Environmental Chemistry Environmental Chemistry Society
Environmental problems - Chemical approaches
RESEARCH ARTICLE

A comparative evaluation of water uptake on several mineral dust sources

Juan G. Navea A C , Haihan Chen B , Min Huang B , Gregory R. Carmichel B and Vicki H. Grassian A B D
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Chemistry, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

B Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

C Present address: Chemistry Department, Lawrence University, Appleton, WI 54911, USA.

D Corresponding author. Email: vicki-grassian@uiowa.edu

Environmental Chemistry 7(2) 162-170 https://doi.org/10.1071/EN09122
Submitted: 1 October 2009  Accepted: 16 January 2010   Published: 22 April 2010

Environmental context. Dust particles produced from wind blown soils are of global significance as these dust particles not only impact visibility, as evident in the recent 2009 Australian dust storm, but also atmospheric chemistry, climate and biogeochemical cycles. The amount of water vapour in the atmosphere (relative humidity) can play a role in these global processes yet there are few studies and little quantitative data on water-dust particle interactions. The focus of this research is on quantifying water-dust particle interactions for several dust sources including Asia and Africa where dust storms are most prevalent.

Abstract. Mineral dust aerosol provides a reactive surface in the troposphere. The reactivity of mineral dust depends on the source region as chemical composition and mineralogy of the aerosol affects its interaction with atmospheric gases. Furthermore, the impact of mineral dust aerosol in atmospheric processes and climate is a function of relative humidity. In this study, we have investigated water uptake of complex dust samples. In particular, water uptake as a function of relative humidity has been measured on three different dust sources that have been characterised using a variety of bulk and surface techniques. For these well-characterised dust samples, it is shown that although there are variations in chemical composition and mineralogy, on a per mass basis, water uptake capacities for the three dusts are very similar and are comparable to single component clay samples. These results suggest that the measured uptake of water of these bulk samples is dominated by the clay component.

Additional keyword: heterogeneous atmospheric chemistry, tropospheric particles.


Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant ATM0613124. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.


References


[1]   I. Tegen , S. P. Harrison , K. Kohfeld , I. C. Prentice , M. Coe , M. Heimann , Impact of vegetation and preferential source areas on global dust aerosol: results from a model study. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2002 , 107,  4756.
        | CrossRef |  

[2]   C. R. Usher , A. E. Michel , V. H. Grassian , Reactions on mineral dust. Chem. Rev. 2003 , 103,  4883.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[3]   C. S. Zender , H. S. Bian , D. Newman , Mineral Dust Entrainment and Deposition (DEAD) model: description and 1990s dust climatology. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2003 , 108,  4416.
        | CrossRef |  

[4]   S. E. Bauer , Y. Balkanski , M. Schulz , D. A. Hauglustaine , F. Dentener , Global modeling of heterogeneous chemistry on mineral aerosol surfaces: influence on tropospheric ozone chemistry and comparison to observations. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2004 , 109,  D02304.
        | CrossRef |  

[5]   C. Moulin , C. E. Lambert , F. Dulac , U. Dayan , Control of atmospheric export of dust from North Africa by the North Atlantic oscillation. Nature 1997 , 387,  691.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[6]   R. B. Husar , D. M. Tratt , B. A. Schichtel , S. R. Falke , F. Li , D. Jaffe , S. Gasso , T. Gill , et al. Asian dust events of April 1998. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2001 , 106,  18317.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[7]   X. Li , H. Maring , D. Savoie , K. Voss , J. M. Prospero , Dominance of mineral dust in aerosol light-scattering in the North Atlantic trade winds. Nature 1996 , 380,  416.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[8]   I. N. Sokolik , O. B. Toon , Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosols. Nature 1996 , 381,  681.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[9]   I. Tegen , A. A. Lacis , I. Fung , The influence on climate forcing of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils. Nature 1996 , 380,  419.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[10]   P. Alpert , Y. J. Kaufman , Y. Shay-El , D. Tanre , A. da Silva , S. Schubert , J. H. Joseph , et al. Quantification of dust-forced heating of the lower troposphere. Nature 1998 , 395,  367.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[11]   I. N. Sokolik , D. M. Winker , G. Bergametti , D. A. Gillette , G. Carmichael , Y. J. Kaufman , L. Gomes , L. Schuetz , J. E. Penner , Introduction to special section: Outstanding problems in quantifying the radiative impacts of mineral dust. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2001 , 106,  18015.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[12]   D. O. Topping , G. B. McFiggans , H. Coe , A curved multi-component aerosol hygroscopicity model framework. Part 1 – Inorganic compounds. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2005 , 5,  1205.
        |  CAS |  

[13]   D. O. Topping , G. B. McFiggans , H. Coe , A curved multi-component aerosol hygroscopicity model framework. Part 2 – Including organic compounds. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2005 , 5,  1223.
        |  CAS |  

[14]   E. R. Gibson , K. M. Gierlus , P. K. Hudson , V. H. Grassian , Generation of internally mixed insoluble and soluble aerosol particles to investigate the impact of atmospheric aging and heterogeneous processing on the CCN activity of mineral dust aerosol. Aerosol Sci. Technol. 2007 , 41,  914.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[15]   T. D. Jickells , Z. S. An , K. K. Andersen , A. R. Baker , G. Bergametti , N. Brooks , J. J. Cao , P. W. Boyd , et al. Global iron connections between desert dust, ocean biogeochemistry, and climate. Science 2005 , 308,  67.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[16]   D. M. Cwiertny , J. Baltrusaitis , G. J. Hunter , A. Laskin , M. M. Scherer , V. H. Grassian , Characterization and acid-mobilization study of iron-containing mineral dust source materials. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2008 , 113,  D05202.
        | CrossRef |  

[17]   F. J. Dentener , G. R. Carmichael , Y. Zhang , J. Lelieveld , P. J. Crutzen , Role of mineral aerosol as a reactive surface in the global troposphere. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 1996 , 101,  22869.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[18]   B. J. Krueger , V. H. Grassian , J. P. Cowin , A. Laskin , Heterogeneous chemistry of individual mineral dust particles from different dust source regions: the importance of particle mineralogy. Atmos. Environ. 2004 , 38,  6253.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[19]   R. C. Sullivan , K. A. Prather , Recent advances in our understanding of atmospheric chemistry and climate made possible by on-line aerosol analysis instrumentation. Anal. Chem. 2005 , 77,  3861.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[20]   P. K. Mogili , P. D. Kleiber , M. A. Young , V. H. Grassian , N2O5 hydrolysis on the components of mineral dust and sea salt aerosol: comparison study in an environmental aerosol reaction chamber. Atmos. Environ. 2006 , 40,  7401.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[21]   A. L. Goodman , G. M. Underwood , V. H. Grassian , A laboratory study of the heterogeneous reaction of nitric acid on calcium carbonate particles. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2000 , 105,  29053.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[22]   A. L. Goodman , E. T. Bernard , V. H. Grassian , Spectroscopic study of nitric acid and water adsorption on oxide particles: enhanced nitric acid uptake kinetics in the presence of adsorbed water. J. Phys. Chem. A 2001 , 105,  6443.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[23]   H. A. Al-Abadleh , H. A. Al-Hosney , V. H. Grassian , Oxide and carbonate surfaces as environmental interfaces: the importance of water in surface composition and surface reactivity. J. Mol. Catal. Chem. 2005 , 228,  47.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[24]   A. Sorimachi , K. Sakamoto , M. Sakai , H. Ishihara , T. Fukuyama , M. Utiyama , H. J. Liu , W. Wang , et al. Laboratory and field measurements of dry deposition of sulfur dioxide onto Chinese loess surfaces. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2004 , 38,  3396.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[25]   A. Sorimachi , K. Sakamoto , Laboratory measurement of the dry deposition of sulfur dioxide onto northern Chinese soil samples. Atmos. Environ. 2007 , 41,  2862.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[26]   A. P. Prince , P. Kleiber , V. H. Grassian , M. A. Young , Heterogeneous interactions of calcite aerosol with sulfur dioxide and sulfur dioxide-nitric acid mixtures. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2007 , 9,  3432.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[27]   Schuttlefield J. D., Laboratory studies of reactions of atmospheric gases with components of mineral dust aerosol and research in chemical education 2008, Ph.D. thesis, the University of Iowa, USA.

[28]   J. D. Schuttlefield , H. Al-Hosney , A. Zachariah , V. H. Grassian , Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to investigate water uptake and phase transitions in atmospherically relevant particles. Appl. Spectrosc. 2007 , 61,  283.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[29]   J. D. Schuttlefield , D. Cox , V. H. Grassian , An investigation of water uptake on clays minerals using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy coupled with quartz crystal microbalance measurements. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2007 , 112,  D21303.
        | CrossRef |  

[30]   H. A. Al-Abadleh , V. H. Grassian , Phase transitions in magnesium nitrate thin films: a transmission FT-IR study of the deliquescence and efflorescence of nitric acid reacted magnesium oxide interfaces. J. Phys. Chem. B 2003 , 107,  10829.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[31]   H. A. Al-Hosney , V. H. Grassian , Water, sulfur dioxide and nitric acid adsorption on calcium carbonate: a transmission and ATR-FTIR study. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2005 , 7,  1266.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[32]   Van Olphen H. F., Fripiat J. J., Data handbook for clay materials and other non-metallic minerals 1979 (Pergamon Press: New York).

[33]   J. L. Bishop , C. M. Pieters , J. O. Edwards , Infrared spectroscopic analysis on the nature of water in montmorillonite. Clays Clay Miner. 1994 , 42,  702.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[34]   J. Madejová , P. Komadel , Baseline studies of the clay minerals society source clays: infrared methods. Clays Clay Miner. 2001 , 49,  410.
        | CrossRef |  

[35]   Ross S. D., Inorganic Infrared and Raman Spectra 1972 (McGraw-Hill Publishing: London, UK).

[36]   R. Hanna , Infrared absorption spectrum of silicon dioxide. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1965 , 48,  595.
        |  CAS |  

[37]   P. K. Hudson , M. A. Young , P. D. Kleiber , V. H. Grassian , Coupled infrared extinction spectra and size distribution measurements for several non-clay components of mineral dust aerosol (quartz, calcite, and dolomite). Atmos. Environ. 2008 , 42,  5991.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[38]   Mogili P. K., Heterogeneous chemistry and extinction measurements of mineral dust components 2007, Ph.D. thesis, the University of Iowa, USA.

[39]   G. Ketteler , S. Yamamoto , H. Bluhm , K. Andersson , D. E. Starr , D. F. Ogletree , H. Ogasawara , A. Nilsson , M. Salmeron , et al. The nature of water nucleation sites on TiO2(110) surfaces revealed by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. J. Phys. Chem. C 2007 , 111,  8278.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[40]   C. D. Mashburn , E. K. Frinak , M. A. Tolbert , Heterogeneous uptake of nitric acid on Na-montmorillonite clay as a function of relative humidity. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2006 , 111,  D15213.
        | CrossRef |  

[41]   J.-M. Cases , I. Bérend , G. Besson , M. Francois , J.-P. Uriot , F. Thomas , J. E. Poirier , Mechanism of adsorption and desortion of water-vapor by homoionic montmorillonite. 1. The sodium-exchanged form. Langmuir 1992 , 8,  2730.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[42]   R. W. Mooney , A. G. Keenan , L. A. Wood , Adsorption of water vapor by montmorillonite. 1. Heat of desoption and application of bet theory. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1952 , 74,  1367.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[43]   R. W. Mooney , A. G. Keenan , L. A. Wood , Adsorption of water vapor by montmorillonite. 2. Effect of exchangeable ions and lattice swelling as measured by X-ray diffraction. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1952 , 74,  1371.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[44]   I. Bérend , J.-M. Cases , M. François , J.-P. Uriot , L. Michot , A. Masion , F. Thomas , Mechanism of adsorption and desorption of water-vapor by homoionic montmorillonites. 2. The Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+ and Cs+ exchanged forms. Clays Clay Miner. 1995 , 43,  324.
        | CrossRef |  

[45]   P. B. Miranda , L. Xu , Y. R. Shen , M. Salmeron , Icelike water monolayer adsorbed on mica at room temperature. Phys. Rev. Lett. 1998 , 81,  5876.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[46]   H. Herich , T. Tritcher , A. Wiacek , M. Gysel , E. Weingartner , U. Lohmann , U. Baltensperger , D. J. Cziczo , Water uptake of clay and desert dust aerosol particles at sub- and supersaturated water vapor conditions. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2009 , 11,  7804.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[47]   Z. B. Shi , M. D. Krom , S. Bonneville , A. R. Baker , T. D. Jickells , L. G. Benning , Formation of iron nanoparticles and increase in iron reactivity in mineral dust during simulated cloud processing. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2009 , 43,  6592.
        | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |  

[48]   W. Z. Xu , C. T. Johnston , P. Parker , S. F. Agnew , Infrared study of water sorption on Na-, Li-, Ca- and Mg-exchanged (SWy-1 and SAz-1) montmorillonite. Clays Clay Miner. 2000 , 48,  120.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[49]   E. J. M. Hensen , T. J. Tambach , A. Bliek , B. Smit , Adsorption isotherms of water in Li-, Na- and K-montmorillonite by molecular simulation. J. Chem. Phys. 2001 , 115,  3322.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  

[50]   Burgess J., Metal Ions in Solution 1978 (Ellis Horwood: Chichester, UK).

[51]   S. E. Bauer , M. I. Mishchenko , A. A. Lacis , S. Zhang , J. Perlwitz , S. M. Metzger , Do sulfate and nitrate coatings of mineral dust have important effects on radiative properties and climate modeling? J. Geophys. Res. 2007 , 112,  D06307.
        | CrossRef |  

[52]   G. M. Underwood , C. H. Song , M. Phadnis , G. R. Carmichael , V. H. Grassian , Heterogeneous reactions of NO2 and HNO3 on oxides and mineral dust: a combined laboratory and modeling study. J. Geophys. Res. – Atmos. 2001 , 106,  18055.
        | CrossRef | CAS |  



Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation Cited By (11)