CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > International Journal of Wildland Fire   
International Journal of Wildland Fire
http://www.iawfonline.org/
  Published on behalf of the International Association of Wildland Fire
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Sample Issue
20-Year Author Index
For Authors
General Information
Notice to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review Article
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with CP
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 21(1)

The importance of piled wood debris on the distribution of bird-dispersed plants in burned and logged Mediterranean pine forests

J. Rost A B , J. M. Bas A and P. Pons A

A Departament de Ciències Ambientals, Universitat de Girona, Campus de Montilivi, E-17071 Girona, Catalonia, Spain.
B Corresponding author. Email: joseprost@gmail.com

International Journal of Wildland Fire 21(1) 79-85 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF10068
Submitted: 6 July 2010  Accepted: 2 March 2011   Published: 3 November 2011


 
PDF (391 KB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

Plant dispersal and colonisation are important processes in vegetation recovery after fire and, for several species, depend on the presence of frugivorous avian seed dispersers. In burned and salvage-logged Mediterranean pine forests, the occurrence of disperser birds is enhanced by the presence of wood debris piles built as erosion barriers, which become seed dispersal foci. We hypothesised that the distribution of bird-dispersed plants after fire could be determined by the presence of wood piles. We analysed the differences in species richness and overall cover of bird-dispersed plants, as well as the cover of the most common species, within piles and outside them. We also tested if micro-environmental conditions (slope orientation and pile size) might influence plant occurrence. We found more species and overall cover within piles, when located on southern and south-eastern slopes, than outside them. Moreover, taller piles showed higher values of bird-dispersed plant cover and richness. Therefore, wood piles may provide the necessary conditions for bird-dispersed plant recruitment in dry burned areas. To our knowledge, this is the first reported man-made structure that clearly benefits the recovery of bird-dispersed plants in burned areas, and suggests that piles may be a useful restoration measure when logging Mediterranean burned forests.

Additional keywords: fire, post-fire management, restoration, seedling recruitment.


References

Andersen AN (1989) How important is seed predation to recruitment in stable populations of long-lived perennials? Oecologia 81, 310–315..

Aronne C, Wilcock CC (1994) First evidence of myrmecochory in fleshy-fruited shrubs of the Mediterranean region. New Phytologist 127, 781–788.
CrossRef |

Bas JM, Oliveras J, Gómez C (2009) Myrmecochory and short-term seed fate in Rhamnus alaternus: ant species and seed characteristics. Acta Oecologica 35, 380–384.
CrossRef |

Calviño-Cancela M (2007) Seed and microsite limitations of recruitment and the impacts of post-dispersal seed predation at the within-population level. Plant Ecology 192, 35–44.
CrossRef |

Castro J, Moreno-Rueda G, Hódar JA (2010) Experimental test of post-fire management in pine forests: impact of salvage logging versus partial cutting and non-intervention on bird-species assemblages. Conservation Biology 24, 810–819.
CrossRef |

Crawley MJ (2000) ‘Statistical Computing: an Introduction to Data Analysis using S-Plus.’ (Wiley: Chichester, UK)

deWolfe VG, Santi PM, Ey J, Gartner JE (2008) Effective mitigation of debris flows at Lemon Dam, La Plata County, Colorado. Geomorphology 96, 366–377.
CrossRef |

Evans JR, Etherington CE (1990) The effect of soil water potential on seed germination of some British plants. New Phytologist 115, 539–548.
CrossRef |

García-Fayos P, Verdú M (1998) Soil seed bank, factors controlling germination and establishment of a Mediterranean shrub: Pistacia lentiscus L. Acta Oecologica 19, 357–366.
CrossRef |

Gómez-Aparicio L (2008) Spatial patterns of recruitment in Mediterranean plant species: linking the fate of seeds, seedlings and saplings in heterogeneous landscapes at different scales. Journal of Ecology 96, 1128–1140.
CrossRef |

Herrando S, Brotons L, Llacuna S (2003) Does fire increase the spatial heterogeneity of bird communities in Mediterranean landscapes? Ibis 145, 307–317.
CrossRef |

Herrera CM (1989) Frugivory and seed dispersal by carnivorous mammals, and associated fruit characteristics, in undisturbed Mediterranean habitats. Oikos 55, 250–262.
CrossRef |

Herrera CM (1995) Plant–vertebrate seed dispersal systems in the Mediterranean: ecological, evolutionary, and historical determinants. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics 26, 705–727..

Hulme PE (1997) Post-dispersal seed predation and the establishment of vertebrate dispersed plants in Mediterranean scrublands. Oecologia 111, 91–98.
CrossRef |

Izhaki I, Adar M (1997) The effects of post-fire management on bird community succession. International Journal of Wildland Fire 7, 335–342.
CrossRef |

Jacquet K, Prodon R (2009) Measuring the post-fire resilience of a bird–vegetation system: a 28-year study in a Mediterranean oak woodland. Oecologia 161, 801–811.
CrossRef |

Keeley JE, Fotheringham CJ (2000) Role of fire in regeneration from seed. In ‘Seeds: the Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities’. (Ed. M Fenner) pp. 311–330. (CAB International: Wallingford, UK)

Kollmann J (2000) Dispersal of fleshy-fruited species: a matter of spatial scale? Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 3, 29–51.
CrossRef |

Loveless M, Hamrick J (1984) Ecological determinants of genetic structure in plant populations. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics 15, 65–95.
CrossRef |

Marques MA, Mora E (1998) Effects on erosion of two post-fire management practices: clear-cutting versus non-intervention. Soil & Tillage Research 45, 433–439.
CrossRef |

Ordóñez JL, Retana J (2004) Early reduction of post-fire recruitment of Pinus nigra by post-dispersal seed predation in different time-since-fire habitats. Ecography 27, 449–458.
CrossRef |

Pons P, Prodon R (1996) Short-term temporal patterns in a Mediterranean shrubland bird community after wildfire. Acta Oecologica 17, 29–41..

Puerta-Piñero C, Sánchez-Miranda A, Leverkus A, Castro J (2010) Management of burnt wood after fire affects post-dispersal acorn predation. Forest Ecology and Management 260, 345–352.
CrossRef |

R Development Core Team (2009) ‘R: a Language and Environment for Statistical Computing.’ (R Foundation for Statistical Computing: Vienna, Austria)

Raftoyannis Y, Spanos I (2005) Evaluation of log and branch barriers as post-fire rehabilitation treatments in a Mediterranean pine forest in Greece. International Journal of Wildland Fire 14, 183–188.
CrossRef |

Rey PJ, Alcántara JM (2000) Recruitment dynamics of a fleshy-fruited plant (Olea europaea): connecting patterns of seed dispersal to seedling establishment. Journal of Ecology 88, 622–633.
CrossRef |

Rey PJ, Garrido JL, Alcántara JM, Ramírez JM, Aguilera A, García L, Manzaneda AJ, Fernández R (2002) Spatial variation in ant and rodent post-dispersal predation of vertebrate-dispersed seeds. Functional Ecology 16, 773–781.
CrossRef |

Robichaud PR, Beyers JL, Neary DG (2000) Evaluating the effectiveness of post-fire rehabilitation treatments. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-63. (Fort Collins, CO)

Robichaud PR, Wagenbrenner JW, Brown RE, Wohlgemuth PM, Beyers JL (2008) Evaluating the effectiveness of contour-felled log erosion barriers as a post-fire runoff and erosion mitigation treatment in the western United States. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17, 255–273.
CrossRef |

Rollán A, Real J (2010) Effect of wildfires and post-fire forest treatments on rabbit abundance. European Journal of Wildlife Research 57, 201–209.
CrossRef |

Rost J, Pons P, Bas JM (2009) Can salvage logging affect seed dispersal by birds into burned forests? Acta Oecologica 35, 763–768.
CrossRef |

Rost J, Clavero M, Bas JM, Pons P (2010) Building wood debris piles benefits avian seed dispersers in burned and logged Mediterranean pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management 260, 79–86.
CrossRef |

Thibault JC, Prodon R (2006) Seed predation by birds shortly after a wildfire in a Corsican pine forest. International Journal of Wildland Fire 15, 81–86.
CrossRef |

Verdú M (2000) Ecological and evolutionary differences between Mediterranean seeders and resprouters. Journal of Vegetation Science 11, 265–268.
CrossRef |

Verdú M, García-Fayos P (1996) Nucleation processes in a Mediterranean bird-dispersed plant. Functional Ecology 10, 275–280.
CrossRef |


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014