Health care in patients 1 year post-stroke in general practice: research on the utilisation of the Dutch Transmural Protocol transient ischaemic attack/cerebrovascular accidentL. de Weerd A D , A. W. F. Rutgers B , K. H. Groenier C and K. van der Meer C
A Department of General Practice, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands.
B Department of Neurology, Martini Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands.
C Department of General Practice, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
D Corresponding author. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Australian Journal of Primary Health 18(1) 42-49 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/PY10085
Submitted: 10 November 2010 Accepted: 8 April 2011 Published: 27 September 2011
This study evaluates the kind of aftercare that ischaemic stroke patients receive and the extent that aftercare fulfils the criteria of the ‘Dutch Transmural Protocol transient ischaemic attack/cerebrovascular accident’. Fifty-seven patients were interviewed 1 year post-stroke about secondary prevention and aftercare. Forty general practitioners (GPs) completed a questionnaire about guidance and secondary prevention (concerning medication and lifestyle advice). Most patients would like to see their GP more regularly. More aftercare was required than was planned. The use of aspirin remained the same, fewer patients used statins and more used antihypertensives. Of the 40 GPs who participated, 12% did not apply prevention. Blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol were measured in 84%, 28% and 40% of patients. All of these measures were often elevated, but treatment was not given. Lifestyle advice was offered to one-quarter of patients. Considering all of the advice given in the Dutch Protocol, several aspects can be improved in relation to secondary prevention. Too little attention is paid to giving lifestyle advice, stricter medical checkups by GPs are necessary and there is a decrease in use of preventive medication, partly because GPs monitors use of medication inadequately. The use of the Dutch Protocol in aftercare can be improved by a more detailed description of advice.
Additional keywords: aftercare, risk factors, secondary prevention, stroke.
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