterranean-type environments of the south and west of Australia 
H. A. Eagles, Robyn McLean, R. F. Eastwood, M.-J. Appelbee, Karen Cane, P. J. Martin and H. Wallwork

Gpc-B1, a gene from a wild relative of wheat, has been suggested as a way of increasing the grain protein content of cultivated wheat without reducing grain yield. In experiments grown in the south and west of Australia, Gpc-B1 significantly increased grain protein content, with a negligible effect on grain yield. Lines were identified that were comparable to the check cultivar for grain yield, but with significantly higher grain protein contents, similar heading dates, and acceptable grain and test weights.

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Published online 26 August 2014
Do lignite-derived organic amendments improve early-stage pasture growth and key soil biological and physicochemical properties? 
Karen R. Little, Michael T. Rose, William R. Jackson, Timothy R. Cavagnaro and Antonio F. Patti

Commercial agricultural amendments derived from lignite (brown) coal are marketed as having growth-promoting and soil health benefits. Application of a range of these products to lucerne and ryegrass in two contrasting soils gave variable results in terms of these measures. The results will contribute to understanding in which soils and plant types these products can be of most benefit.

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Published online 26 August 2014
Nitrogen timing and rate effects on growth and grain yield of delayed permanent-water rice in south-eastern Australia 
B. W. Dunn, T. S. Dunn and H. G. Beecher

Changes in water management practices are leading to significant increases in rice water productivity. Shifting rice sowing methods from aerial to drill sowing and delaying when continuous flood is applied to the crop reduces evaporation losses and increases water productivity, but also requires some modification to nitrogen management practices. Nitrogen management of drill sown rice with delayed permanent water is simple, cost effective and leads to high nitrogen use efficiency.

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Published online 15 August 2014
Embryogenesis and plant regeneration of the perennial pasture and medicinal legume Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirton 
M. Pazos-Navarro, J. S. Croser, M. Castello, P. Ramankutty, K. Heel, D. Real, D. J. Walker, E. Correal and M. Dabauza

Bituminaria bituminosa (common name tedera) is a drought-tolerant perennial pasture species of agronomic and pharmaceutical interest for Mediterranean climates. Protocols for plant regeneration from embryogenic calli of leaves, petioles and anthers are reported. These protocols will facilitate further improvement for agricultural applications and the efficient exploitation of the species for pharmaceutical uses.

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Published online 22 July 2014
Genetic improvement of subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.). 2. Breeding for disease and pest resistance 
P. G. H. Nichols, R. A. C. Jones, T. J. Ridsdill-Smith and M. J. Barbetti

Subterranean clover, the most widely sown pasture legume in southern Australia, is attacked by a range of diseases and pests which reduce pasture productivity. The identification of genotypes with resistance to important diseases and pests has enabled development of cultivars with improved disease and pest resistance. The advent of new gene technologies has the potential to develop future subterranean clovers with multiple disease and pest resistances, provided skills in pasture plant pathology, entomology, pre-breeding and plant breeding are adequately resourced.

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Published online 22 July 2014
Drought resistance of Trifolium repens×Trifolium uniflorum interspecific hybrids 
S. N. Nichols, R. W. Hofmann and W. M. Williams

White clover has a high soil moisture requirement, which limits its use and productivity in dry environments and during drought. However, in hybrids between white clover and Trifolium uniflorum the negative effects of drought stress were significantly reduced, including impacts on dry matter production and shoot death. Interspecific hybridisation with close relatives may, therefore, provide a means of developing improved white clover cultivars with greater adaptation to more marginal environments and changing climatic conditions.

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Published online 20 June 2014
Forages for feedstocks of biorefineries in temperate environments: review of lignin research in bioenergy crops and some insight into Miscanthus studies 
Maria S. Dwiyanti, J. Ryan Stewart and Toshihiko Yamada

Miscanthus is a potential bioenergy crop for temperate regions and low-lignin Miscanthus cultivars are desirable for cost-efficient bioethanol production. Limited information on genetic regulation of lignin biosynthesis in Miscanthus led us to review previous studies of lignin biosynthesis in switchgrass and maize, to review current status of lignin research in Miscanthus, and performed preliminary study on characterisation of Miscanthus lignin genes. This review will help us in setting Miscanthus lignin research direction and also support breeding of low lignin Miscanthus cultivars that is suitable for bioethanol production.

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Published online 22 May 2014
Genomic selection in crops, trees and forages: a review 
Z. Lin, B. J. Hayes and H. D. Daetwyler

Genomic selection is now being used at an accelerating pace in many plant species. This review interprets results of plant genomic selection studies considering the factors that affect the accuracy of genomic selection, such as size of reference population, heritability and extent of genetic diversity. Differences between genomic breeding strategies for self-pollinated and open-pollinated species, and between-population level and within-family designs, are highlighted.

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Published online 16 May 2014
Effects of grazing on crop crown temperature: implications for phenology 
Matthew T. Harrison, Walter M. Kelman and Jim M. Virgona

Temperature is a fundamental driver of crop development, which has important implications for dry matter partitioning, the timing of flowering and grain yield. Although defoliation initially delays crop ontogeny, elevated microclimatic temperatures of up to 6–7°C significantly enhance post-defoliation development rates as the growing season progresses from winter into spring, mitigating the extent of the delay by anthesis. These results will be useful in designing experiments that propose using grazing or defoliation to manipulate crop flowering time and in interpreting the implications of defoliation on phenology and grain yield.

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Published online 14 April 2014
Trifolium interspecific hybridisation: widening the white clover gene pool 
W. M. Williams

White clover is the best available forage legume for grazed pastures in temperate zones, but it is not stress resistant and cannot grow in semi-arid, low fertility soils. Several closely related wild clover species are adapted to stressful environments and, although none of these cross naturally with white clover, successful use of tissue culture techniques and genetic bridges has enabled eleven forms of them to be hybridised with white clover. These inter-species hybrids are being used by plant breeders to select resilient new clovers for future-proofing legume-based pastures and expanding them into marginal zones.

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Published online 24 March 2014
Progress towards developing bloat-safe legumes for the farming industry 
Kerry Hancock, Vern Collette, Elisabeth Chapman, Katherine Hanson, Stephen Temple, Roger Moraga and John Caradus

Forage legumes, such as lucerne and white clover, lack foliar proanthocyanidins which leads to bloat, an often lethal condition costing the pastoral industry significant loss of earnings. By overexpressing an R2R3-MYB gene in these species, leaf PA accumulation is achieved; however, additional MYB genes involved in PA regulation have also been identified. Progress towards producing commercial cultivars of both species containing effective levels of PAs has begun as a viable option for mitigating bloat in pastoral agriculture-based farming systems.

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Published online 19 March 2014
Breeding red clover for improved persistence in Chile: a review 
Fernando Ortega, Leonardo Parra and Andrés Quiroz

Red clover is an important forage legume around the world. However, its main limitation is the lack of persistence of forage yield due to the low survival of plants. To improve this complex character in our breeding program, we have conducted five cycles of recurrent selection, using a modified among and within half-family methodology. The average realised genetic gain for forage yield has been 0.4–2.6% per year, depending on location, showing the effectiveness of the breeding methodology and approach used.

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Published online 19 March 2014
Breeding forages in Florida for resistance to nematodes 
Kenneth Quesenberry, Patricio Munoz, Ann Blount, Kevin Kenworthy and William Crow

This paper reviews research conducted at the University of Florida for almost 30 years to enhance resistance to plant parasitic nematodes, primarily root-knot nematode species. We discuss germplasm screening methods, progress in selection for resistance, cultivar development, and look to the future for ways to enhance progress.

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Published online 11 March 2014
The value of improved pastures to Brazilian beef production 
Liana Jank, Sanzio C. Barrios, Cacilda B. do Valle, Rosangela M. Simeão and Geovani F. Alves

Brazil has the largest commercial cattle herd in the world and is the largest exporter of beef, due to the vast area of pastures which confer good welfare conditions to the animals. New improved and adapted forage cultivars are necessary to sustain this production. The development of more productive and better quality pastures in the country involves more efficient breeding methodologies and tools, dynamic breeding programs and efficient technology transfer, resulting in progressively better meat and milk production from pastures.

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Published online 28 February 2014
Persistence traits in perennial pasture grasses: the case of phalaris (Phalaris aquatica L.) 
R. A. Culvenor and R. J. Simpson

Perennials are a vital component for sustainable production in pastures of south-eastern Australia. Stresses related to climate, soils and grazing pressure often reduce the persistence even of well-adapted perennials in high production pasture systems but plant breeders have recently been able to improve the tolerance of the major grass species, phalaris, to acid soils and high grazing pressure.  Continued plant breeding efforts combined with good management will be needed to maintain perennials such as phalaris in pastures of the future.

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Published online 27 February 2014
Evaluation and breeding of tedera for Mediterranean climates in southern Australia 
D. Real, C. M. Oldham, M. N. Nelson, J. Croser, M. Castello, A. Verbyla, A. Pradhan, A. Van Burgel, P. Méndez, E. Correal, N. L. Teakle, C. K. Revell and M. A. Ewing

The drought tolerant forage legume tedera is a very promising novel species for Mediterranean climates in southern Australia. The evaluation and breeding of tedera commenced in 2006 in Western Australia and the first cultivar was delivered to the seed industry in 2014. The availability of this new technology to Australian farmers will allow them to reduce supplementary feeding by filling the autumn feed-gap with a grazable forage legume.

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Published online 26 February 2014
Progress in developing perennial wheats for grain and grazing 
Philip J. Larkin, Matthew T. Newell, Richard C. Hayes, Jesmin Aktar, Mark R. Norton, Sergio J. Moroni and Len J. Wade

Our studies of diverse germplasm, derived from crosses between annual wheat and perennial Triticeae grasses, established that regrowth and grain harvest for a number of seasons is possible, provided at least one genome equivalent from the perennial donor parent is retained. Selected lines demonstrated substantially increased root biomass in the second season compared with resown annual wheat, and produced valuable forage biomass. A breeding strategy for establishing segregating populations and targeted trait improvement is proposed, which should assist in the realisation of projected economic and environmental benefits, resulting from the change to a perennial growth habit.

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blank image Crop and Pasture Science
Volume 65 Number 8 2014
Perennial Grasses in Pasture Production Systems

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Foreword to ‘Perennial Grasses in Pasture Production Systems’ 
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Stuart Kemp
pp. i-i

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Perennial pasture grasses—an historical review of their introduction, use and development for southern Australia 
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K. F. M. Reed
pp. 691-712

Species such as perennial ryegrass and phalaris are vital contributors to the competitive productivity of Australia’s livestock industries, underpinning an estimated 9 M ha of high carrying-capacity pasture. Their adoption, in conjunction with inoculated clover, rose steadily in Australian systems, designed with an appreciation of the marginal environment, and stimulated by advances in agronomic practice. Early forecasts for the area of improved pasture have not yet been realised. The history of influential collaborations, plant breeding, evaluation and adoption of perennial grasses, reveals opportunities for improving the direction of research and significantly expanding livestock industries in the high rainfall zone of temperate Australia.


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Perennial pasture persistence: the economic perspective 
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B. Malcolm , K. F. Smith and J. L. Jacobs
pp. 713-720

Determining the most profitable life of pastures involves technical and economic considerations, with pasture persistence meaning profitable persistence. To maximize profit over time, pastures should be renewed when the profit from one further year is less than the average annual profit of a replacement cycle of the pasture. The challenge for management and plant breeding is to have pastures producing near peak production for longer as this is the key to profitable persistence.


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Interaction between plant physiology and pasture feeding value: a review 
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D. F. Chapman , J. M. Lee and G. C. Waghorn
pp. 721-734

The quality of pastures for animals can be described in terms of feeding value (FV) which is a combination of feed nutritive value (NV) and voluntary intake.   There are numerous, complex interactions between plant physiology and pasture FV and NV.  This review focuses on these interactions in four key areas (plant growth strategies, phenological development, pasture regrowth, and response to environmental stress), extracting key principles and illustrating how plant breeding or management may be used to manipulate such interactions to improve FV.


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Quantifying the interactions between grazing interval, grazing intensity, and nitrogen on the yield and growth rate of dryland and irrigated perennial ryegrass 
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R. P. Rawnsley , A. D. Langworthy , K. G. Pembleton , L. R. Turner , R. Corkrey and D. J. Donaghy
pp. 735-746

Grazing management is a key drive of dairy business success. Conjecture exits regarding the agreed grazing principles and this study explores the interaction between grazing management, nitrogen and irrigation inputs on the production of perennial ryegrass.  This study concluded that grazing of perennial ryegrass should always occur between the second and third leaf regrowth stage, with the interval closer to the third leaf stage during periods of low growth rate and closer to second leaf during periods of high growth.


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Agronomic advantages conferred by endophyte infection of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) in Australia 
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D. E. Hume and J. C. Sewell
pp. 747-757

Perennial ryegrass and tall fescue are key grasses of sown pastures in the high-rainfall zone of south-eastern Australia. They may be infected by microscopic Neotyphodium endophytic fungi which are an essential component of the agronomic performance of these grasses in long-lived pastures. The best outcomes for Australian farmers will be achieved through a combination of elite selected endophytes and elite plant genetics adapted to each region, so that perennial ryegrass endophyte toxicosis is eliminated or greatly reduced, and the endophyte-enhancing effects on grass performance are captured.


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Use of modelling to identify perennial ryegrass plant traits for future warmer and drier climates 
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B. R. Cullen , R. P. Rawnsley , R. J. Eckard , K. M. Christie and M. J. Bell
pp. 758-766

Perennial ryegrass pasture production is likely to be negatively impacted by projected warmer and drier climates across southern Australia, but the capacity to select plants better adapted to these conditions has not been explored. A modelling approach was used to assess the production benefits of selecting for deeper roots, increased heat tolerance and greater growth responses under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations. Results indicated that all three traits have potential to increase pasture production in future climates, but that the most effective traits differed across regions.


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Population biology of Microlaena stipoides in a south-eastern Australian pasture 
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M. L. Mitchell , J. M. Virgona , J. L. Jacobs and D. R. Kemp
pp. 767-779

Microlaena stipoides, a Australian native perennial grass, is common within 3 million ha of grazed pastures in south eastern Australia. This paper reports the results of studies into the key attributes of the population dynamics of this species in grazed pastures. The research demonstrates that persistence of Microlaena is due to a combination of perennation of adult plants and seedling recruitment. The latter being a rare event, due to seed predation.


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A molecular phylogenetic framework for cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.) improvement 
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Alan V. Stewart and Nicholas W. Ellison
pp. 780-786

The molecular phylogeny of the genus Dactylis provides a clear evolutionary history of the diploids from which modern tetraploid germplasm and cultivars have evolved. This will allow breeders to systematically use a wider range of both diploid and tetraploid germplasm for improvement of cocksfoot. Germplasm of many diploid and tetraploid forms are poorly represented in genebanks and require urgent collection, as many are under serious threat from habitat degradation and climate change.


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Kikuyu-based pasture for dairy production: a review 
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S. C. García , M. R. Islam , C. E. F. Clark and P. M. Martin
pp. 787-797

Non-edible feeds like grass-based pastures can be converted efficiently into high quality edible food like milk. ‘Kikuyu’ is a very productive subtropical grass with enormous potential to convert non-edible fibre into milk; yet quality aspects and utilisation losses, mainly due to inadequate input and grazing management, impair its use. This review attempts to identify the main losses in utilization of kikuyu-based pastures and proposes management approaches that can overcome its main limitations and result in substantial increases in milk production from kikuyu-based pastures.


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Production and persistence of subtropical grasses in environments with Mediterranean climates 
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G. A. Moore , T. O. Albertsen , P. Ramankutty , P. G. H. Nichols , J. W. Titterington and P. Barrett-Lennard
pp. 798-816

Growing subtropical perennial grasses in regions with Mediterranean climates may both increase production and have multiple environmental benefits. This paper addresses the shortage of information on the persistence of different species and their expected seasonal production and feed quality in these environments. The results suggest there is considerable potential for growing subtropical perennial grasses in many regions with a Mediterranean environment.


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Spatial variability in pH and key soil nutrients: is this an opportunity to increase fertiliser and lime-use efficiency in grazing systems? 
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Mark Trotter , Chris Guppy , Rebecca Haling , Tieneke Trotter , Clare Edwards and David Lamb
pp. 817-827

Fertiliser-use efficiency is a key issue for grazing systems in Australia. This study found considerable spatial variability in soil pH, P, K and S at the sub-paddock scale which may affect the efficiency of utilisation of lime and fertiliser. The results suggest that site specific management of fertiliser and soil ameliorants could provide substantial improvements in pasture productivity as well as reductions in the total amounts applied.


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Measuring dehydration tolerance in pasture grasses to improve drought survival 
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M. R. Norton , the late F. Lelièvre and F. Volaire
pp. 828-840

Pasture grasses typically employ 3 strategies to survive periods of severe drought, dehydration avoidance, dehydration tolerance and summer dormancy. Deep rooting is the best example of dehydration avoidance while the ability of some grasses to become dormant over summer is also well known. Less is known about dehydration tolerance, allowing plants to tolerate low tissue water content. This work compared varieties of cocksfoot, tall fescue and phalaris for the trait. The highest levels of dehydration tolerance occurred in cocksfoot varieties of semi-arid origin with a similar observation made in tall fescue. Little dehydration tolerance was seen across the phalaris varieties. This is a powerful drought-survival trait, warranting increasing attention in plant breeding programs.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    CP14159  Accepted 18 August 2014
    Carbon and nitrogen metabolism in arbuscular mycorrhizal maize plants under low temperature stress
    Xiancan Zhu, Fengbin Song, Fulai Liu, Shengqun Liu, Chunjie Tian

    CP14119  Accepted 13 August 2014
    Forage canola – spring-sown winter canola for biennial dual-purpose use in the high rainfall zone of southern Australia
    Annieka Paridaen, John Kirkegaard

    CP13361  Accepted 10 August 2014
    Resources and strategies for implementation of genomic selection in breeding of forage species
    John Forster, Melanie Hand, Noel Cogan, Ben Hayes, German Spangenberg, Kevin Smith

    CP14116  Accepted 10 August 2014
    Methane in Australian agriculture: current emissions, sources and sinks and potential mitigation strategies.
    Damien Finn, Ram Dalal, Athol Klieve

    CP14111  Accepted 08 August 2014
    Developing the role of perennial forages for crop-livestock farms: a strategic multi-disciplinary approach
    Rick Llewellyn, Michael Robertson, Richard Hayes, David Ferris, Katrien Descheemaeker, Clinton Revell

    CP14064  Accepted 07 August 2014
    Variation for apical sterility among diploid, tetraploid and hexaploid Iranian wheats under meiotic stage water-stressed and well-watered conditions
    Shahram Mohammady

    CP14172  Accepted 06 August 2014
    High recovery ability overrides the negative effects of flooding on growth of tropical grasses Chloris gayana and Panicum coloratum
    Jose Imaz, Daniel Gimenez, Agustin Grimoldi, Gustavo Striker

    CP14125  Accepted 29 July 2014
    Competitive ability of Australian canola (Brassica napus) genotypes for weed management
    Deirdre Lemerle, David Luckett, Peter Lockley, Eric Koetz, Hanwen Wu

    CP13435  Accepted 29 July 2014
    Amelioration of alkaline phytotoxicity by lowering soil pH
    David Brautigan, Pichu Rengasamy, David Chittleborough

    CP14055  Accepted 25 July 2014
    Relationship of early vigour to grain yield in canola germplasm using remote sensing.
    David Luckett, Raymond Cowley, Sergio Moroni, Simon Diffey

    CP14114  Accepted 23 July 2014
    Genotypic and Environmental Variation in Seed Nutraceutical and Industrial Composition of Non-transgenic Soybeans
    Constanza Carrera, Julio Dardanelli, Diego Soldini

    CP14052  Accepted 23 July 2014
    A semi-quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for Rathayibacter toxicus, the bacterium involved in annual ryegrass toxicity, to assist in risk assessment of fodder for domestic use.
    Anne Masters, Bimba Samarasinghe, Martin Kalkhoven, Leo den Hollander, Dieter Palmer

    CP14058  Accepted 21 July 2014
    Diego Pequeno, Carlos Pedreira, Kenneth Boote

    CP14009  Accepted 21 July 2014
    CERES-Rice Model-based Simulations of Climate Change Impacts on Rice Yields and Efficacy of Adaptive Options in Northeast China
    Wenxiang Wu, Qian Fang, Quansheng Ge, Mengzi Zhou, Yumei Lin

    CP14066  Accepted 15 July 2014
    Management of glyphosate-resistant Lolium rigidum Gaud. along crop margins in South Australia using alternative herbicide mixtures
    Christopher Preston, Patricia Adu-Yeboah, Peter Boutsalis, Peter Hooper, Gurjeet Gill

    CP14085  Accepted 10 July 2014
    The role and value of combining dual-purpose crops and lucerne in a mixed enterprise farming system
    Ross Kingwell, Leon Squibb

    CP14034  Accepted 08 July 2014
    Cytochemical investigation of male sterility induced by Chemical Hybridizing Agent (CHA) SQ-1 at Different Microsporogenesis phases
    Yulong Song, Junwei Wang, Pengfei Zhang, Gaisheng Zhang, Llongyu Zhang, Xinliang Zhao, Na Niu, Shoucai Ma

    CP14011  Accepted 08 July 2014
    Tolerance to ion toxicities enhances wheat grain yield in acid soils prone to drought and transient waterlogging
    Hossein Khabaz-Saberi, Susan J Barker, Zed Rengel

    CP14151  Accepted 07 July 2014
    SYBR Green I based RT-qPCR assays for the detection of RNA viruses of cereals and grasses
    Tomas Drab, Eva Svobodova, Jan Ripl, Jana Jarosova, Frank Rabenstein, Ulrich Melcher, Jiban Kundu

    CP14117  Accepted 07 July 2014
    Opportunities and challenges for improved management of foliar pathogens in annual clover pastures across southern Australia
    Martin Barbetti, Ming Pei You

    CP14090  Accepted 30 June 2014
    Small effects of pasture deferment through grazing spring wheat crops in Western Australia can benefit livestock productivity
    Dean Thomas, Andrew Moore, Hayley Norman, Clinton Revell

    CP14065  Accepted 30 June 2014
    An approach to crop yield improvement through diagnostic systems research in a winter-dominant rainfall environment.
    Wal Anderson, Norman McQuade, Ronald McTaggart, Dan Carter, Tim Overheu, Derk Bakker, Sally Peltzer

    CP13421  Accepted 27 June 2014
    Evaluating the feasibility of dual-purpose canola in a medium rainfall zone of south-eastern Australia – a simulation approach.
    Jeff McCormick, Jim Virgona, Julianne Lilley, John Kirkegaard

    CP14049  Accepted 26 June 2014
    A review of pasture establishment by undersowing with special reference to the mixed farming zone of south-eastern Australia
    Jeff McCormick, Richard Hayes, Guangdi Li, Mark Norton

    CP14017  Accepted 06 June 2014
    Viruses of New Zealand Pasture Grasses and Legumes
    Paul Guy

    CP14109  Accepted 30 May 2014
    Nitrogen cycling in summer active perennial grass systems in South Australia: Non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation
    Vadakattu Gupta

    CP13391  Accepted 28 May 2014
    Determination of nitrogen and potassium content in greenhouse tomato leaves using a new spectrogoniophotometer
    Hanping Mao, Wenjing Zhu, Hongyu Liu

    CP13448  Accepted 16 May 2014
    Farmer experience with establishing pastures under a cover crop
    Anthony Swan, Mark Peoples, Richard Hayes, Guangdi Li, Geoff Casburn, Jeff McCormick, Brian Dear

    CP13452  Accepted 07 May 2014
    Simulation of water-limited growth of the forage shrub saltbush (Atriplex nummularia Lindl.) in a low rainfall environment of southern Australia
    Katrien Descheemaeker, Andrew Smith, Michael Robertson, Anthony Whitbread, Neil Huth, Bill Davoren, Jason Emms, Rick Llewellyn

    CP13447  Accepted 06 May 2014
    Time of sowing and the presence of a cover crop determine the productivity and persistence of perennial pastures in the mixed farming systems
    Guangdi Li, Richard Hayes, Jeff McCormick, Matthew Gardner, Graeme Sandral, Brian Dear

    CP13442  Accepted 05 May 2014
    Pasture cropping with C4 grasses in a barley/lupin rotation can increase production
    Roger Lawes, Phil Ward, David Ferris

    CP13413  Accepted 22 April 2014
    Opportunities for plant improvement to increase the value of forage shrubs on low-rainfall mixed farms
    Marta Monjardino, Andrew Bathgate, Rick Llewellyn

    CP13444  Accepted 17 April 2014
    Summer-growing perennial grasses are a potential new feed source in the low rainfall environment of southern Australia
    Katrien Descheemaeker, Rick Llewellyn, Andrew Moore, Anthony Whitbread

    CP14040  Accepted 08 April 2014
    Perennial pastures in cropping systems of southern Australia: an overview of present and future research
    Michael Robertson, Clinton Revell

    CP14046  Accepted 25 March 2014
    Soil water dynamics in a pasture-cropping system
    Phil Ward, Roger Lawes, David Ferris

    CP13436  Accepted 25 March 2014
    Selection of crop cultivars suited to the location combined with astute management can reduce crop yield penalties in pasture cropping systems
    Dean Thomas, Roger Lawes, Katrien Descheemaeker, Andrew Moore

    CP13382  Accepted 22 November 2013
    Forage Breeding for Changing Environments and Production Systems – an Overview of ISFB 2013
    Kevin Smith, German Spangenberg

    CP13154  Accepted 08 June 2013
    Effect of Irrigation Regimes on Spring Seeding of Canola Cultivars under Semi-Arid and High Elevation Conditions
    Jamshid Razmjoo, Seyed Eatesam Ghaemmaghami

    CP13156  Accepted 14 May 2013
    The career and contribution to Australian and International Agricultural Science of Clive McDonald Francis: An introduction
    Mike Ewing, David Chatel, Michael Poole, William Collins

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 30 August 2013
Waterlogging in Australian agricultural landscapes: a review of plant responses and crop models

Ruth E. Shaw, Wayne S. Meyer, Ann McNeill and Stephen D. Tyerman

2. Published 6 August 2013
Genetic approaches to enhancing phosphorus-use efficiency (PUE) in crops: challenges and directions

William D. Bovill, Chun Y. Huang and Glenn K. McDonald

3. Published 18 December 2013
Water-use efficiency and productivity trends in Australian irrigated cotton: a review

Guy Roth, Graham Harris, Malcolm Gillies, Janelle Montgomery and David Wigginton

4. Published 23 August 2013
Soil phosphorus tests I: What soil phosphorus pools and processes do they measure?

Philip W. Moody, Simon D. Speirs, Brendan J. Scott and Sean D. Mason

5. Published 23 August 2013
Making Better Fertiliser Decisions for Cropping Systems in Australia: an overview

Simon D. Speirs, Doug J. Reuter, Ken I. Peverill and Ross F. Brennan

6. Published 29 October 2013
IPM in the transgenic era: a review of the challenges from emerging pests in Australian cotton systems

Lewis Wilson, Sharon Downes, Moazzem Khan, Mary Whitehouse, Geoff Baker, Paul Grundy and Susan Maas

7. Published 23 August 2013
Soil phosphorus–crop response calibration relationships and criteria for winter cereal crops grown in Australia

Richard Bell, Douglas Reuter, Brendan Scott, Leigh Sparrow, Wayne Strong and the late Wen Chen

8. Published 23 August 2013
Soil phosphorus tests II: A comparison of soil test–crop response relationships for different soil tests and wheat

Simon D. Speirs, Brendan J. Scott, Philip W. Moody and Sean D. Mason

9. Published 30 August 2013
Climate change and broadacre livestock production across southern Australia. 2. Adaptation options via grassland management

Afshin Ghahramani and Andrew D. Moore

10. Published 30 January 2014
The colours of durum wheat: a review

Donatella B. M. Ficco, Anna M. Mastrangelo, Daniela Trono, Grazia M. Borrelli, Pasquale De Vita, Clara Fares, Romina Beleggia, Cristiano Platani and Roberto Papa

11. Published 23 August 2013
Soil potassium—crop response calibration relationships and criteria for field crops grown in Australia

Ross F. Brennan and Michael J. Bell

12. Published 30 January 2014
Genetic variation for resistance to Fusarium head blight in winter durum material

Thomas Miedaner and Carl Friedrich Horst Longin

13. Published 23 August 2013
Soil nitrogen—crop response calibration relationships and criteria for winter cereal crops grown in Australia

Michael J. Bell, Wayne Strong, Denis Elliott and Charlie Walker

14. Published 27 June 2014
Pasture plants and soil fertility management to improve the efficiency of phosphorus fertiliser use in temperate grassland systems

Richard J. Simpson, Alan E. Richardson, Shirley N. Nichols and James R. Crush

15. Published 6 August 2013
Plasticity of wheat grain yield is associated with plasticity of ear number

V. O. Sadras and G. J. Rebetzke

16. Published 23 August 2013
Making Better Fertiliser Decisions for Cropping Systems in Australia (BFDC): knowledge gaps and lessons learnt

M. K. Conyers, M. J. Bell, N. S. Wilhelm, R. Bell, R. M. Norton and C. Walker

17. Published 27 June 2014
Opportunities and challenges in Australian grasslands: pathways to achieve future sustainability and productivity imperatives

Lindsay W. Bell, Richard C. Hayes, Keith G. Pembleton and Cathy M. Waters

18. Published 30 August 2013
Can summer-active perennial species improve pasture nutritive value and sward stability?

S. G. Clark, G. N. Ward, G. A. Kearney, A. R. Lawson, M. R. McCaskill, B. J. O'Brien, M. C. Raeside and R. Behrendt

19. Published 30 August 2013
Evaluating the contribution of take-all control to the break-crop effect in wheat

R. A. Lawes, V. V. S. R. Gupta, J. A. Kirkegaard and D. K. Roget

20. Published 23 August 2013
Soil phosphorus—crop response calibration relationships and criteria for oilseeds, grain legumes and summer cereal crops grown in Australia

Michael J. Bell, Philip W. Moody, Geoffrey C. Anderson and Wayne Strong

Current Issue
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Volume 65 (8)

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View the vodcast

View the vodcast Guest Editors of Crop & Pasture Science (Drs Simon Speirs and Ken Peverill), discuss the outcomes and lessons learnt from the Making Better Fertiliser Decisions Special Issue.


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