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Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology


Crop and Pasture Science is a highly cited and prestigious journal publishing original research on advances in plant sciences, sustainable farming systems, and food quality. More

Editors-in-Chief: Sergio Atienza and Zed Rengel


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Published online 23 May 2016
Intercropping black oat (Avena strigosa) and annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) can increase pasture leaf production compared with their monocultures 
Paulo G. Duchini, Gabriela C. Guzatti, Henrique M. N. Ribeiro-Filho and André F. Sbrissia

Leaves production is a key point in based grasslands livestock production systems. We tested the hypothesis that intercropping two annual forage species can increase total and leaf forage production compared with their monocultures. It is suggested that intercropping black oat and annual ryegrass does not change their tiller ontogenetic processes and that the association of their different size and shape could increase pasture leaf production over their monocultures.

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Published online 12 May 2016
Physiological response cascade of spring wheat to soil warming and drought 
D. F. Weldearegay, F. Yan, S. K. Rasmussen, S.-E. Jacobsen and F. Liu

Genotypic diversity in response to drought and heat stress, individually or in combination, of three spring wheat cultivars was investigated. In all cultivars, stomatal conductance was the most sensitive variable to drought, followed by photosynthetic rate, leaf water potential and relative water content the least. The different sensitivity of stomatal conductance to soil drying between the three cultivars reveal their adaptability to different drought and/or heat stress scenarios, which could be used for selecting suitable cultivars grown in a certain environment.

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Published online 12 May 2016
Resource-use maximisation through legume intercropping with maize in the eastern Himalayan region of India 
V. K. Choudhary, Anil Dixit and Bhagirath S. Chauhan

Intercropping of maize with peanut at 1 : 5 and 1 : 2 row proportions gave the highest maize equivalent yield with better system productivity over maize alone. Higher row proportion of intercrops suppressed the weed growth and nutrient mining by weeds as well. Soil moisture content and solar radiation interception was judiciously utilized with higher row proportions. The energy indices were improved with intercropping and obtained higher energy use efficiencies.

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Published online 05 April 2016
Comparative responses to water deficit stress and subsequent recovery in the cultivated beet Beta vulgaris and its wild relative B. macrocarpa 
Inès Slama, Asma Jdey, Aida Rouached, Ons Talbi, Ahmed Debez, Tahar Ghnaya, Mohamed Anis Limami and Chedly Abdelly

The physiology of B. macrocarpa under limiting water supply has not been yet studied. Thus, the present work aims to investigate the behaviour of two Tunisian provenances of B. macrocarpa to water deficit stress. Enfidha, the most drought tolerant provenance, could be used in the marginal arid ecosystems in order to limit the deficit in fodder and to improve the pastoral value of these regions.

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blank image Crop and Pasture Science
Volume 67 Number 3 & 4 2016
Pathways to Improved Canola Productivity

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Drivers of trends in Australian canola productivity and future prospects 
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John A. Kirkegaard , Julianne M. Lilley and Malcolm J. Morrison
pp. i-ix

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Canola yield improvement on the Canadian Prairies from 2000 to 2013 
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M. J. Morrison , K. N. Harker , R. E. Blackshaw , C. J. Holzapfel and J. T. O’Donovan
pp. 245-252

Canadian farmer canola yields have increased by 54 kg ha–1 year–1 from 2000 to 2013.  The yield improvement was likely due to the use of new hybrid varieties with herbicide tolerance, increased spring precipitation and atmospheric CO2 concentration, and the increase in the use of minimum tillage and better weed control.  Future yield goals are discussed.


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Canola integration into semi-arid wheat cropping systems of the inland Pacific Northwestern USA 
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W. L. Pan , F. L. Young , T. M. Maaz and D. R. Huggins
pp. 253-265

The inland Pacific Northwestern U.S. has lagged behind similar semi-arid wheat regions in producing oilseeds such as canola. The sustainable integration of canola in this region is challenged with uniquely dry and hot conditions during much of the active growing season, dictating production zone-specific rotation and seeding strategies, as well as nutrient, water, weed and subsoil management.


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Continuing innovation in Australian canola breeding 
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Phillip A. Salisbury , Wallace A. Cowling and Trent D. Potter
pp. 266-272

This review highlights the impact of innovation in breeding on the development of the Australian canola industry. It details the key breeding improvements that were required to provide the current high yielding, herbicide tolerant, disease resistant cultivars. The review describes the recent transition toward the use of canola hybrids that are becoming the basis of the industry.


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Blackleg disease of canola in Australia 
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A. P. Van De Wouw , S. J. Marcroft and B. J. Howlett
pp. 273-283

Blackleg disease caused by the fungus Leptosphaeria maculans is the most important disease of canola worldwide. The impact of this disease on the development of the Australian canola industry, particularly over the last 20 years, is discussed.


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Can genomics assist the phenological adaptation of canola to new and changing environments? 
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Matthew N. Nelson , Julianne M. Lilley , Chris Helliwell , Candy M. Taylor , Kadambot H. M. Siddique , Sheng Chen , Harsh Raman , Jacqueline Batley and Wallace A. Cowling
pp. 284-297

Timing of life history events (phenology) is a key driver for the adaptation of grain crops to their environments. Canola breeders face the challenge of developing productive, well-adapted cultivars in the face of global climatic change. We review current knowledge of canola phenology with a focus on flowering time, the genes controlling it and the genomic technologies available to help breeders develop improved cultivars.


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Quantitative genetic analysis of grain yield in an Australian Brassica napus doubled-haploid population 
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Rosy Raman , Simon Diffey , Jason Carling , Ray B. Cowley , Andrzej Kilian , David J. Luckett and Harsh Raman
pp. 298-307

High yield is one of the major objectives in canola-breeding programs. We analysed a genetic mapping population derived from two Australian canola varieties and identified quantitative trait loci, and underlying candidate genes associated with flowering time and grain yield. We also showed a negative correlation between grain yield and flowering time.

    | Supplementary Material (861 KB)

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Assessing progress in breeding to improve grain yield, quality and blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans) resistance in selected Australian canola cultivars (1978–2012) 
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Trent Potter , Wayne Burton , Jan Edwards , Neil Wratten , Rod Mailer , Phil Salisbury and Amanda Pearce
pp. 308-316

Canola is the third largest winter crop in Australia with breeders targeting increased yield, improved quality and resistance to the disease blackleg. Over a 30 year period, grain yield increased by 1.25% per year with 25% of this coming from improved blackleg resistance. Oil and protein content increased by 0.9% and 0.5% per year respectively. Future rates of improvement will need to increase to remain competitive in global markets.


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Characterising canola pollen germination across a temperature gradient 
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Malcolm J. Morrison , Allison Gutknecht , John Chan and S. Shea Miller
pp. 317-322

The objective was to highlight a novel system to investigate the influence of temperature (T) on pollen germination using a thermal gradient PCR to establish differential Ts. Seven cultivars of Brassica napus L. were grown through flowering in a cool growth cabinet or a heat stress cabinet. Pollen from each cultivar × cabinet combination was aspirated from 6 opened flowers, and suspended in germination media. Experiments showed that pollen was still capable of germinating up to 33°C, indicating that pollen germination may not be the only reason for heat stress susceptibility.


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Relative yield and profit of Australian hybrid compared with open-pollinated canola is largely determined by growing-season rainfall 
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Heping Zhang , Jens D. Berger , Mark Seymour , Rohan Brill , Chris Herrmann , Richard Quinlan and Garren Knell
pp. 323-331

Profitability of hybrid and open-pollinated (OP) canola can help farmers to decide which canola to grow and has a significant impact on future canola breeding. We compared the yield and gross margins of hybrid and OP canola and investigated the relative advantage of these technologies across a wide range of environments in Australia. Hybrids had yield advantage over OPs in the high yielding environment, but showed little yield or no profit advantage over OPs in the low yielding environment. We conclude the Australian canola industry would be well served by continued availability of OP varieties.


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Simulation of growth, development and yield of canola (Brassica napus) in APSIM 
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M. J. Robertson and J. M. Lilley
pp. 332-344

A sophisticated module for the grain crop canola in the Agricultural Production Systems Simulator is described. The module simulates crop development, growth, yield and nitrogen (N) accumulation in response to temperature, photoperiod, radiation, soil water and N supply. A number of areas of attention and improvements required are described.


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A phenological model of winter oilseed rape according to the BBCH scale 
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Ulf Böttcher , Enrico Rampin , Karla Hartmann , Federica Zanetti , Francis Flenet , Muriel Morison and Henning Kage
pp. 345-358

In order to predict phenological development according to the BBCH coding system for winter oilseed rape within crop growth models we developed a new phenology model from existing approaches. The model was calibrated and validated using data from Germany, Italy and France covering a wide range of years, locations, sowing dates and genotypes. This provides an efficient and widely applicable prediction tool with relevant practical purposes in crop management scheduling.


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Contribution of phase durations to canola (Brassica napus L.) grain yields in the High Rainfall Zone of southern Australia 
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Penny Riffkin , Brendan Christy , Garry O’Leary and Debra Partington
pp. 359-368

An analysis of eight canola experiments over five years in the high rainfall zone of southern Australia showed a positive association between a longer grain filling duration and grain yield and that the duration was influenced by both environmental and genetic factors. Pre-flowering reserves also made an important contribution to grain yield and the remobilisation of reserves from the pre-flowering period was greatest for winter types presumably due to less favourable conditions for growth during grain-filling compared to conditions experienced by the earlier maturing spring types. Optimising flowering to produce sufficient pre-flowering reserves for remobilisation whilst ensuring environmental conditions post-flowering are such that the grain-filling duration is maximised may provide a strategy to increase yields in this environment.


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Seed yield of canola (Brassica napus L.) is determined primarily by biomass in a high-yielding environment 
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Heping Zhang and Sam Flottmann
pp. 369-380

Biomass and harvest index are two important traits to canola yield. We compared the yield performance of several hybrid and open-pollinated canola over 3 years in southwestern Australia and aimed to identify the key drivers of yield formation. Seed yield of hybrids was attributed primarily to greater biomass in the high yielding environment.


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Re-evaluating sowing time of spring canola (Brassica napus L.) in south-eastern Australia—how early is too early? 
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J. A. Kirkegaard , J. M. Lilley , R. D. Brill , S. J. Sprague , N. A. Fettell and G. C. Pengilley
pp. 381-396

A review of sowing date responses in canola for south-eastern Australia suggests that current recommendations for optimal sowing in late April can be moved into early to mid-April with suitable variety choice.  Early- to mid-April sowing generated the highest or equal highest yield and oil content in eight out of nine experiments in south-eastern Australia from 2002 to 2012.  Declines in seed yield (–6% to –6.5%) oil content (–0.5 to –1.5%) and water-use efficiency (–3.8 to –5.5%) occurred per week delay in sowing after early-mid April.


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Plant density response and optimum crop densities for canola (Brassica napus L.) in Western Australia 
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R. J. French , M. Seymour and R. S. Malik
pp. 397-408

We re-evaluated crop density recommendations for canola in Western Australia as increasing adoption of hybrid and glyphosate-tolerant cultivars makes seed more expensive for growers. Economic optimum densities varied widely, but were higher in high yielding environments and for open-pollinated triazine-tolerant cultivars with cheaper seed. There was only a small economic cost for missing the optimum by a small amount, or quite a large amount for open-pollinated triazine-tolerant cultivars, which means growers have some flexibility choosing seed rates.


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Optimising canola establishment and yield in south-eastern Australia with hybrids and large seed 
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R. D. Brill , M. L. Jenkins , M. J. Gardner , J. M. Lilley and B. A. Orchard
pp. 409-418

April sowing of canola is considered optimal for grain yield in most canola growing regions of Australia, however surface seedbed moisture is not always available. We found that by increasing the seed size of canola, seed could be safely planted relatively deep into residual moisture from fallow rainfall events. Improving the reliability of establishment in April will help producers capture the profitability and break crop benefits that canola provides.


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Nitrogen management to optimise canola production in Australia 
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R. M. Norton
pp. 419-438

Efficient and effective nitrogen (N) management depends first on supplying ~80 kg N/t of water-limited yield potential, less indigenous N supply. Fertilizer N can be supplied over two, three or even more applications, as splitting is usually as efficient as at-sowing application. Improving N management will require better tools to assess in-crop N status and evaluating guidelines for the use of enhanced efficiency sources, including opportunities for late application.


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Impacts of high intensity crop rotation and N management on oilseed rape productivity in Germany 
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Hannes Hegewald , Barbara Koblenz , Monika Wensch-Dorendorf and Olaf Christen
pp. 439-449

The global oilseed rape (OSR) growing area has increased considerably during the last decades and thus caused shorter rotations in many areas of the world. Short rotations, however, cause a yield decrease of OSR and less oil production per acreage. To maintain high yields and quality standards and to grow OSR in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner short rotations with OSR are not recommended.


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Nitrogen responses of canola in low to medium rainfall environments of Western Australia 
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Mark Seymour , Sally Sprigg , Bob French , Jackie Bucat , Raj Malik and Martin Harries
pp. 450-466

Fifteen N rate × application time × canola plant-type experiments were conducted in the low- and medium-rainfall zones of south-western Australia between 2012 and 2014. Canola growth (dry matter) and seed yield responded positively to N fertiliser in most experiments, with 90% of maximum seed yield achieved at an average of 46 kg N/ha. However, 90% of maximum gross margin was achieved at a lower average N rate of 17 kg N/ha, due primarily to the relatively small yield increase compared with the reduction in concentration of oil in the seed with N applied.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    CP15386  Accepted 06 May 2016
    Study of genotype by environment interaction in tall fescue genotypes and their polycross progenies based on AMMI model analysis in Iran
    Mohammad Reza Dehghani, Mohammad Mahdi Majidi, Aghafakhr Mirlohi, Ghodratollah Saeidi

    CP15250  Accepted 02 May 2016
    Economic and environmental implications of wheat crop sequences on organic dairy farm simulations
    Daniel Abreu, Aaron Hoshide, Ellen Mallory, Erin Roche, André Oliveira, Richard Kersbergen, Rogério Lana, Mozart Fonseca

    CP16091  Accepted 02 May 2016
    Forage and grain yield of common buckwheat in Mediterranean conditions: response to sowing time and irrigation
    Marco Mariotti, Alessandro Masoni, Iduna Arduini

    CP16027  Accepted 14 April 2016
    Interactions between water and nitrogen in Australian cropping systems: physiological, agronomic, economic, breeding and modelling perspectives
    Victor Sadras, P Hayman, Daniel Rodriguez, Marta Monjardino, Martin Bielich, Murray Unkovich, Barry Mudge, Enli Wang

    CP16056  Accepted 29 April 2016
    Recent changes in Southern Australian frost occurrence: implications for wheat production risk
    Steven Crimp, Bangyou Zheng, Nirav Khimashia, David Gobbett, Scott Chapman, Mark Howden, Neville Nicholls

    CP16087  Accepted 24 April 2016
    Expression of amphicarpy in Vigna lanceolata morphotypes and their hybrids and implications for cultivar development
    Bob Lawn, Leone Bielig

    CP15338  Accepted 05 April 2016
    Variation in drought tolerance components and their interrelationships in the core collection of foxtail millet germplasm
    L. Krishnamurthy, Hari Upadhyaya, Junichi Kashiwagi, Ramamoorthy Purushothaman, Sangam Dwivedi, Vincent Vadez

    CP15102  Accepted 04 April 2016
    Diversity for resistance to a moderately virulent bluegreen aphid (Acyrthosiphon kondoi Shinji) population in Trifolium species.
    Alan Humphries, Steve Robinson, David Hawkey, David Peck, Trevor Rowe, Carolyn de Koning, Allen Newman

    CP15226  Accepted 04 April 2016
    Zaid Bello, Sue Walker

    CP15312  Accepted 01 April 2016
    A PCR-based marker closely linked to a 2BS QTL conferring wheat yellow spot resistance for marker assisted breeding
    Fei Ren, Jun Ji, Hui Liu, Martin Barbetti, Kadambot Siddique, Chunji Liu, Guijun Yan

    CP15241  Accepted 29 March 2016
    The effect of water table depth and salinity on growth dynamics of Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana).
    Sebastián Chiacchiera, Nicolás Bertram, Edith Taleisnik, Esteban Jobbágy

    CP15184  Accepted 29 March 2016
    The shift of plant N origins alters C and N assimilation during reproductive stages of soybean grown in a Mollisol
    Yansheng Li, Xiaobing Liu, Guanghua Wang, Zhenhua Yu, Ulrike Mathesius, Judong Liu, Stephen Herbert, Jian Jin

    CP16038  Accepted 25 March 2016
    Berry quality and antioxidant properties in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Tempranillo as affected by clonal variability, mycorrhizal inoculation and temperature
    Nazareth Torres, Nieves Goicoechea, Fermín Morales, María Carmen Antolín

    CP16015  Accepted 21 March 2016
    Maize roots acidify the rhizosphere less, and release less organic acid and acid phosphatase, than faba bean in response to phosphorus deficiency
    Haitao Liu, Philip White, Chunjian Li

    CP14363  Accepted 20 March 2016
    Effects of irrigating forage turnips, Brassica rapa var. rapa cv. Barkant, during different periods of vegetative growth 3. Irrigation water use efficiency, evapotranspiration and effective use of water.
    Barry Rowe, James Neilsen

    CP15421  Accepted 07 March 2016
    Canopy application of film antitranspirants over the reproductive phase enhances yield and yield-related physiological traits of water stressed oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.).
    Michele Faralli, Ivan Grove, Martin Hare, Roger Boyle, Kevin Williams, Fiona Corke, Peter Kettlewell

    CP15331  Accepted 04 March 2016
    Rice cold tolerance across reproductive stages
    Jaquie Mitchell, Siti Zulkafli, Jocelyn Bosse, Bradley Campbell, Peter Snell, Emma Mace, Ian Godwin, Shu Fukai

    CP16014  Accepted 02 March 2016
    Genetic compatibility among morphotypes of Vigna lanceolata and implications for breeding improved cultivars
    Bob Lawn, Hang Vu, Leone Bielig, Andrzej Killian

    CP15260  Accepted 01 March 2016
    Cradle-to-farm gate greenhouse gas emissions for 2-year wheat monoculture and break crop-wheat sequences in south-eastern Australia
    Pip Brock, Sally Muir, David Herridge, Aaron Simmons

    CP15417  Accepted 23 February 2016
    Waterlogging at tillering affects spike and spikelet formation in wheat
    Iduna Arduini, Cecilia Orlandi, Silvia Pampana, Alessandro Masoni

    CP15385  Accepted 23 February 2016
    Cell membrane stability and chlorophyll content variation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L) genotypes under heat and drought conditions
    Shoaib Ur Rehman, Muhammad Bilal, Rashid Rana, Muhammad Tahir, Muhammad Shah, Habtamu Ayalew, Guijun Yan

    CP15400  Accepted 12 February 2016
    Tropical dairy pasture yield and nitrogen cycling: Effect of urea application rate and a nitrification inhibitor (DMPP)
    Jack Koci, Paul Nelson

    CP15198  Accepted 01 February 2016
    Genotypic stability of weed competitive ability for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes in multiple environments
    Michael Zerner, Greg Rebetzke, Gurjeet Gill

    CP15319  Accepted 29 January 2016
    Calibration of Grassmaster II to estimate green and dry matter yield in Mediterranean pastures: effects of pasture moisture content
    João Serrano, Shakib Shahidian, José Silva

    CP15311  Accepted 29 January 2016
    Using 33P to trace in situ the fate of canola below-ground phosphorus including wheat uptake in two contrasting soils
    Foyjunnessa Foyjunnessa, Annie McNeill, Ashlea Doolette, Sean Mason, Mike McLaughlin

    CP15204  Accepted 28 January 2016
    Physiological and molecular characterization of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) germplasm with improved seedling freezing tolerance
    Rokebul Anower, Anne Fennell, Arvid Boe, Ivan Mott, Michael Peel, Yajun Wu

    CP15271  Accepted 27 January 2016
    Effects of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and iron chelate on the antioxidant capacity and nutritional value of soil cultivated maize (Zea mays) plants
    Mahboobeh Jalali, F Ghanati, Seyed Ali Mohammad Modarres Sanavy

    CP15257  Accepted 24 January 2016
    Competition and growth of a grass-legume mixture fertilized with nitrogen and phosphorus: effect on nutrient acquisition, root morphology and symbiosis with soil microorganisms
    Rodolfo Mendoza, Ileana García, Daniela Depalma, Carolina Férnandez López

    CP15278  Accepted 20 January 2016
    Nitrogen fertiliser requirements of high-yielding irrigated transgenic cotton
    Ian J. (dec.) Rochester, Michael Bange

    CP15337  Accepted 08 January 2016
    Control of water leakage from below the root zone by summer-active pastures is associated with persistence, density and deep rootedness
    Malcolm McCaskill, Gavin Kearney

    CP15206  Accepted 23 December 2015
    Application of Prognostic Breeding in Maize
    Vasileios Greveniotis, Vasilia Fasoula

    CP15289  Accepted 23 December 2015
    Fall dormancy regulates the expression of cas18, vsp and corF genes during cold acclimation of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)
    Zhiying Liu

    CP15285  Accepted 16 December 2015
    Quality potential of synthetic-derived commercial wheat cultivars in southwestern China
    Yonglu Tang, Chaosu Li, Wuyun Yang, Yuanqi Wu, Xiaoli Wu, Chun Wu, Xiaoling Ma, Shizhao Li, Rosewarne Garry

    CP15333  Accepted 17 December 2015
    A single gene confers resistance to faba bean rust (Uromyces viciae-fabae) in the current Australian cultivar Doza and a central European line Ac1655
    Kedar Adhikari, Peng Zhang, Abdus Sadeque, Sami Hoxha, Richard Trethowan

    CP15165  Accepted 17 December 2015
    NB-LRR gene family required for Rsc4 mediated resistance to Soybean Mosaic Virus (SMV)
    Li Na, Jinlong Yin, Cui Li, Dagang Wang, Yongqing Yang, Karthikeyan Adhimoolam, Hexiang Luan, Haijian Zhi

    CP15351  Accepted 08 December 2015
    Soil amendment with biochar increases maize yields in a semi-arid region by improving soil quality and root growth
    Qian Xiao, Li-Xia Zhu, Hong-pei Zhang, Xiu-yun Li, Yu-fang Shen, Shi-qing Li

    CP15159  Accepted 26 November 2015
    Lucerne yield, water productivity and persistence under variable and restricted irrigation strategies
    Mary-Jane Rogers, Alister Lawson, Kevin Kelly

    CP15244  Accepted 24 November 2015
    Quantitative analysis of gene actions controlling root length under water stress in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes
    Habtamu Ayalew, Hui Liu, Guijun Yan

    CP15314  Accepted 23 November 2015
    A Comparative proteomic study of drought-tolerant and drought–sensitive soybean seedlings under drought stress
    Xingwang Yu, Andrew James, Aijun Yang, Alun Jones, Omar Mendoza Porras, Claude-Alain Betrix, Hao Ma, Michelle Colgrave

    CP15107  Accepted 22 November 2015
    Contribution of apigenin di-C-glycoside (ACG) and lutein to the colour of yellow alkaline noodles (YAN)
    Grace Wijaya, Clare Ingram, Robert Asenstorfer, Daryl Mares

    CP15295  Accepted 20 November 2015
    The frequency of herbicide resistant wild oat (Avena spp.) populations remains stable in Western Australian cropping fields
    Mechelle Owen, Stephen Powles

    CP15053  Accepted 10 November 2015
    The history of using rainfall data to improve production in the grain industry in Australia – from Goyder to ENSO.
    Derek Yates, Willem Vervoort, Budiman Minasny, Alex McBratney

    CP13382  Accepted 22 November 2013
    Forage Breeding for Changing Environments and Production Systems – an Overview of ISFB 2013
    Kevin Smith, German Spangenberg

    CP13154  Accepted 08 June 2013
    Effect of Irrigation Regimes on Spring Seeding of Canola Cultivars under Semi-Arid and High Elevation Conditions
    Jamshid Razmjoo, Seyed Eatesam Ghaemmaghami

    CP13156  Accepted 14 May 2013
    The career and contribution to Australian and International Agricultural Science of Clive McDonald Francis: An introduction
    Mike Ewing, David Chatel, Michael Poole, William Collins


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 29 May 2015
Break crops and rotations for wheat

J. F. Angus, J. A. Kirkegaard, J. R. Hunt, M. H. Ryan, L. Ohlander and M. B. Peoples

2. Published 30 September 2015
Morphological, physiological and yield responses of durum wheat to pre-anthesis water-deficit stress are genotype-dependent

Haipei Liu, Iain R. Searle, Diane E. Mather, Amanda J. Able and Jason A. Able

3. Published 29 October 2015
Adaptation of wheat, barley, canola, field pea and chickpea to the thermal environments of Australia

Victor Sadras and M. Fernanda Dreccer

4. Published 31 July 2015
Can wheat varietal mixtures buffer the impacts of water deficit?

Paul Adu-Gyamfi, Tariq Mahmood and Richard Trethowan

5. Published 29 February 2016
Frost-tolerance genes Fr-A2 and Fr-B2 in Australian wheat and their effects on days to heading and grain yield in lower rainfall environments in southern Australia

H. A. Eagles, Jayne Wilson, Karen Cane, Neil Vallance, R. F. Eastwood, Haydn Kuchel, P. J. Martin and Ben Trevaskis

6. Published 4 September 2015
Assessing the place and role of crop simulation modelling in Australia

M. J. Robertson, G. J. Rebetzke and R. M. Norton

7. Published 24 June 2015
QTL mapping for plant height and yield components in common wheat under water-limited and full irrigation environments

Xingmao Li, Xianchun Xia, Yonggui Xiao, Zhonghu He, Desen Wang, Richard Trethowan, Huajun Wang and Xinmin Chen

8. Published 30 September 2015
Saline water irrigation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) under Mediterranean conditions

Attila Yazar, Çigdem Incekaya, S. Metin Sezen and Sven-Erik Jacobsen

9. Published 24 June 2015
Yield gain due to fungicide application in varieties of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) resistant and susceptible to leaf rust

Alex Morgounov, Beyhan Akin, Lütfi Demir, Mesut Keser, Alma Kokhmetova, Sergey Martynov, Şinasi Orhan, Fatih Özdemir, Ïzzet Özseven, Zagipa Sapakhova and Minura Yessimbekova

10. Published 29 May 2015
Crop-sequence effects on productivity in a wheat-based cropping system at Wongan Hills, Western Australia

R. J. French, R. S. Malik and M. Seymour

11. Published 29 May 2015
Long-term cropping system studies support intensive and responsive cropping systems in the low-rainfall Australian Mallee

A. M. Whitbread, C. W. Davoren, V. V. S. R. Gupta, R. Llewellyn and the late D. Roget

12. Published 29 May 2015
Dynamic crop sequencing in Western Australian cropping systems

Raj S. Malik, Mark Seymour, Robert J. French, John A. Kirkegaard, Roger A. Lawes and Mark A. Liebig

13. Published 29 January 2016
Soil compaction and controlled traffic considerations in Australian cotton-farming systems

Diogenes L. Antille, John McL. Bennett and Troy A. Jensen

14. Published 4 September 2015
Statistical methods for analysis of multi-harvest data from perennial pasture variety selection trials

Joanne De Faveri, Arūnas P. Verbyla, Wayne S. Pitchford, Shoba Venkatanagappa and Brian R. Cullis

15. Published 29 May 2015
Break-crop effects on wheat production across soils and seasons in a semi-arid environment

T. M. McBeath, V. V. S. R. Gupta, R. S. Llewellyn, C. W. Davoren and A. M. Whitbread

16. Published 29 May 2015
Gaining insight into the risks, returns and value of perfect knowledge for crop sequences by comparing optimal sequences with those proposed by agronomists

Roger Lawes and Michael Renton

17. Published 29 October 2015
Sequential zinc and iron biofortification of bread-wheat grains: from controlled to uncontrolled environments

Fernando C. Lidon, Ana S. Almeida, Ana R. Costa, Ana S. Bagulho, Paula Scotti-Campos, José N. Semedo, Benvindo Maçãs, José Coutinho, Nuno Pinheiro, Conceição Gomes, António E. Leitão, Isabel P. Pais, Maria M. Silva, Fernando H. Reboredo, Maria F. Pessoa and José C. Ramalho

18. Published 30 September 2015
Impacts of endophyte infection of ryegrass on rhizosphere metabolome and microbial community

S. Wakelin, S. Harrison, C. Mander, B. Dignam, S. Rasmussen, S. Monk, K. Fraser and M. O'Callaghan

19. Published 29 January 2016
Nitrogen uptake efficiency of maize in monoculture and intercropped with Brachiaria humidicola and Panicum maximum in a dystrophic Red-Yellow Latosol of the Brazilian Cerrado

Thais Rodrigues Coser, Maria Lucrécia Gerosa Ramos, Cícero Célio de Figueiredo, Segundo Urquiaga, Arminda Moreira de Carvalho, Filipe Vieira Barros and Maria Thereza Mendonça

20. Published 29 October 2015
Effect of the maize–soybean intercropping system on the potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron and zinc

Vesna Dragicevic, Snezana Oljaca, Milovan Stojiljkovic, Milena Simic, Zeljko Dolijanovic and Natalija Kravic

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