CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Crop & Pasture Science   
Crop & Pasture Science
Journal Banner
  Plant Sciences, Sustainable Farming Systems & Food Quality
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Farrer Reviews
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Notice to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

red arrow Farrer Reviews
blank image

Invited Farrer Review Series. More...


red arrow PrometheusWiki
blank image
PrometheusWiki
Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology

 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 11(1)

Studies on the carbohydrate metabolism of sheep. IX. Metabolic effects of glucose and glycerol in undernourished pregnant ewes and in ewes with pregnancy toxaemia

RL Reid

Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 11(1) 42 - 47
Published: 1960

Abstract

The rate of utilization of injected glucose by fasted pregnant ewes or ewes with pregnancy toxaemia is much more rapid than by fasted non-pregnant ewes. An apparent relation between the rate of utilization and the number of fetuses was observed; much of the injected glucose may be removed by the foetus(es).

The pronounced rise in blood glucose recorded after lambing and when foetuses apparently died in utero is also considered to reflect sudden cessation of high foetal demands for glucose.

Intravenous administration of glucose consistently reduced blood ketones in ewes with a moderate hyperketonaemia and showing no clinical signs of pregnancy toxaemia. Ketones declined in ewes fasted 1–3 days as soon as blood glucose began to increase at lambing. In ewes with pregnancy toxaemia there was usually no reduction of ketones in response to injected glucose; blood acetic acid levels, if previously high, did not decline; blood citric acid failed to increase.

Glycerol given per os to ewes with pregnancy toxaemia always caused a rapid decline in blood ketones, and in acetic acid if the latter was previously high; a, pronounced increase in blood citric acid always occurred. These changes were recorded although no clinical improvement was observed.

Glucose administered parenterally over 48 hr appeared to be less efficiently utilized by ewes with pregnancy toxaemia than by fasted pregnant ewes showing no clinical signs. Blood ketones declined to normal levels within 48 hr; in probable contrast to fasted ewes, this is considered to have occurred in the ewes with pregnancy toxaemia only because hyperglycaemia was continuously maintained.

These results are considered to support the hypothesis that gluoose metabolism is depressed in ewes with pregnancy toxaemia and that the metabolic abnormalities are consistent with those characteristic of a diabetic-like syndrome.



Full text doi:10.1071/AR9600042

© CSIRO 1960

blank image
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
PDF (682 KB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014