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Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology


Crop & Pasture Science is a highly cited and prestigious journal publishing original research on advances in plant sciences, sustainable farming systems, and food quality. More

Editors-in-Chief: Sergio Atienza and Zed Rengel


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Published online 24 April 2015
Yield and water-use efficiency of wheat in a high-rainfall environment 
Tina Botwright Acuña, Shaun Lisson, Peter Johnson and Geoff Dean

Desktop modelling studies were used to benchmark wheat WUE and to explore the sensitivity of yield, water use and WUE to changes in management practice in a high-rainfall environment. The upper limit for WUE was ~30 kg/ha.mm in excess of 180 mm evaporation, which is 16% higher than previous estimates at this southerly latitude for wheat. Attainable WUE ranged from 58% to 100% of potential WUE and was limited by nitrogen supply and water loss through evaporation, drainage and runoff.

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Published online 24 April 2015
Identification of fast and slow germination accessions of Brassica napus L. for genetic studies and breeding for early vigour 
Jing Zhang, Liyong Hu, Bob Redden and Guijun Yan

Germination speed were evaluated for 137 canola (Brassica napus L.) accessions, the identified fast and slow germination accessions were validated in repeated Petri dish and pot experiments. Based on germination speed and seedling characteristics, four accessions with high early vigour and four with low early vigour were identified. The identified accessions with contrasting early vigour can be used to study the genetic and molecular mechanism of seed germination and seedling development and to breed superior canola cultivars.

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Published online 24 April 2015
Resistance reaction of Medicago truncatula genotypes to Fusarium oxysporum: effect of plant age, substrate and inoculation method 
Nicolas Rispail, Moustafa Bani and Diego Rubiales

Fusarium wilt is a major constraint of crop and pasture legume production worldwide. We characterised the response of barrel medic (Medicago truncatula) to the disease according to plant age, plant substrate and inoculation method and established an inoculation method suitable for the molecular characterisation of the disease–legume interaction. This will be very useful to unravel the resistance mechanisms for efficient control of the disease.

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Published online 24 April 2015
Responses to phosphorus among wheat genotypes 
Glenn McDonald, William Bovill, Julian Taylor and Robert Wheeler

Responses to phosphorus (P) were examined in c. 50 varieties of bread wheat over three years. There were large effects of site and season on the response to P, but some genotypes showed consistently low and others high response to P. Genotypic variation in grain yield was more strongly related to variation in P utilisation efficiency than to variation in P uptake among wheat genotypes, which was associated with differences in P harvest index.

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Published online 22 April 2015
Herbicide resistance in Bromus and Hordeum spp. in the Western Australian grain belt 
Mechelle J. Owen, Neree J. Martinez and Stephen B. Powles

Random surveys conducted in Western Australia have shown that herbicide resistance is common for the major crop weed species. In 2010, a survey revealed that resistance to the ACCase and ALS-inhibiting herbicides had increased for Lolium rigidum. For the emerging crop weeds, Bromus and Hordeum, resistance was also detected to these same herbicides although at much lower levels. Around 13% of Bromus populations and 8% of Hordeum populations were resistant to the ALS-inhibiting herbicides.

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Published online 14 April 2015
Saline water irrigation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) under Mediterranean conditions 
Attila Yazar, Çigdem Incekaya, S. Metin Sezen and Sven-Erik Jacobsen

Irrigation and evapotranspiration, grain yield, aboveground biomass yield and harvest index were evaluated under fresh and saline water regimes. Different parameters, such as water productivity and irrigation water productivity, yield components, leaf area index and plant height, were studied to assess quinoa’s growth and yield. Grain yields were slightly reduced by irrigation water salinity compared with fresh water irrigation. Results showed that quinoa can be irrigated with saline water with EC level up to 30 dS m–1 with acceptable yields in the semi-arid and arid regions of the Mediterranean Basin.

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blank image Crop and Pasture Science
Volume 66 Number 3 & 4 2015
Dual Purpose Cropping Systems

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Dual-purpose cropping – capitalising on potential grain crop grazing to enhance mixed-farming profitability 
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Lindsay W. Bell, Matthew T. Harrison and John A. Kirkegaard
pp. i-iv

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Effects of grazing on crop crown temperature: implications for phenology 
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Matthew T. Harrison, Walter M. Kelman and Jim M. Virgona
pp. 235-248

Temperature is a fundamental driver of crop development, which has important implications for dry matter partitioning, the timing of flowering and grain yield. Although defoliation initially delays crop ontogeny, elevated microclimatic temperatures of up to 6–7°C significantly enhance post-defoliation development rates as the growing season progresses from winter into spring, mitigating the extent of the delay by anthesis. These results will be useful in designing experiments that propose using grazing or defoliation to manipulate crop flowering time and in interpreting the implications of defoliation on phenology and grain yield.


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Effect of defoliation by grazing or shoot removal on the root growth of field-grown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) 
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J. A. Kirkegaard, J. M. Lilley, J. R. Hunt, S. J. Sprague, N. K. Ytting, I. S. Rasmussen and J. M. Graham
pp. 249-259

Grazing of dual-purpose crops often reduces above-ground biomass by 50-80% but few studies have investigated impacts on roots.  We found little impact of grazing on rooting depth of wheat, except in early (4-leaf) and repeatedly grazed crops.  However the root length density in surface layers can be reduced after long-term grazing due to reduced proliferation of the nodal root system.


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Forage and grain yield of diverse canola (Brassica napus) maturity types in the high-rainfall zone of Australia 
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S. J. Sprague, J. A. Kirkegaard, J. M. Graham, L. W. Bell, M. Seymour and M. Ryan
pp. 260-274

Experimental studies at six sites across the Australian high rainfall zone assessed the forage production and effect of defoliation or grazing on grain yield of spring, winter x spring and winter canola maturity types. Forage production ranged from 0.9-6.8 t DM ha–1 with an average of 2.4 and 2.8 t ha–1 of grain yield in defoliated and undefoliated crops, respectively. The study confirms the potential for dual-purpose canola across the HRZ when suitable maturity types are sown, managed and grazed appropriately.


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Forage canola (Brassica napus): spring-sown winter canola for biennial dual-purpose use in the high-rainfall zone of southern Australia 
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Annieka Paridaen and John A. Kirkegaard
pp. 275-286

European winter canola varieties (Brassica napus) can be successfully grown in southern Australia as spring-sown biennial dual-purpose crops. Currently available varieties sown in colder, long-season high rainfall environments can be sown from mid-October to provide 2.5 to 4.0 t/ha of forage from grazing (January to June) and recover to produce high grain yield (2.5 to 5.0 t/ha) with good oil content. Further refinement of crop and grazing management is warranted to maximize the potential benefits and reduce the risks of this new option.


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Effect of timing and height of defoliation on the grain yield of barley, wheat, oats and canola in Western Australia 
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Mark Seymour, Jonathan H. England, Raj Malik, David Rogers, Andrew Sutherland and Allen Randell
pp. 287-300

Treatments simulating high-intensity ‘crash’ grazing to ground level or to a height of 5 cm reduced grain yield unless conducted early in vegetative growth. ‘Clip’ grazing by removing only the top 5–10 cm reduced grain yield to a lesser extent than crash grazing, and in several instances could extend the safe cutting period past Z30 and/or the end of July for cereals, or past mid-July for spring canola, provided the developing reproductive parts of all crops were not damaged.


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Performance of spring cereal genotypes under defoliation on the Eyre Peninsula, South Australia 
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R. A. Latta
pp. 301-307

DM production and grain yield of wheat, barley and oats cultivars, with and without defoliation, at a range of growth stages were measured in dryland farming systems in southern Australia. Results suggest that there are opportunities to incorporate the grazing of cereals to fill a winter feed-gap in the low-rainfall zone of southern Australia.


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Forage and grain yield of grazed or defoliated spring and winter cereals in a winter-dominant, low-rainfall environment 
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Alison. J. Frischke, James R. Hunt, Dannielle K. McMillan and Claire J. Browne
pp. 308-317

The grazing of vegetative cereal crops has the potential to fill the early-winter feed-gap in north-western Victoria; however, the amount of forage likely to be produced and any effects on grain yield and quality are unknown. This analysis over five seasons compares the feed value and grain production of different cereal crop species, cultivars and growth habits. Locally adapted winter wheat cultivars are required to increase the use of dual-purpose crops in the region.


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Evaluating the feasibility of dual-purpose canola in a medium-rainfall zone of south-eastern Australia: a simulation approach 
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Jeffrey I. McCormick, Jim M. Virgona, Julianne M. Lilley and John A. Kirkegaard
pp. 318-331

APSIM-Canola model was modified to simulate dual-purpose canola production to determine its feasibility in drier inland areas with a shorter growing season. The simulation analysis confirmed significant opportunities to achieve valuable livestock grazing from canola crops sown in an early window (before May) without compromising potential yield.


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Optimising grain yield and grazing potential of crops across Australia’s high-rainfall zone: a simulation analysis. 1. Wheat 
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Lindsay W. Bell, Julianne M. Lilley, James R. Hunt and John A. Kirkegaard
pp. 332-348

Australia’s high-rainfall zone is suited to the use of dual-purpose crops, which offer grazing for livestock and later produce grain, but no national analysis of cropping potential has been made. This analysis predicts large opportunities for dual-purpose wheat crops, with the potential to achieve 1700–3000 days of sheep grazing per ha and grain yields of 6–10 t/ha across the zone. Potential to expand the use of grain-only or dual-purpose wheat into new regions where they are currently rarely used appears significant.


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Optimising grain yield and grazing potential of crops across Australia’s high-rainfall zone: a simulation analysis. 2. Canola 
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Julianne M. Lilley, Lindsay W. Bell and John A. Kirkegaard
pp. 349-364

Expansion of cropping into Australia’s high-rainfall zone offers significant potential for the use of dual-purpose crops such as canola, which offer an alternative to grass-based pasture and cereal crops. Crop simulation predicts significant opportunity to use dual-purpose canola crops successfully throughout the high rainfall zone, with average grain yields of 3.3–5.0 t/ha and 900–2500 days of sheep grazing per hectare. Early sown, long-season winter types offer much greater grazing potential than spring types, whereas grain yield of different phenology types is similar when the appropriate sowing dates are selected.


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Integrating dual-purpose wheat and canola into high-rainfall livestock systems in south-eastern Australia. 1. Crop forage and grain yield 
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S. J. Sprague, J. A. Kirkegaard, H. Dove, J. M. Graham, S. E. McDonald and W. M. Kelman
pp. 365-376

A systems experiment conducted over 2 years evaluated the benefits of integrating dual-purpose wheat and canola, both individually and sequentially, for crop and livestock production in south-east Australia. Wheat provided more grazing than canola, while grazing both crops sequentially increased grazing by 43% compared to wheat alone. Grain yield was generally unaffected by grazing and was similar between individually and sequentially grazed crops. High yields of wheat and canola can be maintained after significant forage grazing, and access to crops sequentially can significantly increase the duration and amount of grazing achieved.


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Integrating dual-purpose wheat and canola into high-rainfall livestock systems in south-eastern Australia. 2. Pasture and livestock production 
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H. Dove, J. A. Kirkegaard, W. M. Kelman, S. J. Sprague, S. E. McDonald and J. M. Graham
pp. 377-389

The grazing of crops can provide valuable winter forage for livestock without compromising grain yields. We compared pasture grazing with the inclusion of grazing of wheat, canola or wheat plus canola in the high-rainfall zone of New South Wales and found that crop grazing provided extra grazing days and liveweight gain for animals, especially if two crops were grazed in sequence. This indicates that crop grazing could help producers overcome the winter shortfall in forage that often occurs in the region.


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Integrating dual-purpose wheat and canola into high-rainfall livestock systems in south-eastern Australia. 3. An extrapolation to whole-farm grazing potential, productivity and profitability 
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L. W. Bell, H. Dove, S. E. McDonald and J. A. Kirkegaard
pp. 390-398

Dual-purpose crops contribute to the whole farm by providing valuable winter forage and increasing subsequent pasture availability. We extrapolated experimental measurements of grazing attributed to wheat, canola, and wheat and canola in combination to predict farm changes in whole-farm sheep grazing days, relative farm production and farm profit margin from replacing pasture with increasing proportions of dual-purpose crops on a farm. The analysis revealed that dual-purpose crops could be allocated to 20% of farm area without reducing farm stocking rate and livestock production, and additional grain production contributes significantly to overall farm production and profit margin.


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The role and value of combining dual-purpose crops and lucerne in a mixed-enterprise farming system 
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R. Kingwell and L. Squibb
pp. 399-409

Incorporating dual-purpose crops in mixed enterprise farm systems can greatly increase farm profit. The increase in profit is attributable to higher stocking rates that allow increases in wool and sheep sales. The proportions of crop and pasture in the farming system need not greatly change.


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Small effects of deferment of annual pastures through grazing spring wheat crops in Western Australia can benefit livestock productivity 
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Dean T. Thomas, Andrew D. Moore, Hayley C. Norman and Clinton K. Revell
pp. 410-417

Short-term grazing of crops intended for grain production can provide an opportunity to increase the supply of winter feed and allows annual pastures to be rested from grazing early in the growing season. This study found that additional value to pasture productivity and utilisation through pasture deferment is likely to be low in a typical mixed-farming system in Western Australia. The main benefits of grazing spring-variety crops will come from early access to winter feed in the crop itself and improved animal growth, by avoiding the need to graze establishing annual pastures where the intake of livestock is restricted because of low forage accessibility.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    CP15054  Accepted 20 April 2015
    Drought-induced changes in the accumulation of boiling soluble proteins (p40, GST, HSP90) in the grains of drought tolerant and sensitive cultivars of Triticum aestivum
    Gurmeen Rakhra, Arun Sharma, Jatinder Singh

    CP15043  Accepted 20 April 2015
    Application of GGE Biplot to Analyze Stability of Iranian Tall Fescue Genotypes
    Mohammad Reza Dehghani, Mohammad Mahdi Majidi, Ghodratollah Saeidi, Aghafakhr Mirlohi, Rasekh Amiri, Behzad Sorkhilalehloo

    CP14225  Accepted 20 April 2015
    Identifying water responsive and drought tolerant chickpea genotypes
    Aladdin Hamwieh, Muhammad Imtiaz

    CP14357  Accepted 17 April 2015
    Genetic improvement of triticale for irrigated systems in SE Australia; a study of G and GxE interactions
    Andrew Milgate, Ben Ovenden, Dante Adorada, Chris Lisle, John Lacy, Neil Coombes

    CP14304  Accepted 08 April 2015
    Use of DArT molecular markers for QTL analysis of drought stress responses in soybean. II. Marker identification and QTL analyses.
    Hang Vu, Andrzej Kilian, Andrew James, Leone Bielig, Bob Lawn

    CP14303  Accepted 08 April 2015
    Use of DArT molecular markers for QTL analysis of drought stress responses in soybean. I. Phenotypic evaluation of traits.
    Hang Vu, Bob Lawn, Andrew James, Leone Bielig, Andrzej Kilian

    CP14311  Accepted 07 April 2015
    Ecotypic responses to flood and drought in tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia)
    Mervyn Shepherd, Rachel Wood, Camilla Bloomfield, Carolyn Raymond

    CP15064  Accepted 20 March 2015
    Comparison of host resistance to Sclerotinia stem rot in historic and current Brassica napus and B. juncea and critical management implications
    Margaret Uloth, Ming Pei You, Martin Barbetti

    CP14297  Accepted 17 March 2015
    Comparison of photoperiod-sensitive and -insensitive basmati cultivars for grain yield, water-productivity, and quality traits under varied transplanting dates in Northwest India
    Gulshan Mahajan, Neerja Sharma, Rupinder Kaur, Bhagirath Chauhan

    CP14224  Accepted 12 March 2015
    A functional leaf may represent the assimilate accumulation characteristics of the whole seedling plant in winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.)
    Xinghua Li, Tewu Yang, Zhongnan Nie, Guoxing Chen, Liyong Hu, Rui Wang

    CP14177  Accepted 12 March 2015
    Can wheat varietal mixtures buffer the impacts of water deficit?
    Richard Trethowan, Paul Adu-Gyamfi, Tariq Chattha

    CP14252  Accepted 08 March 2015
    Break crops and rotations for wheat
    John Angus, John Kirkegaard, James Hunt, Megan Ryan, Lars Ohlander, Mark Peoples

    CP14261  Accepted 19 February 2015
    Phosphate response of Trifolium uniflorum compared with T. repens and some T. repens × T. uniflorum hybrids.
    Shirley Nichols, Jim Crush

    CP14221  Accepted 18 February 2015
    Crop sequences in Western Australia: What are they and are they sustainable? Findings of a four-year survey
    Martin Harries, Geoff Anderson, Daniel Huberli

    CP14270  Accepted 19 January 2015
    Sequential Zn and Fe Biofortification of Bread Wheat Grains - From Controlled to Uncontrolled Environments
    Fernando Lidon, Ana Almeida, Rita Costa, Ana Bagulho, Paula Campos, Jose Semedo, Benvindo Maçãs, José Coutinho, Nunoo Pinheiroo, Conceição Gomes, António Leitão, Isabel Pais, Maria Silva, Fernando Reboredo, Fernanda Pessoa, José Ramalho

    CP14262  Accepted 10 February 2015
    Crop sequence effects on productivity in a wheat-based cropping system at Wongan Hills, Western Australia
    Bob French, Raj Malik, Mark Seymour

    CP14089  Accepted 10 February 2015
    Pearl millet growth and biochemical alterations determined by mycorrhizal inoculation, water availability and atmospheric CO2 concentration
    Eliseu Fabbrin, Yolanda Gogorcena, Átila Mogor, Idoia Garmendia, Nieves Goicoechea

    CP15012  Accepted 10 February 2015
    Antifungal activity of plant extracts against Embellisia astragali, the fungal causal agent of yellow dwarf and root rot disease of standing milk-vetch
    Cuiyun Zeng, Xiaoyu Zhu, Cui Zhen, Yanzhong Li

    CP14104  Accepted 06 February 2015
    Influence of Plant Growth Stage on Resistance to Anthracnose in Lupin (Lupinus mutabilis)
    C.E. Falconi, Richard Visser, Sjaak vanHeusden

    CP14236  Accepted 05 February 2015
    QTL mapping for plant height and yield components in common wheat under water limited and full irrigation environments
    Xingmao Li, Xianchun Xia, Yonggui Xiao, Zhonghu He, Desen Wang, Richard Trethowan, Huajun Wang, Xinming Chen

    CP14301  Accepted 05 February 2015
    Quantifying nitrous oxide emissions from the foliage of cotton, maize and soybean crops
    Ian Rochester, Crystal Wood, Ben MacDonald

    CP14305  Accepted 04 February 2015
    Role of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis in P uptake efficiency and Al tolerance in barley growing in acid soils
    Alex Seguel, Jose Barea, Pablo Cornejo, Fernando Borie

    CP14182  Accepted 04 February 2015
    Water use, transpiration efficiency and yield in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) across water regimes
    Oumaru Halilou, Falalou Hamidou, Boulama Taya, Saadou Mahamane, Vincent Vadez

    CP14215  Accepted 04 February 2015
    Selenium characterization of the Portuguese bread-wheat archival collection
    Catarina Galinha, Adriano Pacheco, Maria Freitas, Ana Rita Costa, Nuno Pinheiro, Benvindo Maçãs, Ana Almeida, Hubert Wolterbeek

    CP14228  Accepted 03 February 2015
    Phylogenetic Effects on Shoot Magnesium Concentration
    Philip White, Helen Bowen, Emily Farley, Emma Shaw, Jacqueline Thompson, Gladys Wright, Martin Broadley

    CP14264  Accepted 28 January 2015
    In season expression of nitrate and ammonium transporter genes in roots of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes with different nitrogen uptake efficiencies
    Jinshan Liu, Jie Fu, Hui Tian, Yajun Gao

    CP14211  Accepted 27 January 2015
    Effect of the maize–soybean intercropping system on the potential bioavailability of magnesium, iron and zinc
    Vesna Dragicevic, Snezana Oljaca, Milovan Stojiljkovic, Milena Simic, Zeljko Dolijanovic, Natalija Kravic

    CP14158  Accepted 28 January 2015
    Yield gain in leaf rust resistant and susceptible winter wheat varieties due to fungicide application
    Alexsey Morgounov, Beyhan Akin, Lütfü Demir, Mesut Keser, Alma Kokhmetova, Sergey Martynov, Åžinasi Orhan, Fatih Ozdemir, Ä°zzet Özseven, Zagipa Sapakhova, Minura Yessimbekova

    CP14326  Accepted 21 January 2015
    Combined application of Silica and nitrogen alleviates the damage of flooding stress in rice
    Dr. B. Lal, Priyanka Gautam, S. Mohanty, R. Raja, R. Tripathi, M. Shahid, B Panda, MJ Baig, Liza Rath, Pratap Bhattacharyya, A.K. Nayak

    CP14135  Accepted 19 January 2015
    Considering long-term ecological effects on future land-use options when making tactical break-crop decisions in cropping systems
    Michael Renton, Roger Lawes, Tess Metcalf, Michael Robertson

    CP14247  Accepted 19 January 2015
    The Influence of biochar application on nutritional quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)
    Raffaella Petruccelli, Alessandra Bonetti, Maria Laura Traversi, Cecilia Faraloni, Massimo Valagussa, Alessandro Pozzi

    CP14012  Accepted 17 January 2015
    Combined Stress of Low Temperature and Flooding Affects Physiological Activities and Insecticidal Protein Content in Bt Transgenic Cotton
    Guisheng Zhou, Fuyan Zhai, Shiyuan Lu, A.E. Nimir, Linlin Yu, Hui Pan, Dongmei Lv

    CP14208  Accepted 09 January 2015
    Grain number determination under contrasting radiation and nitrogen conditions in 2- and 6-rowed barleys
    Sebastian Arisnabarreta, Daniel Miralles

    CP14059  Accepted 31 December 2014
    Genetic dissection of developmental behavior of total starch and its components content in wheat grain
    Bin Tian, Zhiying Deng, Quangang Xie, Jichun Tian

    CP14185  Accepted 19 December 2014
    Gaining insight into the risks returns and value of perfect knowledge for crop sequences by comparing optimal sequences with those proposed by agronomists.
    Roger Lawes, Michael Renton

    CP14306  Accepted 11 December 2014
    Reproduction strategy of Chloris virgata under simulated atmospheric nitrogen deposition
    Chang Wang, Ying Wang

    CP14160  Accepted 27 November 2014
    Optimized nitrogen fertilizer management achieved higher diversity of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi and high-yielding maize (Zea mays L.)
    Gu Feng, Xiaojing Wang, Xinxin Wang

    CP14075  Accepted 27 November 2014
    Development and validation of protocols for product stewardship in transgenic white clover (Trifolium repens L.): Detection of the AMV CP and npt2 transgenes in pollen, honey and honey bees
    Stephen Panter, Aidyn Mouradov, Kevin Smith, German Spangenberg

    CP14227  Accepted 18 November 2014
    How do glycine and histidine in nutrient solution affect zinc uptake and root-to-shoot translocation by wheat and triticale?
    Kianoush Khodamoradi, Amir Hossen Khoshgoftarmanesh, Neda Dalir, Majid Afyuni, Rainer Schulin

    CP14210  Accepted 13 November 2014
    Improving grain yields on a sodic clay soil in a temperate medium-rainfall cropping environment.
    Roger Armstrong, Craig Eagle, Ray Flood (dec.)

    CP14136  Accepted 12 November 2014
    Long-term cropping system studies support intensive and responsive cropping systems in the low rainfall Australian Mallee
    Anthony Whitbread, Bill Davoren, Vadakattu Gupta, Rick Llewellyn, David Roget

    CP14218  Accepted 12 November 2014
    Selenium fortification of hydroponically grown corn salad
    Nicola Tomasi, Roberto Pinton, Stefano Gottardi, Tanja Mimmo, Matteo Scampicchio, Stefano Cesco

    CP14166  Accepted 06 October 2014
    Break Crop Effects on Wheat Production across Soils and Seasons in a Semi-Arid Environment
    Therese McBeath, Vadakattu Gupta, Rick Llewellyn, Bill Davoren, Anthony Whitbread

    CP13382  Accepted 22 November 2013
    Forage Breeding for Changing Environments and Production Systems – an Overview of ISFB 2013
    Kevin Smith, German Spangenberg

    CP13154  Accepted 08 June 2013
    Effect of Irrigation Regimes on Spring Seeding of Canola Cultivars under Semi-Arid and High Elevation Conditions
    Jamshid Razmjoo, Seyed Eatesam Ghaemmaghami

    CP13156  Accepted 14 May 2013
    The career and contribution to Australian and International Agricultural Science of Clive McDonald Francis: An introduction
    Mike Ewing, David Chatel, Michael Poole, William Collins


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 30 October 2014
Genomic selection in crops, trees and forages: a review

Z. Lin, B. J. Hayes and H. D. Daetwyler

2. Published 27 June 2014
Opportunities and challenges in Australian grasslands: pathways to achieve future sustainability and productivity imperatives

Lindsay W. Bell, Richard C. Hayes, Keith G. Pembleton and Cathy M. Waters

3. Published 27 June 2014
Pasture plants and soil fertility management to improve the efficiency of phosphorus fertiliser use in temperate grassland systems

Richard J. Simpson, Alan E. Richardson, Shirley N. Nichols and James R. Crush

4. Published 7 August 2014
Adaptations for growing wheat in the drying climate of Western Australia

Hayden Sprigg, Robert Belford, Steve Milroy, Sarita Jane Bennett and David Bowran

5. Published 7 August 2014
Yield improvement and adaptation of wheat to water-limited environments in Australia—a case study

R. A. Richards, J. R. Hunt, J. A. Kirkegaard and J. B. Passioura

6. Published 30 October 2014
Progress in developing perennial wheats for grain and grazing

Philip J. Larkin, Matthew T. Newell, Richard C. Hayes, Jesmin Aktar, Mark R. Norton, Sergio J. Moroni and Len J. Wade

7. Published 31 March 2015
Effects of grazing on crop crown temperature: implications for phenology

Matthew T. Harrison, Walter M. Kelman and Jim M. Virgona

8. Published 28 August 2014
Quantifying the interactions between grazing interval, grazing intensity, and nitrogen on the yield and growth rate of dryland and irrigated perennial ryegrass

R. P. Rawnsley, A. D. Langworthy, K. G. Pembleton, L. R. Turner, R. Corkrey and D. J. Donaghy

9. Published 28 August 2014
Interaction between plant physiology and pasture feeding value: a review

D. F. Chapman, J. M. Lee and G. C. Waghorn

10. Published 28 August 2014
Kikuyu-based pasture for dairy production: a review

S. C. García, M. R. Islam, C. E. F. Clark and P. M. Martin

11. Published 12 May 2014
Effects of banded ammonia and urea fertiliser on soil properties and the growth and yield of wheat

J. F. Angus, V. V. S. R. Gupta, G. D. Pitson and A. J. Good

12. Published 28 August 2014
Perennial pasture grasses—an historical review of their introduction, use and development for southern Australia

K. F. M. Reed

13. Published 30 October 2014
Resources and strategies for implementation of genomic selection in breeding of forage species

J. W. Forster, M. L. Hand, N. O. I. Cogan, B. J. Hayes, German C. Spangenberg and K. F. Smith

14. Published 7 October 2014
Developing the role of perennial forages for crop–livestock farms: a strategic multi-disciplinary approach

Rick S. Llewellyn, Michael J. Robertson, Richard C. Hayes, David Ferris, Katrien Descheemaeker and Clinton Revell

15. Published 12 September 2014
Viruses of New Zealand pasture grasses and legumes: a review

P. L. Guy

16. Published 30 October 2014
Evaluation and breeding of tedera for Mediterranean climates in southern Australia

D. Real, C. M. Oldham, M. N. Nelson, J. Croser, M. Castello, A. Verbyla, A. Pradhan, A. Van Burgel, P. Méndez, E. Correal, N. L. Teakle, C. K. Revell and M. A. Ewing

17. Published 28 August 2014
Agronomic advantages conferred by endophyte infection of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) in Australia

D. E. Hume and J. C. Sewell

18. Published 30 October 2014
Progress towards developing bloat-safe legumes for the farming industry

Kerry Hancock, Vern Collette, Elisabeth Chapman, Katherine Hanson, Stephen Temple, Roger Moraga and John Caradus

19. Published 12 September 2014
Tolerance to ion toxicities enhances wheat grain yield in acid soils prone to drought and transient waterlogging

Hossein Khabaz-Saberi, Susan J. Barker and Zed Rengel

20. Published 7 August 2014
Improving water productivity in the Australian Grains industry—a nationally coordinated approach

J. A. Kirkegaard, J. R. Hunt, T. M. McBeath, J. M. Lilley, A. Moore, K. Verburg, M. Robertson, Y. Oliver, P. R. Ward, S. Milroy and A. M. Whitbread

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