CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Crop & Pasture Science   
Crop & Pasture Science
Journal Banner
  Plant Sciences, Sustainable Farming Systems & Food Quality
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Farrer Reviews
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Notice to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

red arrow Farrer Reviews
blank image

Invited Farrer Review Series. More...


red arrow PrometheusWiki
blank image
PrometheusWiki
Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology

 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 57(11)

AFLP analysis of genetic diversity within Saccharum officinarum and comparison with sugarcane cultivars

K. S. Aitken A D E, J.-C. Li A D, P. Jackson B D, G. Piperidis C D, C. L. McIntyre A D

A CSIRO Plant Industry, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, 306 Carmody Rd, St Lucia, Qld 4067, Australia.
B CSIRO Plant Industry, Davies Laboratory, Private Mail Bag, Aitkenvale, Qld 4814, Australia.
C BSES Limited Central, PMB 57, Mackay, Qld 4741, Australia.
D Co-operative Research Centre for Sugar Industry Innovation through Biotechnology, Level 5, John Hines Building, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia.
E Corresponding author. Email: karen.aitken@csiro.au
 
PDF (291 KB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  


Abstract

Molecular diversity among 421 clones of cultivated sugarcane and wild relatives was analysed using AFLP markers. Of these clones, 270 were Saccharum officinarum and 151 were either cultivars produced by the Australian breeding program or important parents used in the breeding program. The S. officinarum clones were obtained from a collection that contained clones from all the major regions where S. officinarum is grown. Five AFLP primer combinations generated 657 markers of which 614 were polymorphic. All clones contained a large number of markers; a result of the polyploid nature and heterozygosity of the genome. S. officinarum clones from New Guinea displayed greater diversity than S. officinarum clones from other regions. This is in agreement with the hypothesis that New Guinea is the centre of origin of this species. The S. officinarum clones from Hawaii and Fiji formed a separate group and may correspond to clones that have been introgressed with other members of the ‘Saccharum complex’. Greater diversity was found in the cultivars than in the S. officinarum clones due to the introgression of S. spontaneum chromatin. These cultivars clustered as expected based on pedigree. The major contribution of clones QN66-2008 and Nco310 to Australian sugarcane cultivars divided the cultivars into 2 main groups. Although only a few S. officinarum clones are known to have been used in the breeding of current cultivars, about 90% of markers present in the S. officinarum clone collection (2n = 80) were also present in the cultivar collection. This suggests that most of the observed genetic diversity in S. officinarum has been captured in Australian sugarcane germplasm.

Keywords: molecular markers, hybrids, introgression.


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014