Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE (Open Access)

New parameterisation method for three-dimensional otolith surface images

P. Marti-Puig A C , J. Danés A , A. Manjabacas B and A. Lombarte B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Grup de Tractament de Dades i Senyals, University of Vic (UVIC-UCC), Sagrada Família, 7, E-08500 Vic, Catalonia, Spain.

B Institut de Ciències del Mar, ICM (CSIC), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, E-08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

C Corresponding author. Email: pmartip67@gmail.com

Marine and Freshwater Research 67(7) 1059-1071 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF15069
Submitted: 20 February 2015  Accepted: 31 July 2015   Published: 26 October 2015

Abstract

The three-dimensional (3-D) otolith shapes recently included in the Anàlisi de FORmes d’Otòlits (AFORO) database are defined by means of clouds of points across their surfaces. Automatic retrieval and classification of natural objects from 3-D databases becomes a difficult and time-consuming task when the number of elements in the database becomes large. In order to simplify that task we propose a new method for compacting data from 3-D shapes. The new method has two main steps. The first is a subsampling process, the result of which can always be interpreted as a closed curve in the 3-D space by considering the retained points in an appropriate order. The subsampling preserves morphological information, but greatly reduces the number of points required to represent the shape. The second step treats the coordinates of the 3-D closed curves as periodic functions. Therefore, Fourier expansions can be applied to each coordinate, producing more information compression into a reduced set of points. The method can reach very high information compression factors. It also allows reconstruction of the 3-D points resulting from the subsampling process in the first step. This parameterisation method is able to capture 3-D information relevant to classification of fish species from their otoliths, providing a greater percentage of correctly classified specimens compared with the previous two-dimensional analysis.

Additional keywords: fast Fourier transforms, feature extraction, shape analysis, three-dimensional contour descriptors, three-dimensional shape parameterisation.


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