CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > International Journal of Wildland Fire   
International Journal of Wildland Fire
http://www.iawfonline.org/
  Published on behalf of the International Association of Wildland Fire
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Sample Issue
20-Year Author Index
For Authors
General Information
Notice to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with CP
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 22(5)

Fuel properties and fire behaviour characteristics of prescribed fire in pine-dominated forests at Nam Nao National Park, Thailand

K. Wanthongchai A B E , V. Tarusadamrongdet C , K. Chinnawong C and K. Sooksawat D

A Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand.
B Center for advanced studies in Tropical Natural Resources (NRU-KU), Kasetsart University, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand.
C Graduate School, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Chatuchak, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand.
D National Park Office, Department of National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand.
E Corresponding author. Email address: kobsak.w@ku.ac.th

International Journal of Wildland Fire 22(5) 615-624 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF11183
Submitted: 24 January 2012  Accepted: 6 November 2012   Published: 29 January 2013


 
PDF (539 KB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

Anthropogenic burning has become a common phenomenon throughout Thailand’s pine-dominated ecosystems. This study investigated fuel loads and experimental fire behaviour characteristics in a degraded pine forest (PF) and a pine–oak forest (O-PF), at Nam Nao National Park, Thailand in three replicate 50 × 50-m plots of each forest type. Pre-burn fuel loads, fire behaviour descriptors, fire and soil temperature, the residues left after burning and post-burn fuel recovery for 1 year were investigated. The aboveground fuel load in PF (1.29 kg m–2) was significantly higher than in O-PF (0.87 kg m–2). The main fuel components in the PF stand were grass (45%) and litter (44%), whereas leaf litter was the predominant fuel in the O-PF stand (55%). The fire behaviour characteristics in the PF stand were significantly greater than those in the O-PF stand. Burning at the O-PF and the PF was respectively classified as low (48 kW m–1) and medium intensity (627 kW m–1). During the burning experiment, the surface soil temperatures at all sites were higher than 250°C. However, fire did not cause temperature changes in the deeper soil layers. In the pine forest the post-burn fuel loads 1 year after the fire remained lower than the pre-burn level. These results may imply that a pine forest at Nam Nao National Park requires more than 1 year of fire-free period to recover back to the pre-burn conditions.

Additional keywords: degraded pine forest, fuel loads, pine–oak forest, soil temperature.


References

Akaakara S (2000) ‘Forest Fire Control in Thailand.’ (Royal Forest Department: Bangkok)

Akaakara S (2003) ‘Global Forest Fire Situation and Management.’ (Department of Natural Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation: Bangkok)

Biswell H (1999) ‘Prescribed Burning in California Wildlands Vegetation Management.’ (University of California Press: Berkeley, CA)

Boonplain S (1985) Effects of fire on soil and plants at Doi Angkhang: the first year results. MSc thesis, Kasetsart University.

Byram GM (1959) Combustion of forest fuels. In ‘Forest Fire: Control and Use.’ (Ed. KP Davis) pp. 61–89. (McGraw-Hill: New York)

Carter MC, Foster CD (2004) Prescribed burning and productivity in southern pine forests: a review. Forest Ecology and Management 191, 93–109.
CrossRef |

Cheney NP (1994) The effectiveness of fuel reduction burning for fire management. In ‘Proceedings: Fire and Biodiversity: the Effects and Effectiveness of Fire Management’, 8–9 October 1994, Melbourne. (Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories: Canberra) Available at http://www.environment.gov.au/archive/biodiversity/publications/series/paper8/paper1.html [Verified 4 January 2013]

D’Antonio CM, Vitousek PM (1992) Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass/fire cycle, and global change. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23, 63–87.

D’Antonio CM, Tunison JT, Loh RK (2000) Variation in the impact of exotic grasses on native plant composition in relation to fire across an elevation gradient in Hawaii. Austral Ecology 25, 507–522.
CrossRef |

DeBano LF, Neary DG (2005) Effects of fire on soil. In ‘Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Effects of Fire on Soil and Water’. (Eds DG Neary, KC Ryan, LF deBano.) USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-42-vol.4, pp. 21–92. (Ogden, UT)

DeBano LF, Neary DG, Ffolliott PF (1998) ‘Fire’s Effects on Ecosystems.’ (Wiley: New York)

Department of Climatology (2010) ‘Climatology Data Set for Petchabun Province.’ (Department of Climatology: Bangkok)

FAO (2007) ‘Definitional Issues Related to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in developing Countries.’ (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome)

Giessow J, Zedler P (1996) The effects of fire frequency and firebreaks on the abundance and species richness of exotic plant species in Coastal Sage Scrub. In ‘California Exotic Pest Plant Council Symposium, Vol. 2’, 4–6 October 1996, San Diego, CA. (Eds J Lovich, J Randall, M Kelly) pp. 86–94. (California Exotic Pest Plant Council: San Diego, CA)

Goldammer JG (1991) Tropical wild-land fires and global changes: prehistoric evidence, present fire regimes, and future trends. In ‘Global Biomass Burning: Atmospheric, Climatic, and Biospheric Implications’. (Ed. JS Levine) pp. 83–91. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press: Cambridge, MA)

Goldammer JG (2002) ‘International Forest Fire News: Asia and Oceania Fire Special.’ (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe: Geneva)

Goldammer JG, Penafiel RS (1990) Fire in the pine-grassland biomes of tropical and subtropical Asia. In ‘Fire in the Tropical Biota: Ecosystem Processes and Global Challenges’. (Ed. JG Goldammer.) Vol. 84, pp. 45–62. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin)

Hare RC (1961) Heat effects on living plants. USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experimental Station, Occasional Paper 183. (New Orleans, LA)

Khanna PK, Raison RJ (2006) Fire and soils. In ‘Encyclopedia of Soil Science’. (Ed. R Lal) pp. 708–710. (Taylor & Francis: Columbus, OH)

Knapp EE, Keeley JE, Ballenger EA, Brennan TJ (2005) Fuel reduction and coarse woody debris dynamics with early season and late season prescribed fire in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 208, 383–397.
CrossRef |

Marod D, Kutintara U (2009) ‘Forest Ecology.’ (Department of forest Biology, Faculty of Forestry: Bangkok)

Neary DG, Klopatek CC, DeBano LF, Folliott PF (1999) Fire effects on belowground sustainability: a review and synthesis. Forest Ecology and Management 122, 51–71.
CrossRef |

Pyne SJ (1995) ‘World Fire: The Culture of Fire on Earth.’ (Holt: New York)

Radosevich S, Holt J, Ghersa C (1997) ‘Weed Ecology: Implications for Management.’ (Wiley: New York)

Rossiter NA, Setterfield SA, Douglas MM, Hutley LB (2003) Testing the grass-fire cycle: alien grass invasion in the tropical savannas of northern Australia. Diversity & Distributions 9, 169–176.
CrossRef |

Smitinand T (1977) ‘Vegetation and Ground Cover of Thailand.’ (Thailand Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department: Bangkok)

Smitinand T (2001) ‘Thai Plant Names (Revised Edition).’ (Thailand Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department: Bangkok)

Sompoh B (1998) Fuel complex in dry dipterocarp and mixed deciduous forest at Huai Kha Khaeng wildlife sanctuary, changwat Uthai Thani. MSc thesis, Kasetsart University.

SPSS Inc (2005) ‘SPSS base 13.0 for Windows User’s Guide.’ (SPSS Inc.: Chicago, IL)

Stott PA, Goldammer JG, Werner WL (1990) The role of fires in the tropical lowland deciduous forest of Asia. In ‘Fire in the Tropical Biota: Ecosystem Processes and Global Challenges’. (Ed. JG Goldammer) Vol. 84, pp. 32–44. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin)

Sutthichart K (1996) Impact of Fire on Soil and Plant at Phu Kradung National Park. MSc thesis, Kasetsart University.

Wanthongchai K (2011) Fire ecology in pine-related forests and its effects on vegetation and nutrient dynamics at Phu Koom Khaw, Nam Nao National Park: Final Report. Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University. (Bangkok)

Wanthongchai K, Goldammer JG, Bauhus J (2011) Effects of fire frequency on prescribed fire behaviour and soil temperatures in dry dipterocarp forests. International Journal of Wildland Fire 20, 35–45.
CrossRef |


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014