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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Biplot evaluation of test environments and identification of lentil genotypes with durable resistance to fusarium wilt in India

A. K. Parihar A K , Ashwani K. Basandrai B , D. R. Saxena C , K. P. S. Kushwaha D , S. Chandra E , K. Sharma F , K. D. Singha G , Deepak Singh H , H. C. Lal I and Sanjeev Gupta J K
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Crop Improvement Division, ICAR Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur 208 024, Uttar Pradesh, India.

B CSK HPKV Hill Agriculture and Extension Centre, Dhaulakuan, Sirmaur 176 047, Himachal Pradesh, India.

C RAK, College of Agriculture, Sehore 466 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

D G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263 145, Uttarakhand, India.

E Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Faizabad 224 229, Uttar Pradesh, India.

F Rajasthan Agricultural Research Institute, Durgapura, Jaipur 302 018, Rajasthan, India.

G Regional Agricultural Research Station, Assam Agricultural University, Shillongani, Navgaon 782 002, Assam, India.

H Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI), New Delhi 110 012, India.

I Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi 834 006, Jharkhand, India.

J All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on MULLaRP, ICAR Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur 208 024, Uttar Pradesh, India.

K Corresponding authors. Email: ashoka.parihar@gmail.com; saniipr@rediffmail.com

Crop and Pasture Science 68(11) 1024-1030 https://doi.org/10.1071/CP17258
Submitted: 2 February 2017  Accepted: 25 August 2017   Published: 27 September 2017

Abstract

Fusarium wilt (caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lentis) is the most crucial limiting variable for decreasing yield levels of lentils (Lens culinaris Medik.) around the world. A set of 20 diverse lentil genotypes comprising breeding lines and released varieties was evaluated, along with susceptible controls, for resistance to fusarium wilt through natural incidence for two continuous years (2010–11 and 2011–12) in six diverse lentil-growing environments in India. Analysis of variance showed that the effect of genotype (G) and environment (E) for disease incidence was highly significant. Among the three sources of variation, the biggest contribution in disease occurrence was accounted for by environment (54.68%), followed by G × E interaction (17.32%). The high G × E variation necessitated assessment of the genotypes at different locations (environments). GGE biplot analysis of the studied genotypes revealed that genotype PL 101 and released cultivar L 4076 had low levels of disease incidence. The sources of resistance to fusarium wilt have great potential for use in lentil-breeding programs. Another biplot of relationships among environments demonstrated that, among the test locations, Sehore and Faizabad, were the most effective for differentiation of genotypes. On the basis of discriminating ability and representativeness, the Sehore location appeared an ideal testing site for natural incidence of F. oxysporum f. sp. lentis.

Additional keywords: disease resistance, genotype × environment interaction, GGE analysis, stability.


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