CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Invertebrate Systematics   
Invertebrate Systematics
Journal Banner
  Systematics, Phylogeny and Biogeography
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Contacts
Content
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Virtual Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Scope
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates
Library Recommendation

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter logo LinkedIn

 

Article << Previous     |         Contents Vol 27(4)

Phylogeny of the ophrynopine clade revisited: review of the parasitoid sawfly genera Ophrella Middlekauff, Ophrynopus Konow and Stirocorsia Konow (Hymenoptera : Orussidae)

Lars Vilhelmsen A F, Stephan M. Blank B, Valmir A. Costa C, Thiago M. Alvarenga D and David R. Smith E

A Natural History Museum of Denmark, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.
B Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Eberswalder Straße 90, 15374 Müncheberg, Germany.
C Laboratório de Controle Biológico, Instituto Biológico, CP 70, CEP 13012-970, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
D Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, CP 6109, CEP 13083-970, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
E Research Associate, Department of Entomology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 168, PO Box 37012, Washington DC, 20013-7012, USA.
F Corresponding author. Email: lbvilhelmsen@snm.ku.dk

Invertebrate Systematics 27(4) 450-483 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS13006
Submitted: 14 February 2013  Accepted: 20 May 2013   Published: 30 August 2013


 
PDF (4 MB) $40
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

The rare family Orussidae comprises the only parasitoid sawflies and are sister to the Apocrita, the latter comprising most of Hymenoptera. Because of this, their morphology and relationships have been particularly important for interpreting the morphology of and biological transitions within the order as a whole. Within the Orussidae the ophrynopines are a comparatively diverse clade with a predominantly southern hemisphere distribution. Here, a revised and expanded morphological dataset incorporating several new taxa is used to test ophrynopine relationships and provide further insights into their evolutionary history. The analyses largely corroborate previous results. The distribution pattern and the fossil record indicate that the ophrynopines radiated in the early Cenozoic in the Australasian-Oceanian and the Neotropic regions and later dispersed into the Nearctic, Eastern Palaearctic and Indomalayan regions. The South American genus Ophrella Middlekauff, 1985 is well supported as a monophyletic genus, whereas Ophrynopus Konow, 1897 is paraphyletic with respect to Stirocorsia Konow, 1897. Three new species, Ophrella eldorado Vilhelmsen, sp. nov., Ophrynopus guarani Blank, D.R. Smith & Vilhelmsen, sp. nov., and Ophrynopus rupestris Vilhelmsen, Costa & Alvarenga, sp. nov. are described. Ophrella lingulata Middlekauff, 1985 is treated as a junior synonym of Ophrella amazonica (Westwood, 1874). Stirocorsia is treated as a junior synonym of Ophrynopus. The species Ophrynopus apicalis (Togashi, 2000), Ophrynopus kohli (Konow, 1897), Ophrynopus maculipennis (F. Smith, 1859) and Ophrynopus tosensis (Tosawa & Sugihara, 1934), formerly in Stirocorsia, are transferred to Ophrynopus. Revised keys to the species of Ophrella, Ophrynopus and the genera in the ophrynopine clade are provided. In addition, Orussidae are recorded from Bolivia and French Guiana for the first time.



References

Benson, R. B. (1935). On the genera of the Orussidae. With an account of the African species (Hymenoptera Symphyta). Occasional Papers of the Rhodesian Museum 4, 1–10.

Benson, R. B. (1955). Some woodwasps from Chile and the Argentine (Orussidae and Xiphydriidae). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B, Taxonomy 24, 110–112.

Blank, S. M., Kraus, M., and Taeger, A. (2006). Orussus smithi sp. n. and notes on other West Palaearctic Orussidae (Hymenoptera). In ‘Recent Sawfly Research: Synthesis and Prospects’. (Eds S. M. Blank, S. Schmidt and A. Taeger.) pp. 265–278. (Goecke & Evers: Keltern, Germany.)

Blank, S. M., Vilhelmsen, L., and Smith, D. R. (2010). Ophrynon (Hymenoptera: Orussidae) in California: diversity, distribution and phylogeny. Insect Systematics & Evolution 41, 3–27.
CrossRef |

du Buysson, R. (1910). Hyménoptères nouveaux ou peu connus. Revue d’Entomologie 28, 172–176.

Engel, M. S. (2008). An orussid wood wasp in amber from the Dominican Republic (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 111, 39–44.
CrossRef |

Goloboff, P. A., Farris, S., and Nixon, K. (2000). ‘TNT (Tree Analysis Using New Technology) (BETA) Ver. 1.0.’ (Published by the authors: Tucumán, Argentina.)

Grimaldi, D., and Engel, M. S. (2005). ‘Evolution of the Insects.’ (Cambridge University Press: New York, USA.)

Guiglia, D. (1937). Uno nuova Oryssus delle isole Filippine. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria 57, 420–423.

Konow, F. W. (1897a). Systematische und kritische Bearbeitung der Siriciden-Tribus Oryssini. Természetrajzi Füzetek 20, 602–610.

Konow, F. W. (1897b). Zwei neue Siriciden und einige palaearktische Tenthrediniden. Entomologische Nachrichten 23, 372–376.

Maddison, W., and Maddison, D. (2011). Mesquite 2.75. Released 30.ix.2011, available from: http://mesquiteproject.org/mesquite/mesquite.html

Middlekauff, W. W. (1985). A new genus of Orussidae from Panama (Hymenoptera: Symphyta, Orussidae). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist 61, 184–186.

Rohwer, S. A. (1911). Technical papers on miscellaneous forest insects. II. The genotypes of the sawflies and woodwasps, or the superfamily Tenthredinoidea. Technical series, US Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Entomology 20, pp. 69–109.

Sharkey, M. J., Carpenter, J. M., Vilhelmsen, L., Heraty, J., Nylander, J., Dowling, A. P., Schulmeister, S., Murray, D., Deans, A. R., Ronquist, F., Krogmann, L., and Wheeler, W. C. (2012). Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera. Cladistics 28, 80–112.
CrossRef |

Smith, D. R. (1988). A synopsis of the sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of America south of the United States: introduction, Xyelidae, Pamphiliidae, Cimbicidae, Diprionidae, Xiphydriidae, Siricidae, Orussidae, Cephidae. Systematic Entomology 13, 205–261.
CrossRef |

Smith, D. R. (2008). Xiphydriidae of the Philippines, Insular Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, and Fiji (Hymenoptera). Beitraege zur Entomologie 58, 15–97.

Taeger, A., Blank, S. M., and Liston, A. D. (2010). World catalog of Symphyta (Hymenoptera). Zootaxa 2580, 1–1064.

Togashi, I. (2000). Description of a new species of the genus Stiricorsia [sic] Konow (Hymenoptera: Orussidae) from Japan. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 102, 105–107.

Vilhelmsen, L. (2003). Phylogeny and classification of the Orussidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera), a basal parasitic wasp taxon. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 139, 337–418.
CrossRef |

Vilhelmsen, L. (2004). The old wasp and the tree: fossils, phylogeny and biogeography in the Orussidae (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Linnean Society of London 82, 139–160.
CrossRef |

Vilhelmsen, L. (2005). Chalinus albitibialis, a new species of Orussidae (Insecta, Hymenoptera) from Morocco. Zootaxa 880, 1–7.

Vilhelmsen, L. (2007). The phylogeny of Orussidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) revisited. Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 65, 111–118.

Vilhelmsen, L., and Smith, D. R. (2002). Revision of the ‘ophrynopine’ genera Argentophrynopus, n. gen., Guiglia Benson, Kulcania Benson, Ophrella Middlekauff, Ophrynon Middlekauff, Ophrynopus Konow, and Stirocorsia Konow (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution 33, 387–420.
CrossRef |

Vilhelmsen, L., and Turrisi, G. F. (2011). Per arborem ad astra: morphological adaptations to exploiting the woody habitat in the early evolution of Hymenoptera. Arthropod Structure & Development 40, 2–20.
CrossRef |

Vilhelmsen, L., Isidoro, N., Romani, R., Basibuyuk, H. H., and Quicke, D. L. J. (2001). Host location and oviposition in a basal group of parasitic wasps: the subgenual organ, ovipositor apparatus, and associated structures in the Orussidae (Hymenoptera, Insecta). Zoomorphology 121, 63–84.
CrossRef |

Vilhelmsen, L., Blank, S. M., Liu, Z., and Smith, D. R. (2013). Discovery of new species confirms Oriental origin of Orussus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Orussidae). Insect Systematics & Evolution , .

Westwood, J. O. (1874). ‘Thesaurus entomologicus Oxoniensis; or, illustrations of new, rare, and interesting insects, for the most part contained in the collection presented to the University of Oxford by the Rev. F.W. Hope, M.A., D.C.L., F.R.S., & c. with forty plates from drawings by the author.’ (Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, xxiv + 205 pp).


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2016